Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 25 October 1941.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 25 October 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

25/10/1941    12.00  Little Warley  1 – A.A. unexploded Shell found in a meadow 200

yards West of “Beredens” Cranham Road.  No damage or casualties.  Date and time of falling not known.  (Disposed of BDS 12.11.41).

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 12 October 1941.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 12 October 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

12/10/1941                Rayleigh        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell found in the garden of

“Barrington” Hockley Road.  No damage or casualties.  Date and time of falling not known.  (Disposed of BDS 17.10.41).

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 7 October 1941.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 7 October 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

07/10/1941                Foulness       1 – H.E unexploded found in a field at Jerry Wood,

Island             Small Gains Farm, 500 yards North of main road.  No damage or casualties.  Date and time of falling believed 02.20 hrs the 23.6.41  (disposed of BDS 15.12.41).

07/10/1941                Ingrave           1 – H.E unexploded found in 45 Acre field, behind

Hatch Farm, 500 yards from Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.  (disposed of BDS 6.11.41).

SECOND WORLD WAR October 194

 SECOND WORLD WAR October 194

(Eastern Front)

The Lithuanian city of Vilnius was the spiritual and cultural centre of Eastern European Jewry which was known as “The Jerusalem of Lithuania”. Nazi Germany occupied Lithuania when they invaded the Soviet Union under Operation Barbarossa in June 1941. With the collaboration of the Nazis, Lithuanian leaders were in favour of ethnic cleansing of the Jewish and Polish residents of Vilnius. On the 1st October 1941, the Vilnius Ghetto Yom Kippur Aktion began. Two separate ghettos had been organised, Ghetto I and Ghetto II, in an area situated in the Jewish quarter of Vilnius Old Town.  Ghetto I was used for Jewish people with work certificates and Ghetto II was for Jews without. On Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement, 1st October 1941) the first of three Aktions took place in Ghetto II. On the 16th October 1941, Jewish people were told they were being transferred to a third ghetto where there was a shortage of workers. They laid down in the street refusing to move where dozens were killed following the order to shoot. The remainder were sent to Ponary, situated south west of Vilnius. On the 21st October 1941 the second Aktion occurred when 1,000 Jews were murdered at Ponary. On the 24th October 1941 about 2,500 were deported from Vilnius to Ponary and murdered. Ghetto II had thus been liquidated and ceased to exist.

In Poland, near the border with the Ukraine, Majdanek concentration camp was opened on the 1st October 1941 by the German occupying forces. As part of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union and following the Battle of Kiev there were a large number of Soviet prisoners-of-war. In July 1941 Reichsführer – S.S. Heinrich Himmler ordered a new concentration camp to be built to hold at least 25,000 POWs. Construction was carried out by 150 Jewish forced labourers and assisted by 2,000 Red Army POWs. By mid-November 1941 only 500 were alive such were the harsh conditions they were subjected to. The site was initially intended as a labour force camp rather than an extermination camp. It was to become one of the largest of Nazi-run concentration camps when seven gas chambers, two wooden gallows and 277 structures were added. By mid-December 1941 barracks for 20, 000 was ready when a typhus epidemic broke out. By January 1942 all the slave labourers, POWs and Polish Jews were dead.

Operation Typhoon was launched on the 2nd October 1941 as part of the German invasion of the Soviet Union codenamed Operation Barbarossa. So successful was the invasion that the German Army, who were better equipped, better led, better trained and more experienced in battle, had plunged deep into the industrial heart of the Soviet Union. The defeat of the Soviet Union depended on the German army subduing them before the onset of winter.  German Dictator Adolf Hitler wished to have defeated the Soviet Union by the end of October 1941 and therefore his army and air force had been sent to the Eastern Front with only their summer kit. On the 6th October 1941 the Soviet Dictator Joseph Stalin had recalled Georgy Zhukov from the Leningrad Front to take charge of Moscow’s defence. Zhukov recognised the German army’s vulnerability to the Russian winter and was happy to hold the German’s at bay until the alternative snows and torrential rain halted their advance and they became virtually immobile. German legions were within sight of Leningrad in the north, while to the south German and Romanian troops were threatening the petrochemical and agricultural production in the Ukraine and the Crimean regions. German troops had captured Smolensk in the east which was only 288 km (180 miles) from Moscow. With the approaching winter German Panzer troops were hampered by the muddy ground on the 13th October 1941 owing to the first snowfalls and subsequent thaw. Hitler wanted a push toward Moscow and was confident that would result in “The Last, Great Decisive Battle of the War”.  The German Army continued their advance to Moscow but were hindered by the Red Army’s resistance just at the time when the temperatures began to fall. When the Soviet resistance was overcome the German Panzers continued to press on toward Moscow. On the 15th October 1941 Stalin ordered the government and the Communist Party to evacuate Moscow and to continue to operate from Kuibyshev (Now Samara). Stalin remained in the Soviet capital along with a limited number of officials in order to boost Soviet confidence in the government. Zhukov ordered reinforcements and troops from Siberia began arriving on the 18th October 1941. A Soviet official announcement on the 19th October 1941 stated that the Siege of Moscow had begun.

