Welcome to The Bay Museum Website

The Bay Museum is a friendly museum situated on Canvey Island. Based in a degaussing station, it now offers a wealth of artefacts, books and displays focusing on both local and world military history. Open from 10am till 4pm, the museum also organises trips to France and Belgium to experience the battlefields first hand, as well as helping you research your own family military histories. The museum is run by volunteers who always warmly welcome visitors and are never short of a war story!

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Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service November 1940.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service November 1940.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

01/11/1940    05.30  Foulness       The body of a German Airman found on the

Island             foreshore at Asplins Head.  Not in water for more than 12 hours.  Bullet wound in face.  Unter Offizier.  Identity Disc 53624/22.  Papers on body cannot be read.  Removed to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford.

01/11/1940    09.00  Great              The door of an aeroplane found in a field at Wick

Wakering       Farm 250 yards South East of farm.  Number 0880299 in white paint inside frame.  Colour Grey-Green paint with 3 mica panels one is reinforced with sheet metal.

01/11/1940    19.00  South             4 – H.Es exploded 300 yards to rear of St. Vincents

Weald             Hamlet on McTurks land.  No damage or casualties.

01/11/1940    19.00  Rayleigh        3 – H.Es, 1 H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out

in a field 400 yards North of Charlie’s Café and 300 yards South of Railway lines and 2 H.Es exploded in a field 300 yards South East of Wheatleys Farm.   No damage or casualties.

01/11/1940                South             1 – I.B. burnt out in a field between Vicarage Lane

                                    Weald             and Weald Road.  No damage or casualties.

01/11/1940                Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded at Stud Farm 200 yards North

of Rayleigh Road, opposite the Maltings.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 17.5.41

01/11/1940    21.45  Billericay        4 – H.Es exploded, 2 near Cottages Ramsden

Heath Road, 50 yards East of junction of Outwood Common Road and 2 H.Es exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields off Ramsden Heath Road.  No damage or casualties.

01/11/1940    23.45  Ramsden       1 – H.E. exploded in a field 300 yards North West

                                    Heath             of Searchlight Station.  No damage or casualties.

01/11/1940    23.50  Mountnessing          1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 30 yards to

rear of “Woodview” Old Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

01/11/1940                North              2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in middle of A.127 500 yards

Benfleet         East of Bonvilles Farm and 1 in field 300 yards East of Bonvilles Farm.  Down track of A.127 blocked.  No casualties.

02/11/1940    19.45  Vange            I.Bs (about 100) on Marshes 1/4 mile South West

of Goldings Farm.  No damage, 1 regular Fireman seriously injured.

02/11/1940    20.00  Mountnessing          2 – H.E exploded, 1 is 100 yards West of

Lawness Farm opposite Shoulder Hall and 1 is 100 yards North on side of road to Buttsbury Road.  Road blocked.  Gas main damaged.  No casualties.

02/11/1940    20.05  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) in fields in the Vicinity of Little

Blunts Farm and Queens Park Estate.  No damage or casualties.

02/11/1940    20.30  South             2 – H.Es, 1 exploded and 1 unexploded in the back

Benfleet         garden of 253 Philmead Road (unexploded 15 yards from house).  No damage or casualties.

02/11/1940    20.30  East                1 – H.E. exploded in Ingrave Meadow at South

Horndon        West corner of Moor Lane crossroads.  Overhead electric cables down near pole 142.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

02/11/1940    20.30  Canvey          4 – H.Es exploded in fields at Pantiles Farm

Island             between Northwick and Benfleet Creek, 3 sheep killed.

02/11/1940    20.55  Bowers           8 – H.Es exploded in fields between Bowers Hall

Gifford            Farm and Little Kelvedon Hall and 1 in Kelly Road, 10 houses damaged.  Telephone wires down, no casualties.

02/11/1940    21.30  Hutton            18 – H.Es, 1 is unexploded.  All between Cresseys

Farm and Hanging Hill Lane junction with Ridgeway.  The unexploded is 1/4 mile from Cresseys Farm near a pond.  No damage or casualties.

02/11/1940    22.20  Foulness       8 – H.Es exploded in fields, 6 at Creist Wood Farm

Island             and 2 at Rushwood Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/11/1940    11.00  Great              1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 500 yards

Wakering       South of Little Wakering Hall, on surface.  No damage or casualties.

04/11/1940    19.45  Ramsden       2 – H.Es exploded in fields off Mill Lane.  No

                                    Heath             damage or casualties.

04/11/1940    20.15  Vange            9 – H.Es exploded in fields between Kingswood

Hall Farm and an orchard Bell Hill.  No damage or casualties.

04/11/1940    20.24  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded in a field 300 yards from front of

                                                            Clay Hill Garage.  No damage or casualties.

04/11/1940    20.40  North              13 – H.Es exploded, 1 at Rose Cottage, Hovefields

Benfleet         Avenue.  The remainder East part of junction Goodwins Lane and Basildon Road.  Damage to property, no casualties.

04/11/1940    20.45  Great              5 – H.Es exploded in fields and gardens of houses

Burstead        in Kennel Lane.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

04/11/1940    21.25  Ingrave           12 – H.Es exploded on Thorndon Park Golf

                                                            Course.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    03.15  Langdon        4 – H.Es exploded, 1 in High Road opposite Park

Hills                Avenue, 1 at junction of Park Avenue and Nightingale Avenue, 1 in the garden of “Amy” Park Avenue, 1  in the garden of “Homestead” Butles Green.  Water and gas mains damaged.  8 houses slightly and 5 seriously damaged.  S.L.T. on High Road, B.1007.  No casualties.

05/11/1940    04.55  Pilgrims          8 – H.Es, 7 exploded and 1 unexploded in fields

Hatch             800 yards North of Orchard Farm and 800 yards East of Ashwells Farm.  The unexploded is on Kings strip of land.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    05.08  Potton             2 – H.Es exploded in fields 1 mile North East

Island             of Potton Farm, 30 yards apart.  No damage or

                        casualties.

05/11/1940    05.20  Laindon         5 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out, 4 H.Es

in Wash Lane, 1 H.E. and 1 Oil I.B. near Pipps Hill, 200 yards North of Lee Chapel Lane on footpath.  Telephone cables down, water and gas mains damaged.  Sewer damaged.  Road closed, no casualties.

05/11/1940    05.20  Basildon        1 – H.E. unexploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out.  The

unexploded is on the West side of Pipps Hill 200 yards South of A.127.  The Oil I.B. is opposite.  Road blocked from A.127 to Basildon.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    05.30  Basildon        3 – H.Es exploded in fields West of “Endersley”

                                                            Church Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940                South             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 100 yards South of Drive

Weald             and 100 yards from entrance of Weald Hall.  No

                        damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    15.00  Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of “Warden”

                                                            Lillie Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    15.00  Laindon         2 – H.Es exploded, 1 at Ronald Avenue (direct hit

on Anderson shelter) and 1 in a field off Markham Chase.  Considerable damage to property. No casualties.

05/11/1940    15.15  Laindon         German Messerschmitt 109 crashed and blew up

in a field 400 yards South of Fortune of War crossroads, at rear of Essex Tool Factory.  Machine totally wrecked.  Pilot Officer Joham Illner bailed out, but injured.  Rank Feldwebel.  Identity Number B.65176.  Born 21.2.11 at Ndufladt Wier.  Conveyed to Billericay Hospital with dislocated knee.

05/11/1940    16.59  Laindon         14 – H.Es exploded in vicinity of Dunton Wayletts,

7 North of A.127 West of Dunton Crossing, 4 in field North of A.127, 2 South of Dunton Road, 1 on cycle track South of A.127.  Road A.127 blocked, 6 slight casualties.  Gas main fired, overhead electric cables down, 2 bungalows demolished, 4 houses and a Cafe slightly damaged (Road open 7/11/40).

05/11/1940    18.15  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Salmons Farm, 600

yards to rear of School Lane Cottages.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    18.50  Ingrave           4 – H.Es exploded, 2 on footpath of allotments

opposite Ingrave Post Office, 1 about 60 yards to rear of row of Red Brick Cottages and 1 in field by Clemoes Farm, Thorndon Park.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    19.15  Raweth          5 – H.Es exploded on Marshes 1/2 mile North West

                                                            of Highlands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

05/11/1940    20.00  Childerditch  1 – H.E. exploded on Childerditch Common near

                                                            the forked roads.  No damage or casualties.

06/11/1940    11.34  Langdon        “Alexander Lodge” Victoria Avenue, “Ivanhoe”

Hills                “Ivydene” “The Poplars” and “Summerside” Albert Road.  Roofs damaged by shrapnel.  No casualties.

06/11/1940    17.00  Little Warley  4 – H.Es exploded in a field at rear of Brickworks. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

06/11/1940    22.45  Laindon         12 – I.Bs burnt out in gardens of houses of High

                                                            Bank Estate.  No damage or casualties.

07/11/1940    01.00  East                2 – H.Es exploded and 50 I.Bs burnt out in fields on

Horndon        South side of Arterial Road and 1/4 mile East of Little Warley crossroads.  Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

07/11/1940    01.05  Laindon         6 – I.Bs burnt out in fields at Dunton Hall Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

07/11/1940    19.15  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded in a field at rear of Lapwater

Hall.  No damage or casualties.  (disposed of B.D.S. 5.12.40).

07/11/1940    19.30  Thundersley 1 – H.E. exploded 150 yards South of “Ellesmere”

                                                            June Road.  No damage or casualties.

07/11/1940    19.40  Wickford        17 – H.Es unexploded in fields and gardens in the

vicinity of Waterworks Road.  Road damaged and losed.  1 60 yards North West and 1 500 yards West of Pumping Station.  No casualties.  (Disposed of 2.1.41).

07/11/1940    19.45  South             7 – H.Es, 6 exploded at Boyce Hill Golf Club,

Benfleet         Vicarage Hill Cottage, St Marys Drive “Cleveland” Essex Way “Waincourt” St Marys Drive and 1 unexploded “Hillside View” St Marys Drive.  Essex Way and St Marys Drive closed.  Damage to property.  No casualties. (Unexploded disposed of roads open 29.11.40).

07/11/1940    19.55  Canvey          9 – H.Es exploded, 1 at 5 Waterside Cottages and

Island             8 in Dyke West of Waterside Farm.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

07/11/1940    20.10  South Weald 10 – H.Es exploded between Grove Farm Brook

Street and Sewerage Works Nags Head Lane.  Grove Farm partly demolished, 4 slight casualties.

07/11/1940    20.10  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded in Scroggles field 3/4 mile North

                                                            East of Grove Farm.  No damage or casualties.

08/11/1940    06.45  Foulness       10 – H.Es exploded 200 yards South East of

Island             Church End.  No damage or casualties.

08/11/1940    15.50  Thundersley British Spitfire caught fire in the air crashed and

burnt out at Oakleigh Poultry Farm Thundersley Common.  Sergt. Pilot of Hornchurch safe.  Machine Number Z.D.H.N. 3164 from 222 Squadron  R.A.F. Hornchurch (not due to enemy action).

09/11/1940    04.00  Billericay        4 – H.Es exploded 2 in fields and 1 near

outbuildings of Stocklands Farm and 1 near moving Nathams bungalow of foundations.  Chimney stack in dangerous position.  Extensive damage to property.  No casualties.

09/11/1940    04.00  Mountnessing          7 – H.Es, 6 exploded and 1 unexploded in

fields 150 yards to rear of Mountnessing Hall Farm.  Slight damage.  No casualties.

09/11/1940    19.00  Billericay        19 – H.Es, 1 is unexploded in fields behind

bungalows North of Potash Lane, from Stock to Ramsden Roads.  The unexploded one is 300 yards North East of Thornhill and 75 yards behind Potash Lane.  (Disposed of B.D.S. 21.12.40)  No damage or casualties.

09/11/1940    19.45  East                25 – H.Es, 24 exploded in fields in line between

Horndon        300 yards South of B’cay-B’wood Road Herongate, from rear of Old Dog P.H. to rear of Boars Head P.H. 1 is unexploded 250 yards South East of Col. Laurie’s house near the hunting gate.  No damage or casualties.

10/11/1940     19.15  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded by side of Weald Road between

Spital Lane and Tower Arms.  Road dangerous.  No casualties.

10/11/1940    20.55  South Weald 10 – H.Es exploded in fields at Weald Park and

Frieze Hall Farm.  Damage to property and water main.  No casualties.

10/11/1940    21.20  Little Warley  3 – H.Es exploded between Little Warley Hall and

Railway in fields off Hall Lane 1/4 mile South of Arterial Road.  Hall Lane partly blocked.  Slight damage to property by blast.  No casualties.

11/11/1940                Great Warley 1 – H.E. unexploded in South West corner of

Holden Wood 600 yards West of The Rustlings.  No damage or casualties.

11/11/1940    18.52  Canvey          I.Bs (a number) in fields between Scars Elbow

                                    Island             and Kynoch Hotel.  No damage or casualties.

11/11/1940    23.00  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded, 1 near Gatwick House and 1 in

Mill Fields at entrance of Watts Farm.  No damage or casualties.

12/11/1940    08.35  Foulness       Barrage Balloon grounded and secured at Asplins

                                    Island             Head.  RAF Rochford in charge.

12/11/1940    18.45  Doddinghurst   2 – H.Es exploded 1 in field of Metsons Farm,

Crow Green Lane and 1 in a field of Dagwood Farm Dagwood Lane.  No damage or casualties.

12/11/1940    20.40  Sutton            8 – H.Es, 4 exploded, 2 in field at Butlers Farm and

2 200 yards East of Fleet Hall.  4 are unexploded on Creek side of sea wall.  Damage to property at Fleet Hall and Butlers Farm.  No casualties.  (unexploded dealt with by B.D.S. 6.12.40).

12/11/1940    20.50  South Weald 2 – H.Es exploded on Botany Field McTurks land at

back of Maylands Golf Course opposite 13th hole.  No damage or casualties.

13/11/1940    06.00  Little                2 – H.Es, 1 unexploded at Hope House.  No

Burstead        damage or casualties. (Unexploded reported as exploded B.D.S. 3.12.40).

13/11/1940    07.00  Pitsea             8 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at

Smoky Farm, 1 mile North East of Land Reclamation Works Limited.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

13/11/1940    21.15  Bowers           5 – H.Es exploded in line from 200 yards East of

Gifford            Pound Lane and 6 yards North from London Road to 100 yards East of Church Road.  Damage to property at Bowers Gifford cottages.  No casualties.

13/11/1940    21.15  Bowers           4 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out on

                                    Gifford            Marshes.  No damage or casualties.

13/11/1940                Brentwood     1 – A.A unexploded Shell on path of 12 Elm Way

                                                            Westwood Park Estate.  No damage or casualties.

14/11/1940    12.45  Brentwood     1 – A.A unexploded Shell in garden of 24

                                                            Kavanagh Road.  No damage or casualties.

14/11/1940                South             1 – H.E. unexploded in the garden of “Thorndene”

Benfleet         Benfleet Road.  Road B.1014 closed from Water Tower to Shipwrights Drive.  No damage or casualties. (considered safe by B.D.S. 15.11.40 road open).

14/11/1940    20.40  Little                5 – H.Es exploded in fields of Bulless Farm.  Slight

                                    Burstead        damage to property.  No casualties.

14/11/1940    20.40  Crays Hill       3 – H.Es exploded in fields 100 yards North of Vine

                                                            Cottages Borwick Land.  No damage or casualties.

14/11/1940    20.50 Herongate      11 – H.Es exploded 100 yards Billericay side of

Dunton Corner Dunton Road, 2 East side of road, 1 North of road, 1 on road, 5 in field opposite Dunton Lodge, 1 in Orchard of Broad View and 1 at rear of Swallows.  Billericay Road blocked S.L.T. 16th inst.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

15/11/1940     03.15  Mountnessing          19 – H.Es exploded in the vicinity of

Lawness Farm, in line South West from point 300 yards North East of junction of Mountnessing Road with Buckwins Lane to Little Cowbridge Grange Farm at junction with road to Chelmsford S.L.T. on Mountnessing Road.  No casualties.  Road open 15.30 hrs the 15th inst.

15/11/1940    14.10  Laindon         German bailed out and landed at Laindon. 

The plane a ME109 crashed at Horndon-on-the-Hill Grays Division.  Name Feldwell Otto Yaros 29 years.  Taken to Billericay Station.

15/11/1940    18.50  Rochford       British Bolton and Paul Defiant two seater fighter

crashed on the Golf Course 500 yards South of Rochford Church when attempting to land.  Machine completely burnt out.  Pilot safe.  Gunner received slight burns.

15/11/1940    19.53  North              2 – Parachute mines.  1 exploded 200 yards from

Benfleet         junction A.127 and East end of Old Harrows Road and 1 unexploded in a field 150 yards South of Twiggs Garage 400 yards East of Harrows P.H. on South side of A.127.  Road closed between Rayleigh Wier and Nevendon Cricketers P.H.  12 houses, a school and garage damaged.  No casualties  (Unexploded destroyed by Admiralty by burning) Pound Lane open 10.12.40.

15/11/1940    20.15  Billericay        12 – H.Es 11 exploded in fields in line 250 yards

West of New Lodge Tye Common Road North West to London Road A.129.  5 houses a garage in London Road.  Outbuildings at Blunts Wall Farm damaged.  7 cows killed and 3 injured.  Telephone wires down, 1 unexploded in a field at Gt Cowbridge Grange North of London Road and 200 yards West of track to the Grange.

15/11/1940    20.55  South Weald 6 – H.Es exploded in a field opposite the 12th hole. 

Maylands Golf Course at side of Oak Wood.  No damage or casualties.

15/11/1940                South Weald 1 – H.E. unexploded in the Ride between Oak and

Fir Woods 1 1/2 miles South of Keepers Lodge at rear of Vicarage.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 23.5.41.

15/11/1940    21.55  South Weald I.Bs (a number) near Oak Wood Vicarage Lane. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    02.54  Shenfield       5 – H.Es exploded in fields opposite Alwyn Avenue

                                                            North of A.12.  No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    17.30  Foulness       The body of a German Airman found on the

Island             foreshore of Haven Gore.  Name Gefr. Tonny Boschen, born 10.9.19 at Braman.  Body not in water for more than 48 hours.  Neck broken, bullet hole in elbow of right arm.  (During the morning of 15th a German bomber dived into the Thames and the body is believed to be one of the crew).  Moved to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford.  RAF Rochford took possession of property.

16/11/1940    18.30  Ramsden       1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 1/4 mile West of junction

Heath             Mill Lane and Heath Road.  No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    19.30  Shenfield       1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on the cricket ground 30

yards from nearest house.  No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    19.50  Hawkwell       1 – I.B. burnt out in a field 200 yards East of

                                                            Nursery Corner.  No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    19.50  Hutton            5 – H.Es, 2 exploded in Cooks Nurseries, Rayleigh

Road, 1 unexploded in Flints field and 2 unexploded behind the Infirmary, Hutton Residential Schools.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

16/11/1940    19.55  Rayleigh        2 – I.Bs burnt out in a field 100 yards West of

Beckworth Farm Nelson Road.  No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    19.55  North              1 – I.B. burnt out near Fantons Hall.  No damage or

                                    Benfleet         casualties.

16/11/1940    20.05  Great Tarpots            3 – H.Es exploded in fields at side of

                                                            Romsey Road.  No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    20.08  Hawkwell       1 – I.B. burnt out in a field near Hawkwell Farm. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    20.10  Pitsea             3 – H.Es exploded 1, 50 yards West of junction

Pitsea and Station Road, 1 on Parkhurst Road, 15 yards from High Road and 1 in field at rear of Allens Fish shop.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

16/11/1940    20.10  Bowers           2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in field 60 yards South of

Gifford            London Road and 75 yards East of Church Road and 1 in garden of Gifford House 50 yards South of London Road.   No damage or casualties.

16/11/1940    20.45 Billericay        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field near “Gatwick

                                                            House” near Bell Hill.  No damage or casualties.

17/11/1940    19.15  Canvey          7 – H.Es exploded in the River Thames off Scars

                                    Island             Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

17/11/1940                South Weald 2 – Parachute mines unexploded at Rochetts,

Weald Road (Rendered harmless and burnt by Military 19th).  No damage or casualties.

19/11/1940    20.00  Little                Damage to roof of “Nulli Secundus” Barrows Hall

                                    Wakering       Road by shrapnel.  No casualties.

19/11/1940    21.00  Dunton          18 – H.Es exploded in the vicinity of Dunton

Crossing, 1 at side and 1 in centre of grass track of A.127.  Remainder in fields at Calvers Farm in radius of 1/4 mile.  9 houses damaged, 2 seriously.  Aeroplane trip wire down.  8 stone pig killed at Pleasant View Road.  A.127 closed.

19/11/1940    23.00  Dunton          2 – H.Es exploded in field at rear of Dunton School,

Lower Road.  Slight damage to school.  No casualties.

20/11/1940    04.30  Paglesham    3 – H.Es exploded South of School.  No damage or

                                                            casualties.

20/11/1940    05.25  South Weald 1 – A.A. unexploded at rear of Gilstead Hall. 

Damage to property.  No casualties.  B.D.S. 21.5.41.

20/11/1940    05.30  Mountnessing          17 – H.Es, 4 exploded at rear of Gt.

Cowbridge Grange, Church Road and 200 yards from London Road at rear of sewerage works, also 1 unexploded in same position, 11 exploded and 1 unexploded on McCheyne’s Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/11/1940    19.30  Rochford       British Bolton Paul Defiant crashed and completely

wrecked 1/4 mile East of Blatches Farm.  Pilot Officer Hackwood and Flying Officer S. Storrie of 264th Squadron Rochford killed.  No of plane 1626.

23/11/1940    06.25  Wickford        9 – H.Es exploded in vicinity of Brocks Hill. 

Junction of Lindin & Chelmsford Roads blocked (open 29.11.40), 1 exploding on road.  Gas main fired and sewer damaged, 4 houses slight damage.  No casualties.  Also 20 I.Bs burnt out in fields 3 miles South of Downham Garage.

24/11/1940    19.05  Great              2 – H.Es, 1 exploded in a field at White House

Wakering       Lodge.  Slight damage to property and 1 unexploded in a field 400 yards East of White House Lodge  (Discredited B.D.S. 1.12.40)  No casualties.

24/11/1940    19.25  Hutton             8 – H.Es near Collins Farm, 2 unexploded in a field

North West of and 6 exploded South East of Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 24/11/1940   19.45  Brentwood     5 – H.Es, 3 exploded in Cromwell and Milton

Roads and 1 at junction Warley Mount and Headley Chase.  Considerable damage to property and several persons suffering from shock and 2 unexploded, 1 at Lavenders Builders Yard and 1 at 11 Great Eastern Street.  All roads mentioned blocked.  (Open 25.11.40)  Water and gas mains damaged and sewer fractured.

24/11/1940    19.50  Thundersley 5 – H.Es exploded, 1 in Waterworks field,

Grandview Road, 1 in field 500 yards North of Hart Road, 1 on “Strathmore” Hart Road.  (House demolished) 3 persons killed, 1 150 yards North of “Strathmore” and 1 at “Hillcrest” Grandview Road (Hillcrest wrecked) considerable damage to other property.  Overhead electric cables down.  Gas and water damaged , 3 serious casualties at Hillcrest.

