82 Squadron, Royal Air Force. Op Order 20 July 1918

No. 82 Squadron, Royal Air Force.

TO-MORROW, 20-7-18

The XXII Corps in co-operation with French and Italian troops will attack tomorrow morning.
Owing to the very short notice and difficulties with regard to the use of French maps, the usual procedure of a Corps Squadron will be modified as follows:-
(1). Contact, Counter attack and Artillery Patrol duties will not be allotted to special machines, but Pilots and Observers will combine all these three duties.
(2). Pin points will not be used in dropping messages, but the positions required will be indicated carefully on a skeleton map carried by the Observer.
(3). Communication with Artillery, both ours and French, will be entirely by dropped messages using the above-mentioned skeleton maps. Wireless may be used for urgent messages with regard to enemy movement, which may be sent in clear.
(4). TRECON Aerodrome (Western side) will be used as an advanced landing ground. Officers will report to the B.I.O. there before and after each flight.

The Corps Dropping Station will be at either AY or HAUTVILLERS and will be indicated by ‘XII’.
Divisional dropping station (51 and 62 Divisions) will be at ST ILOGES and will be marked ‘XI’.
Infantry Brigades have been allotted ground strip calls as follows:-
51st Division.
152 Brigade – A.
153 “ – E.
154 “ -F
62nd Division.
185 Brigade – H.
186 “ – K.
187 “ – L.

Pilots seeing any of these letters on the ground will at once mark position on skeleton map and drop report, stating time, at Division or Corps, acknowledging by the call letter and ‘RD’ on klaxon. Similarly, Pilots ordered to find one of these units will sound call letter on his klaxon and drop any messages near the ground strips.
Messages dropped to Artillery will be normally in skeleton map with clear indication of time, nature, and movement of target. If battery is able to reply, another skeleton map shewing approximate fall of rounds will be dropped.

Owing to the wooded nature of ground and the presence of troops of many nationalities making it difficult to identify troops on our front line, information is particularly wanted as to the line our barrage is covering at a given time. British troops have been ordered to wave their hats at British contact machines.

Machines will carry either wireless or a camera and 18 plates.
Bombs will be flown on machines to the advanced landing ground and left there for Pilots specially detailed for bombing.
Each Officer will be in possession of sheet 10 1/250,000 marked map 1/80,000, 4 copies skeleton map. At least six message bags and an official report pad will be carried in each machine.

The Wireless Officer will arrange an aerial to be in working order at Trecon by 7 a.m.

N.C.O. i/c Photography will detail three Photographers to proceed in Wireless tender to Trecon and will supervise the fixing of cameras (8 & 4½“) under orders of the Flight Commanders. Any plates exposed will be developed at Trecon by the French.

The Equipment Officer will detail a red cross tender, an orderly tender and two motor cyclists to be at Trecon by 7.30 am and report to the B.I.O.
One tender, making several journeys will transport mechanics and two tool boxes per Flight to Trecon as soon as the last machine of each Flight has left Haussimont.
‘A’ Flight will detail one N.C.O. and two men and a tool box to proceed with the above mentioned orderly tender leaving the aerodrome at 6.30 a.m.

Owing to the fact that the line is in a more or less fluid state, the exact ‘jumping off’ point for tomorrow’s attack cannot be indicated. Italian and French, and possibly American troops, may be involved and the very greatest care is necessary before any ground target is engaged either by bombs or machine guns. No Pilots, but those specially detailed, may carry bombs, which will be left at Trecon.

The N.C.O. Armourer will arrange for ammunition and necessary spares to be carried on orderly tender leaving at 6.30 a.m. together with two Armourers.