Following the German invasion of the Soviet Union the Nazis incorporated the Polish town of Stanislawow into the Western Ukraine as part of the District of Galicia. On the 12th October 1941 between 10,000 and 12,000 Jews were murdered in the so-called Bloody Sunday massacre. By the order of German S.S. Commander Hans Krueger thousands of Jews were gathered at the town’s market square and were escorted to the Jewish cemetery where mass graves had already been prepared. The Jews were forced to give away their valuables and to show their papers. Groups of men, women and children were ordered to strip naked and proceed to the graves where they were massacred by machine gun and rifle bullets. This Aktion, known as hthe Bloody Sunday massacre was unprecedented in Holocaust history up until that date.

On the south west coast of the Ukraine the massacre of the Jews in the city of Odessa took place between the 22nd and 23rd October 1941. Prior to the Second World War 30% of Odessa’s population, numbering 180,000 were Jewish. Following a two month siege German and Rumanian troops captured Odessa on the 16th October 1941. At the end of the siege approximately 80,000 to 90,000 Jews remained, the rest either having fled or been evacuated by the Soviet Union. On the 22nd October 1941 the Rumanian military commander General Ioan Glogojeanu had established his headquarters in the N.K.D.V. building in readiness to occupy the city. The retreating Soviet troops had planted a radio-controlled mine in the building prior to the surrender of the city. The mine exploded and the building collapsed, killing 67 people of whom 16 were officers including Glogojeanu. The Jewish people and the Communists were held responsible for the explosion. The response was that Rumanian and German troops arrived at Odessa on the 23rd October 1941 with orders to kill 5,000 to 10,000 hostages. Rumanian and German occupiers raided apartments of Odessa citizens and many were either shot or hanged. 5,000 Jews were ordered to the village of Dalnik on the 24th October 1941. The first 50 were marched to an anti-tank ditch and executed by the Lt-Col. Nicolae Deleanu. The city of Odessa lost about 10% of its citizens in the first week of the Rumanian occupation.

The Slovak Republic had gained independence from Czechoslovakia in March 1939 and was placed under the protection of Nazi Germany. Many Jews emigrated before October 1941 and at the same time 15,000 Jews were expelled from Bratislava to the Stobodka Ghetto in Poland on the 22nd October 1941. Originally the Slovak government attempted to deport the Jews as a substitute for providing Slovak workers to help the war effort. The original proposal was that 20,000 male Jews aged 16 and above would be for use as German forced labour. The concern for the Slovak government was that too many retained Jews would be a burden on the state. A financial agreement was reached where slave labour would be supplied by the Slovaks and the Germans would deport the remaining Jews, for them never to return. The Slovak government later claimed they were unaware the Germans were systematically exterminating the Jews under its control.

The battle for Kharkov began on the 6th October 1941. As a city, Kharkov lies directly south of Moscow on the borders of the Soviet Union and the Ukraine. The city was one of the largest Industrial centres of the Soviet Union with the main German objective being the capture of the railway system and the military factories. The Germans needed to secure Kharkov In order to protect their flanks now that the battle for Moscow was under way. By the 21st October 1941 the German 101st Light Division had reached within 6 km (3.75 miles) of the western outskirts of the city. The following day, the 22nd October 1941, a German reconnaissance was ordered to ascertain the Soviet defensive strength. On the same day a Soviet infantry battalion supported by tanks attacked the Germans. The attack was repulsed and two Soviet tanks were disabled. By the 20th October 1941 the Soviet leadership realised they would have to retreat and the evacuation of all the industrial enterprises were almost complete. Before the Germans had a chance to attack, 70 major factories were evacuated by being transported on 320 trains taking equipment away from the city. The Germans occupied the evacuated city on the 24th October 1941.

The port and city of Sevastopol is on the southern point of the Ukraine on the coast of the Black Sea. The Axis Powers of Germany and Romania attacked the Soviet defenders for control of city following Operation Barbarossa. This would give the Axis Powers an open route in their drive toward Moscow. By late October 1941 several attempts had been made to capture the city by the Axis Powers, however, these attacks were repelled. The Axis Powers were on the outskirts of the city but the planned major offensive was delayed by heavy rains. The Axis Powers opted to conduct a siege campaign and the Siege of Sevastopol began on the 27th 0ctober 1941.

———–

(Other Theatres) 

India, a multi-religious British Colony, had joined the Allies against Nazi Germany at the beginning of the Second World War and her armies were engaged in various theatres. However, Mahatma Gandhi, a 72 year old anti-colonial nationalist urged his followers to begin a passive resistance against  British rule in India on 3rd October 1941. His opposition to India participating in the Second World War was that India was denied democratic independence from Britain. India was being denied but her troops were fighting for Britain opposing Nazism and Fascism for the freedom of other occupied countries. Despite Ghandi’s opposition, the Indian army numbered just under 200,000 men at the beginning of the war. By the end of the war it had become the largest volunteer army in history, rising to over 2.5 million men in August 1945. The Indian Army fought for the British Empire mainly in Africa, the Middle East and Burma. Ghandi continued his campaign throughout the war and beyond until India achieved independence in 1947.