24/11/1940                Doddinghurst   1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Shops Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

26/11/1940                Brentwood     Nose cap of a shell fell in the garden 13 Fairfield

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties

26/11/1940    20.00  Little Warley  15 – I.Bs burnt out in fields near Homefields

                                                            Garage.  No damage or casualties.

27/11/1940    06.40  Coxtie Green 9 – H.Es 8 exploded in fields at “Ditchleys” and 1

suspected unexploded on Coxtie Green Road East of junction with New Road.  Road closed between New Road and Wheelers Road.  (open 28th)  Water main burst.  Telephone wires down. No casualties.

27/11/1940    07.00  Little                18 – H.Es exploded in fields between Stockwell

Burstead        Hall and Thorndon Park, behind Heron Hall.  11 of these are on the Ingrave beat, Blind Lane is partly blocked.  No damage or casualties.

27/11/1940    07.40  Canvey          7 – H.Es exploded in the River Thames between

Island             Hole Haven and The Kent Coast.  No damage or casualties.

27/11/1940    19.20  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded near Sewerage Works Romford

Division.  Road closed from A.12 Brentwood Division and slight damage to property Brentwood Division.  No casualties.  Nags Head Lane Road open 15.12.40.

27/11/1940    22.15  South             5 – H.Es exploded, 4 in fields on South side of

Benfleet         Chapmans Lane and 1 in garden of 449a Perry Street, 449a partly demolished.  449 demolished. No casualties.

28/11/1940                Little                6 – I.Bs burnt out in fields at Bowers Hall Farm.  No

                                    Wakering       damage or casualties.

28/11/1940                Rochford       14 – I.Bs burnt out on the Aerodrome and Ann

Boleyn Estate.  Slight damage to 2 dwelling houses.  No casualties.

28/11/1940    09.39  Shenfield       1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in bank near Shenfield

Railway Station, 18 yards East of Railway Bridge.  No damage or casualties.

28/11/1940    14.10  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded in Orchard of Thorndon Park. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

28/11/1940    21.50  Hadleigh        I.Bs (a number) on Marsh land South of London

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

28/11/1940    23.40  Bowers           3 – H.Es 1 exploded West of farm buildings and 2

Gifford            unexploded North West of building at Little Chalvedon Hall.  No damage or casualties.

28/11/1940                Rochford       1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field North of

                                                            Temple Farm.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    01.50  Basildon        2 – H.Es exploded on Moores Poultry Farm and

Basildon Cottage Poultry Farm, 1 poultry house and 40 chickens killed at Moores Poultry Farm.

29/11/1940    19.30  Brentwood     8 – H.Es exploded in a field at rear of “Merrymead”

                                                            Sawyers Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    19.30  Shenfield       6 – H.Es exploded, 1 at junction A.12 and

Middleton Road, 2 at junction of Park Way and Priests Lane, 1 near “Ashdown” Hallwood Crescent, 1 at “Glendale” and 1 in field at rear of Bloomfield.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

29/11/1940    19.35  South Weald I.Bs (a number) between Spital Lane and Vicarage

                                                            Lane.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    19.45  Coxtie Green I.Bs ( a number) in fields between Red Lion Farm

                                                            and Stokes Farm.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    19.50  Basildon        6 – H.Es exploded in line from Vexek Poultry Farm

to Devonshire House Poultry Farm.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    21.45  Ramsden       2 – H.Es exploded 3/4 mile North of Lodge Farm. 

Heath Considerable damage to greenhouses.  No casualties.

29/11/1940    22.00  Great Warley 10 – H.Es exploded in fields at “Beredens”

                                                            Billericay beat.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    22.20  Paglesham    2 – H.Es exploded in fields 600 yards East of

                                                            Paglesham Hall.  No damage or casualties.

29/11/1940    22.50  Great Warley 2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in garden  of “The Crosses”

near “Goldings” and 1 near the North gate of Coombe Lodge.  Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service October 1940.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service October 1940.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

01/10/1940    23.45  Canvey          21 – H.Es 14 exploded and 1 unexploded in fields

Island             at Leeches Farm between Canvey Road and “Snaresbrook” Church Parade (house demolished) 5 exploded in the Winter Gardens District, 2 at “Kingsclare” Champion Avenue, 1 at “Elmsholme” Central Avenue, 1 in Cooks Field, 1 near “Oakleigh” Burwell Avenue and 1 unexploded 20 feet in front of “Currie” Burwell Avenue.  (Unexploded dealt with by B.D.S 15.1.41)  No casualties.

01/10/1940    Night  Billericay        1 – H.E. unexploded 100 yards South of Sudburys

                                                            Farm House.  No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    00.30  Canvey          3 – H.E. unexploded in the River Thames near

                                    Island             Scars Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    00.35  South             I.Bs (a number) 7 in vicinity of Police houses and

Benfleet         Police Station and a large number in Kimberly Road South View Road Tyrill Road and in fields off Clifton Road.   No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    00.40  Great Warley 17 – H.Es 16 exploded and 1 unexploded in fields

between Boyles Court and Coombe Lodge.  1 near Coombe Lodge Cottages, Coombe Green (greenhouses and brick wall damaged) 1 at side of Warley Road 200 yards South of Post Office (gas main fired, S.L.T. road open 15.10.40) 1 unexploded H.E. 250 yards to rear of Coombe Lodge copse.  No casualties.

02/10/1940    00.45  Thundersley I.Bs (a number) burnt out at “Abbycraig”

                                                            Grassmere Road.  No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    01.20  Wickford        2 – Parachute mines exploded, 1 at rear of

“Stoketeign” Swan Lane (house demolished) extensive damage to surrounding property and 1 150 yards to rear of Swan Hotel Broadway.  3 persons killed (Arthur Gertrude and Molly Pratt) 25 houses badly damaged, 90 persons rendered homeless (accommodated with friends) Nos 1 and 2 Police houses damaged.

02/10/1940    16.00  East                1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 350 yards North of

Horndon        Dunton West Signal Box.  No damage or casualties.

03/10/1940    01.20  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded near “Chiney Cottage” Perry

Street Stock Road.  10 houses slightly damaged, 1 uninhabitable.  No casualties.

03/10/1940    01.20  Downham     1 – H.E. unexploded 300 yards South of

“Fenndales” Little Abbotts.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S 4.2.41

03/10/1940    05.30  Doddinghurst            2 – H.Es exploded in fields off Stock Road,

near junction with Blackmore Road.  No damage or casualties.

03/10/1940                Mountnessing          1 – H.E unexploded in a field at Chainbridge

300 yards East of St Anns Lane.  No damage or casualties.

03/10/1940    16.40  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded in a Swede field in Nags

Head Lane near Keepers Cottage.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940                Foulness       Body of a German Airman found on the foreshore

Island             between Asplin Head and Rugwood Head.  In water about 7 days.  Moved to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford (Johannes Island     Nolte 24 years Rank UFFZ)

04/10/1940    00.30  Wickford        3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded and 4 oil

I.Bs failed to ignite 50 yards South of Barn Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    00.45  Shotgate        3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded in a field

150 yards to West of Begells Avenue.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 4.3.41

04/10/1940                Little Warley  1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in Walker’s meadow

White Horse Farm South of Greyhound P.H.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 18.10.41

 04/10/1940   01.20  Downham     1 – Oil I.B. burnt out 1/4 mile East of junction of

Hawksword Road and De Beauvoir Lane.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    13.00  Basildon        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in orchard 600 yards

East of Lower Dunton Road and 300 yards West of Dunton Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    14.55  Great              2 – H.Es 1 unexploded in garden of 5 St Johns

Wakering       Cottage New Town (St Johns Road closed this exploded the 11th, slight damage to property St Johns Road open) 1 exploded in a field 100 yards East of Church and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in St Johns meadow,  Slight damage to property.  3 slight casualties, 2 male and 1 female.

04/10/1940                Crays Hill       Parachute mine which fell 24.9.40 was exploded

By B.D.S. 70 yards East of Westerns Stores.  Extensive damage to property.  Telephone wires down, 50 houses slightly and 7 badly damaged.  Road A.129 closed, 1 female and 2 male casualties.

04/10/1940    16.00  Paglesham    1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field between

“Cupola” and the Plough P.H.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    17.25 East Horndon           1 – H.E. unexploded in South East corner of

Misery field, Clay Gate Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    21.00  Langdon Hills           2 – H.Es exploded at Grays Farm, haystack

fired.  Dry Street blocked from junction of B.1007 to One Tree Hill.  No casualties.  S.L.T. 5th.

04/10/1940    21.00  Crays Hill       1 – H.E. unexploded near the Shepherd & Dog

P.H.  No damage or casualties.  P.H. closed.  (Exploded 18.12.40 road A.129 open)

 04/10/1940   21.00  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded near “The Kennels” Kennel

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    21.15  South Weald 2 – H.Es exploded and about 200 I.Bs burnt out in

fields at “Hou Hatch”, 1 slight casualty  No damage.

04/10/1940    21.30  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded in a field 200 yards at rear of

“Bedlams” at rear and East of cricket field.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    21.30  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded 100 yards North of A.129 and

400 yards West of junction Mountnessing Road and A.129.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    22.30  Rochford       2 – H.Es and a large number of I.Bs on Haven

                                                            Gore Island.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    22.30  Foulness       I.Bs (a number) in a field between Great Wakering

Island             Stairs and Small Gains Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    23.40  Brentwood     10 – H.Es at Railway Station.  1 exploded and 1

unexploded amongst houses and old wreckage at Myrtle Road.  1 house demolished and several slightly damaged and 1 partly demolished, 2 serious casualties, 1 Margaret Allen of Stratford.  Myrtle Road blocked.  4 exploded near Nos. 2 and 3 platforms.  (Two trains derailed, three lines blocked.  Only 1 line open).  1 H.E. unexploded on North side embankment 40 yards from line opposite water filler No 4 and 3 exploded in gardens of “Greenways”, “Gatehouse” and “Withies” at Cornslands.

05/10/1940    01.30  Crays Hill       Barrage Balloon grounded at “Aveley” Crays Hill

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940                Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded on 6th Tee Thorndon Park

Golf Course (exploded night of 5th inst).  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    14.43  Downham     Barrage Balloon grounded near “Frimnells”

Overhead Electric Cables down at Wick Lane.  (Taken by RAF 6th inst)  No casualties.

05/10/1940    19.45  Canvey          4 – H.Es exploded near “Next-Wych” and Winter

Island             Gardens and a number of I.Bs at Northwick and near No 8 Gun Site of 167 Battery, 59th Heavy RA.   No casualties or damage.

05/10/1940    20.45  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in private drive of “Merrymead”

                                                            Sawyers Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    21.10  Doddinghurst            1 – H.E. exploded in garden of Council

                                                            Houses Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    21.45  Basildon        1 – H.E. and 50 I.Bs in fields West and South of

junction Dunton & Rectory Roads to Calvers Farm.  Up track of A.127 blocked at Basildon.  No casualties.

05/10/1940    23.30  Little Warley  1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a field

1/4 mile West of Warley Lodge.  North of Childerditch to Clapgate Farm Road.   No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    23.40  Thundersley 2 – H.Es exploded in a field 200 yards Arterial

Road side of Oakwood Reservoir Daws Heath and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in garden of “Oakwood” Bramble Lane.  Roof and windows damaged at “Oakwood”, “Hazledene” and “Glagsons Farm”.  No casualties.

05/10/1940    23.40  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in a field 400 yards West of

Balwood Garden Daws Heath.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    23.40  Hutton            6 – H.Es unexploded in a field 200 yards East of

Hanging Hill Lane.  In fields behind Beers Cottage and 100 yards South of Sewells Cottages.  No damage or casualties.

06/10/1940    01.30  Paglesham    3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded in a field

West Hall Meadow, Glebe Lane, opposite the Rectory.  Slight damage to Rectory and Farm house.   The unexploded is 174 yards North of Rectory and 60 yards North of Church End Road.  No casualties.  B.D.S. 18.11.40.

06/10/1940                Downham     1 – H.E. exploded 600 yards East of junction of

Hawkeswood Road and DeBeavoir Lane.  No damage or casualties.

06/10/1940    02.40  Shenfield       2 – H.Es exploded, 1 near Wynbarn Farm and 1

near Searchlight Post, Palmers Farm, between Hall Lane and Chelmsford Road.  No damage or casualties.

06/10/1940    02.45  Doddinghurst            1 – Oil I.B. at Howes Farm, opposite Rose

                                                            Cottage Clover stack burnt out.  No casualties.

06/10/1940    03.03  Brentwood     8 – H.Es 6 exploded and 2 unexploded in Railway

Lines L.N.E.R. Goods Yard, West of Railway Station, Carriages fired opposite gas holder.  Extensive damage to Goods sheds.  Local up and down track blocked.  All trains stopped for examination.  1 unexploded 100 yards West of Railway Station exploded at 06.25, 1 H.E. unexploded 50 yards West of Railway Station.  Some carriages and 3 trains demolished Coal Wharfe fired.  Telephone wires down.  Damage to gas main.  Gas holder punctured by shrapnel.  Much damage to surrounding property.  Roofs damaged and windows broken.  1 casualty R.237. Popey.  Slight shock, sent off duty.

06/10/1940    07.45  Thundersley Barrage Balloon grounded 1/2 mile West of

Church.  Electric cables damaged.  Current restored 08.20.  No casualties.

06/10/1940    10.20  Brentwood     Damage at Brentwood and Hutton by drifting

Barrage Balloon.  Telephone and electric cables down.  Windows broken at “Freshfield” Priests Lane.  Gas Lamp Standard in Western Road and roof of house in Weald Road.  No casualties.

06/10/1940    12.45  Little Warley  1 – H.E. unexploded in Misery Field, Clay Gate

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

07/10/1940    04.00  Thundersley Damage to property by drifting Barrage Balloon. 

                                                            Also at Rayleigh and Hadleigh.  No casualties.

07/10/1940    05.50  Hockley          4 – H.Es exploded, 2 at North side of Hullbridge

Stores at Pooles Lane corner, 1 200 yards West of Ferry Road and 1 at River View Gardens.  Damage to property and gas main.  No casualties.

07/10/1940    06.00  Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded near house of Wards Nurseries

“The Drive” Eastwood.  End of house partly demolished.  No casualties.

07/10/1940    06.00  Raweth          6 – H.Es, 3 exploded 400 yards East of

Battlesbridge Mills and 600 yards North East of Highlands Farm, 2 unexploded 200 yards North of Beeches Road and 1/4 mile from junction of Chelmsford Road and 1 unexploded 300 yards North East of Highlands Farm.  (All exploded by B.D.S. 28.12.40)  No damage or casualties.

 07/10/1940   07.20  Foulness       10 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

Island             on Hall and Lodge Farms South East of Church End. No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940     02.00  Mountnessing          3 – Oil I.Bs, 2 burnt out in fields South of

A.12 and 1 unburnt on cottage opposite The George and Dragon P.H.  2 slight casualties.  Damage to property (unburnt bomb removed 9th)

08/10/1940    02.00  Mountnessing          1 – H.E. exploded near Rose Cottage

                                                            Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    02.30  Billericay        3 – H.Es exploded on Railway Embankment 1 1/2

miles East of Billericay Railway Station.  Slight damage to embankment telephone wires down.  No casualties.

08/10/1940    02.30  Hockley          2 – H.Es, 1 exploded and 1 unexploded and 1 Oil

I.B. burnt out in fields adjoining Lower Road between the Clubhouse and Roscillian Drive.  No damage or casualties.  (removed 11.10.40)

08/10/1940    02.30  Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of

“Redbourne” highlands Avenue (removed 11.10.40 B.D.S.)

08/10/1940    04.00  Wickford        1 – I.B. burnt out in a field at Wick Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    19.00  Wickford        I.Bs (a number) 1 failed to ignite in Cedar Avenue. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    20.15  Little Burstead          3 – H.Es, 2 exploded in a field at St

Margarettes Farm.  1000 yards North of Calvers Farm and 1 unexploded in a spinney on Broom Hill Estate 1/2 mile West of Dunton Road.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    20.30  Crays Hill       I.Bs (about 50) burnt out at Crays Hill District.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

08/10/1940                Vange             3 – H.Es exploded near “Trolage” Collingwood

Road “Oakland” Bull Road and opposite “St Ives” Rushleigh Drive.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    21.30  Laindon         4 – H.Es exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out at

                                                            Mundells Farm.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    21.30  Great              3 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out South

Burstead        East of Barleylands Farm.  Telephone wires down on A.129 and 1 unexploded in a field at Sudburys Farm.  No casualties.  (Disposed of by B.D.S. 14.11.40)

09/10/1940    00.45  Foulness       1 – Oil I.B. failed to ignite in a field West of “Thorpe

Island             House”, South Church.  Slight damage to potato crop.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    01.00  Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 100 yards to

rear of “Davanport” Lillie Avenue (safe 9.10.40) by B.D.S.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    02.15  Little                19 – H.Es , exploded at Little Wakering Wick. 

Wakering       Some covered by tide on Saltings, some at Bolwins Farm, Wick Farm and Little Wakering Hall.  Private water pipe at Baldwins Farm and sea wall damaged.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    03.15  Ingrave           8 – H.Es exploded, 4 at Ingrave Hall Farm, 2

in a wood and 2 in fields at Salmons Farm.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    03.15  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded near Beers Cottage, Hanging

Hill Lane.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 28.10.40 by B.D.S.)

09/10/1940                Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of 88 Costead

                                                            Manor Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    03.30  Nevendon     9 – H.Es, 8 exploded and 1 unexploded 300 yards

North of Cranes Farm and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out, all between Timber Lane and Cranes Farm.  Telephone wires down.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.  B.D.S. 6.3.41.

 09/10/1940   09.20  Hullbridge     I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field 20 yards from

                                                            Lower Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    09.20  Hawkwell       I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Railway End, 2 at

Clements Hall Nurseries and 1 on Railway embankment.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    09.20  Ashingdon    I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field 20 yards to rear

                                                            of The Oxford Club.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    10.00  Hockley          I.Bs (a number) burnt out at entrance of

“Seabreeze” St Peters Road.  No damage or casualties.

 09/10/1940   10.00  Raweth          I.Bs (a number) in a field 300 yards North West of

                                                            Tucks Mousery.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    19.45  Great              1 – H.E. exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out 200

Stambridge    yards North West of Hampdon Barn Farm House.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    19.50  Ingrave           I.Bs (about 50) burnt out in fields between

entrance to Thorndon Park Brimans Corner and Ingrave Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    20.04  Shenfield       1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Hillcrest” Park

Lane.  2 serious casualties (Mr & Mrs Soundy) considerable damage to the house also to “Penny-Bryn” and “The Bungalow”.

09/10/1940    20.30  South Weald 4 – H.Es exploded, 2 in fields 200 and 300 yards

West of Searchlight Post near “Hou Hatch” 1 near “Hou Hatch Lodge” and 1 150 yards South East of Frieze Hall.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    20.40  Thundersley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell near The Blackbird

Café, 120 yards South of London Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    20.50  Langdon Hills           1 – H.E. exploded on Nos 5 and 6 Council

Houses, Lee Chapel Lane, 2 casualties (Mrs O’Connor 78 years, died in hospital, A.J. O’Connor 71 years died 10th) Both houses demolished.  Telephone wires down.

09/10/1940    20.50  South             1 – H.E. exploded near “Rowlands” Fernlea

                                    Benfleet         Road.  Overhead electric cables damaged.  No

                                                            casualties.

09/10/1940    21.00  Langdon        1 – H.E. exploded at rear of Jacksons Farm at Lee

Hills                Chapel.  Chickens and Foulhouses destroyed.

09/10/1940    21.00  Ingrave           2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in Thorndon Park garden and

1 at Hanleys Dairy Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    21.18  Brentwood     4 – Oil I.Bs burnt out at “Long Marshells”,

“Mansands” School playing field, Doddinghurst Road and 1 in a field opposite Kimpton Road  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    21.45  Laindon         1 Oil I.B. burnt out at junction of Victoria Avenue

and Melton Avenue.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 09/10/1940   22.00  South             1 – H.E .exploded in a field next to “Fernlea”

Benfleet         Fernlea Road.  Slight damage to property.  No

                        casualties.

10/10/1940    03.30  Foulness       Junkers 88 German Bomber crashed and

Island             completely smashed on the Saltings on South bank of River Roach, between Horseshoe Corner and Potton Point.  Crew of 4 taken prisoner.

10/10/1940    05.30  Hadleigh        11 – H.Es exploded on Hadleigh Marshes, 300

yards West of Hadleigh Castle, in line in a South Easterly direction to within 100 yards of sea wall.  One 30 yards South and one 50 yards North of LMS Railway Lines.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

10/10/1940    07.15  Great              Found in a cabbage field at Oldbury Farm.  A Mica

Wakering       front of a German Aeroplane with three machine guns and a magazine of ammunition.

10/10/1940    13.00  Mountnessing          Barrage Balloon grounded and tied to a tree

                                                            250 yards North of Beckwys Farm.

10/10/1940    15.40  Canvey          3 – H.Es exploded 25 yards the river side of sea

                                    Island             wall in mud.  No damage or casualties.

10/10/1940    20.30  Wickford        3 – H.Es exploded, 1 30 yards East of Crow Farm,

1 100 yards East of Calvers Farm and 1 300 South West of the other two.  No damage or casualties.

10/10/1940    20.40  Hutton             11 – H.Es, 10 exploded and 1 unexploded, 1

exploded in Maltings, Rayleigh Road, remainder in line in fields South to Cresseys Farm.  The unexploded is 150 yards East of “Coppice” Church Lane.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

11/10/1940    16.45  Laindon         2 – H.Es exploded in fields.  1 200 yards North

                                                            West of Calvers Farm.  No damage or casualties.

 11/10/1940   20.00  Foulness       1 – Oil I.B. failed to ignite at 12 Acres Marsh Lane

                                    Island             East Wick.  No damage or casualties.

11/10/1940     22.25    Great              1 – H.E. exploded on cricket pitch near the Church. 

                                    Wakering       No damage or casualties.

11/10/1940    22.25  Little Warley  5 – H.Es exploded in fields on South side of Bird

Lane, 1/2 mile East of Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

11/10/1940                Coxtie Green 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field opposite the

Post Office in Bluebell field.  Coxtie Farm Coxtie Green Road.  No damage or casualties.

12/10/1940    11.25  Hutton            Damage to roofs and glass at “Woodlands”,

“Sudbury”, “Kingsgate”, “Merryvale”, “Oakmere” and “Greengates” Shenfield Gardens.  Due to bomb exploded by B.D.S. at Hutton Residential Schools.  No casualties.

12/10/1940    20.45  South             2 – H.Es exploded in fields between the Vicarage

Benfleet         and Reeds Hill, opposite “Four Winds”.  Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

12/10/1940    20.45  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded 300 yards East of

                                                            Bloomfield’s House Dunning Lane, Childerditch

Open 22.11.40).  No damage or casualties.  Hole 4ft 6 ins. Dia. Over 25 feet deep.  Bomb exploded B.D.S.

12/10/1940    21.15  Hadleigh        Damage to ceilings and glass at “Maryville” Linton

Road and greenhouse by concussion and shrapnel from A.A. gun fire.  No casualties.

13/10/1940                Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field South of

Arterial Road 50 yards South of Telegraph pole 174.  No damage or casualties.

