FIRST ARMY SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
for the 24 hours ending in the early morning of 13/9/17.
FIRST ARMY. Enemy light and heavy trench mortars fired on our trenches near ACHEVILLE yesterday, and his artillery shelled back areas near VIMY, PETIT VIMY and LA CHAUDIERE. We carried out a successful minor operation at 11.30 p.m. last night S. of FRESNOY capturing 1 prisoner. Gas was successfully projected N. of FRESNOY PARK, N of ACHEVILLE and into LENS during the night. The enemy retaliated heavily immediately N. of SOUCHEZ River. We captured one prisoner in a patrol encounter N. of LENS.
There was some shelling of our front line near BOIS HUGO, NEUVIL and HOUPLINES and BOIS GRENIER yesterday. We projected gas successfully near CAMBRIN during the night without drawing any retaliation.
Our artillery was active bombarding SALLAUMINES, CITE St. AUGUSTE, and the enemy’s defences in this area. Moving troops were fired on by our howitzers, and hostile trench mortars were successfully engaged during the afternoon, 3 direct hits being obtained.
ROYAL FLYING CORPS. Some artillery and photographic work was done in spite of low clouds and mist. Enemy aircraft activity was nil in the forenoon, and only slight later. One of our machines was attacked by a hostile scout while engaged on photography, but drove it off successfully. Bombs were dropped on a hostile gun position near HARNES; the bombs were observed to fall on and around the objective, causing an explosion on a railway close to the gun position.
OTHER ARMIES. Hostile artillery was very active S. of the YPRES – COMINES Canal, particularly on back areas and W. of WYTSCHAETE and near MESSINESE.
The enemy shelled our trenches E. of LAGNICOURT yesterday.
The Army on our right carried out some successful air raids, bombs being dropped on aerodromes and railways behind the enemy lines. During the night the enemy put down a barrage on our trenches E. of BULLECOURT, but no infantry attack followed.
The Army on our left projected gas successfully this morning S.W. of BEULEMONT, near the River LYS.
FRENCH FRONT. French aeroplanes carried out successful air raids on enemy railheads and aerodromes in Belgium.
In CHAMPAGNE, the French carried out two successful raids, one N.E. of AUBERIVE, and the other E. of road from St. HILAIRE to St. SOUPLET. At the latter point the enemy’s third line was reached, and his defences considerably damaged. N.E. of TAHURE, a hostile raid was repulsed.
On the right bank of the MEUSE the French repulsed two attacks on their advanced posts N. of the BOIS des CAURNERES and N. of BEZONVAUX.
ITALIAN FRONT. (12th Sept.) Yesterday, the Austrians counter-attacked on the Bainsizza Plateau, but were repulsed at all points. After an intense bombardment of the positions held by the Italians along the summit of Monte San Gabriele and on the western slopes descending towards SALGANO (1½ miles W, by S. of Monte San Gabriele), the enemy attacked them from E. and S. Fighting began at dawn, and was most fierce on the Western edge of the Plateau of Santa CATERINA (1 mile E.S.E. of Monte San Gabriele). Finally towards noon, the enemy, beaten and repulsed, gave up his fruitless attempts.
RUSSIAN FRONT. (11th Sept.) On the RIGA front, Russian advanced detachments moved to the line of the River INDUBE – LOSA – PAUSKE (all unidentified), meeting with slight opposition. Between the PSKOW road and the DUNA, encounters between advanced units on both sides have, for the most part, ended in favour of the Russians.
The Russians captured a height to the East of KIMPOLUNG.
A.R. ABERCROMBIE Captain
General Staff, First Army.