Although still neutral the United States of America was operating naval warships in the Atlantic. Two separate incidents involving American warships occurred during this period. In mid-October 1941 the first incident was when U.S.S. Kearney, a Greaves-class destroyer was docked in the U.S.-occupied port of Reykjavik in Iceland. A nearby British convoy was attacked by a wolf pack of German U-boats who had overwhelmed her Canadian escorts. Kearney along with three other U.S. destroyers were ordered to assist. Upon reaching the action Kearney dropped depth charges on the U-boats then followed up with a barrage throughout the night. On the 17th October 1941 U-boat U-568 fired a torpedo at Kearney which struck her on the starboard side. She sailed out of the danger zone when the crew had confined the flooding to the forward fire room then sailed back to Iceland for temporary repairs. The torpedo attack cost the lives of 21 men with a further 22 injured. On the 25th December 1941 Kearney sailed for Boston Massachusetts for permanent repairs. After the permanent repairs Kearney went on to see action in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and other theatres of war. Following the U.S. entry into the Second World War Hitler cited the attack of the wolf pack as an act of provocation which justified the German declaration of war against the U.S. in December 1941. The second incident was after the Clemson-class destroyer U.S.S. Reuben James had joined the Neutrality Patrol guarding the Atlantic and Caribbean approaches to the U.S. since the beginning of the Second World War. By March 1941 she had joined the established force who escorted convoys sailing for Britain. The U.S. force only escorted convoys as far as Iceland and British escorts took over from there. On the 31stOctober 1941 Reuben James along with 4 other destroyers were escorting Convoy HX156 near Iceland when they were attacked by a German submarine wolf pack. Reuben James positioned herself between the wolf pack and an ammunition ship in the convoy. The Reuben James was torpedoed by U-boat U-552 who had aimed at the merchant ship. The entire bow was blown off when a magazine exploded. The after section floated for a few minutes but the bow sank immediately. 100 members of the crew were killed leaving only 44 enlisted men who survived. All seven officers were among those who did not survive the attack.

In America the policy had been to help the British with financial aid but not joining in the war. In March 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Lease-Lend Bill. On the 30th October 1941 China and the Soviet Union had been included in the approved $1 billion dollar Lease-Lend aid to Britain.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe had started the war with China in 1937. By 1940 Konoe no longer believed that a military solution to the “China Affair” was possible. His aim was to seek a diplomatic solution by having Germany mediate a peace settlement with China. Hideki Tojo, as Army Minister expanded the war with China by placing Japanese troops in the southern part of Vichy French Indochina. Japan and Italy had entered into a tripartite agreement in September 1940 with Germany which included occupied Vichy-France.  The Imperial Conference between Japan and America was fixed to be concluded in early October 1941. The deadline had passed on the 16th October 1941 with no progress to resolve the problem of the “China Affair”. The United States immediately imposed economic sanctions on Japan including a total embargo on all oil and petrol exports. Konoe resign as Prime Minister on the 16th October 1941 as he felt politically isolated and that Emperor Hirohito no longer trusted him. The majority of the government favoured military action. On the 17th October 1941 Tojo became the new Prime Minister of Japan. In his first radio speech Tojo said he favoured “world peace” but also stated his determination to resolve the “China Affair” on Japanese terms. By the 21st October 1941 negotiations between Japan and America appeared to be heading toward failure.

In Luxemburg on the 19th October 1941 the German occupiers declared the territory to be free of Jews. When Germany occupied Luxemburg in May 1940 among the population there were approximately 3,500 Jews. Many of these Jews had arrived in Luxemburg from Germany to escape persecution where they were then encouraged to leave the country for Vichy-France. By October 1941 emigration was forbidden but not before nearly 2,500 had already left. When in Vichy-France the Jews were no better off as they were forced to wear the yellow Star of David badge. Most of them were later deported to concentration camps. In Luxemburg the Nazi authorities began to deport the remaining Jews to concentration camps in Poland. On the 19th October 1941 Luxemburg was declared “Judenfrei” (“cleansed of Jews”).

————————————————–

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service September 1941.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service September 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

03/09/1941                Nevendon     An unexploded Parachute flare found 300 yards

South of Burnt Mills Road.  No damage or casualties.

04/09/1941                Pilgrims          1 – H.E. unexploded found in cornfield at Sandpit

Hatch                         Lane, 65 yards from road.  No damage or casualties.  Date and time of falling not known.  (disposed of BDS 20.9.41).

09/09/1941                Warley            2 – H.Es unexploded on open ground at rear of

refuge dump in Magpie Wood.  No damage or casualties.  Date and time of falling not known.  (disposed of BDS 4.10.41).

18/09/1941    00.20  Foulness       2 – Paramines exploded in the mud 300 yards East

Island             of sea wall 1/2 mile North East of Fisherman’s Head.  Windows of garages on Government property at Court End broken.  No casualties.

19/09/1941                Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell found at Sewage

Disposal Farm, 20 yards East of Pumping Station.  Date and time of falling unknown.  No damage or casualties.  (Disposed of BDS 5.10.41).