 13/10/1940   22.45  Great              11 – H.Es exploded in fields North East of

Burstead        Barleylands Farm, in line towards Granits Chase.  No damage or casualties.

13/10/1940    Night  Bowers           1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in back garden of Little

Gifford            Chalvedon Hall Pound Lane.  No damage or casualties.  (removed 16.12.40 by B.D.S.).

14/10/1940                Thundersley Damage by shrapnel to roof and Conservatory at

                                                            “Merrylands” Kenneth Road.  No casualties.

14/10/1940    19.53  Pilgrims Hatch          2 – H.Es exploded in a field 300 yards West

of Sandpit Lane on Hutchins Farm.  No damage or casualties.

14/10/1940                Vange            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 35 yards from South

side of level crossing at bottom of Whyte Water Avenue.  No damage or casualties. (removed 16.12.40 by B.D.S.)

14/10/1940    20.15  Barling           3 – H.Es, 2 exploded and 1 unexploded on Marsh

Lane, 500 yards West of Barling Hall Farm & 50 yards South of concrete sluice at sea wall.  No damage or casualties.  (unexploded H.E. exploded 6.12.40 by B.D.S.).

14/10/1940                Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field on right over Hutton

Wash. 40 yards North of Wash. 20 yards from river and 80 yards from the road.  No damage or casualties.

15/10/1940     20.20  Shenfield       A British Courier Plane landed at Palmers Farm,

near the 311 Searchlight Battery.  Plane and Pilot safe.  Pilot Officer Moss an Air Transport Auxiliary from White Waltham Aerodrome Maidenhead landed due to bad light.  Taking off on the 16th inst.

15/10/1940                Barling           1 – Cannon Shell unexploded at Mucking Hall

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

15/10/1940    21.10  Rayleigh        11 – Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields at Tollys Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

15/10/1940    21.32  Dunton          4 – H.Es exploded, 1 at “Airtight Cottage”, Lower

Avenue, 1 at “Jack Myn”, Victoria Road, 1 in orchard of L.C.L Colony and 1 in garden of unnamed bungalow Victoria Road.  Extensive damage to property, 3 slight casualties.

15/10/1940    21.40  Pilgrims Hatch          2 – H.Es exploded, 1 at “Cicel House”

Bentley corner and 1 at side Church Lane.  Lane partly blocked by debris and crater.  Shed demolished.  Brickwall, Lodge, Stable car and garage, greenhouse and two frames damaged.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

15/10/1940    22.15  South Weald I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Homesteads Estate

South Weald Road.  Chimney stack of “Newstead” damaged.  No casualties.

16/10/1940                 Ingrave           4 – H.Es, 3 exploded and one unexploded in a field

off Blind Lane Botany Hill at junction of Sudburys Lane Ingrave, 1/4 mile North West of Lapwater Hall.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    02.15  Hutton            German Heinkel 111 crashed and burnt out at

Cresseys Farm 1/2 mile South of Hutton Halle at East end of South Hove Wood.  Occupants 2 prisoners and 2 dead.  One body found in ditch near the plane at 16-20 the 21.11.40.  Unter Offizier Konrad Glaser No 62728/17

16/10/1940    13.15  Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 1/4 mile East of

Dickins Farm Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

 16/10/1940               Pilgrims          I.Bs (a number) in fields and Woods.  Fire at “Cicel

Hatch             House” Bentley Corner.  Haystack off Mill Road

and straw stack fired at Ashwells Farm near Bentley School. No casualties.

16/10/1940    19.20  Rayleigh        2 – H.Es exploded 1 1/4 mile West of Weir

Crossroads A.127 blocked for 1/4 mile.  Electric cables across the road.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    19.27  Pilgrims Hatch          4 – H.Es, 2 exploded in the gardens of Nos

13 and 14 Council Houses Green Lane.  Backs of houses demolished.  Unexploded in the hedge of “Comards” in Crow Green Lane at top of Green Lane and 1 exploded opposite side of road to unexploded H.E. gas main damaged.  Also 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at Moat House Farm.  Haystack destroyed and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a ditch in Osborne’s Orchard (damage to poultry house at Moat Farm).  No casualties.

16/10/1940    19.30  Billericay        10 – H.Es exploded in fields 400 yards East of

Wardropers Farm Mountnessing Road.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    19.40  Wickford        3 – H.Es exploded near Castledon Road Railway

Bridge 1 200 yards North East of the bridge and 2 250 yards East of No 1.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    19.40  Ramsden       I.Bs (a number) both sides of Chelmsford Road,

Bell House    near the Fox and Hounds P.H.  No damage or

casualties.

16/10/1940                Wickford        2 – Parachute mines exploded near “Sunnyside”

                                                            Wick ????.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    19.50  South             1 – Oil I.B. burnt out at junction of Hatley Gardens

Benfleet         and London Road at Great Tarpots.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    21.30  Nevendon     2 – Parachute mines exploded in a field near

A.127, 150 yards East of Pipps Hill Corner, 39 houses, 11 glass houses and 4 outhouses damaged.  Telephone wires down.  A.127 blocked by debris.  3 slight casualties.  (A.127 open 17.10.40).

16/10/1940    21.40  Runwell         2 – Parachute mines exploded, 1st 50 yards from

Runwell Road, 2nd in field at rear of Dr Strom Olsems residence (one is in the Chelmsford Division).  Several slight casualties.  Extensive damage to property.

16/10/1940    21.45  Nevendon     2 Parachute mines exploded near Rectory.  The

Rectory fired and damaged.  Surrounding property damaged.  Slight damage to Nevendon Police Houses.  No casualties.

16/10/1940                Pitsea             Nose cap of A.A. Shell through roof and water tank

                                                            at “Riverview” Pitsea Estate.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.00  Little Warley  1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in garden of “Foxborrows”

                                                            Front Lane  2 windows broken.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.00  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) Damage at Oxford Café, Ongar

Road.  No 65 Western Road, No 3 Westward Avenue, Cramphorns, High Street, Moors Timber Yard, High Street, No 1 Westwood Avenue, 39 High Street, Nos 7 and 62 Kings Chase, Supt.’s House, Police Garage, Sergt Grafton’s garden shed.  Also a number without doing damage at Kavanaghs Road, London Road, Ashford Road, Tower hill, Gardens in Kings Chase, in school field Doddinghurst Road, in grounds of Mental Hospital and Hospital grounds at Shenfield and grounds of La Plata Grove.

16/10/1940    22.15  Barling           2 – Parachute mines, 1 exploded in a creek 20

yards from sea wall.  Damage to houses over a wide area, large cracks in sea wall.  No casualties and 1 unexploded 1/2 mile North of exploded mine.  Exploded B.D.S. 7.4.41 Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.15  South Weald 1 I.B. burnt out at “Brean Dawn” Hill Road,

Homestead Estate.  Glass broken in conservatory.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.15  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in vicinity of No 53 Westwood

Avenue and No 8 Manor Way  Damage to property.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.20  Hockley          2 – Parachute mines, 1 unexploded 1/2 mile West

of Lovedowns Farm House, Lower Road, 300 yards North of Lower Road (burnt by Military 19.10.40) and 1 exploded 100 yards West of Lovedowns Farm.  Lower Road completely blocked.  Farm house uninhabitable other houses badly damaged.  3 slight casualties at “Lym Cottage” which was completely wrecked.

16/10/1940    22.20  Thundersley Plate glass window at No 7 Victoria Parade Kiln

                                                            Road blown in by blast.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    23.15  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded near Mount Farm.  No damage

                                    Hatch             or casualties.

16/10/1940    Night  Canvey          1 – H.E. unexploded opposite 66 The Drive.  No

                                    Island             damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    Night  Doddinghurst            1 – H.E. exploded in a field near Wacketts

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.00  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at

Norsey Wood.  Damage to 1 bungalow.  No casualties.

 17/10/1940   19.40  Hockley          2 – H.Es, 1 exploded in drive of “Bullwood House”

chase, 100 yards from Hockley Road.  Overhead electric cables and telephone cables down and 1 is unexploded 100 yards West of “Bullwood House” gate.  No casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Ashingdon    1 – H.E. exploded on Marshes off Stambridge

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Ashingdon    1 – I.B. burnt out in a field off Moon Farm, 250

yards North of Canewdon Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940                Doddinghurst   1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a Linseed field of

                                                            Elmslands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Hillcrest” Park

Avenue and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at junction of Shelly Road and Hall Green Lane.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Ashingdon    2 – H.Es exploded and 1 unexploded in a field on

South side of Canewdon Road 1/2 mile East of Ashingdon School.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    20.42  Hockley          1 – H.E exploded in drive at entrance of “Turret

House” Drovers Hill.  Approach closed.  Telephone wires down, water and gas mains damaged.  No casualties.

17/10/1940    21.30  Great Warley 1 – Parachute mine unexploded in a wood 40 yards

from crossroads at Crossway Kennels, near Devils Head.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940     01.15  Hutton            1 – Parachute mine exploded in The Mount, 100

yards from Hanging Post Lane.  Road blocked from “Hillwood”, “C” 3*** Key Post, “The Homestead” damaged by blast.  “Dalhousie” and the gas main damaged at Hanging Hill Lane.  “Dameshole Cottages” demolished at Hanging Hill Lane.  “Hambury! and “Hillwood” at Hutton Mount, “Denfold” and other houses in Rayleigh Road, Young’s house and others at Hutton Wash.  Post Office and Butchers shop all damaged.  No casualties.

18/10/1940    01.15  Shenfield       1 – Parachute mine exploded at junction of A.12

and Middleton Road.  A.12 blocked from Tabours Corner to Wilsons Corner.  Fire at “Glendale”, 4 houses demolished and many others damaged., 5 serious casualties.  Gas and water mains damaged.  Telephone wires down.  Windows broken from Tabor’s Corner to Co-operative Stores, High Street.  Telephone cables damaged.

18/10/1940    01.50  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded in a field 200 yards East

Gifford            of Ilfracombe Avenue and 200 yards North of London Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    01.55  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded in the drive at the Rectory,

Gifford            London Road.  Overhead electric cables and

telephone wires down.  Extensive damage to The Gun P.H. Infants School and houses in the vicinity.  No casualties.

18/10/1940    02.20  Mountnessing          2 Parachute mines exploded, 1 at The

Terrace Chain Bridge.  Farm house and buildings wrecked, 50 to 60 houses, 8 shops and a P.H. damaged.  3 slight casualties.  Telephone wire down, 1 at Thoby Poultry Farm, St Anns Lane.  Several fouls killed and injured.  Many poultry houses wrecked.  Damage to surrounding houses.

18/10/1940    19.20  Ramsden       1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 200 yards North East

                                    Heath             of Lodge Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    19.25  Great              1 – Oil I.B. burnt out South of Barleylands Farm

                                    Burstead        house.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    19.40  Ramsden       1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 1/4 mile North of

                                    Heath             Hunts Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    19.40  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

                                                            behind Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    20.10  Laindon         I.Bs (about 200) burnt out in fields surrounding

Southways Estate, Hasletts Farm and Northlands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    20.10  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded in a field near the junction of

Jacksons and Outward Common Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    20.15  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded in a field 300 yards North of “The

                                                            Kennels” Kennel Lane.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    21.30  Canewdon    2 – H.Es exploded in a field near “Pudseys Hall”. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    22.40  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded  100 yards North and 1 – H.E.

unexploded 200 yards East of “Heron Hall” Herongate.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    22.45  Rayleigh        3 – Oil I.Bs, 2 burnt out in a field 400 yards North

East of Fishers Farm, Bull Lane and 1 burnt out on road at junction of Albert and Victoria Roads.  Water main damaged.  No casualties.

19/10/1940     00.50  Sutton            5 – H.Es, 3 exploded in fields near Beauchamps 9

acres.  300 yards West of Clay Hill Farm and 2 unexploded near the same location.  Electric cables damaged.  No casualties. (Dealt with 6.12.40 by B.D.S.)

19/10/1940    04.25  South Weald I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields at rear of Hillside

                                                            Walk.  No damage or casualties.

19/10/1940                Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in a field adjoining Smith’s

Allotments Alexander Road.  No damage or casualties.

 19/10/1940   20.30  Little Warley  1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Codhams Hall Farm,

200 yards South of Codhams Hall and 500 yards West of Warley Street.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

19/10/1940    21.40  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) covering area Ramsden Hall to

Railway lines, including Stock Road.  Slight damage to a few houses, 1 slight casualty (H.C. Baker of 4 Norsey Manor cottages, burnt face and sprained leg.)

20/10/1940    00.15  Brentwood     2 – H.Es exploded in the back gardens of 37 and

                                                            39 Park Road.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    01.55  Pilgrims          I.Bs (a number) in grounds of “Millfields”

Hatch              and Hammond’s Orchard.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    02.00  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in grounds of Mental Hospital and

in Plantation behind “Ogden” Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.

 20/10/1940               Canewdon    1 – H.E. exploded on Marsh Lane 1/2 mile East of

                                                            Lower Raypits.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    14.35  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded 250 yards North East of The

Land Reclaimation Works Ltd.  No damage or casualties.

 20/10/1940   14.40  Canvey          1 Oil I.B. burnt out on “Honeydue” Green Avenue. 

Island             Unoccupied bungalow gutted.  Gas main fired.  Most of furniture salvaged.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    21.00  Great Warley 1 – H.E. exploded on Tennis Court of Dr Gibbs

residence Mental Hospital.  End of house damaged.  Windows broken Warley Road from The Barracks to Albert Road.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    21.15  Rayleigh        Heifer, property of E Smith of Walfords Farm

                                                            struck by shrapnel and had to be destroyed.

 20/10/1940   21.30  Ingrave           2 – H.Es exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields

 1/2 mile South of Mount Thrift Farm house, Herongate.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    21.35  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded between Hatch Road and

Hatch             Bishops Hall Estate.  Damage to greenhouses and

                        windows of house.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    21.55  South Weald 1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field near Nags Head P.H.

                                                            Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    21.55  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) surrounding Blunts Wall Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded on “Mill House” Brook Street. 

House demolished, 3 casualties (1 female killed, 1 slight and S.C. 179 White slight shock)

 20/10/1940   22.00  Great Warley 1 – Oil I.B. burnt out on farm buildings at Mental

                                                            Hospital.  Extensive damage.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  South Weald 1 – H.E. unexploded within 1/4 mile of Mascalls

                                                            Cottages.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  Ramsden       I.Bs (about 100) surrounding Ramsden Park.  No

                                    Heath             damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  South Weald 3 – H.Es exploded, 2 at rear of Birdcage field, St

Vincents Hamlet.  Window broken at “Wealdside” and 1 exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out near cottage on Romford Road.  Nos 8, 9, 12 and 13 extensively damaged and uninhabitable.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.10  Crays Hill       5 – H.Es exploded in fields off Church Lane.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.        

20/10/1940    22.15  Brentwood     1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a field

off St Faiths Hospital at rear of 26 Tower Hill.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.20  Shenfield       I.Bs (a number) at the Grammar School.  Sports

                                                            Pavilion damaged by fire.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.25  Great Warley 22 – H.Es at Mount Crescent (Nos 29, 67 and 69

demolished.  Gas main damaged) Warley Mount, Myrtle Road, Warley Hill and Crescent Road.  Extensive damage to property, 8 killed and 10 injured.

20/10/1940    22.30  Brentwood     5 – H.Es, 1 exploded on embankment and 1

unexploded on down local line.  West of Brentwood Station opposite Westwood Avenue (damage to nearby property) and 3 exploded, 1 in garden between Nos 52 and 54 Western Avenue, 1 in garden of 7 Western Road and 1 on garden path between Nos 118 and 120 Western Road (extensive damage to property)  Casualties 1 killed and 1 seriously injured.

20/10/1940    22.30  Pilgrims          5 – H.Es exploded in vicinity of Weald Estate

Hatch             Cottages, Coxtie Green Farm and Red Lion Farm. 

                        Extensive damage to property, 1 slight casualty.

20/10/1940    22.30  Little Warley  2 – H.Es exploded in a field 300 yards East of Hall

Lane and 400 yards South of Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.30  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out South of

                                                            Outward Farm House.  No damage or casualties.

 20/10/1940   22.30  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 500 yards from

Hanging Hill Lane and 100 yards South of footpath to Hutton Church.  No damage or casualties.  (exploded 28.10.40)

20/10/1940    22.35  Brentwood     1 – I.B. burnt out at “Park House” Cornslands. 

                                                            Slight damage by fire.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.45  Shenfield       8 – H.Es exploded and several Oil I.Bs burnt out in

area of Three Arch Bridge.  The Chase blocked at Seven Arch Bridge end.  Damage to property.  Bullock killed in a field behind the Fountain P.H.

20/10/1940    22.45  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded in yard of Wades Cottages at

corner of Hanging Hill Lane, 1 rendered uninhabitable, others badly damaged.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.45  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in vicinity of Ongar Road, Costead

Manor Road and Highwood Hospital.  Also at “Oakdene” 9 St Charles Road ( damage to property).  No casualties.

20/10/1940    23.00  Shenfield       2 – H.Es 1 exploded on footpath between Hall

Lane and Sawyers Hall Lane.  Damage to property.  Water course and a tree left in dangerous condition and 1 unexploded and

2 Oil I.Bs failed to ignite behind Hall Farm, Hall Lane between Hall Lane and Canterbury Tye.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    23.15  Downham     6 – H.Es exploded, 3 in fields North of “Downham

House” and 3, 300 yards North West of Crews Heath Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    23.30  Billericay        3 – H.Es exploded in a field North of Little Blunts

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    23.30  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

at Halfway House Farm and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in Kings field at Corner of Spital Lane.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    23.35  Brentwood     2 – H.Es 1 exploded and 1 unexploded at side of

A.12 near Police Station (Sapper Walker killed and 2 slight casualties)  Water and gas mains, sewer, telephone and electric cables damaged.  The unexploded H.E. exploded at 04.00 the 21st.  Considerable damage to property for 60 yards.  Road closed (open 22.11.40)

20/10/1940                Herongate     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field on Park Farm. 

50 yards East of Brentwood Road.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    00.10  Brentwood     8 – H.Es exploded and 4 Oil I.Bs burnt out, 3 H.Es

and Oil I.Bs in the vicinity of Victoria Arms and Castle P.H. and 5 in the vicinity of swimming bath, Western Road and extensive damage to property, 1 slight casualty.

21/10/1940    00.15  Brentwood     2 – H.Es exploded 1 50 yards East of “Hermitage”

and at “Sifton Villas”, 3 houses uninhabitable, 3 slight casualties.  Sewer fractured.

 21/10/1940   00.45  Shenfield       9 – H.Es exploded in a field near Heard Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    01.00  Doddinghurst             1 – H.E. exploded in a field opposite the

Council Houses Church Lane.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

21/10/1940    01.17  Canvey          5 – H.Es exploded in the River Thames, 100 yards

Island             South of Scars Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    01.45  Mountnessing          9 – H.Es 7 exploded and 2 unexploded in

fields of Bellmans Farm.  The 2 unexploded are between Bellmans Farm and Keepers Cottage.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    02.20  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded near Wades Cottages,

Hanging Hill Lane.  No damage or casualties.  (exploded 28.10.40 by B.D.S.)

21/10/1940    04.00  Hutton            Electric light failed.

21/10/1940    12.35  Pitsea             6 – H.Es exploded, 4 on Marshes and 2 in a Creek,

100 yards South East of The Land Reclaimation Works Ltd. In line 100 yards West.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    20.00  Shenfield       1 – H.E. exploded in the road in Shenfield

Crescent.  Slight damage to property, 1 slight casualty.  (Mr. Fleurey).

22/10/1940    03.10  Foulness       2 – H.Es exploded in fields near Marsh Farm. 

                                    Island             Damage to barn and shed.  No casualties.

22/10/1940                East                1 – A.A. Shell exploded in centre of Arterial Road

Horndon        200 yards East of East Horndon crossroads.  Slight damage to road A.127.  No casualties.

22/10/1940                Billericay        1 – Oil I.B. failed to ignite in a wood, 600 yards off

Outwood Common Railway Bridge and 100 yards from Railway lines.  No damage or casualties.

22/10/1940                Hadleigh        Damage by blast or shrapnel at “Mayfield” Eaton

                                                            Nurseries.  No casualties.

22/10/1940                Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell, 100 yards East of

Shipwrights Drive and 200 yards South of new school.  No damage or casualties.

22/10/1940    15.05  Shenfield       British Hurricane made a forced landing near the

Searchlight Station, Fritzwalters Farm, Hall Lane.  No GNE-V 6566.  Slight damage to machine.  Pilot Officer Thompson from North Weald safe.  Not the result of enemy action.

22/10/1940    18.10  Hockley          British Miles Magester made a forced landing in a

field adjoining Lower Road.  Machine and Pilot safe.  Not the result of enemy action.

22/10/1940    19.30  Dunton          3 – H.Es, 2 exploded in a field at Southfield Farm

and 1 unexploded 150 yards South West of Shoulder Hall Mountnessing.  Also 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at Southfield Farm.  No damage or casualties.

22/10/1940    20.00  Barling           5 – H.Es unexploded on Saltings and in a Creek at

rear of Barling Hall.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 6.12.40 by B.D.S.)

22/10/1940    23.20  Hockley          I.Bs (a number) in fields at West of The Bull P.H.

and off the Southend main road.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

23/10/1940     18.50  Ashingdon    1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

near Ashingdon School.  Damage to property.  Electric cables damaged.  2 slight casualties.

23/10/1940    20.30  Canvey          2 – H.Es exploded in garden of “Alice Rook” Appos

Island             Road, 1 bungalow demolished, other property damaged, 2 slight casualties.

23/10/1940                Hutton            1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on greensward on West

side of Hanging Hill Lane between Mount Avenue and Hall Green Lane.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 28.10.40).

23/10/1940    21.40  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded 100 yards West of Outwood

Common Road and 150 yards South of Railway.  Gas main and several houses damaged.  2 slight casualties.  Also 2 Oil I.Bs on embankment of Railway and in garden 40 yards East of Railway embankment.

24/10/1940    02.30  Hullbridge     5 – H.Es exploded, 1 in Cracknells Farmyard.  2 in

field at Sheepcotes Farm and 2 in fields at Barlons Farm between Mayfields Avenue and East of the border of Barlons Farm.  No damage or casualties.

 24/10/1940    02.30  Hullbridge     1 – H.E. exploded off Mayfield Avenue.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

24/10/1940    02.45  Hockley          2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in a field opposite Lovedowns

Farm and 1 at rear of “Riverside Guest House” Lower Road.  No damage or casualties.

24/10/1940    19.30  Langdon        2 – H.Es exploded East of “Towong” The Chase. 

Hills                No damage or casualties.

24/10/1940    19.52  Pitsea             5 – H.Es, 3 exploded and 2 unexploded on the

Saltings 500 yards from sea wall.  North East of Waterside Farm.  No damage or casualties.

 24/10/1940   20.30  Langdon        2 – H.Es exploded in the garden of “Silver Birch”

Hills                Victoria Avenue.  Extensive damage to property.  No casualties.

25/10/1940    19.20   Hullbridge        I.Bs (a number) in fields 300 yards West of Kingsmans

                                                            Farm Pools Lane.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    19.45  Vange            I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field at Nicholsons Farm. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    19.45  Canewdon    I.Bs (a number) at Canewdon Hall.  Slight damage

                                                            to property.  No casualties.