All machines to be marked with contact strips and provided with klaxon horn.
‘A’ Flight machines to be ready if required to ascend at 5.30 a.m.
The following programme of patrols is, however, expected to hold good:-
7 a.m. to 9.30 a.m. ‘A’ Flight – 2 machines
8 a.m. to 10.30 a.m. ‘A’ “ – 1 machine.
9 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. ‘A’ “ – 1 “
10 a.m. to 12.30 a.m. ‘A’ “ – 1 “
11 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. ‘A’ “ – 1 “
12 noon to 2.30 p.m. ‘B’ “ – 1 “
1 p.m. to 3.30 p.m. ‘B’ “ – 1 “
2 p.m. to 4.30 p.m. ‘B’ “ – 1 “
4 p.m. to 6.30 p.m. ‘B’ “ – 1 “
5 p.m. to 7.30 a.m. ‘C’ “ – 1 “
6 p.m. to 8.30 p.m. ‘C’ “ – 1 “
7 a.m. to dusk. ‘C’ “ – 1 “
Machines will carry camera or wireless at the discretion of Flight Commanders.

Squadron call letters for tomorrow will be ‘KL’.
All wireless messages will be preceded by Squadron call letters and Pilots personal number. Machines fitted with wireless should report ‘OK’ every 30 minutes.
NB. All Officers will be acquainted with XXII Corps Operation orders.

J. B**** Solomon
Commanding. No. 82 Squadron,
Royal Air Force.
In the Field.
19th July 1918.



1. Special Operation.
O.C. “B” Flight will provide the following :-
1 General Patrol 4 a.m. to 6.30 a.m.
This Patrol to report by Drop Message to Corps H.Q. initial progress of operation.
2 machines to be on the Line on Contact Patrol by 5.55 a.m.
1 machine Contact Patrol 7.30 a.m. to 10.0 a.m.
1machine fitted with Wireless for Flash spotting to leave Aerodrome at 5.15 a.m. and return at 8.0 a.m.

2. Photography.
“C” Flight – 2 machines.
“A” Flight – 2 machines
To reach Trecon by 9.30 a.m. and pick up Cameras. Stand by from 10.0 a.m.
Area wanted Corps Front 4000 yards deep.
Leader to be provided by “C” Flight.

3. Low patrols.
10.0 a.m. to 12.30 “C” Flight.
12 noon to 2.30 p.m. “C” Flight.
2.0 p.m. to 4.30 p.m. “A” Flight.
4.0 p.m. to 6.30 pm. “A” Flight.
6.0 pm to Dusk “C” Flight.

4. Flash Patrols.
Pilots not employed on above duties will be detailed for Artillery Patrol duties during the day. Names to be submitted by Flight Commanders.

J. B*** Solomon
Commanding No 82 Squadron,
Royal Air Force.
In the Field.




1. The Squadron will move to Trecon to-morrow.
2. Reveille will be at 5.0 a.m.
3. Transport will be loaded as for previous move and drawn up on road under orders of the Equipment Officer ready to move off at 9.30 a.m.
4. Unserviceable Tenders will be left and called for during the day. Sgt Major will detail a rear Guard party of 1 N.C.O. and 6 men who will thoroughly Camp and quarters and will have one Tender to bring them to Trecon. Latrines to be filled.
5. All Petrol drawn from the French Park will be brought with and empty Cans returned. . (if empty only)

J. B*** Solomon
Commanding No 82 Squadron,
Royal Air Force.
In the Field.

O.C. A Flight.
S.M. R****

4.5” Howitzers. Table “Y”. 21 July 1918

4.5” Howitzers. Table “Y”.

Barrage F. Barrage G. Special Guns Remarks
D/23 Bty. R.F.A. Zero to Zero plus 5
On GUN Trench
I.32.a.65.15. – I.32.a.45.35. Zero plus 5 to Zero plus 30 –
I.32.a.65.15. –
I.32.a.70.40. –
86th Bty. R.F.A. I.32.a.45.35. –
I.32.a.28.75. I.32.a.56.52. –
I.32.a.28.75. Zero to Zero plus 2 –
Enfilading Gun on M.G. Emplacement at I.32.a.16.25.
128th Bty. R.F.A. I.32.a.28.75. –
I.32.a.10.95. Same as Barrage F. Zero to Zero plus 30 –
1 gun on M.G. at I.26.c.20.30.
12th Div. Arty. (2 Hows.) Zero to Zero plus 30 –
1 Gun on GUN Trench at I.32.a.80.00.
1 Gun on Trench Element at I.32.c.55.82.

