Letter to P. Lister, 13 November 1918

On headed notepaper of
Government Controlled Establishment.
The Parsons Motor Co., Ltd.
Oil & Petrol Engine Builders
13th Nov 1918
PES/R
Mr. P. Lister,
12, Brittania Road,
Northam,
Southampton. (By hand.)
Dear Sir,
ABSENCE FROM EMPLOYMENT.
We are rather surprised to note your continued absence from the important work in progress here, and have to say that the Armistice signed by Germany does not decrease the importance of the work upon which you are engaged.
It is essential that you take up your duties without further delay.
Yours faithfully
THE PARSONS MOTOR CO: LTD: Initialled PES

20TH (Light) Division Operations (Medical Arrangemenst). 15 Nov 1917

SECRET.
Copy No. 1
20th Div. No. G.32.

20TH (LIGHT) DIVISION OPERATIONS
INSTRUCTIONS NO. 4.
(MEDICAL ARRANGEMENTS).

LOCATION OF MEDICAL UNITS. 1. A Prior to Zero.
(1) Battle Aid Posts. Left R.20.a.2.9. (XVI RAVINE) Right R.25.d.4.9.
(2) Relay Posts. (1) R.25.a.8.4. (HOTEL CECIL)
(2) R.19.d.3.7. (near XV RAVINE).
(3) A.D.S. GOUZEAUCOURT, Q.36.d.6.9.
(4) Div. Walking Wounded Collecting Station GOUZEAUCOURT BATHS, Q.36.b.1.4.
(5) H.Q. 60th F.A. (O.C. Bearers) & Bearer Camp, FINS V.12.c.8.8.
(6) Corps Main Dressing Station V.18.c.0.7. FINS – NURLU Road.
(7) Corps Walking Wounded Collecting Station V.18.c.0.7. – FINS – NURLU Road.
(8) Corps Sick Collecting Station. V.18.c.0.7. FINS – NURLU Road.
(9) C.C.S’s. (1) YTRES Group.
(2) TINCOURT Group.

B. At Zero.
(a). An Advanced Battle Aid Post (Right) at R.20.d.7.4. will be taken into use by the right (61st) Bde. The QUARRY (R.25.d.4.9.) will continue to be used for the Reserve Battalion of the 59th Bde. until this is ordered up by B.G.C. 59th Inf. Bde.

(b). A Forward A.D.S. (left) will be established at original left battle aid post R.20.a.2.9. (XVI RAVINE).

(c). An Advanced Battle Aid Post (left) will be established at R.14.a.8.9. (SURREY RAVINE) – destined eventually to become one of the chain of F.A. Relay Posts.

(d). A Forward A.D.S. (right) will similarly be established later at the Advanced Battle Aid Post, R.20.d.7.4.

POSITION OF MEDICAL OFFICERS. 2.

On account of the more open nature of the operations, it has not been feasible to make arrangements for any but the initial positions of Regimental Medical Officers. It has been tentatively arranged that these will be as follows at Zero.
(a). Advanced Left Battle Aid Post. R.14.a.8.9. (SURREY RAVINE). One or more M.O’s of 60th Bde.

(b). Original Left Battle Aid Post. R.20.a.2.9. (XVI RAVINE) One M.O. of 60th Bde. in Reserve until ordered up.

(c). Advanced Right Battle Aid Post. R.20.d.7.4.
(i). One or more M.O’s of 61st Bde.
(ii) One M.O. 61st Bde. remaining here in Reserve until ordered up.

(d). Original Right Battle Aid Post. (QUARRY) R.25.d.4.9.
One M.O. of 59th Bde remaining in Reserve until ordered up.

With the exception of the M.O. of each Bde. whom the B.G’s C. desire to keep in Reserve at first, all R.M.O’s will be prepared to establish R.A.P’s as situation demands.

The Line R.10. central – R.5. central is suggested as possibly suitable as a route of evacuation of wounded, while it may be found convenient to establish posts at the two points mentioned.

Should a considerable advance take place the chain of Field Ambulance posts will be pushed up by the establishment of Relay and Bearer Reserve Posts as may be necessary. The successful accomplishment of this will be largely dependant on the regularity and promptness with which the O.C. Bearers at A.D.S. GOUZEAUCOURT, is kept informed of all changes of position. The paramount importance of the above, as also of maintaining touch with posts left behind, cannot be too strongly emphasised.

EVACUATION. 3.