25/10/1940    20.00  Hockley          17 – H.Es exploded between Collys Farm,

Hullbridge Road and Murrells Lane near the footpath to Railway.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 25/10/1940   20.00   Hockley           1 – H.E. exploded 250 yards West of Railway

Bridge over Chelmsford Road at bottom of Railway Bank.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    20.00  Langdon        I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Partridges Farm Dry

                                    Hills                Street.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    20.15  East                1 – H.E. exploded in a field near Cockridden Farm,

Horndon        200 yards East of Brentwood-Tilbury Road.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    20.15  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded on a shed at rear of Childerditch

Hall Cottages.  Extensive damage to property, 8 casualties, 1 fatal (Mr Dickens) 3 serious, 4 slight, 9 people rendered homeless.  Housed at The Lodge Childerditch Hall..

26/10/1940    05.40  Rayleigh        3 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

between Railway and Arterial Road at Great Wheatleys Farm.  Overhead electric cables damaged.  No casualties.

 26/10/1940                Doddinghurst             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in Metsons field,

Mountnessing Road opposite Pettite Farm.  150 yards from road.  No damage or casualties. (B.D.S. 14.5.41)

26/10/1940    17.10  Wickford        3 – Oil I.Bs failed to ignite in a field 50 yards to rear

of “Silverdale” Runwell Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 26/10/1940   18.00  Potton            1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 200 yards East

Island             of Farm house and 10 yards North of cattle shed.  No damage or casualties. (dealt with 6.12.40 by B.D.S.).

26/10/1940    18.15  Doddinghurst             1 – I.B. burnt out at side of “Adelaide”

Cottage Swallows Cross.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

26/10/1940    18.55  Foulness       2 – H.Es exploded in a field at Rugwood Farm.  No

                                    Island             damage or casualties.

26/10/1940    19.08  Shenfield       3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded near the

Searchlight Station in Hall Lane.  The unexploded is 250 yards West of Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 13.12.40 by B.D.S.)

26/10/1940    19.15  Doddinghurst             1 – H.E. exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in

fields adjoining “Adelaide” Cottage, Swallows Cross Road.  Damage to property. And 3 tame rabbits killed.

26/10/1940    23.20  North              2 – H.Es exploded in fields 400 yards and 600

Benfleet         yards South East of Bonvilles Farm.  Damage to property and 1 heifer killed.

26/10/1940    23.35  South             I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Jotmans Lane. 

Benfleet         Damage to “Elmview” London Road, “Jotmans Hall” and 35 Jotmans Lane.  No casualties.

27/10/1940                 Brentwood     1 – H.E. unexploded in centre of down track 150

yards West of Railway Station.  Down main line closed. No casualties. (removed 29.10.40 by B.D.S.)

27/10/1940                Runwell         2 – H.Es unexploded in a field 130 yards East of

                                                            “Algars” Runwell Road.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940                Mountnessing          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in Smith’s field

opposite Arnolds Lane, 100 yards from gate.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940                Laindon         1 – A.A. Shell exploded in garden of “Jubilee” 50

yards West of Fyfield Road and 200 yards South of Borne Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940    21.00  Hadleigh        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of “Crawley”

                                                            The Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940    21.50  Doddinghurst            I.Bs (a number) burnt out in wood opposite

                                                            Elphicks Ongar Road.  No damage or casualties.

28/10/1940    16.45  Canvey          2 – H.Es exploded on Odells Dump, Northwick. 

                                    Island             Sea wall damaged.  No casualties.

28/10/1940    16.50  Canvey          1 – H.E. exploded in River Thames off Hole Haven

                                    Island             Jetty.  No damage or casualties.

28/10/1940    21.55  Rochford       1 – H.E. exploded in Websters field 200 yards

North of Eastwood Road.  No damage or casualties.

28/10/1940    22.00  Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded at rear of Barringtons High

Street.  Extensive damage to property.  One casualty (slight).

28/10/1940    22.00  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded on a Bird Sanctuary at

“Breakwood”.  Extensive damage to property in Poor Lane.  No casualties.

29/10/1940    01.45  Bowers           4 – H.Es exploded, 1 at Smoky Farm, 2 at Slateys

Gifford            Farm and 1 at South Staines Farm.  No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    04.30  Pitsea             Roof damaged by shrapnel at “Adelfi” Railway

                                                            Terrace.  No casualties.

29/10/1940    19.17  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) in fields at Ninges Farm Tye

                                                            Common Road.  No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    19.30  Hadleigh        I.Bs (a number) at rear of “Jensford” Hall Crescent. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    19.30  Hutton            I.Bs (a number) in fields opposite “Sandhurst Hall”

                                                            Green Lane.  No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    19.30  Great              10 –  H.Es unexploded, 1 150 yards at rear of

Burstead        “Alva”, 1 150 yards at rear of “Rodways”, 1 200 yards at rear of “The Elms”, 1 15 yards at rear of “Redways” 1 150 yards at rear of “Horrace House” at Noak Hill.  1, 100 yards , 1, 25 yards at rear of “King-Tor” 1, 100 yards to rear of “Outfield” 1, at rear of “Horndon House”, Church Street, 1 at side of Church Street 80 yards East of B.1007.  Church Street closed from B.1007 to Kennel Lane.  People evacuated.  No damage or casualties. (dealt with 17.12.40 by B.D.S)

30/10/1940    01.20  Great              1 – H.E. exploded at Star Lane opposite Melton

                                    Wakering       Hall Brickfields.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    15.35  Wickford        1 – H.E. exploded North of Goods Yard.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    19.00  Canewdon    3 – H.Es exploded on Marshes at Norpits Farm. 

                                                            Damage to property.  No casualties.

 30/10/1940   19.20  Foulness       4 – H.Es exploded, 2 on riverside of sea wall,2 on

                                    Island             Rugwood Marshes.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    19.30  South Weald 7 – H.Es exploded in 11 acres field between

Putwell Bridge and Railway lines, Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.

 30/10/1940   19.30  Wallasea        4 – H.Es, 3 exploded and 1 unexploded 500 yards

Island

Island             East of Tile Barn near the sea wall.  Sea wall damaged.  No casualties.

30/10/1940    19.40  Little                1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 400 yards South East

Burstead        of St. Margarettes Farm.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    19.50  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded in Paddock field, 1 slight

casualty.  10 houses damaged, 5 of them seriously.  Residence (residents) of 5 badly damaged houses evacuated.

30/10/1940    20.00  Mountnessing          1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field near “Adelaide

” Cottage, Swallows Cross, 100 yards from Swallows Cross Road.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    21.10  South             1 – H.E. exploded in a field 20 yards to rear of the

                                    Stambridge    Church.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    21.20  South Weald 2 – H.Es, 1 exploded near “Mascalls House”. 

Poultry and dog killed.  Damage to property at “Mascalls” and Mascalls Cottages.  Telephone wires down and 1 unexploded 250 yards from Mascalls Lane between Railway lines and Brook Street.

30/10/1940    21.30  Laindon         2 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out. 

“Hillview”, Elizabeth Drive damaged by Oil I.B.  H.Es at “Burleigh” Ravenscourt Drive and “Dawn” Le Chaple.  Both houses and surrounding property damaged.  20 people homeless.  No casualties.

30/10/1940    21.30  Pilgrims          2 – H.Es, 1 exploded in a fields near Newlands

Hatch                         bungalow Orchard Farm and 1 unexploded nearby.  Damage to property.  No casualties.  (unexploded dealt with by B.D.S. 14.12.40)

30/10/1940    21.40  Little                2 – H.Es exploded in a field at St. Margarettes

                                    Burstead        Farm.  1 cow killed.

30/10/1940    22.15  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded at top of Clay Hill.  Road

blocked.  Maple Lodge and “The Maples” badly damaged, 1 serious casualty.  (S.C. 1647 Taylor).

31/10/1940    11.00  Hadleigh        Damage to ceilings at “Linton Villa” by Gun fire. 

                                                            No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.30  Pitsea             I.Bs (a number)  Damage to property at “The White

Bungalow”, Rectory Road, 12 Victoria Avenue.  Remainder in fields East and West of Rectory Road and Staceys Farm, Timber Log Lane.  No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.35  North              2 – H.Es and 2 Oil I.Bs, 1 H.E and 1 Oil I.B.130

Benfleet         yards West and 1 H.E. and 1Oil I.B. 130 yards East of Harrows P.H. Arterial Road.  Down track of A.127 blocked and S.L.T. on up track.  Gas main fired.  Overhead electric cables down.  No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.35  Rayleigh        5 – H.Es exploded between Stephens Farm, Bull

Lane and “Turrett House”.  Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.35  Wickford        5 – H.Es, 4 exploded at “Larksmead”, “The Chase”,

“Fairmead” and at junction of The Chase and Crossways Cranfield Park and 1 unexploded in a ditch at side of Pound Lane, 120 yards South of Harrow P.H.  Damage to road gas and water mains and sewer.  Damage to property.  The Chase and Crossways blocked.  No casualties.

31/10/1940                Little                4- H.Es exploded in fields 400 yards South of St.

                                    Burstead        Margarettes Farm.   No damage or casualties.

31/10/1940                Canvey          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 25 yards North

                                    Island             West of Fleece Farm.  No damage or casualties.

Coronavirus Museum Closure

Coronavirus Museum Closure

It is with sadness that the Curators of The Bay Museum feel they must follow the Government’s advice which is now very specific and close the Museum until the coronavirus situation improves.

Notification of reopening will be given as soon as the Curators feel it will be safe for them and the public will be given on this web site.  In the meanwhile should you wish to contact the Museum please telephone 07899 674630.

THE SECOND WORLD WAR October 1940

THE SECOND WORLD WAR October 1940

(Britain)

From the 2nd October 1940 night time bombing of London had taken over from day-light raids and continued throughout the month. During the course of the Blitz, many deep underground tube stations were designated as air raid shelters for civilian use. On the 14th October 1940, Balham underground station was hit by a 1400kg semi-armour piercing fragmentation bomb which fell on the road above. In the blackout a double decker bus crashed into the resulting crater, fortunately nobody on the bus was killed. The crater caused the northbound tunnel to collapse killing 65 people although over 400 managed to escape the disaster to safety.

Neville Chamberlain resigned from the House of Commons on the 9th October 1940. Following his resignation as Prime Minister in May 1940 in favour of Winston Churchill, he remained as the Leader of the Conservative Party. Churchill wished for Chamberlain to return to the Exchequer, he declined but accepted the post of Lord President of the Council with a seat in the five member War Cabinet. In September 1940 Chamberlain had offered his resignation to Churchill owing to ill health. Chamberlain’s surgeons discovered he had terminal cancer, although he was never told. At first Churchill was reluctant to accept the resignation but was forced to accept when it was obvious that Chamberlain would never work again. Chamberlain refused to accept the offered highest order of British chivalry, the Order of the Garter. Chamberlain resigned in October 1940 and died one month later, on the 9th November 1940 aged 71.

Southeast of Sicily the Royal Naval Mediterranean fleet was attacked by light vessels of the Italian Navy on the 9th October 1940. The British fleet had escorted a convoy to Malta and was returning to Alexandria when attacked. Cruiser HMS Ajax sank Italian ships ‘Airone’ and ‘Aerial’ and badly damaged destroyer ‘Artigliere’ which was finished off by cruiser HMS York. Aircraft from carriers HMS Illustrious and HMS Eagle launched air strikes against Leros Island in the Dodecanese. On the same return journey cruiser HMS Liverpool was badly damaged by a torpedo launched from Italian aircraft. However, in the Battle of the Atlantic during October 1940 the German U-boats were inflicting heavy convoy losses as they sank 39 allied vessels.

The city of Liverpool sustained the heaviest bombing outside of London. Liverpool and Birkenhead had the largest port and dock area on the west coast of England which was of significant importance to the British war effort therefore attracting Luftwaffe bombing raids.  On the 21st October 1940 the city was raided for the 200th time since the beginning of the war.

On the nights of 20/21st October and 24/25th October 1940 British Wellington bombers attacked Hamburg which started 12 and 13 fires respectively with little loss of life. There were also air raids on Berlin during October 1940, all of which did little damage because British bombers were at their extreme range and navigational aids were not that reliable at the time.

The Battle of Britain officially ended on the 31st October 1940 when the Luftwaffe abandoned large scale daylight raids on London. The battle had begun in July 1940 when the Germans attacked coastal targets and British shipping in the English Channel in an effort to gain air superiority prior to an invasion of England. By mid-August 1940 the attacks moved inland, concentrating on RAF airfields and communication centres. On the 7th September 1940 the Luftwaffe shifted most of their attacks away from RAF targets and onto night-time assaults on London known as the Blitz. The Luftwaffe suffered unsustainable heavy losses on the 15th September 1940 when Fighter Command repelled another massive assault. At the end of the Battle of Britain the Luftwaffe was dealt an almost lethal blow which it never fully recovered when just 3,000 RAF pilots had broken the will of the Luftwaffe.

————

(Germany)

In German occupied Poland on the 3rd October 1940 all Jewish residents of Warsaw were directed to move into a designated ghetto in Warsaw. By the 31st October 1940 the ghetto had been sealed off from the rest of the city and the population was estimated to be over 400,000 Jewish people living in an average of 7.2 persons per room in an area of 1.3 square miles.

On the 4th October 1940 German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler and Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini met at the Brenner Pass, near the German-Italian border, to discuss the progress of the war. The main subject was the plans in the Mediterranean as the Germans had given up on Operation Sea Lion.

Germany deployed a military mission to Romania on the 7th October 1940 to provide training for the Romanian Army and the guarding of the Romanian oilfields. This mission was German’s response to Romanian’s request made on the 7th September 1940.

On the 12th October 1940 Hitler issued a directive releasing German invasion troops to other fronts. To keep political pressure on Britain the appearance of Operation Sea Lion had to be maintained. A fresh directive would be issued if it was decided that the invasion was to be reconsidered in the spring of 1941.

At Hendaye, near the Spanish-French border Hitler met with Spanish Dictator Francisco Franco on the 23rd October 1940. Hitler had hoped to convince Franco to enter the war on the Axis side but little was accomplished as Spain’s demands appeared extortionate to Hitler. However, a secret agreement was reached under which Franco committed Spain to enter the war at a date of Franco’s choosing.

After meeting with Franco, Hitler went to Montoire on the 24th October 1940. He met with Phillippe Pétain, signifying the start of organised Vichy French collaboration with the Nazi regime.

————

(Italy)

Following Italy’s entry into the war in June 1940, Mussolini decided to invade neutral Greece on the 15th October 1940 through the Italian held territory of Albania. He had long time ambitions to extend Italy’s empire to match the glory days of Antiquity. On the 28th October 1940 Mussolini issued an ultimatum to Greece demanding they give up Greek territory but the Greek government rejected the proposal. The Italian Army invaded Greece on the 28th October 1940 before the ultimatum had expired. The invasion was a disaster owing to the Italian Army encountering a horrendous mountainous terrain on the Albania-Greek border and met with tenacious resistance by the Greek Army. Mussolini had not been informed of German’s plans for the area and had acted on his own initiative but Hitler was angered at this initiative of his ally.

The Italian Regia Aeronautica (Italian Royal Air Force) attacked Bahrain on the 19th October 1940 but caused little damage. On the following day, the 20th October 1940, Cairo in Egypt was attacked as a diversion while four Italian SM82 bombers attacked and heavily damaged two American operated oil refineries in the British Protectorate of Bahrain. The only real success of the raids was it forced the British to divert resources to upgrade their defences in the Middle East.

On the night of the 24/25th October 1940, the Corpa Aereo Italiana (CAI) conducted its first raid on Britain when their aircraft attacked Harwich and Felixstowe. The CAI was an expeditionary force from the Italian Regia Aeronautica. At the insistence of Mussolini the Italian CAI would assist their German allies during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz. Of the aircraft involved the Fiat CR42 biplane fighter was outclassed by the British Hurricane and Spitfire and the Fiat G50 monoplane fighters were restricted to 400 miles range. Eighteen Fiat BR20 bombers took part in the attack but one crashed on take-off. Not all the aircraft found their targets, however, ten crews reported they had successfully bombed their targets. Three of the aircraft were lost in accidents on the return journey. On the 29th October 1940 the next major operation of the CAI took place when fifteen BR20 bombers who were escorted with a strong fighter escort bombed Ramsgate. Five Italian aircraft suffered damage due to local anti-aircraft guns.

————

(Other theatres)

Following American President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s signing of the “Selective Training and Service Act 1940”, he appointed Clarence A. Dykstra as Director of Selective Services on the15th October 1940.  The act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards. The draft registration began on the 16th October 1940 and the Secretary of War Henry L. Stimpson began to draw numbers out of a glass bowl on the 29th   October 1940 in the first peacetime conscription in the U.S. history. The numbers were handed to Roosevelt who read them aloud during a public announcement. However, on the 30th October 1940, whilst speaking in Boston during the campaign for election of his third term of Presidency, Roosevelt made a pledge to his audience. He stated, “But I shall say it again, and again and again. Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign war”. A little over a year later the USA was at war with Imperial Japan and Nazi Germany.

The P-51 Mustang was an American long range, single seat fighter-bomber which first flew on the 26th October 1940. The Mustang was designed by Northern American Aviation (NAA) in 1940 in response to the requirements of the British Purchasing Commission. NAA was approached by the Purchasing Commission to build Curtiss P-40 fighters under licence for the Royal Air Force (RAF). Rather than build an old design, NAA proposed the design and production of a modern fighter, and 102 days after the contract was signed the first prototype was ready on the 9th September 1940.  The Mustang was designed to be powered by the Allison V-1710 engine, but it had limited high altitude performance. When the RAF took delivery and flew the Mustang they replaced the Allison with the Rolls Royce Merlin engine and the fighter’s performance was transformed at altitudes above 15,000 feet. By using the Merlin engine the Mustang had the height to compete with the Luftwaffe fighters without having to sacrifice the range before refuelling. The Mustang saw action in the European, Pacific, Mediterranean and Far Eastern theatres of the Second World War and also served in the Korean War.

In the Far East during October 1940, there were numerous clashes between Chinese Nationalists and Communists even though both sides continued the war against Japan. The two factions were fighting each other in North China for their own ultimate advantage. They were competing for control of enemy territory. The Chinese Civil War of 1927 had divided China into Nationalist and Communist factions.  The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 7th July 1937 with both the Nationalists and Communists fighting against Japan.

—————————————

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service September 1940.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service September 1940.

 

 

Date                Time   Location         Damage

 

01/09/1940    11.20  Thundersley Plate glass window 7ft x 6ft broken by concussion.

Gun fire in the distance.  No casualties.

01/09/1940    11.21  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded (or shell) between Blaydale’s

Wood and Grave Wood on McClure’s Heron Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 23.6.41

02/09/1940    08.15  Rochford       German Dornier 17 crashed and burnt out at

Rochford Aerodrome.  Crew 1 killed, 3 prisoners safe.

02/09/1940    16.35  Vange            Roof of Churchill & Johnsons Timber Yard Wharf

Road. Damaged by shrapnel

02/09/1940    16.40  Laindon         German Messerschmitt 110 crashed and burnt out

in the South East Corner of Frith Wood.  2 bodies recovered.

02/09/1940    16.40  Brentwood     Fire in a barley field near Sawyers Hall Farm

Doddinghurst Road. 3 cocks of barley destroyed.  Cause unknown (during an air raid).  No casualties.

02/09/1940    17.05  Little                Body of a German Airman found at Sudburys

Burstead        Cottage, Nirege Farm.  Parachute failed to open.

02/09/1940    17.06  Vange            1 – A.A. unexploded shell in School gardens

Claylands.  No damage or casualties.

02/09/1940    17.07  Potton Island 1 – H.E. unexploded 250 yards South of Sea Wall.

North end of Island.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    07.30  Canewdon    British Spitfire smashed 1/2 mile North East of Air

Ministry Experimental Works.  Pilot safe at Rochford Aerodrome.

03/09/1940    10.20  Canewdon    British Pilot down by parachute at Sealdhurst

Farm.  Face burnt.  RAF on spot.

03/09/1940    10.20  Canewdon    British Pilot baled out.  Safe at Lower Raypits

Farm.  Machine North of River Roach.

03/09/1940    10.20  Ingrave           British Spitfire burnt out 300 yards East of

Handleys Dairy Farm.  Pilot Sergt. Fopp of Debden safe.

03/09/1940    10.30  Church End  1 Cannon Shell unexploded at “Eltham Lodge”

Hawkwell Park Drive. No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    10.30  Hullbridge     5 – I.Bs 1 at Mayfields Avenue and 4 at Malyons

Farm.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    10.40  Canewdon    British plane crashed at Canewdon Hall Field.

Pilot safe.

03/09/1940    10.40  Mountnessing          1 – H.E. exploded in a field 150 yards South

West of Bacons Farm.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    10.45  Canewdon    British plane burnt out 200 yards East of Apton

Hall.  Pilot safe.

03/09/1940    10.50  Canewdon    German Messerschmitt 110 wrecked at Snowhills

field.  North of Canewdon Hall.  Crew 1 injured (serious) 1 uninjured taken prisoner.

03/09/1940    10.50  Foulness       British plane wrecked 1/4 mile East of Brickhouse

Island             Farm.  Pilot dead.  Parachute failed to open.

03/09/1940    11.00  Hockley          British plane burnt out at Beckney’s Farm.  Pilot

safe.

03/09/1940    11.00  Sutton            2 – H.Es unexploded in a market garden field near

Temple Farm Cottage.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    11.00  Canewdon    2 – I.Bs at The Kennels.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    11.25  Mountnessing          1 I.B. unexploded found at Swallows Cross,

in field 300 yards West of Burnthouse Lane.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    12.12  Margaretting  Pilot Officer David W Hunt wounded in Billericay

Hospital.  Plane crashed in Chelmsford Division.

03/09/1940    12.13  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded at Childerditch Hall Farm, 400

yards West and 500 yards North of Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 13.5.41

03/09/1940    12.14  Shenfield       1 – Cannon Shell unexploded on greensward at

Alexander Lane.  No damage or casualties.  Taken by Military

03/09/1940    12.15  Rayleigh        Grass fire at Cressays Farm Wickford Road.

Supposed cause cannon shell.

03/09/1940    12.16  Canewdon    1 – I.B. at Pudseys Hall gate, Larks Hill.  No

damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    19.00  Canvey          1 – A.A. unexploded shell, 50 yards West of Eaton

Island             Lodge.  Central Wall Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    21.00  Mountnessing          3 – I.Bs unexploded at Mountnessing Hall,

400 yards West of the Farmhouse.  No damage or casualties.

03/09/1940    21.00  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded at The Willows.  Slight

damage to property.  No casualties.

03/09/1940    21.00  Mountnessing          50 – I.Bs burnt out in fields and 1 I.B.

Unexploded 300 yards West of Peagrims Farm.  No damage or casualties

03/09/1940    23.10  Laindon         1 – H.E. in the road B.1007 High Road Laindon

250 yards South of the Fortune-of-War P.H.  Electric and telephone wires down and water main damaged.  No casualties.  (Single line traffic 21st inst.)