Rate of Fire: –
Zero to Zero plus 5………………3 rounds per How. Per min.
Zero plus 5 to Zero plus 10…… 2 -do- -do-
Zero plus 10 to Zero plus 25……1 -do- -do-
Zero plus 25 to Zero plus 30….. ½ -do- -do-

Ammunition. B.X.

18 pounders. TABLE X. 21 July 1918

18 pounders. TABLE X.

Barrage A. Barrage B Barrage C Barrage D Barrage E. Remarks
Zero to Zero plus 2 Zero to Zero plus 4 Zero plus 4 to Zero plus 30 Zero to Zero plus 30 Zero to Zero plus 5.
On line I.32.c.00.90. – I.31.b.70.65. (100x short of DEVIL’S Trench).
At Zero plus 2 Barrage A banks on Barrage B & conforms with it subsequently. On DEVIL’S Trench.
I.32.a.15.00. – I.31.b.90.90.
23rd Bde. R.F.A.
16 guns
15 8 Guns
I.32.c.00.90- I.31.b.90.15. 8 guns.
I.32.a.15.00. – I.32.a.00.30. )Creep forward )at the rate of )100x per min to )GUN Trench )where a )standing )barrage is )formed on )I.32.a.50.30. – )I.32.a.35.60.
24th Bty. R.F.A. 6 guns 2 Guns.
I.31.b.90.15. – I.31.b.85.25. 2 Guns.
I.32.a.00.30. – I.32.a.00.45. )
) – ditto –
)I.32.a.35.60. – )I.32.a.30.75. 2 Guns.
1 Gun on M.G. Emp. I.32.a.16.26.
1 Gun on Trench Element I.32.a.10.52.
At Zero plus 5 these guns jump to the line I.31.b.90.90.-I.32.a.25.80. and form a flanking barrage.

12th D.A.
18 guns. 4 guns
I.31.b.85.25. – I.31.b.80.50. 4 Guns. ! I.32.a.00.45. – I.31.b.95.68. )Form Standing )Barrage.
)I.32.a.00.45. – )I.31.b.95.68. 4 guns. on DEVIL’S Tr. I.32.c.20.70. – I.32.a.20.95.
4 guns on line I.32.a.20.95. – I.32.a.50.30.
2 guns on BIT Lane I.32.c.25.40. – I.32.a.65.15. ! 1 gun will be on the M.G. Empl at I.31.b.95.65.
134 Bty.
4 guns. 4 guns !! I.31.b.80.50. – I.31.b.70.70. Double Banks on 29th Brig at Zero plus 2 in Barrage B,. ) Form Standing )Barrage on )DEVIL’S Trench )I.31.b.95.68.
) !! 1 gun to be on M.G. Empl at I.31.b.80.70. & remain there throughout.
29th Bde.
4 guns. 4 guns. on
I.31.b.95.68. – I.31.b.90.90.

Rate of Fire:-
Zero to Zero plus 4………………………4 rounds per gun per min.
Zero plus 4 to Zero plus 8……………….3 – ditto –
Zero plus 8 to Zero plus 25……………..2 – ditto –
Zero plus 25 to Zero plus 30……………1 – ditto –
Zero plus 30 ……………..Cease Firing.

Shrapnel throughout.

RIGHT GROUP. Operation Order No. 1. 21 July 1918

Copy No. 8.
RIGHT GROUP.  Operation Order No. 1.
21st July, 1917.
Reference Map PLOUVAIN Sheet 1/10,000 revised to 3/7/17.

1. A raid will be carried out by the 1st Bn. Hampshire Regt. On the night of July 24th/25th.
Limits of raid I.32.a.15.05. – I.32.a.00.30. and the M.G. emplacement at I.32.a.16.25.
2. Reference hour will be 10.30 p.m.
3. Artillery Bombardment will be as per attached Tables X and Y.
4. O.C. 23rd Brigade R.F.A. will detail a liaison officer, not below the rank of Captain, for Battalion H.Q. during the operation.
5. Watches will be synchronised from this Office by Telephone at 7 p.m.
6. Zero in minutes plus or minus Reference hour will be communicated later.