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 19 July 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

19/07/1941    Found  Brentwood   2 – H.E unexploded in a field East of Weald Brook,

opposite 13th hole, Mayland Golf Course, Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.  Time of falling not known.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 19 July 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

19/07/1941    Found  Brentwood   2 – H.E unexploded in a field East of Weald Brook,

opposite 13th hole, Mayland Golf Course, Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.  Time of falling not known.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

19/07/1941    Found  Brentwood   2 – H.E unexploded in a field East of Weald Brook,

opposite 13th hole, Mayland Golf Course, Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.  Time of falling not known.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 7 July 1941.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service 7 July 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

07/07/1941    Found  South            1 – H.E unexploded in wood 800 yards North of

Weald           Colchester Road, Brook Street, East of Putwell Bridge, 500 yards from Brook, 150 yards into wood.  Time of falling not known.  No damage or casualties.  (disposed of BDS 27.7.41).

07/07/1941    Found  Hockley        A Meteorological balloon found by Leslie Ellis of

                                                            Nelson Road Hockley forwarded to HQ 17.7.41.

Reopening notice.

Reopening notice.

The Bay Museum intends to reopen on Sunday 23rd May 2021 and will be open subsequent Sundays from 10.00 until the afternoon.

On account of the restricted size and nature of the building it will only be possible for one family group to be admitted at any one time.

In accordance with Government legislation and requirements it will be necessary for all visitors except children under 12 years of age to wear a mask and gloves and they will be tested for a temperature. 

We recommend any one specially wishing to visit the Museum to make a prior appointment by calling 07899 674630 and booking a specific time.

Booked visitors will have priority over anyone wishing to drop in.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service January 1941.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service January 1941.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

04/01/1941                Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of 22 Mount

Crescent.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S 6.2.41.

04/01/1941    02.05  Great Warley 5 – H.Es exploded at Warley Barracks 20 yards

from swimming pool.  1 located remainder of wood.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

05/01/1941    15.30  Great              10 – H.Es exploded in fields in line from 500 yards

Burstead        West of St Marys, Crays Hill to Bridge Farm.  No damage or casualties.

05/01/1941    20.45  Great Warley I.Bs (a number) on open ground near The

                                                            Thatcher’s Arms P.H.  No damage or casualties.

05/01/1941    20.55  Herongate     I.Bs (a number) fell in Thorndon Park and 10 or 12

near The Boars Head.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

05/01/1941    22.00  Doddinghurst            1 – H.E. exploded at Howells Farm,

                                                            Doddinghurst Road.  No damage or casualties.

06/01/1941    09.00  Great              1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 1/4 mile East of

Wakering       Wakering Common Road.  No damage or casualties.  (Dealt with by B.D.S. 11.1.41).

06/01/1941    10.05  Brentwood     16 – H.Es exploded in the Gas Company’s Sports

Ground, 5 exploded in Brickfields (slight damage to property) 5 exploded and 1 unexploded in vicinity of Railway Station, 1 fatal, 7 serious and 13 slight casualties.  Considerable damage to property.  (unexploded removed right away by B.D.S. from Railway).

06/01/1941    14.25  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded on footpath outside “Cartref” St

                                                            Michaels.  No damage or casualties.

07/01/1941    14.40  Little Warley  7 – H.Es exploded, 2 in fields of Brickfields, 3 in

field at rear of Waterworks, 1 in field at “The Goldings” and 1 in hedge of a lane between Thatcher’s Arms and Hall Farm, Great Warley.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

07/01/1941    16.10  Rochford       7 – H.E. exploded on or near Rochford Aerodrome. 

No damage or casualties.

08/01/1941    N/K     Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded on Martins Farm 400 yards

                                                            North of Rayleigh Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/01/1941    N/K     Great Warley 1 – H.E. unexploded 100 yards from Lodge at

entrance to Boyles Court.  No damage or casualties.  BDS 29.11.41.

10/01/1941    N/K     Canewdon    1 – H.E. exploded 200 yards West of Loftmans

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

11/01/1941    19.40  South             I.Bs (a number) over a wide area.  No casualties, 1

Benfleet         bungalow completely gutted, 1 extensively damaged and 11 slightly damaged.  Gas main damaged.  “Westbury” I.B. through roof slight damage.

11/01/1941    19.55  Pitsea             I.Bs (a number) fell on Pitsea Estate.  2 houses

badly damaged. A Chapel and 10 houses slightly damaged, 1 serious, 1 slight casualty.

11/01/1941    19.55  Basildon        I.Bs (a number) over a wide area. A bungalow, a

farmhouse and a school slightly damaged.  No casualties.

11/01/1941    19.56  Thundersley I.Bs (a number) fell on Bread & Cheese Hill, 1

slight casualty.  A garage used as a Furniture Depository and 2 bungalows damaged.

11/01/1941                Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell at Brickhouse Farm,

Doddinghurst Road.  No damage or casualties.  (Removed B.D.S. 25.2.41).

11/01/1941    20.15  Pilgrims          1 U.X.B.A. bomb board, wire and parachute and

Hatch             circular board found near PC Dayer’s house.  No damage or casualties.  (disposed of by B.D.S 13th).