03/09/1940    23.10  Laindon         2 – H.Es exploded 100 yards East of High Road

Schools.  Gas main, electric cable and surrounding property damaged.  No casualties.

04/09/1940    01.10  Ramsden       9 – H.Es exploded and I.Bs (a number) burnt out in

Heath             Jackson’s Meadow 1/2 mile North of the Village.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    09.30  Canewdon    5 – H.Es exploded in a field between Bolt Hall

House and the Sea Wall.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    09.30  Foulness       3 – H.Es exploded.  One at Nazewick Farm.  One

at Frenches Works & One at Little Newlands Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

04/09/1940    09.30  Great              1 – H.E. exploded in a field 250 yards East of

Wakering       Friends Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    09.45  Barling           1 – H.E. exploded at Bolt Farm.  One slight

casualty.  No damage.

04/09/1940    09.45  Great              2 – H.Es exploded at Pinches Farm.  No casualties

Stambridge    or damage.

04/09/1940    09.46  Mountnessing          1 – H.E. unexploded at Arnolds Farm.

Arnolds Lane closed.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    09.47  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 250 yards North from

end of Goodwood Avenue.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 30.4.41

04/09/1940    13.15  Rochford       British Spitfire crashed and burnt out 150 yards

East of Rectory Road Railway Bridge.  Pilot safe.

04/09/1940    13.16  Rochford       1 Cannon Shell unexploded at “Dunrovin” Oxford

Road.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    21.00  Mountnessing          1 – I.B. unexploded 300 yards West of

Peagrims Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    22.20  Herongate     1 – H.E. unexploded 200 yards to the rear of

Salmons Farm.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 3.5.41

04/09/1940    22.30  Laindon         1 – A.A. Shell exploded on the Arterial Road 350

yards West of the Fortune-of-War P.H. Crossroads.  Slight damage to Road.  No casualties.

04/09/1940    22.30  Laindon         1 – A.A. Shell unexploded in a field 300 yards

North East of Frenches Farm and 300 yards East of Noak Hill Road.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1940    23.00  Vange            1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on the greensward in

Victoria Road.  100 yards West of Rickfield Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    11.52  Rochford       1 – H.E. unexploded 50 yards West of Stacks at

Samuels Field, Landwick.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    11.53  Rayleigh        Shed burnt out at Dorothy’s Farm.  Cause

unknown.

05/09/1940    15.00  Rochford       2 – H.Es unexploded 400 yards North East of the

Rectory Hall Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    15.07  North              British Spitfire burnt out at Bonvilles Farm.  Pilot

Benfleet         Robert Durham Number 42574 injured.

05/09/1940    15.07  Nevendon     British Spitfire crashed and blew up 1/4 mile South

East of Nevendon Hall.  Pilot Officer Webster killed.  Parachute failed to open.

05/09/1940    15.20  Canvey          Aeroplane crashed at speed in the centre of the

Island             River Thames 1000 yards South East of Scars Elbow Fort

05/09/1940    15.20  Bowers           German Messerschmitt 109 crashed and burnt out

Gifford            at Little Chalvedons Hall 1/2 mile West of Ilfracombe Avenue, Pilot dead.

05/09/1940    15.20  South             British Spitfire burnt out at Kimberly Road.  Pilot

Benfleet         Officer Lovell of Hornchurch safe.  Electric cables damaged.

05/09/1940    15.20  Canvey          H.Es number unknown exploded in the River

Island             Thames 400yards South East of Scar Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    15.20  Raweth          Grass fire at Dollymans Farm.  Cause not known

(during an air raid)

05/09/1940    15.27  Rayleigh        1 – Cannon Shell unexploded in High Street.

Taken away by Military.  No damage or casualties

05/09/1940    15.30  Raweth          British Pilot landed safe by parachute at the

Carpenters Arms P.H.

05/09/1940    15.30  Rayleigh        A partly burnt German parachute found in a field at

rear of Fairview Club Arterial Road

05/09/1940    15.30  Laindon         1 – I.B. burnt out on the road opposite “St Cads”

Darnley Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    15.30  Runwell         2 – I.Bs near the Hospital.  No damage or

casualties

05/09/1940    15.32  Hadleigh        1 – Cannon Shell unexploded in a garden of

“Homesliad” Lynton Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    15.45  Hawkwell       A Polish Pilot Lapkonski from North Holt

Aerodrome landed by parachute in the Brickfields Rectory Road.  Received a broken arm.  Conveyed to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford.

05/09/1940    16.00  Wallasea        British Hurricane crashed near the Yacht Club.

Island             Plane slightly damaged.  Pilot Officer Robinson safe.

05/09/1940    17.00  Great Warley 1 – Cannon Shell unexploded in the garden of 63

Mount Crescent.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940    17.05  Laindon         British Hurricane crashed and badly smashed in a

field North of Markham Chase.  Pilot Officer Robert Barton of North Weald safe.

05/09/1940    21.30  Raweth          2 – H.Es exploded 1 at Box Farm Water Lane.

Slight damage to Farm and 1 in Water Lane.  Single Line Traffic 1/4 mile from the junction of Hullbridge Road.  Telegraph pole broken.  No casualties.

05/09/1940    22.20  Shenfield       6 – I.Bs 5 unexploded and 1 exploded and burnt

out in Hall Lane a mile North of the Chelmsford Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940                Mountnessing          50 – I.Bx burnt out in fields at Swallows

Cross Farm.  2 Pig sties and a haystack fired.  No casualties.

05/09/1940    22.30  Doddinghurst            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field behind

Batey’s bungalow.  Harpers Lane Peartree Green.  No damage or casualties.

05/09/1940                Billericay        1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 350 yards South

East of Salmons Farm (exploded the 14.9.40)  No damage or casualties.

06/09/1940    01.35  Great              16 – I.Bs burnt out at Barling Road.  Barns, pig

Wakering       sties and a stable damaged.  No casualties.

06/09/1940    02.40  Canvey          3 – H.Es in Tilburg Road, Denham Road and

Island             Urmond Road.  Some bungalows completely wrecked.  No casualties.

06/09/1940    02.40  Canvey          3 – H.Es exploded in a field at Little Gypps Farm

Island             near Furtherwick Gun Site.  2 cows badly injured

06/09/1940    02.55  Little Warley  8 – H.Es 1 is unexploded near Whips Wood Off

Bird Lane.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 13.3.41

06/09/1940    02.56  Hutton            2 – I.Bs in the garden of “Holderhurst”, Park

Avenue and 1 in Hanging Hill Lane.  No damage or casualties.

06/09/1940    04.08  Canvey          2 – H.Es at 40 Acres and Sea Wall.  Sea Wall

Island             damaged.  No casualties

06/09/1940    10.00  Pitsea             1 – Cannon Shell unexploded.  No damage or

casualties.

06/09/1940    12.00  Raweth          1 – Cannon Shell unexploded in a field at

Chichester Hall, London Road.  No damage or casualties.

06/09/1940    14.18  Wakering       3 – H.Es 1 is unexploded 1/4 mile East of Rushley

Farm Rushley Island.  No damage or casualties.

06/09/1940    15.20  Basildon        British Spitfire made a forced landing.  Under

carriage damaged Pilot Officer MacKenzie safe ( engine trouble).

07/09/1940    01.00  South             1 – H.E. or A.A. unexploded Shell in the centre of

Benfleet         Brook Road.  Brook Road closed.  Damage to the road.  No casualties.

07/09/1940                Hutton             2 – H.Es unexploded in Brook Meadow behind

stack yard at Cresseys Farm.  No damage or casualties.

07/09/1940    17.10  Laindon         German Twin Engine Bomber crashed 300 yards

West of Noak Hill Road.  Machine burnt out.  2 of crew baled out and are safe.

07/09/1940    17.15  Laindon         German Bomber crashed at Calvers Farm Dunton

Road.  Machine burnt out.  2 of crew killed 1 safe.

07/09/1940    17.15  Downham     German Dornier crashed and burnt out between

De Beavoir Chase and Railway Bridge.  1 of crew dead and 1 safe.

07/09/1940    17.30  Barling           I.Bs number unknown.  At Robers Farm and

Sewerage Works.  No damage or casualties.

07/09/1940    18.00  Rayleigh        British Spitfire burnt out at Louis Drive Wickford

Road.  Pilot safe

07/09/1940    18.00  Great              British Spitfire made a forced landing in Kimberly

Wakering       Field Star Lane.  Under carriage damaged.  Pilot safe.

07/09/1940    19.30  Pilgrims          1 – Cannon Shell unexploded at Wainsfords Crow

Hatch             Green Lane.  No damage or casualties

07/09/1940    20.30  Great              Barrage Balloon grounded at Alexander Road.  No

Wakering       damage or casualties.

07/09/1940    23.15  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded between “Lyrette” & “Glencre”

bungalows Junction Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

08/09/1940    00.05  East                2 – H.Es exploded in a field 500 yards West of East

Horndon        Horndon Crossroads and 150 yards North of the

Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    00.40  South Weald I.Bs a number in fields between Spital Lane and

Vicarage Lane.  In the vicinity of The Tower Arms P.H.  No damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    00.40  Brentwood     I.Bs a number near St Faiths Poultry Farm.  No

damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    00.43  South             I.Bs a number, 200 yards North of the junction of

Weald             Hillside Walk and Weald Road.  No damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    00.45  Pitsea             3 – H.Es exploded on Marsh Land.  No damage or

casualties.

08/09/1940    00.45  Crays Hill       I.Bs a number at Crays Hall.  No damage or

casualties.

08/09/1940    00.50  Crays Hill       3 – H.Es unexploded in Friends Field Church Lane.

No damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    01.15  Billericay        2 – H.Es 1 is unexploded at Randall’s Nurseries,

Cox Farm Road, 2 casualties (slight).  Gas main and road damaged.  Cox Farm Road closed ( road open 9.9.40)

08/09/1940    01.15  Bowers           I.Bs about 100 on South Staines Farm.  No

Gifford            damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    01.25  South             3 – H.Es 2 exploded in a wood between Benfleet

Benfleet         Road and Kiln Road 300 to 500 yards North East of Water Lane.  Also 1 unexploded in middle of the road at the top of Vicarage Hill ( road closed).  Electric cable damaged.  No casualties.

08/09/1940    02.05  Billericay        I.Bs about 600 between Billericay and Crays Hill in

six fields.  Two stacks of clover fired at Gurnards Farm, South Green.  400 yards North of Billericay to Wickford Road.  No casualties.

08/09/1940    02.37  Coxtie Green 1 – I.B. at Ensworth Randalls field.  Stack fired.  No

casualties.

08/09/1940    03.30  Canvey          2 – H.Es 1 is unexploded in the centre of Canvey

Island             Road between Northwick Corner and Canvey Bridge.  Road closed.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

08/09/1940    06.30  Canvey          Barrage Balloon grounded at Waterside Farm.

Island             Secured to a telegraph pole.

08/09/1940                Canvey          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell at rear of garage at

Island             Russets House, Canvey Road.  No damage or casualties.

08/09/1940                South             2 – H.Es unexploded in a field by the side of Essex

Benfleet         Way.  Road B.1014 closed.   H.Es 3 feet from the road and 300yards from the Water Tower.  No casualties.

08/09/1940    11.00  Doddinghurst   1 – Canon Shell unexploded.  No damage or

casualties.

08/09/1940    12.09  Coxtie Green 1 – I.B. and 7 Cannon Shells unexploded in fields

near Canterbury Tye.  No damage or casualties

08/09/1940                Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell near New Cottage by

side of road at Hole Farm.  No damage or casualties.

08/09/1940    16.15  Great Warley Body of a German Airman found on Goodchilds

Farm.  Captain Kuet Mescheder, 20 years.  Parachute failed to open.

08/09/1940    21.18  Great              20 – I.Bs between Crays Hill and Barleylands

Burstead        Farm.  No damage or casualties.

09/09/1940    00.05  Laindon         1 – A.A. unexploded Shell fell in “Springfield”,

Basildon Rise.  No damage or casualties.

09/09/1940    02.15  Doddinghurst   1 – H.E. exploded near Wacketts Farm.  2

cottages demolished.  Chickens and animals buried.

09/09/1940    15.00  Pitsea 3 – H.Es 1 exploded and 2 unexploded found at Blue

House Farm Pitsea Marshes.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940     00.45  East                1 – H.E. exploded in a field 20 yards East of Tilbury

Horndon        Road and 400 yards South of the Arterial Road.  Telephone wires down.  1 cow killed.

10/09/1940     03.25   Basildon        2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in pond South of the Arterial

Road at Brook Mount Estate between Arterial Road and Basildon Road and 1 exploded on the North side of the Arterial Road at junction of Ladysmith Avenue.  Slight damage to cycle track and gas main.  No casualties.

10/09/1940     03.30  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded 20 yards from “Grassland”, The

Risings.  Part of house blown down.  Overhead electric cable damaged.  No casualties.

10/09/1940    05.00  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded in a field at the rear of “Thames

View” Bell Hill Road.  Slight damage to house.  No casualties.

10/09/1940    09.30  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded 1/2 mile South of Railway line at

Blue House Farm  Pitsea Marshes.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940                Hadleigh        1 A.A. unexploded Shell in the front garden of

“Pinecot” Benfleet Road.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940    10.00  Foulness       Body of a German Airman found on the foreshore

Island             of Potton Island.  Parachute attached.  Been in water a few days.  No Identity Card.  Moved to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford.  Name Horst Klaff.

10/09/1940    16.30  Little Warley  1 – H.E. unexploded in a field opposite Rectory

Chase 300 yards East of the road.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940    22.50  Hutton            2 – H.Es exploded in a field 1/4 mile West of

Hutton Rectory.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940    23.00  Downham     2 – H.Es exploded, 1 at The Elms, Brook Hill and 1

150 yards West of Brook Hill.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

10/09/1940    23.10  Great Warley 50 – I.Bs in the vicinity of Headley Common.  North

Lodge Warley Place set on fire.  No casualties.

10/09/1940    23.30  Great Warley 1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out on a

footpath between Holt Farm and Cranham Road.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940    23.40  Mountnessing          10 – H.Es, 1 is unexploded in Hare Spring

Wood and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at Lawness Farm.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940    23.45  Mountnessing          1 – H.E. exploded in stack yard at

Mountnessing Hall Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

10/09/1940                Great  1 – A.A. unexploded Shell near a haystack

Burstead        at Granite Chase.  No damage or casualties.

10/09/1940                North              1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 300 yards East of

Benfleet         Fentons Hall.  No damage or casualties.

11/09/1940    00.10  Brentwood     I.Bs ( a number) Baptist Chapel, extensive

damage.  Shenfield Common, no damage.  120 & 125 High Street, slight damage and 2 unexploded I.Bx Running Water Corner.  No damage.  Police property, slight damage.  London Co-operative Stores, Brandons, Woolworths and Ursuline Convent, serious and extensive damage.  Gas Company’s Sports Ground.  No damage.  Also in fields at Coxtie Green.

11/09/1940    00.10  Coxtie Green 10 – H.Es 2 exploded in fields adjoining Coxtie

Green Road Navestock end.  7 unexploded in the vicinity opposite Oakhurst Farm, 1 unexploded 100 yards from the entrance of Giffords Poultry Farm, slight damage to property.  No casualties.  Road closed from the White Horse to Wheelers Corner (road open 14.9.40) 5 of the unexploded H.Es exploded B.D.S. 16.10.41.

11/09/1940    00.30  Canvey          6 – H.Es exploded at Hole Haven Creek.

Island             No damage or casualties

11/09/1940    01.15  Herongate     4 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

at Fouchers Farm near Reservoir.  No damage or casualties.

11/09/1940    01.30  Dunton          20 – I.Bs burnt out in fields North and South of the

Arterial Road near the Union Jack Café.  No damage or casualties.

11/09/1940    02.00  Great Warley 2 – H.Es exploded in a field 1/4 mile West of the

junction Warley Lane and Codham Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties.

11/09/1940    16.15  Great              British Spitfire crashed and burnt out 200 yards

Burstead        South of Will Farm Church Street.  Pilot baled out safe at Pipps Hill Basildon.

11/09/1940    16.20  Shenfield       British Spitfire crashed.  Machine badly damaged

in field 1/2 mile South West of Palmers Farm.  Pilot safe.

12/09/1940    03.15  Dunton          12 – I.Bs burnt out in fields adjoining Lower Avenue

and Marylands Chase.  No damage or casualties.

12/09/1940   03.15  Nevendon     2 – H.Es unexploded 200 and 250 yards North of

the Arterial Road opposite the Police houses.  No damage or casualties.

12/09/1940                Ramsden       1 – H.E. unexploded near De Beavois Chase.  No

damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 6.3.41

12/09/1940    03.15  North              1 – H.E. unexploded at Brickfields Farm Burnt Mills

Benfleet         Road 150 yards from road.  No damage or casualties.

12/09/1940                Ramsden       1 – H.E. or A.A. unexploded Shell in back garden

of “Rose Lodge”.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 6.3.41

12/09/1940    03.48  Rochford       I.Bs (a number) in a field at the bottom of Oak

Road 200 yards from Railway.  No damage or casualties.

12/09/1940                Rochford       1 – H.E. unexploded 400 yards West of Mucking

Hall Wood.  No damage or casualties.

12/09/1940    04.45  Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in the back garden of

Hills Cottage, Warley Mount.  No damage or casualties.

12/09/1940                Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded in a clover field at Thorndon

Park.  No damage or casualties.

13/09/1940    11.30  Laindon         I.Bs (about 100) at Laindon, Langden Hills and Lee

Chapel.  11 houses slightly damaged and 2 seriously.  No casualties

13/09/1940    12.45  East                I.Bs (about 50) in a field at the junction of Tilbury

Horndon        Road and East Horndon round-a-bout.  No damage or casualties.

13/09/1940    12.45  East                5 – H.Es exploded to the rear of a bungalow called

Horndon        “Joslyn” Cadogan Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

13/09/1940                Basildon        1 – H.E. or A.A. unexploded Shell at Canes Farm.

10 yards from bungalow.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 6.3.41

13/09/1940    23.25  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded on path at the Post Office at the

junction of Broughton & London Roads.  Overhead telephone wires down.  Damage to property.  Footpath blocked.  No casualties.

14/09/1940    03.10  Canewdon    I.Bs (about 40) on Marshes between Norpits and

RaypitsFarm.  No damage or casualties.

14/09/1940   03.30  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded in back garden of 34 Highlands

Gifford            Road Pound Lane.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

14/09/1940    05.20  Canvey          5 – H.Es 1 unexploded in Canvey Island Bus Coy

Island             Garage. Leigh Beck, Point Road.  Road B 1014 closed and 1 in High Beck School grounds.  1 exploded in the mud and 2 on the sea wall near the Casino.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.  Safe B.D.S. 4.11.40 road & school open.

14/09/1940    06.00  Vange            Barrage Balloon grounded near Vange School.

Telephone and electric cables damaged.

14/09/1940               Lee Chapel   1 – H.E. unexploded in a field off Green Lane.  No

damage or casualties,

14/09/1940               Basildon        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 200 yards South East of

junction Gardeners Lane and Basildon Road at Irverns Farm.  No damage or casualties.

14/09/1940    Vange                        1 – A.A unexploded Shell in garden of “Eden

Lodge” Timberlog Lane.  No damage or casualties.

14/09/1940    16.15  Rochford       British Spitfire crashed and burnt out in a field

adjoining Rochford Aerodrome 100 yards West of Ann Boleyn P.H.  Pilot killed.

14/09/1940   22.00  Hadleigh        2 – H.Es unexploded at the end of Rushbottom

Lane.  No damage or casualties.

14/09/1940   22.00  Wickford        1 – H.E. exploded on a bungalow in Rectory Road.

Extensive damage.  1 slight casualty.

14/09/1940   22.05  North              6 – H.Es 1 unexploded opposite junction of Old

Benfleet         Harrows Road and Arterial Road, 1 unexploded and 1 I.B. burnt out at Bonvilles Farm.  No damage or casualties.  Dealt with by B.D.S. 6.3.41

14/09/1940    23.00  Rochford       1 – H.E. exploded in the garden of a house in

Shopland.  Slight damage to property (Motor cycle blown onto shed roof).  No casualties.

14/09/1940   23.50  Hawkwell       2 – H.Es, 1 unexploded 100 yards West of Church

in a field (exploded at 08.20 the 15.9.40), 1 exploded 250 yards West of the Church.  1 slight casualty.  Church spire broken off.  Damage to a cottage and overhead electric cables.

14/09/1940   23.59  Little Warley  3 – H.Es exploded in a field 1/4 mile East of Hall

Lane and 500 yards South of Arterial Road.  1 cottage slightly damaged.  No casualties.

15/09/1940    14.30  Vange            7 – H.Es unexploded, 1 side of road Claremont

Road, 50 yards South of Clay Hill, 1 in front of “Tolange” Collingwood Road, 1 in garden of “Oaklands” Bull Road, 1 in back garden of “William Cottage” Pitseaville Grove, 1 in orchard at Ravenscourt Drive, 50 yards South of Bull Road, 1 in road outside “St Ives” Rushleigh Drive and 1 in a field off Milemay Road.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 14.10.40

15/09/1940    14.30  Pitsea             5 – H.Es unexploded, 1 in back garden of

“Kamarhate” Stanley Road, 1 in garden of “Kathleen Villa” Pitsea Road, 1 in garden of “Strathlene” The Avenue (safe 1.10.40) 1 in garden of “Herongate” Northlands Drive.  No casualties.  (Area declared safe by B.D.S. 26.9.40 Bull Road, Church Road and Clay Hill open)  No damage.

15/09/1940                Fambridge     1 – H.E. exploded on the sea wall 1/2 mile to the

rear of Fambridge Hall.  No casualties or damage.

15/09/1940    14.30  Pitsea             British Hurricane crashed and burnt out at Majolica

Drive.  Polish Pilot 302 Squadron from Duxford safe.

15/09/1940    14.36  Langdon        German Dornier Bomber crashed and burnt

Hills    out at Gladstone Road.  Crew 3 dead, 1 baled out and captured at Cory Works Thames Haven.

15/09/1940    14.45  Raweth          Flight Lieut. Chopik.  No 76691 A Polish

Pilot from Leckonfield killed at Forty Acres.  Removed to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford.  No trace of aircraft in this Division.

15/09/1940    14.45  Billericay        British Hurricane crashed and burnt out in Smith’s

meadow, 300 yards West of “Archers Hall”.  Pilot Officer Hessee bailed out safe.

15/09/1940   14.50  Foulness       German Bomber crashed on the mud at Asplins

Island             Head.  Plane 500 yards from sea wall.  Crew 3 injured and 2 uninjured (prisoners),

15/09/1940    14.50  Pitsea             1 – H.E. unexploded on L.M.S. Railway

embankment, 100 yards East of Timberlog Lane Bridge.  No damage or casualties.

15/09/1940    15.30  Herongate     British Hurricane made a forced landing at the rear

of “The Willows Farm”.  Machine and Pilot safe.  Short of petrol.  Took off at 19-40.

15/09/1940    16.50  Basildon        1 – H.E. unexploded in the garden of “Alicia” Clay

Hill.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 5.4.41.

15/09/1940    20.25  Basildon        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field opposite

Basildon Hall near “Beresford”.  No damage or casualties.  (safe 16.12.40).