Lt. for
Lt. Col. R.F.A.
Commanding RIGHT GROUP
Issued at ………..
Copies No 1 – 4 Right Group.
Copy “ 5 4th D.A.
Copy “ 6 11th Inf. Bde.
Copy “ 7 1st Bn. Hants. Rgt.
Copy “ 8 23rd Brig R.F.A.
Copy “ 9 29th Brig R.F.A.
Copy “ 10 12th Div. Arty.
Copy “ 11 4th Div. “G”.

Amendment No. 1 to RIGHT GROUP ORDER No. 1. 21 July 1918

Amendment No. 1 to RIGHT GROUP ORDER No. 1.

Correction Table X.

Column 2. For “12th Div. Arty. 18 guns” read “12th Div. Arty. 16 guns.”
Barrage D. Opposite 12th Div. Arty. lines 3 and 5.
(a) For “I.32.a.20.95.” read “I.32.c.20.95.”
(b) Strike out last 3 lines commencing, 2 guns on BIT LANE.

J.E. Lucket
2nd Lt. R.F.A. for
Lieut Colonel.
Commanding RIGHT GROUP.
Right Group.
4th Div. Arty.
11th Inf. Brigade.
1st Bn. Hants. Regt.
23rd. Brigade, R.F.A.
29th Brigade, R.F.A.
12th Div. Arty.
4th Div. “G”

Amendment No 2 to RIGHT GROUP ORDER No. 1.
dated 21/7/17.
Table X
Remarks Column.
Opposite 134th Battery add “at Zero plus 5.”
“The right gun of this Battery will jump to I.15.c.0.0.”
Opposite 29th Brigade insert “at Zero plus 5.”
“The right gun of this Battery will jump to I.31.b.95.95.”

J.E. Lucket
2ND Lt. R.F.A. for
Lieut Colonel.
Commanding RIGHT GROUP.
Right Group.
4th Div. Arty.
11th Inf. Brigade.
1st Btn. Hants. Regt.
23rd. Brigade, R.F.A.
29th Brigade, R.F.A.
12th Div. Arty.
4th Div. “G”
Amendment No 3 to RIGHT GROUP ORDER No. 1.
dated 21/7/17.
Correction Table X.
Opposite 23rd Brigade R.F.A..
Barrage A. For “I.32.c.00.90.” read “I.32.c.00.80.”
Barrage B. For “I.32.a.15.00.” read “I.32.c.20.90.”
Barrage C. For “I.32.a.50.30.” read “I.32.a.55.25.”
Opposite 12th D.A.
Barrage D. Erase and substitute –
4 guns on DEVILS Trench I.32.c.20.90. – I.32.c.20.60.
4 guns on line I.32.c.20.90. – I.32.a.55.25..

J.E. Lucket
2ND Lt. R.F.A. for
Lieut Colonel.
Commanding RIGHT GROUP.
Right Group.
4th Div. Arty.
12th Div. Arty.
11th Inf. Brigade.
1st Bt. Hants. Regt.
23rd. Brigade, R.F.A.
29th Brigade, R.F.A.
4th Div. “G”

23 A.A. Brigade 20 July 1918

Headquarters 23 A.A. Brigade stamp.

SECRET. Sa/40.

O.C. Battery.

(1) Reference RIGHT GROUP Operation Order No. 1 & my Sa/37, the raid will be postponed 24 hours on account of the feared loss of 3 prisoners last night.

(2) A DUMMY raid will however take place at 10.30 p.m. on the same portion of DEVILS TRENCH, the BARRAGES being those laid down in Sa/37 (with alterations according to Sa/39).

(3) Only the portion of the Bombardment from Zero to Zero +5 will be carried out & the guns detailed for BARRAGE A will be put down at Zero on BARRAGE B covering the whole Zone of BARRAGE B.

(4) RATE of FIRE.
18 pds……. 3 rounds per gun per minute.
4.5 Hows …2 “ “ “ “ “

(5) Watches will be set by phone at 8 p.m.


V.C. Ritchie, Lt. R.F.A.
ADJUTANT 23rd A. Bde. R.F.A.

Routine Orders by Lieutenant-General Sir A.J. Godley, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., 20 July 18

ROUTINE ORDERS by Lieutenant-General Sir A.J. GODLEY, K.C.B., K.C.M.G.,
Commanding XXII Corps.