11/01/1941    21.15  Mountnessing          1 U.X.B.A. bomb board, wire and parachute

and circular board found at Swallows Cross.  Bomb in hedge at Bullmans Farm.  (Disposed of by B.D.S 13th).

11/01/1941    22.30  Doddinghurst            2 – Parachutes and a large quantity of wire. 

A heavy explosion was heard when this material grounded.

12/01/1941    18.25  Doddinghurst            1 U.X.B. with wire and parachute attached

at Stockfield.  Also a parachute and wire only in a field near Shepherds Inn.  (Disposed of by B.D.S. 13th).

12/01/1941                Pilgrims          1 U.X.B Small Yellow with parachute attached

Hatch             near Ashwells (Disposed of by B.D.S. 13th).  Also 1 parachute only at Ashwells.

12/01/1941                Doddinghurst            1 – U.X.B.  Small Yellow with a parachute

and wire attached in Howgego’s field, Dagwood Lane.  (Disposed of B.D.S. 15th)

12/01/1941                Doddinghurst            1- U.X.B.  Small Yellow near “The Warren”

                                                            Blackmore Road.  (Disposed of by B.D.S. 16th).

12/01/1941    18.30  Basildon        1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 300 yards South of

Burnt Mills and 600 yards East of Rectory Road.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    18.40  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded in a field between Rectory Road

                                                            and Pound Lane.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    18.45  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Dorna” Hatch

                                    Hatch             Road, 4 houses slightly damaged.  No casualties.

12/01/1941    18.50  Wickford        5 – H.E. exploded at Atherstone Gardens and a

number of I.Bs in open ground.  Slight damage to property.  No 1 Police Houses, telephone wires and electric cables down.

12/01/1941    18.50  Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in upper Edwards Hall,

                                                            Eastwood Rise.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    19.00  Brentwood     1 – H.E. exploded in Crown Square, Crown Street,

8 slight casualties.  4 houses demolished, 14 houses and a school seriously damaged.  16 houses slightly damaged.  Water and gas mains damaged.  2 unclassified roads closed.

12/01/1941    19.00  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded 150 yards East of Ashwells

                                    Hatch             Farm, School Lane.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    19.05  Laindon         1 – H.E. exploded at Castle Lane, Primrose Hill. 

                                                            Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

12/01/1941    19.10  Barling           1 – I.B. burnt out at Clays Street Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    19.10  Sutton            2 – H.Es exploded Temlle Farm, 400 yards West of

Sutton Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

12/01/1941    19.19  Little Warley  I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields North of Arterial

Road, near Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    20.15  Rochford       7 – H.Es exploded in fields at Blatches Farm. 

                                                            Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

12/01/1941    21.20  Little                7 – H.Es exploded in fields at Hatches Farm.  No

                                    Burstead        damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    21.40  Canvey          4 – H.Es exploded near Scars Elbow Fort.  2 in

Island             fields and 2 in River Thames.  No damage or casualties.  Also I.Bs (a number) on 70 ton Lighter named “WYE” near O’Dells Dump, Northwick Road.  No casualties.  Boat damaged and

12/01/1941    21.40  Dunton          I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields between Dunton

Colony and Dunton Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    21.50  Hadleigh        5 – H.Es, 4 exploded and 1 unexploded in and near

The Crescent, and a number of I.Bs near Burrows Recreation Ground. 1 H.E. exploded 70 yards North of Scrubbs Lane, 1 unexploded 100 yards West of Woodfield Road and 3 exploded on open ground behind Woodfield Road, 2 fatal casualties (females 14 months and 9 years) 4 serious and 5 slight casualties, 1 bungalow demolished, slight damage to other property.  Water and gas mains damaged, sewer damaged and three unclassified roads closed.

12/01/1941    22.10  Dunton          7 – H.Es exploded in fields at rear of Dunton

                                                            Wayletts Farm.  No damage or casualties.

12/01/1941    22.28  Shenfield       1 – A.A. Shell exploded in School Chase.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

13/01/1941    N/K     Potton            1 – H.E. unexploded on saltings 1/2 mile North of

Island             Farmhouse and 35 feet from sea wall and 50 yards West of Storehouse on North East side of sea wall.  No damage or casualties.

16/01/1941     01.04  Brentwood     A German Dornier 17 shot down by night fighter

crashed in flames in Hartswood 100 yards from junction of Woodman and Hartswood Roads.  Machine completely burnt out.  Remains of 3 bodies found in wreckage.

16/01/1941    05.15  Canvey          A German Heinkel 111 shot down by night fighter

Island             crashed in flames in River Thames 100 yards South of Oil Wharf Jetty Hole Haven.  Occupants 2 dead and 3 prisoners (1 at Oldchurch Hospital).

18/01/1941    15.35  Billericay        10 – H.Es 8 exploded and 2 unexploded in fields

East of Lawness Farm.  No damage or casualties.  (Dealt with by B.D.S. 9.4.41).

18/01/1941    16.45  Hockley          Barrage Balloon grounded in a field near

Homefield Farm, Greensword Lane.  Damage to electric cables.