16/09/1940    02.40  South Weald 1 – H.E. unexploded in a field adjoining Spital Lane

1/4 mile from A 12.  No damage or casualties.  Lane open disposed of B.D.S. 30.3.41.

16/09/1940                Herongate     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 14 yards from Billericay

Road opposite Mount Thrift Farm.  No damage or casualties

16/09/1940   11.55  Foulness       8 – H.Es exploded and about 1000 I.Bs burnt out

Island             near Small Gains Farm.  No damage or casualties.

16/09/1940    21.30  Canvey          5 – H.Es exploded near No 8 Gun Site of

Island             167th R.A. Battery at Northwick.  Slight damage to property, 1 slight casualty (a soldier).

16/09/1940    22.35  Brentwood     1 – A.A. Shell exploded by side of Priests Lane.

Slight damage to property.  1 fatal casualty (Mr Burges)

16/09/1940   23.30  Thundersley 1 – H.E. unexploded in a field at rear of “The

Rookery” Church End.  No damage or casualties.

16/09/1940    23.35  Brentwood     5 – H.Es exploded in Mascalls fields.  2 South of

L.N.E.R. and 3 20 yards North of L.N.E.R. 300 yards West of Mascalls Bridge.  Telephone wires down on Railway.  Damage to property.  4 horses wounded one had to be destroyed.

16/09/1940    23.35  Thundersley 1 – H.E. exploded near Nortons Depository, Bread

& Cheese Hill.  Gas main, overhead telephone and electric cables damaged.  London Road partly blocked.  Depository completely wrecked and a bungalow badly damaged.  1 slight casualty (a female)

16/09/1940    23.40  Thundersley 1 – H.E. unexploded in a field East of “Acacia

Lodge” Mount Road (exploded 08-09 the 17th)  No damage or casualties.

16/09/1940    23.45  South             3 – H.Es exploded in a field near Water Tower.  No

Benfleet         damage or casualties.

16/09/1940    23.55  Thundersley 1 – H.E. unexploded between 2nd & 3rd bungalow

Downer Road, South side of Bread & Cheese Hill.  Damage to property and gas main.  No casualties.

16/09/1940    23.55  Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in back garden of

Carlton Mansion Warley Hill.  No damage or casualties.

16/09/1940    Pitsea                         1 – H.E. exploded on Marshes 600 yards North of

Land Reclamation Works.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    00.01  Childerditch  1 – H.E. exploded 200 yards East of Church, also

12 I.Bs in the vicinity and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 20 yards East of Childerditch Road opposite the Church.  No casualties.  Windows broken in the Rectory.

17/09/1940                Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs failed on Marshes.

50 yards from sea wall and 150 yards West of Fambridge Ferry Steps.  Also 7 I.Bs between Droughton, Seymour, London & Chelmsford Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    00.30  Hadleigh        I.Bs (a number) at “Olaf” Woodfield Road &

vicinity.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

17/09/1940    03.00  North              2 – H.Es exploded in a field at rear of “Homewood”

Benfleet         Thistle Drive & adjoining South View Avenue.  1  Bungalow badly & others slightly damaged.  No casualties.

17/09/1940    03.00  Langdon        5 – H.Es 3 exploded in fields at junction Lewooton

Hills                Land & 2 unexploded at rear of Fobbing Farm.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    03.30  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded and 1 I.B. burnt out in a

Gifford            field, 150 yards from Arterial Road in Church Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    04.25  Canvey          6 – H.Es exploded, 2 at Westwick Farm, 2 at

Island             Hole Haven Creek and 2 H.Es and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out 50 yards of land side of sea wall, 1 mile North of Lobster Smack.  Also a large number of I.Bs near No 8 Gun Site and at Dutch Village.  Damage to property. 2 slight casualties at Winter Gardens.

17/09/1940                Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded near The Forge Coxtie Green

Hatch             Road.  Overhead electric and telephone cables down.  No casualties.

17/09/1940    04.30  Nevendon     2 – H.Es exploded, 1 at Romford Farm and 1

opposite the Post Office.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

17/09/1940                North              2 – A.A. unexploded Shells, 1 is 150 yards North

Benfleet         and 1 1/4 mile North West of “Mona-Bene” Holmfield Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940                Billericay        Three cows electrocuted due to drifting Barrage

Balloon fouling electric cables.

17/09/1940                South             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in the garden of

Benfleet         “Rosemead” London Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    04.30  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Blue House Farm 20

yards North of Railway and 300 yards West of Church Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940                Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded in Old Hall Wood Thorndon

Park near Hatch Farm (believed fell 12th).  No damage or casualties.  Not dealt with 23.7.41

17/09/1940   04.45  North             I.Bs (a number) near North Benfleet Hall Bardfields

Benfleet         Farm Smith’s Farm, Fanton Hall & Cotswold Farm.  No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    05.55  South             4 – H.Es exploded in fields at Jotmans Farm.  No

Benfleet         damage or casualties.

17/09/1940    09.20  Rayleigh        3 – H.Es exploded in a Nursery off Downs Road.  1

slight casualty.  Slight damage to property.

17/09/1940    12.28  Pitsea             Body of German Airman found on Marshes behind

the Land Reclamation Works Ltd.  Parachute partly open.  Rank Captain Ludwig Dethner.  Identity Label A.B.L. 51578 Disc 27697

17/09/1940    20.00  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded 500 yards to rear of Thrift

Cottage.  Also 1 A.A. unexploded Shell in Thrift Wood behind Thrift Cottage Hanging Wood Lane.  No damage or casualties.  A.A. B.D.S. 2.12.40?

17/09/1940   20.30  Herongate     1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in garden of “Berrie House”.

No damage or casualties.

17/09/1940   20.50  Shenfield       1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Clifton House”

Worrin Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

17/09/1940   20.50  Ingrave           2 -H.Es exploded near The Rectory.  Damage to

property.  Electric and telephone cables down.  1 slight casualty.

17/09/1940   21.00  Crays Hill       1 – H.E. exploded in a garden of “Outlands”

Gardeners Lane.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

17/09/1940    21.10  Basildon        1 – H.E. exploded near The Rectory.  Water and

Gas mains damaged.  Sewer damaged.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

17/09/1940    21.20  Basildon        2 – H.Es unexploded in fields at Bury Farm, 1 West

side of Gardeners Lane, 500 yards North of Arterial Road and 1 120 yards South of Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    00.05  Shenfield       2 – H.Es exploded at “Hillrise” & “Kynnersley”

Worrin Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

18/09/1940    00.15  Brentwood     1 – H.E. unexploded in a field at Calcott Hall Farm

Ongar Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940   01.35  North              1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Bardfield Farm.  2

Benfleet         Poultry houses destroyed and windows broken in bungalow.  No casualties.

18/09/1940    01.35  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded 50 yards South of Railway line

and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields 50 yards East of “Gordon House” Timberlog Lane.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    01.40  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded in a field at May Farm Briscoe

Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940   01.48  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded in a field 200 yards from

Felmores Farm Briscoe Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

18/09/1940    02.15  Great Warley I.Bs (a number) in vicinity of Headley Common.

Hedge on fire.  No casualties.

18/09/1940   03.00  Raweth          I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields at Humas’s

Farm Water Lane.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    03.15  South Weald 2 – H.Es unexploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in

fields at Boyles Court.  Water main damaged.  No casualties.

18/09/1940    03.45  Canvey          I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Hole Haven Creek.

Island             No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    12.30  Nevendon     1 – H.E. exploded in a field 120 yards at rear of

Police houses.  Slight damage to Police property.  No casualties.

18/09/1940    16.00  Hawkwell       1 – Cannon Shell unexploded in garden of

“Eltham”.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940                Basildon        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 100 yards North of

Rectory Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940   17.20  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in a field on West Hill Salvation

Army Colony, 200 yards North of Railway lines.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    17.30  Rayleigh        German Airman landed by parachute in a field by

Old Barn Farm Wickford Road.  Abrasions on face.

18/09/1940    17.30  Bowers           German Junkers 88 bomber crashed and burnt out

Gifford            on Marshes South of Railway lines and 1 mile West of Church.  Crew 2 bailed out.  1 Jacob Wene 28 years safe at Maldon, 1 dead at Vange and Gefrey Hans Bushbeck 23 years dead at Billericay Hospital.

18/09/1940    17.30  Thundersley German Airman’s broken parachute straps found

in garden of “Great Tarpots”.  Thought to belong to the dead German at Vange.

18/09/1940                Canvey          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 300 yards from

Island             Central Avenue Winter Gardens.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    20.30  Great Warley 6 – H.Es exploded in vicinity of Susses Road.  6

slight casualties.  Extensive damage to property.

18/09/1940               Rochford       1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on path in allotments at

back of Slomans Cottage Ashingdon Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    20.30  Brentwood     2 – H.Es 1 exploded and 1 unexploded in a field off

Honeypot Lane 20 yards North and 400 yards East of Hill Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940                Vange            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 50 yards South of

Railway Lines Timberlog Lane.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    20.30  Brentwood     1 – H.E. exploded in a disused well at rear of 22

Cromwell Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    20.32  Shenfield       I.Bs (a number) on Shenfield Common on grounds

of Ursuline Convent & Cornslands.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    20.45  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded in a field North of Half-way

House Farm 150 yards from Weald Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    20.58  Rayleigh        A German white silk parachute found at Walfords

Farm Hullbridge Road.

18/09/1940   22.30  Mountnessing          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 15 yards to rear

of 5 Tobey Lane.  In a field of Bakers Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/09/1940    23.15  Brentwood     1 – H.E. unexploded behind Sports Pavilion on Gas

Company Sports Ground.  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940    00.30  Little Warley  4 – H.Es exploded in a field North side of Arterial

Road 1 is 200 yards East and the remainder 500 yards West of Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940    04.00  Hutton             2 – H.Es unexploded, 1 in garden of “Normanhurst”

and 1 in garden of next house.  No damage or casualties.  (Disposed of by B.D.S. 18.10.40?)

19/09/1940    04.00  Shenfield       1 – H.E. unexploded in garden of “Oddicom”

Shenfield Gardens.  No damage or casualties

19/09/1940    04.00  Hutton             7 – H.Es unexploded at Hutton Residential

Schools.  1 through a shelter causing 3 slight casualties.  Slight damage to property.  B.D.S. ?  Some outstanding.

19/09/1940    04.00  Wickford        10 – H.Es, 1 is unexploded.  All in fields 100 yards

from Cemetery Nevendon Road.  No damage or casualties.  17.1.41 B.D.S.

19/09/1940               Wickford        2 – H.Es exploded in a field near “Brentford Lodge”

Nevendon Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

19/09/1940    05.00  Brentwood     1 – H.E. exploded 30 yards North of Railway lines

near Nags Head Lane.  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940   05.00  Little Warley  3 – H.Es exploded, 1 on road and 2 in fields 150

yards West of Warley Crossroads.  Up track S.L.T.  Telephone cables damaged.  No casualties.

19/09/1940   14.00  Basildon        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field at Friens Farm

400 yards South West of Farm house.  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940    21.30  Ramsden       1 – H.E. exploded at rear of “Cassels” Church

Bell House    Road.  Slight damage to property No casualties.

19/09/1940    21.40  Crays Hill       1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in garden of “Woodside”

London Road.  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940    21.40  Foulness       2 – H.Es 1 exploded and 1 unexploded and 1 I.B.

Island             burnt out at Nazewick Farm.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 8.11.41

19/09/1940    21.45  Crays Hill       3 – H.Es exploded on main road.  Crays Hill.  Road

blocked for 500 yards West of Gardeners Lane A.129.  Water and gas mains damaged.  No casualties.

19/09/1940    21.48  North              3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded in Little

Benfleet         Hills meadow Fanton Hall Farm.  1  two near Pylon SEE/PD.11.  Unexploded 50 yards South of Railway bridge (taken away by B.D.S. 12.10.40).  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940    21.50  Doddinghurst            I.Bs (a number) in fields between Outings

Land & Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

19/09/1940    22.05  Downham     I.Bs ( a number) in fields near Hawkeswood Road

& De Beanwood Lane Crows Heath.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    00.45  Pitsea             1 – H.E. unexploded 3/4 mile along inner wall of

Small Gains Creek, East of “Creek House”.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    01.00  Basildon        1 – H.E. exploded at “Gordon Lodge” Rectory

Road.  House demolished.  Road blocked (open 20.9.40).  Water and gas mains damaged, electric cables down.  Slight damage to other houses, 2 slight casualties (shock).

20/09/1940   01.30  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded 40 yards North of Laindon Road

Gifford            and 70 yards East of Sadlers Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    03.15  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Marsh Farm

Brickfields Road.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    04.00  Bowers           2 – H.Es exploded 400 yards South and 250

Gifford            yards South West of Smoky Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    04.49  Canvey          I.Bs (a number) at Waterside Farm.  No damage or

Island             casualties.

20/09/1940    04.50  Canvey          2 – H.Es exploded 300 yards East of No 8 Gun Site

Island             Northwick.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    05.00  Canvey          I.Bs (a number) in fields at Leeches Farm.  No

Island             damage or casualties.

20/09/1940    22.50  Wickford        I.Bs (a number) 75 yards East of Railway Station,

No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940                Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of 88 Costead

Manor Road.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940               Little Warley  1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 300 yards South of

“Beredens” Front Lane.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 3.5.41.

20/09/1940                Ingrave           1 H.E. unexploded in a field at Botany Hill Farm,

35 yards East of Blind Lane & 300 yards North of Botany Hill.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940   23.00  Crays Hill       I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field off Church

Lane.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940   23.00  Mountnessing          1 – H.E. unexploded in a field North East of

Westlands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/09/1940   23.15  Wickford        I.Bs (a number) at rear of “The Chase” London

Road.  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    03.00  Great              1 – H.E. unexploded in a field at Stony Hills Farm.

Warley            No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    03.00  Little                2 – H.Es 1 exploded and 1 unexploded on

Burstead        greensward 400 yards North of junction Dunton and Rectory Roads.  Slight damage to road (the unexploded H.E. exploded 5.10.40 road open).  No casualties.

21/09/1940    03.30  Pitsea             The roof of 8 houses damaged by shrapnel from

A.A. gun fire at Howards Crescent.  No casualties.

21/09/1940   04.00  East                1 – H.E. unexploded on footpath South side of

Horndon        Arterial Road 300 yards East of Moor Lane.  (A.127 closed).  Telephone cables down.  No casualties.

21/09/1940    04.00  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) at Outward Farm.  No damage or

casualties.

21/09/1940    04.20  Crays Hill       I.Bs (a number) between Crays Hall Farm and

“The Parsonage”.  Slight damage to Crays Hall.  No casualties.

21/09/1940               Shenfield       1 – H.E. unexploded under floor of room of “Tirley”

Priests Lane.  Damage to property.  No casualties.  (removed 8.10.40 by B.D.S.)

21/09/1940    20.30  Wickford        1 – H.E. exploded in mid-air at “Westview”, The

Chase London Road.  1 slight casualty.  Slight damage to property.

21/09/1940    21.30  Hockley          1 parachute mine unexploded in garden of

“Mornings Quest” Aldermans Hill Road B.1013 blocked.  No damage or casualties.  (Rendered harmless by Admiralty 22nd removed 24th)

21/09/1940   21.45  Great Warley 2 – H.Es exploded near the Church, Warley Street.

Structural damage doors and windows blown in.  Slight damage to cottages.  No casualties.

21/09/1940    22.00  South             2 – Parachute mines, 1 exploded and 1

Fambridge     unexploded on Beckney Marshes.  11/4 miles South West of South Fambridge Ferry Steps (the unexploded was exploded by B.D.S. 6.10.40).  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    22.09  Rayleigh        1 – Parachute mine unexploded at entrance of the

Recreation ground.  (Rendered harmless by Admiralty 22nd).  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    22.20  Basildon        Damage to roof of Post Office Church Road by

shrapnel  No casualties.

21/09/1940    22.28  Wickford        1 – Parachute mine exploded 100 yards West of

Elder Avenue.  Damage to property, 3 slight casualties.

21/09/1940   22.35  Nevendon     1 – Parachute mine exploded in mid-air 50 yards

South of Nevendon Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    22.50  Laindon         1 – Parachute mine unexploded 75 yards North

West end of Bourne Avenue (exploded by Admiralty 27th).  Extensive damage to property.  No casualties.

21/09/1940               South             1 – Parachute mine unexploded at Jotmans Lane

Benfleet         300 yards from Railway bridge and 40 feet from Railway.  Train service suspended  (rendered harmless by Admiralty and burnt by B.D.S. 7.10.40)  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    23.00  Basildon        1 – Parachute mine exploded 50 yards West of

Honeypot Lane Basildon Road (rendered safe by Admiralty 26th and burnt by B.D.S. 26th November 1940)  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940    23.00  Basildon        1 – Parachute mine unexploded in a field 70 yards

East of Honeypot Lane.  No parachute attached (rendered safe by Admiralty 23rd and destroyed by burning by B.D.S. 7.10.40).  No damage or casualties.

21/09/1940   23.00  Laindon         1 – Parachute mine unexploded in a field North

side of Dunton Road 300 yards West of Fortune-of-War P.H.  (Dunton Road blocked between Fortune-of-War and Rectory Road)  Mine exploded 16-00 the 22nd.  Damage to 30 houses 2 children killed (Patrick G Cooksey, 15 years and James H Howard 14 year)  Identification circumstantial.

22/09/1940    00.27  Canvey          1 – H.E. exploded on a domestic shelter in garden

Island                         of “Fenwick” Church Parade Winter Gardens.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

22/09/1940    21.00  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. unexploded in part of field 200 yards North

Hatch             of White Horse P.H. and 300 yards from road.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940    08.30  Laindon         Electric cables damaged by shrapnel from A.A.

gun fire in Elizabeth Drive 100 yards East of Northumberland Avenue.  No casualties.

23/09/1940               Laindon         1 – H.E. exploded in a field 300 yards South of

Arterial Road and 50 yards West of Lower Dunton Road.  Slight damage to property, no casualties.

23/09/1940               Coxtie Green 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 100 yards

South of Coxtie Green Road and 100 yards East of Park Lane.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940               North              1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a ditch on North side

Benfleet         of Burnt Mills Road.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940                Great Warley 1 – H.E. and 1 – A.A. Shell both unexploded in

garden of “Woodside Cottage” Warley Road Upminster Common.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940   21.30  Little Warley  1 – Parachute mine exploded near Little Warley

Hall.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940    21.30  South Weald 1 – H.E. unexploded in Workers field 100 yards

from Lincoln Road and 100 yards from Workers Cottage.  No damage or casualties (exploded by B.D.S. 24.9.40).

23/09/1940    21.30  Coxtie Green 1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 200 yards West of

Lincoln Farm.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940    Night  Vange            Horse killed by shrapnel 4 inches long through

corrugated iron roof of stables at “Longmond” Ravens Court Drive.

23/09/1940   22.30  South Weald I.Bs (a number) in fields and gardens at Weald

Side.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940    22.30  Shenfield       3 – H.Es exploded and 3 Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields

at Palmers Farm.  4 cows, 2 heifers and 1 bullock slaughtered and 1 heifer slightly injured.

23/09/1940                Mountnessing          1 – H.E. unexploded at South West corner

of field at junction of Mountnessing Road and Padhams corner near Buttsbury Wash.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940   22.35  Herongate     3 – H.Es exploded in a field 30 yards South of “Old

Ship Cottage” Hatch Farm.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940               Mountnessing          3 – H.Es exploded in a field 500 yards East

of Westland Farm.  No damage or casualties.

23/09/1940   23.40  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out on lawn

of “Norsey Manor”  Slight damage to property, no casualties.

23/09/1940    23.59  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded in gardens of “Belvedere” and

“Banlah” Jacksons Lane.  Shed demolished and slight damage to other property.  No casualties.

23/09/1940   24.00  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded in a field 40 yards from

Childerditch Hall and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in Wilson’s Orchard Childerditch.  No damage or casualties.

24/09/1940    08.45  Herongate     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of “Lokaja”

No damage or casualties.

24/09/1940    09.00  Billericay        A British aeroplane engine found in a field 300

yards West of Mill Hill Wood.

24/09/1940    09.30  East Horndon           1 – A.A. unexploded Shell near hedge on

West side of Moor Lane opposite Folfs Farm (road closed) open 18-10 24th.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 16.10.41

24/09/1940                Laindon         1 – A.A. exploded Shell in garden of

“Avonlea” Highwich Drive Primrose Estate.  No damage or casualties.

24/09/1940    20.45  Raweth          11 – H.Es 1 exploded between Council houses and

Gooses Cottages, 8 exploded and 2 unexploded in fields between Burrels Farm and Beeches Road Crossing Road A. 130.  No damage or casualties.  (Unexploded disposed of by B.D.S. 4.10.40)

24/09/1940                Coxtie Green 2 – A.A. unexploded Shells at Coxtie Green Farm,

100 yards from road.

24/09/1940   21.30  Great Warley 1 – Parachute mine unexploded in Hartswood.  No

damage or casualties.  (exploded 29th by R.Es damage to property).

24/09/1940   21.45  Little Warley  Damage to roof and windows at Little Warley Hall

and cottages nearby.  Cause (H.E. on Upminster beat. No casualties.

24/09/1940   21.45  East Horndon           2 – H.Es exploded on permanent way of

LMSR 200 yards West of bridge over Little Warley Lane.  Light engine derailed.  No casualties.  (Line open 26th)

24/09/1940    22.00  Wickford        2 – H.Es exploded in a field West of 5th Avenue

Shotgate.  No damage or casualties.

24/09/1940    22.55  Little                1 – Parachute mine exploded in a field 400 yards

Burstead        South West of St Margarettes Farm.  6 sheep destroyed.

24/09/1940    23.05  Little                I.Bs ( a number) in fields at Botony Hill Farm.  No

Burstead        damage or casualties.

24/09/1940    23.10  Crays Hill       1 – Parachute mine unexploded 30 yards from a

house and 100 yards South of A.129 Wickford to Billericay (road blocked)  (exploded 4.10.40 by B.D.S.)  Telephone wires down 50 houses damaged, 7 seriously.   No casualties.

25/09/1940   08.05  Hutton            1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 20 yards North of Collins

Farm.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 30.4.41

25/09/1940                Laindon         1 – A.A. unexploded 70 yards South of junction Dry

Street and Leawooton.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940                Laindon         1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on footpath outside

“Fraji”.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940    13.30  Raweth          1 – H.E. exploded 100 yards East of Highlands

Farm.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940   21.30  Coxtie Green 2 – H.Es exploded in a field opposite Gilstead Hall

300 yards from road on Mc Turks land.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940   22.30  Mountnessing          1 – Parachute mine exploded in mid-air over

fields at rear of Woodlands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940   22.30  Mountnessing          1 – Parachute mine unexploded in a field at

rear of Bullmans Farm Swallows Cross.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940   23.20  Billericay        1 – Parachute mine exploded in mid-air between

Mountnessing Road and Western Road.  No damage or casualties.

25/09/1940    23.25  Billericay        1 – Parachute mine exploded at rear of “Kiaora”

South Green 1 slight casualty 25 houses badly damaged.

25/09/1940   23.30  Great              1 – Parachute mine exploded 100 yards South of

Burstead        road A.129, opposite Culle’s Metal Works.  Factory damaged extensive damage to houses.  40 people homeless, 6 slight casualties.