20 July 1918.



1696. Military Medal.
Reference Corps Routine Order dated 2/6/18:-
For: – Royal Field Arty. No. 3167 Gnr. (A/L/Bdr) Murray, G.
-do- “ 135204 Sgt. Bands R.

Read: – Royal Field Arty. No 3167 Gnr (A/L/Bdr) Murray, T.
-do- “ 11804 Sgt. Hands R.

1697. RATIONS.
The following instructions have been receives from Fifth French Army:-
Large units, i.e. Divisions, transported in busses from one Army to another will invariably carry with them two days’ debussing rations. This measure is rendered necessary owing to the difficulty in rationing big units.

The instructions on A.B. 397 should be altered to read:-
“Duplicate Billeting Certificates, accompanied by Distribution Lists, to be forwarded to Central Requisition Office, British Army in the Field”.
Headlights on motor vehicles are forbidden north of the road MONTMIRAL –CHAMPAUHERT – HERGERES LES VERTUS.

D.A. & Q.M.G.
XXII Corps.
Bolted from vicinity of camp of H.Q. XXII Corps Mounted Troops, BROWN GELDING, No. 103, aged, 15.2, star, black points, branded (Z) on off hindquarters.
Information to O.C. XXII Corps Mounted Troops.

On the afternoon of 10th inst. at XXII Corps Race Meeting the property of Lieut. Brettal, 3rd Dragoon Guards:-
HOLT & Co. CHEQUE BOOK containing 2 cheques made payable to self but not backed, also a case containing photographs.
Information to A.P.M., 3rd Cavalry Division.


SECRET. Copy No. 18.

19th July, 1918.

1. (a). All tactical reports, messages etc., will be forwarded to HAUTEVILLERS (Advanced Corps Headquarters) from 12 midnight tonight (19th/20th July) onwards until further orders.
(b). Corps Headquarters (Rear) will close at VERTUS at 10 8 a.m. tomorrow July 20th and will reopen at AY at the same hour.

2. XXII Corps Mounted Troops (less troops attached to Divisions) will be assembled immediately West of AY by 8 a.m. tomorrow July 20th.

3. The following arrangements will be made for co-operation with the R.A.F.:-
The 82nd Squadron R.A.F. will send a Contact Patrol over the line at Zero Hour and afterwards at two hour intervals.
Troops will signal their location by waving their helmets.

4. (a). Divisions will establish a dropping ground at ST IMOGES marked XI.
Corps dropping station will be established at AY or HAUTVILLERS marked XII.

(b) Infantry Brigade Headquarters are allotted the following code letters for aeroplane co-operation:-

51st Division. 62nd Division.
152nd Infantry Brigade. – “A” 185th Inf. Bde. – “H”
153rd “ “ – “E” 186th “ “ – “K”
154th “ “ – “F” 187th “ “ – “L”
These letters (in white ground strips) will be displayed:-
(i). To indicate to passing Contact Planes, the position of Headquarters. The plane will acknowledge by sending “RD” on the Klaxon Horn.
(ii). In response to a plane sounding the respective Code Letter on the Klaxon Horn. Planes will sound the Code Letter when they require to locate a Brigade, or for the purpose of dropping messages.
(c). In the event of Brigades wishing to signal by means of the Popham Panel, above Call Letters in strips will be placed near the Panneau. All messages received from Panneau will be dropped by plane at Corps Headquarters, Addressed “To” and “From” are unnecessary.

5. Acknowledge by wire.

C.W. Gwynn
B.G., G.S.,
XXII Corps.
Issued at 6.30 p.m. to:-
Copy No 1 War Diary.
2. G.S. File
3. A.D.C
4 & 5 G.O.C., R.A.
6. “Q”
7. “A”
8. C.E.
9. A.D. Signals
10. D.D.M.S.
11. Ig.
12. A.P.M.
13. G.H.Q. South.
14. British Mission G.A.C.
15. 51st Division.
16. 62nd Division.
17 & 18. XXII Corps Mtd Troops.
18. 82nd Squadron R.A.F.
19. British Mission Fifth French Army.
20. B.G., H.A., XXII Corps.
21. A.D.O.S.
22, 23 & 24 S.M.T.O.