19/01/1941    21.00  Nevendon     1 – H.E. exploded in a field 300 yards East of

Nevendon Hall Farm and 300 yards South of Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.

19/01/1941    21.05  Pitsea             I.Bs (about 40) burnt out on Marsh land near the

Reclaimation Coy Limited works.  No damage or casualties.

19/01/1941    22.00  Great              Damage to ceilings and windows at “Corduville

Wakering       Villa” High Street by nose cap of A.A. Shell.  Also damage by shrapnel to roof of Methodist Chapel.  No casualties.

20/01/1941    02.05  Hutton             I.Bs (a number) burnt out on open ground in

vicinity of L.N.E.R. Brands Farm and Petrol storage dump, Wash Lane.

21/01/1941    10.45  South Weald 1 – A.A. exploded Shell at Coxtie Green Farm. 

                                                            Slight damage to cowshed.  No casualties.

21/01/1941    15.00  Pitsea             An enemy plane flew low over the district and

machine gunned indiscriminately.  No casualties.  Damage to bungalow.

21/01/1941    15.55  Billericay        16 – H.Es 15 exploded and 1 unexploded and a

number of I.Bs in fields opposite Ardleighs Garage at Harts Corner.  One heavy H.E. exploded near Cullis’ Sheet Metal Factory South Green.  1 soldier killed, 2 soldiers and 3 civilians injured.  Extensive damage to factory and other property.  Telephone and electric cables down.  Water main damaged.  (Unexploded removed by B.D.S).

22/01/1941                Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded found behind military hut on

Brands Farm, Wash Lane.  No damage or casualties (believed to have fallen 20.1.41).

22/01/1941                Laindon         1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on footpath 150 yards

East of Church Road.  No damage or casualties.  (disposed of B.D.S. 4.2.41).

24/01/1941    12.00  East Horndon           A white balloon 8 feet diameter deflated

found in a wood 1/2 mile West of East Horndon roundabout.

29/01/1941    20.00  South Weald 1 – H.E exploded on grass verge opposite 38

Wealdside Cottage.  Telephone wires and water main damaged.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

29/01/1941    20.30  Mountnessing          3 – H.Es exploded, 2 in fields called Thoby

Fields North East of Mountnessing Mill and 1 in field North Corner House Café, Burnthouse Lane.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

29/01/1941    20.50  Great Warley 2 – H.Es exploded in fields 1/4 mile North of

Stoney Hills Farm.  Slight damage to 2 houses.  No casualties.

29/01/1941    21.00  Downham     3 – H.Es exploded in fields 200 yards from De

                                                            Beauvoir’s Arms.  No damage or casualties.

29/01/1941    21.30  Downham     2 – H.Es exploded in fields 600 yards East of White

                                                            Lillies Farm.  No damage or casualties.

30/01/1941     13.30  Wickford        2 – H.Es exploded, 1 200 yards South of A.127 and

1 exploded 150 yards East of Pipps Hill.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

30/01/1941    13.45  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded and about 50 I.Bs burnt out 300

yards East of Sea Transport Depot and Sewerage Works.  1 ewe killed and overhead electric cables down.

30/01/1941    16.30  Laindon         1 – A.A. unexploded Shell fell in the garden of

“Rosena” Borthwick Drive.  No damage or casualties.  (dealt with by B.D.S. 6.2.41).

31/01/1941    11.15  Herongate     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in the garden of

“Woodlands” Blind Lane.  No damage or casualties.  (Dealt with by B.D.S. 24.2.41).

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service December 1940

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service December 1940.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

01/12/1940    23.15  Pilgrims          1 – H.E exploded in a field at junction Coxtie Green

Hatch             Road and Wheelers Lane.  Considerable damage to property.  Poultry killed.  Water main damaged.  Overhead Telephone wires down.  Road blocked (open 2nd).

02/12/1940    20.15  Doddinghurst            2 – H.Es, 1 exploded on edge of wood near

Rilston Lodge Church Lane.  Damage to property, 14 persons rendered homeless, 1 unexploded in a drained pond between Solid Lane and Cottages, near Wacketts Farm.  No casualties.

04/12/1940    21.00  Billericay        Damage to lamp standard on Southend Road and

buildings at Southend Farm by drifting Barrage Balloon.

04/12/1940    21.20  Rochford       2 – H.Es unexploded, 1 on Golf Course and 1 200

yards North West of Westborrow Hall (exploded 9.12.40)  No damage or casualties.

04/12/1940    21.30  Hullbridge     10 – H.Es exploded at Poolehurst Farm, Cracknells

Farm and Kingsland Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

04/12/1940    21.55  Coxtie Green 2 – H.Es, 1 exploded and 1 unexploded at back of

Coxtie Green House.  White Horse Road.  Road closed (open after 96 hours).  Damage to property.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.  D.B.S. 7.2.41.

04/12/1940    22.30  Rayleigh        Drifting Barrage Balloon fouled the Overhead

electric cables at Little Wakering drifting in a South Easterly direction and caught on a pylon at Wheatleys Farm and burnt.  Wires and ropes and gear salvaged.