Cases will be conveyed as usual by Regimental Stretcher Bearers as far back as R.A.P’s, where they will be taken over by the Field Ambulance bearers who have been placed under the orders of the R.M.O. at these posts. (8 bearers to each R.A.P. of 60th and 61st Bdes., 16 in the case of 59th. These bearers will be rationed by the Battalions).

Cases will be conveyed by Relays to the Forward A.D.S’s and back to A.D.S. GOUZEAUCOURT. Wheeled stretchers will be used as much as possible for conveyance of cases back to Ambulance Car Loading Posts, which will be pushed up as far forward as possible as soon as the situation permits.

A Trolley line is being repared, and will be used as soon as the Advanced Battle Aid Post at R.20.d.7.4.4. is taken into use. By means of 4 trolley cars (capable of holding 4 lying cases each) cases will be conveyed to a Relay Post which is being constructed in the Railway Cutting at R.19.d.3.7., whence they will follow the ordinary route of evacuation to GOUZEAUCOURT.

From the A.D.S. GOUZEAUCOURT evacuation will be as follows:-

A. Lying & Sitting cases.

(i). by DECAUVILLE. A service has been arranged for lying and sitting cases by special ambulance trains conveying –
(a) Direct admissions straight through to C.C.S. at YTRES. (As many as possible).
(b) All other cases to FINS detraining point, whence a ferry service of horse ambulances will convey them to the Corps M.D.S.
(ii). Failing the Decauville by Motor Ambulance Cars direct from A.D.S. GOUZEAUCOURT, to C.C.S. at YTRES.

B. Walking Wounded.
Walking wounded will be directed to Div. W.W.C. Station established in the GOUZEAUCOURT BATHS. From here they will be conveyed by charabancs and possibly by Decauville (empty ammunition trains) to FINS, and thence to the Corps W.W. Station which has been established next to the Corps M.D.S.

From the Corps W.W. Station evacuation will be by Decauville to C.C.S’s at TINCOURT. Failing the latter a ferry service of busses will be used.

DIVISIONAL STRETCHER COY. 4.

The Divisional Stretcher Coy. has been re-organised and instructed, and will be utilised, if required, to assist in the work of clearing the battlefield. They will be controlled by O.C. Collecting F.A. (60th ) at A.D.S. (GOUZEAUCOURT) – with the exception of the section drawn from and attached to 59th Bde., which will come under orders of B.G.C. 59th Bde. at Zero, and will be rationed by the 59th Bde.

Calls for the services of the Divl Stretcher Coy. (with the exception of the 59th Bde. Section above mentioned), will be addressed to O.C. Collecting F.A., GOUZEAUCOURT A.D.S., direct.

CORPS SICK COLLECTING STATION. 5.

A Corps Sick Collecting Station has been established next to the C.M.D.S. and C.W.W.C.S. on the FINS – NURLU Road, and will deal with ALL sick, both from the forward and surrounding areas. Cases will be conveyed by charabancs or busses to the C.R.S. at MOISLAINS.

DUMPS. 6.

Dumps of Stretchers, Blankets, extra Dressings etc will be formed at Relay Posts as early as possible.

ACKNOWLEDGE.

J. McD Haskard
Lieut. Colonel,
General Staff, 20th Division.
15th Nov., 1917.

Distribution overleaf.

Copies to:–
No 1. G.O.C.
2. “G”.
3. “A”.
4. 59th Inf. Bde.
5. 60th Inf. Bde.
6. 61st Inf. Bde.
7. B.G. R.A.
8. C.R.E.
9. Divl. Signals.
10. Divl. Pioneers.
11. Divl. M.G. Coy.
12. }
13. }
14. }
15. } A.D.M.S.
16. }
17. }
18. }
19. D.M.G.O.
20. A.P.M.
21. III Corps.
22. War Diary.
23. File.

Field Service Post Card to Dick-Cunyngham’s wife dated 14 Nov 1916

Field Service Post Card to Dick-Cunyngham’s wife dated 14 Nov 1916

I am quite well

I have been admitted to hospital sick wounded and am going on well.

I am being sent down to the base.

I have received your letter dated telegram parcel

Letter follows at first opportunity.

I have received no letter from you lately for a long time.

Signature only: J.K. Dick Cunyngham

Date Nov 14.