26/09/1940    01.15  Foulness       8 – H.Es exploded near Military Road at Landwick.

Island             No damage or casualties.

26/09/1940    02.15  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Parva” South View

Road.  Extensive damage to property.  No casualties.

26/09/1940               Little                1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of “Clements”

Burstead        Broomhill Estate.  No damage or casualties.

26/09/1940                Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 500 yards North of Land

Reclamation Works Ltd. And 400 yards East of Sea Transport Stores.  No damage or casualties.

26/09/1940    15.25  Basildon        1 – H.E. exploded in a field 500 yards North West

of junction Gardeners & Rectory Lanes.  No damage or casualties.

26/09/1940                Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 40 yards South

of Codham Hall Lane and 1/4 mile West of Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

26/09/1940    21.40  Vange            1- Parachute mine exploded in a field at Tomkins

Farm 600 yards from A.13.  1 horse and 7 cows killed others injured.  Extensive damage to property.

26/09/1940    22.00  Downham     1 – Parachute mine exploded near “Kites”.  No

damage or casualties.

26/09/1940   22.00  Ramsden       1 – Parachute mine exploded in a field 300 yards

Heath East of Church Road.  Damage to Police houses.  No casualties.

26/09/1940    22.00  Laindon         1 – Parachute mine unexploded in a field between

Leatwooton Lane and Bell Hill Road 600 yards North of Dry Street.  Road closed.  (rendered safe by Admiralty 27th, road open exploded 5.10.40.  No damage or casualties.

27/09/1940    02.00  Pitsea             3 – H.Es exploded on Marshes 1/4 mile East of

Sea Transport Stores.  No damage or casualties.

27/09/1940                Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded 100 yards North and 1 – A.A.

unexploded Shell 1/4 mile West of Cresseys Farm.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 30.4.41

27/09/1940                Thundersley Damage to roof and property by shrapnel at

“Highfield” Rayleigh Road.  No casualties.

27/09/1940    Night  Brentwood     1 – Parachute mine unexploded in Donkeyland

Plantation.  No damage or casualties.  (exploded by R.Es 29th Damage to surrounding property).

27/09/1940               East                1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 1/4 mile East of

Horndon        Dunton Hills Farm house.  No damage or casualties.

28/09/1940    01.25  Ramsden       2 – H.Es exploded.  1 Fourty acre plantation and 1

Heath             in field off Outward Common Road.  Slight damage to property.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

28/09/1940    02.15  Great Warley I.Bs (a number) in vicinity of Woodman Road and

Headley Chase.  No damage or casualties.

28/09/1940    02.20  Downham     5 – H.Es exploded. 1 is 10 feet from Railway 300

yards West of Castledon Road Bridge and 4 in lane to “De Beavoir House”.  Extensive damage to property.  No casualties.

28/09/1940   04.00  Pitsea             No 4 Haywards Crescent (Council Property)

damaged by shrapnel to roof.  No casualties.

28/09/1940    04.05  Ramsden       I.Bs (a number) in a field 1/4 mile North of the

Heath             Searchlight Post near Mill Lane.  “Longleigh” a bungalow burnt out.  No casualties.

28/09/1940    09.00  East                1 -A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 100 yards North

Horndon        of L.M.S. Railway and 100 yards West of Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties.

28/09/1940   23.10  Thundersley Roof of “Hillside” Rayleigh Road damaged by

shrapnel.  No casualties.

29/09/1940    06.45  Rayleigh        1 – I.B burnt out in a garden at rear of bungalow in

Nelson Road.  No damage or casualties.

29/09/1940    07.15  Hockley          I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields of Lovedowns

Farm Lower Road.  Also machine gunning of cattle and buildings.  No damage or casualties.

29/09/1940                Rayleigh        1 – I.B. unburnt in hedge at Trinity Road.  No

damage or casualties.  (deposited at Rochford Police Station)

29/09/1940                South             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field at “Rochetts”

Weald             Near Searchlight Post 30 yards from road.  No                                                              damage or casualties.

30/09/1940                Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 10 yards South

East of electric light pole at corner of wood near “Warley Lodge” stables.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 28.4.41

30/09/1940    17.35  Nevendon     Parachute of pilot and engine of a Spitfire which

crashed 5.9.40, found in a field at Nevendon.

The Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely in the air. The Royal Air Force (RAF) defended Britain against large scale attacks by the Luftwaffe, Germany’s air force. The battle’s duration lasted from 10th July 1940 until the 30th October 1940 which was overlapped by the period of The Blitz. Lasting from the 7th September 1940 until the 11th May 1941 the Blitz was an attack of continued night-time bombing operations on Britain when daylight attacks proved to be unsustainable. The Battle of Britain and the Blitz marked the first major defeat of Germany’ military forces when their operations failed to give Germany air superiority over Britain. The planned land invasion of Britain, code-named Operation Sea Lion, was cancelled on 17th September 1940 and was never put into action.

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With the fall of France in June 1940, German dictator Adolf Hitler wanted to humiliate France by having them sign the surrender document in the same carriage and the same siding that Germany had signed the Armistice in 1918. Hitler then turned his attention to Britain where he believed he could attain a swift victory to concentrate on territories to the east. He ordered the occupation of the Channel Islands. On the 28th June 1940 the Germans bombed the islands and full occupation was completed by the 4th July 1940. The Channel Islands were the only part of Britain to be occupied.

On the 2nd July 1940 Hitler ordered the German “High Command of the Armed Forces” to begin preliminary planning for the invasion of Britain code-named Operation Sea Lion. The Luftwaffe bombed the Welsh city of Cardiff on the 3rd, 10th and 12th July 1940 with the dock areas primarily the target as they were the largest coal-port in the world. Cardiff was confirmed as the capital of Wales in 1955.

Further bombing by the Luftwaffe targeting mainly coastal-shipping convoys and ports began on the 10th July1940. The Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the attacks on the south coast. The forthcoming battle took its name from Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s speech to the House of Commons on the 18th June 1940. Churchill’s speech was – “What General Weygand called the Battle of France is over. I expect the Battle of Britain is about to begin”.

Failure to achieve air superiority and bad weather over the Channel resulted in the postponement, on the 5th August 1940, of the invasion of Britain. The Battle of Britain began on the 13th August 1940 when the Luftwaffe began a two week assault which focussed their bombing raids on British airfields and radar stations in preparation for an invasion. German bombers, even though they had fighter escorts, took massive losses when British fighters were waiting for them owing to the information received from their radar stations. Downed RAF pilots on home soil could fight again while German pilots became prisoners of war. By the 15th August 1940 the Luftwaffe abandoned the air attacks on the radar stations to concentrate on RAF bases. They were hampered by poor aircraft range and the British extensive use of radar.

In a speech to the House of Commons on the 20th August 1940 Churchill gave his famous speech about “The Few” referring to the RAF crews who were fighting the Battle of Britain.

On the 25th August 1940 the Luftwaffe bombed St. Giles Cripplegate Church located in the City of London at Moorgate. Whether the bombing was deliberate or not will never be known but the target was well away from any industrial sites. On the 25th August 1940 Churchill ordered the bombing of Berlin as retaliation and on the 26th August 1940 British bombers flew over for the first time. Only superficial damage was done but the raid was a success. Inefficient use of searchlights and anti-aircraft guns enabled the British bombers to return

On the 3rd September 1940 having failed to gain control of the skies over Britain Hitler ordered a postponement of the invasion of Britain. By the 10th September 1940 Hitler agreed the invasion should begin on the 14th September 1940. The navy proposed a revised date of the 24th September 1940 as they did not have sufficient landing craft ready and were waiting for the correct tides in the Channel and hoping for decent weather. In the meantime, the Luftwaffe was instructed to intensify the air raids on Britain. By the 17th September 1940 Hitler was convinced Operation Sea Lion was not viable and therefore postponed the invasion of Britain indefinitely.

On the 10th September 1940 the Corpa Aereo Itataliano (CAI) was formed after Italian dictator Benito Mussolini insisted an element of the Italian Air Force should assist his German ally during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz.

On the night of the 24th /25th October 1940 the Italian Air Force conducted their first raid on Britain when they attacked Harwich and Felixstowe. Their next major operations on the 29th October 1940 when Italian bombers escorted by fighter aircraft bombed Ramsgate.

The Battle of Britain ended on the 31st October 1940 when just 3000 RAF pilots broke the will of the Luftwaffe. The bombing raids were changed from day-light to night-time attacks against London on the 7th September 1940 known as the Blitz.

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BATTLE OF BRITAIN DAY

Battle of Britain Day is given to the day of the large-scale aerial battle that took place on the 15th September 1940. The climax of the Battle of Britain was when the Luftwaffe embarked on a large all-out attack against London where 1,500 aircraft took part in the air battles, which lasted until dusk. The designated annual commemoration of BATTLE OF BRITAIN DAY is therefore the 15th September.

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THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC

THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC

A major part of the naval history of the Second World War was the Battle of the Atlantic. Included in this theatre of war was the North Sea. The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.

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1940

(July to December)

On the 2nd July 1940 Adolf Hitler ordered the German High Command to prepare for Operation Sea Lion. Part of the preparation was that minefields and U-boats would be positioned in the English Channel to limit the threat posed by the Royal Navy.

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On the 1st August 1940 the Italian Royal Navy established a submarine base at Betasom near Bordeaux. In accordance with the signing of the Pact of Steel with Germany in June 1939, Italy was expected to participate in the Battle of the Atlantic when they entered the war in June 1940 on the side of the Germans.

A British destroyer flotilla sailed from Immingham to the Dutch coast to lay mines on the 31st August 1940. Reconnaissance aircraft had located a German force heading for Britain. The flotilla was ordered to intercept but before engaging with the enemy they ran into an unchartered minefield. Two destroyers were sunk and another had to be towed back to their base. The German invasion force turned out to be a small mine-laying unit transferring from Cuxhaven to Rotterdam.

American President Roosevelt approved the “Destroyer for Bases Agreement” on the 30th August 1940. America exchanged fifty destroyers for the right to operate, either naval or air bases, on nine various British colonies near the U.S. eastern coastline.

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In the month of October 1940 German U-boats inflicted heavy convoy losses in the Atlantic as they sank 39 allied vessels.

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Acting Captain Edward Steven Fogarty Fegan was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on the 5th November 1940. Fegan commanded the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay who was escorting a convoy of thirty seven ships in the North Atlantic. When they were attacked by German pocket Battleship Admiral Scheer, Jervis Bay immediately engaged with the enemy head on and maintained an unequal battle for three hours. This engagement gave the convoy time to scatter. When the out-gunned and burning Jervis Bay finally sank, the badly wounded Fegan went down with his ship.

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During the course of December 1940 a total of forty one ships (234,707 tons) were sunk by German U-boats with a further nine ships (73,141 tons) damaged. The total number of ships damaged or sunk in 1940 was five hundred and sixty three.

 

 

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THE SECOND WORLD WAR September 1940

 

THE SECOND WORLD WAR September 1940

(Britain)

Radio Belgique was established on the 18th September`1940 and the first broadcast from the BBC in London was on the 28th September 1940 to Nazi-occupied Belgium. The broadcast was in French and Dutch with Victor de Laveleye in control of the French service and Jan Moedwil in control of the Dutch service. The Germans immediately created a collaborationist radio station to the Belgian audience to obviate the potential effect Radio Belgique could have on their control of information broadcasted to the occupied country.

On the 23rd September 1940 the British and Free French Force troops attempted landing at the port of Dakar in French West Africa. Brigadier Charles de Gaulle believed he could persuade the Vichy French forces in Dakar to join the Allies as this would have caused a great deal of political upset for the Vichy French colony. To achieve this the Allies decided to send a task force, accompanied by the British aircraft carrier Ark Royal, to Dakar with orders to negotiate with the Vichy French governor for a peaceful occupation. If this proved not to be successful the city would be taken by force. British Fleet Air Arm aircraft dropped propaganda leaflets over Dakar followed by Free French aircraft flying off HMS Ark Royal and landing at Dakar airport and whose crews were immediately taken prisoner. A boat with a representative of General de Gaulle entered the port but it was fired on by the Vichy French defenders. An engagement between the British fleet and the shore batteries lasted for several hours. Vichy destroyer L’Audacieux was hit and had to be beached and two Vichy submarines were sunk. Overall, the attack on Dakar did not go well for the Allies as the Vichy forces did not back down. Of the Allied battleships, HMS Resolution was torpedoed and HMS Barham was hit by two shells from the shore batteries. British cruisers HMS Australia and Cumberland were also damaged. Simultaneously an attempt was made by Free French troops to attack coastal defences but fog and the Vichy defenders continued to halt the attack. Eventually General de Gaulle called off the assault on the 25th September 1940, leaving Dakar and French West Africa in Vichy hands.

 

King George VI inaugurated the award of the George Cross on the 24th September 1940 in recognition of the bravery of civilians. An important factor for keeping up public morale was when the King and Queen Elizabeth stayed in London during the Blitz. On the 10th September 1940 Buckingham Palace was bombed and the Royal Chapel was destroyed on the 13th September 1940. After the raids Queen Elizabeth declared:  “I’m glad we have been bombed. Now I can look the East End in the face”. German dictator Adolf Hitler considered the Queen ‘to be the most dangerous woman in Europe’ with her ability to boost the morale of her citizens during their darkest hour.

Following the attack by the Germans and retaliation by the British for the bombing of Cripplegate Church in London in August 1940, Britain began large scale bombing raids on Berlin in September 1940. Little damage was achieved owing to inferior nocturnal navigation and bomb aiming and daylight raids produced unacceptable heavy losses to British aircraft. Following the fall of France, Britain had no other means of carrying the war to Germany and therefore bombing was seen as the only option. When the Second World War began American President Roosevelt requested that all major participants confined their air raids to military targets. America it this stage of the war was neutral. Britain and France agreed to this request providing their opponents did the same.

September 1940 saw the escalation of heavy losses to convoys in the Atlantic by German U-boats. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill wrote that “the only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril”. While Britain was winning the Battle of Britain in the air the U-boats, using their brand new bases in France, attacked ships almost at will. The Royal Navy was at full stretch with patrolling the Atlantic and the Mediterranean since Italy had joined forces with Germany.  For the first time in September 1940 the U-boats began using “wolf pack” tactics to attack convoys sailing from North America to Britain. The convoys at times suffered as much as 20% losses of heavily-laden cargo ships.  During the period from July to September 1940 German naval commanders referred to these times as “the happy time” with the main target being oil tankers. The highest recorded losses were 11 ships on the 26th September 1940 and 12 ships on the 7th September 1940.

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(France)

In retaliation for the assault on Dakar by the Allies on the 24th September 1940 the Vichy French Air Force, based in North Africa, bombed the British base at Gibraltar. Fifty aircraft dropped 150 bombs on the dockyards and harbour and on the 25th September 1940 a further one hundred aircraft dropped 300 bomb on the same targets. Some damage was caused but there were few casualties suffered as most of the bombs missed their targets.

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(Germany)

On the 1st September 1940 the German government ordered all Jewish people to wear yellow stars of David. After the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, France and Belgium during May/June 1940, anti-Jewish policies were gradually implemented. Racial legislation and discrimination became more prevalent with all Jews forced to register with the German authorities. The dispossession of Jewish assets was the beginning of the preparation for the deportation to the Death Camps.

Hitler called for Operation Sea Lion to be postponed on the 3rd September 1940. Operation Sea Lion was the German codename for the invasion of Britain. With the Luftwaffe struggling for air supremacy over Britain, Germany was ill-prepared for an invasion. They were ill-prepared because of the waning strength of the Luftwaffe and the Kriegsmarine (Germany Navy) having suffered heavy losses at the Battle of Norway a few months earlier. Without any practical experience to land an amphibious attack, and lacking purpose built landing craft, the Kriegsmarine assembled over 2,000 river barges which would need to be towed by tugs. Although modified the barges had poor seagoing characteristics totally unsuitable for the bad weather that can occur in the English Channel in September. By early September 1940 Germany had also assembled 168 transport ships. For the tides to be right to facilitate landing troops on the south coast of England they would have to wait until late September 1940. The invasion was not a practical proposition and was postponed.

The invasion plans having been suspended, Hitler turned his attention to destroying London in an attempt to demoralise the population and force the British to come to terms. Hitler’s determination to disable Britain may actually have strengthened Britain’s determination to fight. From the 7th September 1940 bombing raids on London began. German Dictator Adolf Hitler had ordered a new policy the previous day that the strategy, known as “The Blitz”, whereby London was to be attacked in order to draw RAF Fighter Command away from the airfields of southern England. London was systematically bombed by the Luftwaffe for 56 out of the following 57 days or nights.

The German high command had agreed the invasion of Britain should begin on the 14th September 1940. The navy made revisions to their schedule and set the date back until the 24th September 1940 when the tides would be favourable for a German invasion. Air superiority had not been achieved by the 14th September 1940 and Hitler ordered Hermann Göring, commander of the Luftwaffe, to intensify the air raids.

The large-scale daylight attack of London on 15th September 1940 was the most notable but the Luftwaffe suffered significant losses for very little lasting gain. In order to evade attack by RAF fighters the Luftwaffe gradually decreased their daylight raids. By October 1940 the Blitz became a night bombing campaign. The 15th September annually is remembered as the Battle of Britain Day.

By the 17th September 1940 Hitler was convinced the invasion was not a viable proposition as the three branches of the armed forces had not co-ordinated their plans properly. He therefore postponed Operation Sea Lion indefinitely.

In Berlin on the 27th September 1940 the Tripartite Act was signed by Germany, Italy and Japan. The pact was an agreement directed primarily at the United States of America. As the theatres of war were on the opposite sides of the world the practical effect of the pact was minimal. The pact stated that Japan recognised the leadership of Germany and Italy in the establishment of a new European order. Conversely, Germany and Italy recognised the leadership of Japan in the establishment of a new Greater East Asia order. With the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour and the declaration of war in 1941 against the United States, the Tripartite Act did not require a similar declaration of war from Germany and Italy.

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(Italy)

The Italian invasion of Egypt lasted from the 13th to the 16th September 1940 and was a strategic operation against the British. Italy had enjoyed a long term presence in North Africa as they had occupied Libya since 1932. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was determined to expand that presence by invading and seizing Egypt during the North African campaign. In 1936 a British-Egyptian agreement was signed whereby Britain had the right to occupy Egyptian territory in the event of a threat to the Suez Canal. Following Italy’s declaration of war against Britain the Egyptian parliament broke off diplomatic relations with Italy. On the 9th September 1940 bombers of the Italian Royal Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) attacked British airfields in Egypt and the British retaliated by launching air strikes against Italian airfields , supply  points and the concentration of troops. Although vastly outnumbered the small British defence force resisting the Italians were forced to retreat to the east. When the Italians occupied the previously held British territory the British retreated further until they reached the prepared positions near the city of Mersa Matruh. The Italians followed but the invasion of Egypt had stalled on the 16th September 1940. After the Italians had followed the British retreat having marched approximately 50 miles they halted and called off the invasion. The Italians were not able to achieve success during this operation owing to the indecisiveness of the Italian command coupled with the fact they had insufficient armament and transportation.

On the 9th September 1940 a bombing raid on Tel Aviv caused the death of 137 civilians. In Palestine the Italian Air Force bombed the city in an effort to strike at Britain and the Commonwealth throughout the Middle East. Tel Aviv was targeted because the Italian bombers were intercepted by British aircraft. The bombers were forced to turn back from their intended targets of port and refineries of Haifa and received orders to drop their bombs on the port of Tel Aviv. The civilian area was where the bombs landed instead of the intended target of the port of Tel Aviv.

On the 10th September 1940 the Corpa Aereo Italiano (CAI) was formed after Mussolini insisted that an element of the Italian Air Force should assist his German ally during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz. The CAI achieved limited success during its brief existence as it was generally hampered by the inadequacy of its equipment.

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(Other Theatres of War)

In Romania on the 6th September 1940 King Carol II abdicated. During the coup d’état of 1930 Prince Carol declared himself King Carol II. He encouraged the development of a modern economy, cultural initiative and maintained alliances with France and her allies in Eastern Europe. His growing admiration of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and the increasing agreements with Nazi-Germany including anti-Semitism plus the political unrest in Romania he declared himself a dictator. Following disagreements with France in July 1940 King Carol II announced that Romanian alliance would be with Germany but political unrest demanded his abdication in favour of his son King Michael I. After the abdication King Carol II went into exile settling in Mexico.

In America on the 16th September 1940 selective peacetime conscription began with the “Selective Training and Service Act of 1940”. President Roosevelt signed this act which was the first peacetime conscription in United States history. Conscription required the registration of all men between the ages of 21 and 35 with the selection for one year’s service by national lottery. When Germany conquered France many Americans supported the return of conscription as they believed that a German-Italian victory would endanger the U.S.

The Japanese invasion of French Indochina began on the 22nd September 1940 and the fighting continued until the 28th September 1940. The fighting was an undeclared confrontation and the main Japanese objective was to prevent the Republic of China from importing arms and fuel and thereby blockading China. On the 25th September 1940 the French administration in Indochina officially handed over the territory to Japanese control. In the meantime, Japanese troops occupied the airfield outside Hanoi together with several rail marshalling yards and by October 1940 the Japanese were running Indochina.

On the 28th September 1940 German- occupied Norway appointed Vidkun Quisling as Head of State who led his fascist collaborationist government to power. The Quisling Regime, as it became known, was to remain in power until May 1945 when the Second World War in Europe ended.

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Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service August 1940.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service August 1940.

 

 

Date                Time   Location         Damage

 

01/08/1940    02.04  Little Warley  4 – H.Es Whistling type in orchard at Little Warley

Hall.  No damage or casualties.

02/08/1940                Hadleigh        1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 30 yards East of

Florence Gardens.  No damage or casualties.

03/08/1940    21.00  Canvey          Barrage Balloon drifting from barge.  Struck by

Island             lightening and destroyed off Coryton.

03/08/1940    21.45  Hutton            4 – H.Es 2 are unexploded in garden of Hillwood

and Redbourne.  Garage damaged.  1 exploded at Pea Hill Wood (slight damage to house)  1 exploded at junction of Hillwood and Ridgeway.  Gas water and telephone wires damaged.  Hillwood Grove closed.

03/08/1940    21.50  Langdon        5 – H.Es 1is unexploded near Goldsmiths.  No

Hills                damage or casualties.

03/08/1940    23.35  Rochford       British Spitfire crashed at Tinkers Lane.  Squadron

Leader Sayers killed.

06/08/1940    10.43  Canvey          Barrage Balloon grounded at Hole Haven.

Island

09/08/1940    22.45  Foulness       6 – H.Es 5 in a field and 1 in the sea at Fishermans

Island             Head.  No damage or casualties.

09/08/1940    23.35  Barling           3 – H.Es (Whistling Type) unexploded in fields near

Kingsmead Cottage and Ropers Farm.  No casualties or damage.

10/08/1940    01.09  Downham     4 – H.Es 1 unexploded in a field at Fremnetts Farm

(Safe 11th Inst)  House damaged.  Telephone, electric cable and gas main damaged.  3 horses injured.

10/08/1940    01.35  Brentwood     Barrage Balloon grounded in cricket ground of the

Mental Hospital.

10/08/1940    08.15  Sutton            Barrage Balloon caught and grounded on

Overhead Aeroplane Trap wire at Fleet Hall Farm.