04/12/1940    22.55  Ingrave           3 – H.Es unexploded, 1 in field opposite Womens

Institute Dunnings Lane, 2 in Thorndon Park between 10th fairway and Lake, (1 exploded in a plantation the 5th).  No damage or casualties.

05/12/1940    15.00  Billericay        1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 200 yards East of

Cox Farm Road.  Green Lane.  (exploded 31.12.40 by B.D.S.)  No damage or casualties.

05/12/1940    21.30  Hockley          8 – I.Bs on Marshes 350 yards North of Beckney

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

08/12/1940    18.55  Rayleigh        10 – I.Bs fell on open ground and burnt out at St

Walter Rayleigh Drive, Victoria Road, Station Crescent, Lancaster Road, Highfield Crescent and Barranting Square.  No damage or casualties.

08/12/1940    21.25  East                1 – H.E exploded in a field at rear of Meadow

Horndon        House 200 yards South of A.127.  No damage or casualties.

08/12/1940    21.30  Herongate     30 – I.Bs on The Elms, Elm Cottage, Herongate

House and The Poplars and about 26 on op ground.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

08/12/1940    22.35  Canvey          I.Bs (a number) fell in the vicinity Long Road. 

Island             Damage at  Green Stores and June Villa, Long Road.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

09/12/1940    00.05  Childerditch  1 – H.E exploded in Brickfields Road 30 yards

                                                            North of Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/12/1940    00.15  Langdon        2 – H.Es, 1 exploded and 1 unexploded near West

Hills                Ham Sanatorium Dry Street.  Unexploded in Orchard 200 yards East of buildings.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 22.3.41.

09/12/1940    01.00  Foulness       2 – H.Es exploded in narrow gut creek, Rushley

Island             Island 3/4 mile East of The Island Farm House.  No damage or casualties.

09/12/1940    01.10  Doddinghurst            I.Bs (a number) fell in the vicinity of

Woodlands Blackmore near Hendersons Garage.  No damage or casualties.

09/12/1940    01.35  Hadleigh        1 – H.E exploded in centre of Park Chase London

Road, 6 slight casualties.  Extensive damage to property.  Gas main damaged (S.L.T. 21.12.40)

09/12/1940    01.35  Crays Hill       I.Bs (a number) approx. 100 fell on open ground at

                                                            Crays Hill Farm.  No damage or casualties.

09/12/1940    01.45  Doddinghurst            2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in field near Wantz

Cottages and 1 H.E. and 1 Oil I.B. in vicinity of “Red House” Poultry Farm, slight damage to 2 Poultry houses.  No casualties.

09/12/1940    02.00  Ramsden       3 – H.Es unexploded, 1 at DeBeauvoir’s Farm

Bell House    (exploded at 08.00) 1 South of Railway lines (exploded  at 09.55) causing damage to Railway Embankment.  Up track closed.  And 1 at DeBeauvoir’s Farm 400 yards East of Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.  (Railway line open 10.12.40).

09/12/1940    02.00  Crays Hill       2 – H.Es, 1 exploded 250 yards West of St Marys

Church and unexploded 10 yards from crater (exploded 11.12.40)  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/12/1940    04.10  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in road outside School House. 

The Avenue.  Damage to four houses, gas main damaged.  Telephone wires down.  The Avenue blocked (S.L.T. 21st).

09/12/1940    04.10  Crays Hill       1 – H.E exploded in a field 10 yards from A.129

and 300 yards Billericay side of Whiteridge.  No damage or casualties.

09/12/1940    04.30  Vange            2 – H.Es exploded in fields 40 yards South of High

Street and 100 yards West of Vange Church.  Extensive damage to property.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

09/12/1940    04.30  Little                1 – H.E. exploded in a field between Sudburys

                                    Burstead        Farm and Blind Lane.  No damage or casualties.

09/12/1940    06.30  Canvey          7 – H.Es, 4 unexploded in river in front of West

Island             Point, Thorney Bay (3 exploded at 16.50 hrs, 1 remaining) and 3 exploded near Southend Water Works emergency Pumping Station Haven Road.  Pumping Station badly damaged.  Water supply not affected.  No casualties.

09/12/1940    08.38  Foulness       3 – H.Es exploded and 15 I.Bs burnt out on Wick

                                    Island             Farm.  No damage or casualties.

11/12/1940    20.30  Mountnessing          1 – H.E unexploded in Lodge field, Thoby

                                                            Lane.  No damage or casualties.

11/12/1940    20.49  North              I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields at North Benfleet

                                    Benfleet         Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

11/12/1940    21.00  Wickford        2 – H.Es exploded in a field North West of Wantz

Corner, Chelmsford Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

12/12/1940                Rayleigh        Parachute of a flare found in a field near Crow Hill. 

                                                            Now at Rayleigh Police Station.