Addressed to Mrs J. Dick Cunyngham, 28 Coleherne Court, South Kensington. London S.W. Postmarked FIELD POST OFFICE D? dated 15 NV 16

George Ryan’s letter home dated 14 Nov 1914

George Ryan’s letter home dated 14 Nov 1914
S.S. “Dilwara”
Nearing Port Said
14 Nov 1913[4]

Dear Mother & F,

We left Gibraltar last Sunday at mid-day. We seemed to have been there quite a long while. It’s a nice place, I would not have minded staying there; but I was glad to leave it as we had got a long way farther to go & the sooner we get off this boat the better I shall like it. Of course we all get jolly hungry but each mess-table is only allowed a certain amount. The food is practically the same as we should get on land; bread & butter for breakfast & tea, &fresh meat & potatoes for dinner. We could generally eat double what we get. But of course we can’t get anything extra. The canteen’s jolly short of stuff; no mixed biscuits & what biscuits they have got they charge 1d for it. Oranges they bought at 3 or 4 a penny in Gib they charge 1d each. 2/- for a 2 lb tin of marmalade etc, etc. but we will soon be there now I hope, then we shall be able to make up for lost time. By all accounts we shall live alright in barracks.

We’ve had quite a smooth journey since we left Gib. The first day the sea was like a lake, but it’s not been more than choppy since. There was a thunderstorm all Thurs night; we couldn’t hear much thunder but there were flashes of lightning every half minute. It’s the rainy season along here, so the weather has not been so very grand. It doesn’t give you much warning when it does start; it’s more like a cloud burst. When we were in the harbour at Gib. we could hardly see the rock when it was raining, it was all misty.

We reckon to reach Port Said early to-morrow morning, I don’t know if we shall catch the other boats up there, they didn’t wait for us at Gib, we’ve come all the way from there by ourselves, no escort at all & we are not fitted with wireless. But we’ve met no Germans or Turks so far so I don’t suppose we shall now.

We shall not stop more than a few hours I think at Port Said, that is if the canal is clear. Then it’s 4 or 5 days journey through the Red Sea to Aden. We shall stop there 3 or 4 days as the other battalion on board is staying there. I don’t know whether we shall pick up some more in their place; I hope we don’t; we shall have a little more breathing room then. Then it’s about another 5 days journey to Bombay (or Karachi).

I’ve had the first dose of inoculation & got over it alright. There’s nothing much in it as long as you keep quiet for 24 hrs after you’ve been done.

Hope you are all quite well.
Write as much as you like
Love to all,
Yr affectn son
George

Excuse the scribble as the pencil is so small.

Dick-Cunyngham letter to wife dated 12 Nov 1916.

Dick-Cunyngham letter to wife dated 12 Nov 1916.

Letter written on Government embossed notepaper.

Saturday
My own darling one,

I’m just off to write to catch mail as I know I shan’t have time tonight. Isn’t it splendid getting back to a ‘Jock’ Divn & in H.G’s Army. I expect I shall find some old friends there.

My nose is perfectly all right, after a drive in an open car last evening – it was fairly cold motoring up.

They are all very kind & sorry I am going. I hate parting with old friends but am lucky in getting such a good Div.

All my love darling & god bless & keep you well

Ever your devoted Hubby
Jimmie

With envelope addressed to Mrs J. Dick Cunyngham, 28 Coleherne Court, South Kensington. London S.W. Endorsed On Active Service. Signed Dick Cunyngham. Passed by Censor No 21 cachet. Postmarked FIELD POST OFFICE unreadable dated 12 NV 16

George Ryan’s letter home dated 12 Nov 1915

George Ryan’s letter home dated 12 Nov 1915

On headed notepaper with regimental crest 9th Middlesex Regt.
Dum-dum.
India.
12 Nov 1915

Dear Ma,

Received your letter addressed to Dinapore safely. Glad to hear you got the silk alright. I hope you didn’t have to pay anything on it did you? & I hope dad won’t have to pay anything on the cigars. One of our chaps sent a box home & his father had to pay more than they cost for duty.

Please don’t think I’ve gone “dit’lo” or daft as you say at home, but we are going to Dinapore. At least, so we are given to understand at present. Of course it may be altered again. At first we were going next week, but the latest is that we go on the 9th of next month. The signalling section were to have gone last week. They got packed up & were all ready to go, but they are still here. I expect they will wait & go with us now. You can answer this to Dinapore but don’t be surprised if I tell you next week to write here again. But I think we are going this time though.

The parcel of tobacco & sweets hasn’t arrived this week, I hope I shall get them next. I was disappointed I didn’t get them this week.

Hope you are all well,
Love to all from
Yr loving son
George

20TH (Light) Division Operations. Instructions No 7. 18 November 1917

G.O.C.
SECRET.
Copy No. 1
20 DNG67
SECRET.
20TH (LIGHT) DIVISION OPERATIONS. INSTRUCTIONS NO 7.
3RD STAGE.