14/08/1940                Paglesham    1 – H.E. unexploded near High House Farm.  No

damage or casualties.

15/08/1940                South Weald 3 – I.Bs between Spital Lane and Park Farm

Doddinghurst.  No damage or casualties.

16/08/1940    12.40  Crays Hill       1 – A.A. unexploded shell at Gurnards Farm near

White Bridge.  No damage or casualties.

16/08/1940    13.55  Little Warley  2 – H.Es unexploded in field.  1 150 yards South

and 1 200 yards South East of Blue House Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/08/1940    13.15  Pitsea             3 – A.A. unexploded shells.  2 on Marshes and 1 in

garden of Springfield.  No casualties or damage.  B.D.S. 18/8/40

18/08/1940    17.35  Foulness       German Heinkel bomber shot down at Gains

Island             Farm.  Crew 2 injured and 3 uninjured taken prisoner.

18/08/1940    17.40  Fambridge     British Spitfire shot down.  Plane landed in Malden.

Squadron Leader J. Gordon of North Weald landed by parachute, suffering slight burns.

19/08/1940    00.10  Canvey          A.A. Nose Cap at “Shell Beech”.  Telephone and

Island             house rafters damaged.  No casualties.

19/08/1940    00.10  Canvey          6 – H.Es 1 is unexploded in a lake at Lakeside

Island             End.  2 exploded North of Dutch Village, 1 at Tewkes Creek, 2 in garden of “Meleta” Liege Avenue (slight damage and 1 slight casualty a female of 34 years) also a large number of I.Bs at the Winter Gardens.  Grass fires and haystack damaged by fire.

19/08/1940    01.00  Paglesham    7 – H.Es 1 is unexploded in a pool and 5 exploded

in Waterside Lane.  Tiles and windows broken in cottages.  Also 20 I.Bs on South Hall Marshes.  No casualties.

19/08/1940    01.00  Potton Island 1 – H.E. unexploded in a field opposite Oyster Bed.

No damage or casualties.

19/08/1940    01.00  Paglesham    I.Bs 60 or 70 at East End.  No casualties or

damage.

19/08/1940    01.20  Potton Island 1 – Oil I.B on North side of Sea Wall.  Slight

damage to sea wall.  No casualties.

19/08/1940    01.21  Foulness       1 – H.E. unexploded in a field between Little and

Island             Great Shalford.  No damage or casualties.

20/08/1940    17.00  Haven Gore British Spitfire shot down. Pilot safe, slight injury.

Island

21/08/1940    12.44  Brentwood     2 – H.E.s 1 is 300 yards East of Railway Station on

embankment. L.N.E.R. partly blocked by a tree and debris And 1 at Myrtle Road.  4 houses demolished and 4 badly damaged.  5 slight casualties.

23/08/1940    06.15  Laindon         Barrage Balloon drifting in a South Easterly

direction.

24/08/1940    16.00  Barling           I.Bx number unknown.  No casualties.  Gorse fire.

24/08/1940    16.01  Canewdon    German Messerschmitt 109 crashed 400 yards

outside RAF Station.  Pilot safe.

24/08/1940    16.02  Great              German Bomber shot down at Senns Farm.  Crew

Wakering       3 captured.

26/08/1940    15.25  Pitsea             British Hurricane crashed.  Number of plane

P.3966.  Pilot safe.

26/08/1940    15.25  Great Warley 70 – H.Es 51 in the vicinity of Warley Common, 14

at Pump Farm.  2 unexploded at the Croft and 1 100 yards South of Horton Road.  Also 17 I.Bs between The Mental Hospital and Warley Barracks.  Water main damaged.  Road A.186 closed, 1 house badly damaged and 5 slightly.  5 casualties, 2 serious (Road open 29/8/40).  Bombs safe 13/9/40.

26/08/1940    15.25  South Weald 13 – I.Bs 4 at Rochetts, 9 in fields between Spital

Lane and The Vicarage Lane.  No casualties or damage.

26/08/1940    15.45  Rochford       German Dornier 17 crashed on Aerodrome.  Crew

2 injured and 2 prisoners safe.

26/08/1940    15.46  Foulness       British Hurricane crashed.  Machine badly

Island             damaged.  Pilot safe.

26/08/1940    15.47  Little Warley  1 – H.E. unexploded in a field at Little Bassetts. No

damage or casualties.

26/08/1940    15.48  Rochford       Machine gun bullets.  Civilian wounded.

27/08/1940    02.20  Mountnessing          2 – H.Es 1 is unexploded in garden of “The

Rest” and 1 exploded on greensward at Fitzwalters Corner.  Gas, water and telephone cable damaged.  No casualties.  Road A.12 partly closed.

27/08/1940    02.21  Coxtie Green 2 -A.A. unexploded shells 1st Big field C/Green

Farm 2nd front Meadow Lincoln Farm.

28/08/1940    12.53  Great              1 – A.A. unexploded shell in cabbage field 150

Wakering       yards North West of Trotters Farm.  No casualties or damage.

28/08/1940    12.54  Rochford       58 – H.Es 18 on Aerodrome, 2 unexploded on Golf

Course, 3 on Southend Road B.1013 at Warners Bridge, 2 Ashingdon Road, 6 exploded and 1 unexploded on Railway Lines and 26 in vicinity of Rectory Road.  Railway Line blocked near aerodrome.  Rectory Road and B.1013 blocked.  Water, gas, electric and telephone services damaged.  Farm buildings on golf course damaged.  3 houses demolished, 6 badly damaged 2 stacks fired.  The Oxford Social Club demolished, 4 casualties slight.  Rectory Road open 5/9/40

28/08/1940    12.58  Hawkwell       5 – H.Es 2 unexploded and 1 exploded in garden at

Harwood Avenue and 2 exploded between Old Cottage, Iron Lane and Railway Station.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

28/08/1940    12.59  Rochford       1 – H.E. unexploded in a field near Showman

Cottage Asking Road, 200 yards South of Holt Farm.  No damage or casualties.

28/08/1940    13.00  Wallasea        33 – H.Es 17 are unexploded 200 yards East of

Island             Tile Barn Farm.  No damage or casualties.

28/08/1940    13.00  Foulness       5 – H.Es 1 is unexploded at Rugwood.  Remainder

Island             at White Houses and Marshes.  No casualties or damage

29/08/1940    00.12  Sutton            4 – H.Es2 are unexploded at Flat Hall Farm.  No

damage or casualties

29/08/1940    00.12  Shopland      2 – H.Es unexploded at Mucking Hall Wood Farm.

No damage or casualties

29/08/1940    02.22  Rochford       2 – H.Es 1 is unexploded at Hillfield 300 yards

South East of Senior School.  Sewer damaged at Hillfield.  No casualties

29/08/1940    03.10  Foulness       3 – H.Es 1 unexploded 1/4 mile South East of

Island             Landwick Police Post, 1 is exploded at Friends Farm and 1 exploded 300 yards East of Friends Farm.  Also 1 I.B. 100 yards West of Coopers Slaughterhouse.  No casualties or damage.

29/08/1940    03.20  Canvey          10 – H.Es at Winter Gardens and 40 and 60 acres.

Island             Florence and Bankside bungalows badly damaged.  Gas main damaged, 1 slight casualty (shock).

29/08/1940    03.26  Vange            4 – H.Es 1 is unexploded 100 yards South of

Vange Camp.  No damage or casualties.

29/08/1940    19.20  Basildon        British Hurricane shot down.  Pilot from South

Weald safe.

30/08/1940    16.30  Rochford       British Spitfire wrecked at Cherry Orchard Lane.

Pilot safe.

30/08/1940    16.35  South             1 – H.E. exploded in a garden in Benfleet Road,

Benfleet         B.1014 closed.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.  Also 1 I.B. near Bardfield Farm.

30/08/1940    16.35  Basildon        4 – H.Es 2 exploded in Gardiners Lane and 2 in

Burnt Mills Road.  Gardiners Lane blocked (open 5.9.40).  No casualties.

30/08/1940    16.35  Wickford        13 – H.Es 3 exploded near Warners Garage.  4 in

Chelmsford Road and 6 unexploded in fields at Castleton Farm, Castle Road.  1 house damaged in Chelmsford Road.  No casualties.

30/08/1940    16.35  Ramsden       12 – H.Es in vicinity of Glebe Road, 2 in drive of

“Highcliffe” Langden Avenue, 1 house damaged in Glebe Road.  No casualties.

30/08/1940    16.40  Canvey          1 – H.E. unexploded near Number 3 Gun Site, 96th

Island             Light A.A. Battery, 200 yards East of London Coastal Oil Wharf.  No damage or casualties.

30/08/1940    16.40  Thundersley Grass fire and damage to electric cable.  Cause

unknown.

30/08/1940    16.45  Hadleigh        1 – Cannon Shell making hole in roof of

“Woodlands” Gleve Way and 1 unexploded A.A. shell in garden of the Willows.  Also roofing and ceilings damaged by shrapnel at “Conifers” and “Egerton” Milton Road.  No casualties.

30/08/1940    16.45  Canvey          Machine gun bullets through the roof of the

Island             Dewdrop Inn, Urmine Road.  Tiles and ceilings damaged.  No casualties

30/08/1940    16.50  Hutton            3 – Cannon Shells in drive of “Retlaw” “Middleton”

and “Oxford”.  Shrapnel through roof of garage at “Retlaw”.  1 slight casualty P Smith gardener wounded.  Also dog wounded at “Retlaw”.

30/08/1940    17.00  North              2- H.Es unexploded between Smilers Farm and

Benfleet         Lower Avenue ? Pound Lane.  No casualties or damage.

30/08/1940    17.00  Rochford       2 – H.Es 300 yards North of Butlers Farm, Sutton.

No casualties or damage.

30/08/1940    17.00  Pitsea             1 – H.E. unexploded at “The Willows”, The

Crescent.  No damage or casualties.

30/08/1940    17.00  North              15 – H.Es 14 unexploded in fields near Bardfields

Benfleet         Farm.  Also 1 exploded and 1 I.B. burnt out.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S 6.3.41

30/08/1940    17.00  Nevendon     6 – H.Es in a field near Cranes Farm, 1 is

exploded.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 6.3.41

30/08/1940    17.00  Crays Hill       4 – H.Es in a field near Great Wasketts Farm,

Gardiners Lane.  Slight damage to 2 cottages.  No casualties.

31/08/1940    00.05  Billericay        3 – H.Es 2 are unexploded, 1 at Cowbridge Grange

and 1 at Haven Gore, 1 exploded at Blunts Wall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    01.00  Hutton            2- H.Es at Hunters Chase.  No damage or

casualties.  Also a Cannon Shell at “Homestead” Mount Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    01.55  South Weald 4 – H.Es at Rochetts.  Windows broken and

ceilings down at Farm House.  No casualties.

31/08/1940    02.00  Little                1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 200 yards to rear of

Burstead        Winger Farm.  No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    10.25  Foulness       British Hurricane crashed near the Repair

Island             Experimental Works.  Machine damaged.  Pilot injured and moved to Shoeburyness Municipal Hospital.

31/08/1940    13.14  Brentwood     4 – H.Es unexploded on L.N.E.R. line 300 yards

East of Three Arch Bridge.  Rail traffic suspended.  Road A. 128 closed (Rail & road open 2.9.40).  No casualties

31/08/1940    13.15  Little                1 – H.E. unexploded 150 yards South West

Burstead        of Bullers Farm.  No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    13.25  Ingrave           British Spitfire crashed at Thorndon Park.

Machine burnt out.  Pilot safe.

31/08/1940    13.25  Rayleigh        Pilot injured landed by parachute moved to

Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford.  From plane which crashed at Leigh-on-Sea.

31/08/1940    13.31  Thundersley 1 Incendiary bullet causing grass fire near the

School, Rushbottom Lane.  No casualties.

31/08/1940    14.45  Rayleigh        Grass fire at Kenworth Gardens (cause unknown)

31/08/1940    18.00  East                9 – H.Es in vicinity of Railway Station, 3 cottages

Horndon        demolished, 1 uninhabitable, 1 casualty (female 50 years). 1 exploded near The Ropary Hoes Factory (Factory damaged).  Also 30 I.Bs on fruit farm and in fields off Hall Lane 150 yards North of Railway.

31/08/1940    18.01  Shenfield       A.A. unexploded shell in the garden of “Minster”.

No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    18.25  Wickford        British Spitfire crashed and wrecked at Fanton

Chase Shotgate.  Number of plane 2544.  Pilot safe.

31/08/1940    21.45  Hadleigh        Suspected chlorine gas.  Mr & Mrs Potter and Mr

Phillips and son with symptoms.

31/08/1940    23.05  Nevendon     1 – H.E. unexploded South of Arterial Road and

300 yards off Nevendon Road.  No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    23.20  Little                1 – I.B. burnt out in a field North East of Abbotts

Wakering       Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

31/08/1940    23.20  Wickford        11 – H.Es 2 exploded near Cotwold Farm and 8 in

the vicinity of Welbeck, Cranfield Park Road, Welbeck extensively damaged, 1 exploded near Copfold Farm.  No damage or casualties.

THE SECOND WORLD WAR August 1940

THE SECOND WORLD WAR August 1940

(Britain)

Carrier HMS Argus, loaded with a dozen Hawker Hurricane and two Blackburn  Skua fighters of 418 Flight RAF, was part of Operation Hurry heading for Malta on the 1st August 1940. Argus was escorted by HMS Arc Royal, three Battleships, two cruisers, and ten destroyers forming Force H. 0n route from Gibraltar they were attacked by two waves of Italian aircraft but the attacks were successfully repelled. Of the twelve Hurricanes which flew from Argus two crashed on landing and the remainder were used as defence against aerial attack during the Siege of Malta.

On the 14th August 1940 Sir Henry Tizard departed England for Washington in the USA. He travelled with Royal Air Force (RAF) Group Captain Pierce on the day following the Battle of Britain effectively began. Tizard was an English chemist, inventor who developed the classification of petrol octane rating. He was also the Rector of Imperial College London which was the centre for scientific research, and was also involved in the development of radar. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was finally convinced that Tizard should go to the U.S. to obtain the technical research on which the British radar system could be improved.

During the Battle of Britain, on the 13th August 1940 the Luftwaffe began to focus on bombing raids upon British airfields and radar stations. With the radar systems Britain possessed an effective air defence system and although the Luftwaffe air strikes did substantial damage to radar sites they were able to continue operating. The information received provided sufficient warning to enable British fighters to be in the air to attack the assaulting bombers and fighters. By the 15th August 1940 the Luftwaffe abandoned the air attacks on the radar stations and concentrated on RAF bases. On the 18th August 1940 due to heavy losses of German bombers, Luftwaffe fighters were ordered to protect the bombers. Both sides suffered heavy losses with the RAF losing 21% of their fighter pilots and the Luftwaffe losing 16% of their fighter pilots. To overcome British losses fighter construction was increased but it was more difficult to replace pilots.

In his speech to the House of Commons on the 20th August 1940 Churchill included his famous address about “The Few”, referring to the efforts of the RAF crews who were at that time fighting the Battle of Britain. On the 16th August 1940 Churchill visited the operations room in the Battle of Britain Bunker at RAF Uxbridge. He was so moved by what he saw that he composed the words “Never in the history of mankind has so much been owed by so many to so few”. In his speech he changed the phrasing of the wording in the section:- “The gratitude of every home in our island, in our Empire, and indeed throughout the world, except in the abodes of the guilty, goes out to British airmen, who undaunted by odds, unweary in their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of the world war by their prowess and by their devotion. Never in the field of human conflict has so much been owed by so many to so few”. Officially the Battle of Britain ended on the 31st October 1940 as Germany’s attention was aimed at the large scale night time bomb attacks on London known as The Blitz.

On the 25th August 1940 Churchill ordered retaliation bombing of Berlin following the attack and destruction of St. Giles Cripplegate Church and surrounding area on the previous day. The church stands within the City of London at Moorgate which is well away from any strategic industrial sites. It was the first area in the city that was hit by a German bomber. Just after midnight on the 26th August 1940, for the first time, British bombers flew directly over Berlin and dropped bombs. Anti-aircraft fire and searchlights were ineffective because not one British aircraft was brought down and all air crews returned safely to their bases. The occupants of Berlin were stunned as they had been told enemy planes would not break through Berlin’s anti-aircraft defence system. Restoration of St. Giles began in 1965 and was incorporated in the modern Barbican Estate.

On the 31st August 1940 the British Destroyer Flotilla sailed from Immingham to the Dutch coast north-west of Texel to lay mines. The flotilla was joined by part of the 5th Destroyer Flotilla and while they were laying mines they were ordered to intercept a German naval force heading toward Britain. En-route to intercept the flotilla ran into a newly laid uncharted minefield. HMS Express was badly damaged causing many casualties after running into a mine where she lost most of bow. HMS Esk came to assist but also hit a mine and swiftly sank. The whole crew but one was lost. HMS Ivanhoe was badly damaged when hitting another mine whilst transferring the wounded from Express, causing more casualties. On the 1st September 1940 HMS Kelvin fired on Ivanhoe to scuttle her and the remainder of the flotilla returned to port including Express which was towed in. In all approximately 300 sailors were killed with another 100 being injured or taken prisoner of war when their rafts drifted onto the Dutch coast and were detained by the German authorities. The German invasion force the air reconnaissance had detected turned out to be a small mine laying unit transferring from Cuxhaven to Rotterdam.

………..

(France)

Following the surrender of France to Germany in June 1940, Brigadier General Charles de Gaulle departed to London rather than surrender. On the 2nd August 1940 the Vichy French government sentenced de Gaulle to death for treason against France because he had formed the Free French movement in London. He had called for the French people to resist the Germans in his radio broadcast on the BBC. He also claimed sovereignty over France by forming a second government-in-exile.

General Phillippe Le Clerc landed at Douala in French Cameroon on the 27th August 1940 where he rallied the Free French to capture the town. French Cameroon was overseen by the pro-Vichy governor Richard Brunot. He was forced to hand over the civil administration of the state to Le Clerc and the Free French who had moved into Yaounde following the landing.

………..

(Germany)

German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler gave the Luftwaffe’s commander-in-chief Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring a directive (Directive No. 17) to launch an assault against Britain on the 1st August 1940 with RAF Fighter Command being the prime target. Göring promised Hitler the assault would achieve the required result within days but certainly within weeks. The 5th August 1940 saw the first of a number of postponements owing to bad weather in the channel. The 13th August 1940 marked the start of the German’s Battle of Britain codenamed “Adlertag” (Eagle Day). Over a ten hour period waves of bombers were launched against British airfields in Essex, Kent, Sussex and Hampshire. The intention was to test British capability to subdue widely separated attacks. They only achieved moderate success but it did demonstrate to British Fighter Command the difficulty in engaging German bombers in sufficient numbers to inflict significant losses. On the 24th August 1940 St. Giles Church Cripplegate and surrounding areas in Moorgate was attacked with considerable destruction imposed.  Hitler had given instructions that St. Paul’s Cathedral was not to be damaged and as St. Giles is only a short distance away it is possible the bombers were jettisoning their bombs or just experiencing navigational errors. Hitler was outraged when Britain retaliated with the first night time bombing mission on Berlin and ordered the bombing of London to be intensified. On the 31st August 1940 the Germans mounted their largest operation in which Fighter Command losses were the heaviest of the whole Battle of Britain. Thirty nine British aircraft were shot down and fourteen pilots killed. On the same day Göring believed the attacks on British Radar stations were ineffective and decided to abandon these attacks to concentrate on the bombing of British cities. This error of judgement gave Fighter Command the opportunity to have fighters in the air to intercept the oncoming bombers.

On the 17th August 1940 Hitler ordered a total blockade of Britain as a means to the weakening of the island prior to Operation Sea Lion. On the 22nd August 1940 German coastal long range artillery pieces, sited at the Pas-de-Calais in France, began to shell the Dover area aiming for both the town and any shipping located nearby. Over a thousand rounds were fired up to 1944 when the Allied invasion of Europe began. A major problem with the long range super-heavy guns was their barrels wore out relatively quickly therefore they could not fire very often as the barrels were difficult to make and expensive to replace.

Under the 1939 Molotov/Ribbentrop Pact Russia had territorial rights granted over part of Romania who therefore lost all the territory gained by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. At the outbreak of the Second World War Romania had adopted a policy of neutrality which was guaranteed by Britain and France. Following the fall of France and Britain being besieged by the Germans the Romanian government turned to Germany to obtain similar guarantees. On the 30th August 1940 Adolf Hitler and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini dictated to Romania they must hand over the Northern Transylvanian territory to Hungary. Romania agreed to the terms of the partition and the territory was handed over to Hungary.

………..

(Italy)

On the 1st August 1940 the Italian Royal Navy established a submarine base at Betasom near Bordeaux in France. Italy and Germany had signed the Pact of Steel in June 1939 and following Italy’s entry into the war the Germans allocated a sector of the Atlantic south of Lisbon in Portugal for them to patrol. Betasom was selected to be their base which was in the German occupation zone. Italy played their part in the Battle of the Atlantic from 1940 to 1943.

The Italian conquest of Brtish Somalia was part of the East Africa Campaign which began on the 4th August 1940. Italy with Eritrean and Somali forces of Fascist Italy confronted British Commonwealth and Somali irregular troops. Rainy weather and the British defence of the colony hampered any speed and mobility of the Italian expedition. The Italian forces headed for Tug Argan (tug is the local word for dry riverbed) with only the local police force conducting a delaying action while the British and Commonwealth troops retreated to Tug Argan. The Battle of Tug Argan was fought between the 11th -15th August 1940 when the Italians overran the colony and the British were ordered to evacuate the area and arrived at the port of Berbera on the 19th August 940 where the Royal Navy evacuated the British troops. Italy had won a decisive victory over the British.

The Greek cruiser Elli was at anchor off the island of Tinos on the 15th August 1940 when she was sunk by Italian submarine Delfino. Three torpedoes hit Elli and she caught fire and sank killing nine petty officers and sailors and wounding a further twenty four. However, the sinking of Elli took place in peacetime two months before the outbreak of the Greco-Italian war.  The Greek government, in the meantime, were aware of the perpetrator but did not want confrontation with Italy. They announced the nationality of the attacking submarine as being unknown.

…………

(USA)

U.S. Ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy reported from London that a British surrender was inevitable unless Britain had military assistance from the United States. On 16th August 1940 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warned President Franklin D. Roosevelt that if Britain was defeated her colonial islands nearest America could become a direct threat if they fell into German hands. Although not wanting to get involved in another European war Roosevelt proposed a “Destroyers for Bases Agreement” and on the 30th August 1940 he approved the deal. On the 3rd September 1940 destroyers, that were not vital to U.S. security, were transferred to the Royal Navy. In exchange for fifty destroyers Britain granted land, rent-free on 99-year leases, in nine various British colonies. These bases were available either for naval or air force facilities.

…………

(Russia)

The Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic was proclaimed a constitutional republic of the Soviet Union on the 2nd August 1940. The new republic consisted of the Romanian regions of Bessarabia and North Bukovina and was occupied by the Soviet Union military in June/July 1940. The Soviet Union occupied the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania on the 3rd August 1940, where they were incorporated into the Soviet Union as constituent republics. Recognition of this incorporation was never accepted by most western powers. The military annexation of these states was part of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 1939.

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