1. As soon as the 29th Div. has captured the MASNIERES – BEAUREVOIR line, East and North of MASNIERES, its right flank, held by the 88th Inf. Bde., will rest on the Canal about G.27.c.4.8.
The 59th Inf. Bde. will push forward its left flank to get into touch with the right of the 29th Div. on the Canal at the above mentioned place.

2. In order to carry out the 3rd Stage as early as possible, it is essential that every advantage be taken of any demoralization of the enemy which may occur during the 1st and 2nd Stages to push forward Advanced Guards boldly.
It is also important that the original breach be widened as soon as possible towards both flanks by turning and operating against the flanks of the hostile troops holding the line of defence.

3. The Lucknow Cav. Bde., under the orders of G.O.C. III Corps, will be raiding Southwards in the direction of WALINCOURT for the purpose of widening the original breach.

4. In pursuance of the above object future action will be as follows:-
(a) The 29th Div. will, when they have secured the ground mentioned in para. 1 and the detachment mentioned in para. 3 have passed through, push out and hold the edge of the spur in G.23.c. & d., sending Tanks, supported by infantry, into CREVECOEUR to clear the village and seize the crossings.
(b) The 59th Inf. Bde. will move forward 2 Bns simultaneously with the advance of the 29th Div., and establish a line on the BONAVIS – CREVECOEUR ridge overlooking the LES RUES DES VIGNES, and extend this line to about G.35.a.1.9., where the right of the 29th Div. will rest. The remaining 2 Bns will move up in close support.
This line is to be at once consolidated.
On relief of the 2 Troops 1/1 Northumberland Yeo by the infantry on this position, the Cavalry will withdraw and remain with the 59th Inf. Bde. H.Q. until further orders.
(c) The 61st Inf. Bde will move to the vicinity of LES RUES VETRES, G.26. in support of the advance of the 29th Div., keeping South of the Canal.
(d) The 60th Inf. Bde. will move to about L.35.b. & d. in support of the above dispositions.

5. The action outlined above is dependent upon the course of the battle, but it is intended if possible to carry out these moves on the afternoon of ‘Z’ day, and if that is not possible, to push on at dawn on Z+1 day.

6. In order not to interfere with the rapid exploitation of successes, artillery action against the following places will cease on the hours detailed below:-
LES RUES DES VIGNES – Z plus 360
CREVECOEUR – Z plus 320
MASNIERES – Z plus 250
MARCOING – Z plus 235
Any bombardment by heavy artillery of these places after the above hours will only be carried out at the request of the Divisions concerned.
7. The further action of our troops, which is intended to set free the Cavalry for active work in a North-easterly direction, and which will take place on Z+1 day, can be outlined as follows:-
(a) At 6.15 a.m., the 61st Bde. will advance and take over the front of the 29th Div. between the Canal and H.19.a.; the point of junction between 29th Div and 61st Inf. Bde. will be on the track in H.19.a.
(b) The 60th Inf. Bde. will move into Div. Reserve at LES RUES VERTES, G.26. and be prepared to support either Bde.

8. In order to render the flank more secure, it is proposed, on ‘Z’ night, to destroy the bridges at LES RUES DES VIGNES and BANTEUX. The destruction of the bridges at LES RUES DES VIGNES will be undertaken by the 20th Div and at BANTEUX by the 12th Div.
It is also intended to clear the enemy with Tanks from the Western bank of the Canal between BANTEUX and CREVECOEUR.
The 59th Inf. Bde. will co-operate with the 12th Div in carrying out these operations, which will form the subject of subsequent orders.

9. The boundary between the 12th Div. and the 59th Inf. Bde. on the BONAVIS – CREVECOEUR spur will run from M.3.c.0.6. to the Canal at M.10.a.5.3.

ACKNOWLEDGE.

T. McN. Haskard
Lieut. Col.
General Staff, 20th Division.
18th Nov, 1917.
Copies to:-
No. 1. G.O.C.
2. “G”
3.”A”
4. 59th Inf. Bde.
5. 60th Inf. Bde.
6. 61st Inf. Bde.
7. B.G., R.A.
8. C.R.E.
9. Div. Signals.
10. A.D.M.S.
11.) 12.) 3rd Bde. Tank Corps.
13.)
14. III Corps.
15. III Corps R.A,.
16. 6th Div.
17. 12th Div.
18. 29th Div.
19. 59th Sqdn R.F.C.
20. III Corps Cavalry.
21. Lieut. The Hon. C.F.N. RAMSAY 1/1 Northumberland Yeo.
22. D.M.G.O.
23. War Diary.
24. File.