12/12/1940    02.15  Paglesham    14 – H.Es exploded, 1 on East Hall Road.  Closed

(open 13.12.40) 2 beside East Hall Road, 5 on South Hall Farm.  4 at Church Hall Farm and  2 on East Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

12/12/1940    21.10  Mountnessing                      4 – H.Es, 2 exploded and 2

unexploded in Moat field off Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

12/12/1940    22.27  Mountnessing          3 – H.Es, 2 exploded in a field on

McCheyne’s Farm and 1 unexploded in 2nd meadow North West of Great Cowbridge Grange Farm.  No damage or casualties.  Disposed of B.D.S. 17.12.40.

13/12/1940    02.52  Canvey          6 – H.Es exploded in the River Thames 100 yards

                                    Island             East of Oil Wharf Jetty.  No damage or casualties.

13/12/1940    19.50  Canvey          1 Parachute mine exploded in mid-air between

Island             Canvey and the Kent Coast.  No damage or casualties.

13/12/1940                Rayleigh        Parachute flare found in field near Crow Hill (taken

                                                            by R****

14/12/1940    01.55  Sutton             2 Parachute mines, 1 exploded 400 yards North

and 1exploded 500 yards West of Beauchamps Farm Shopland.  No casualties.  Considerable damage to property.  Parachute of 1 mine at Rochford Police Station.

14/12/1940    01.55  Paglesham    2 Parachute mines, 1 exploded on South Hall

Marshes and 1 unexploded on Hare Marshes.  Slight damage to property.  Unexploded removed to Portsmouth 16th by Military.

14/12/1940    09.40  Little Warley  1 – A.A. unexploded Shell found in a field 200

                                                            yards East of Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties.

14/12/1940    18.18  Canvey          10 – H.Es exploded, 1 on “Beachville” Clinton

Island             Road, HQ of 96th Light A.A. Battery R.A. extensive damage to property.  1 soldier fatal casualty.  Military hut fired.  Underground telephone cables and telegraph pole damaged and 9 exploded in fields North and South of Canvey Road in line from Cooks Farm to Clinton Road.  S.L.T. on Canvey Road B.1014.  (open 14.12.40).

15/12/1940    20.08  Foulness       7 – H.Es exploded North West of Church End on

                                    Island             Nazewick Farm.  No damage or casualties.

15/12/1940    20.20  Canvey          2 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in the

Island             River Thames 500 yards off Scars Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

17/12/1940                Paglesham    1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in orchard of East Hall. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

17/12/1940                Dunton          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in centre Verge opposite

telegraph pole 328, Arterial Road.  No casualties. (Disposed of by B.D.S. 30/12/40).

20/12/1940    21.10  Great Warley 1 – H.E exploded in field 80 yards West of District

Nurses house.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

20/12/1940    23.55  Basildon        2 – H.Es, 1 exploded and 1 unexploded on Honey

Pot Lane.  The unexploded H.E. exploded at 11.30 the 21st, causing two casualties (slight) both Wardens.  Extensive damage to property, water main and telephone wires (Wardens names Norman and Clements)  Road open 17.1.41.

21/12/1940    05.45  Creeksea       Segt Hazlegrove and Pte Haige of the Duke of

Wellington Regt.  Stationed at Hawkwell were taking part in manoeuvres at Creeksea when they walked across land mines buried in the ground on land which was fenced off running parallel with Creeksea Road, 1 mine exploded and they were both practically blown to pieces.

23/12/1940    19.45  Ingrave           7 – H.Es exploded and about 100 I.Bs burnt out in

Thorndon Park in vicinity of Hatch Farm, 1 in garden of Rushbottom Cottage Rectory Lane.  Damage to property, 2 Salmonds Farm (damage to property) 2 Willows Farm, 1 dairy Farm and 1 at Fouchers Farm.  No casualties.

23/12/1940                Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of Curressys,

Ongar Road.  No damage or casualties.  (Disposed of by B.D.S. 24.1.41).

23/12/1940                Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in grounds of “Learigg”,

Cornslands.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 26.2.41.

27/12/1940     20.18  Hockley          1 – H.E. exploded at junction of Greensword Lane

                                                            and Lower Road.  No damage or casualties.

27/12/1940    20.30  Little Warley  1 – H.E. exploded at entrance of Codham Hall

Lane.  The lane is partly blocked by debris.  No casualties.  (Lane open 29.12.40).

27/12/1940    20.40  South Weald Windows broken at The Chequers P.H. by mine

                                                            exploding at Navestock.

27/12/1940    20.40  Barling           2 – H.Es exploded, 1 at Shoulderstick Hall and 1 at

& Sutton        Beauchamps Farm house.  Damage to property.  Aeroplane trip wires down.  No casualties.

27/12/1940    21.00  Little Warley  I.Bs (about 100) burnt out at junction of Hall Lane

and Arterial Road.  Slight damage to property And about 1 ton of hay destroyed in a stack.  No casualties.

27/12/1940    21.00  Hockley          1 – I.B. burnt out in a ditch at Marylands Wood.

No damage or casualties.

27/12/1940    21.00  Great              9 – H.Es exploded in line 100 yards North West of

Burstead        Barleylands Sewerage Works.  No damage or casualties.

27/12/1940    21.01  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields 400 yards West

                                                            of Barleylands House.  No damage or casualties.

27/12/1940    21.12  Buttsbury       1 Parachute mine exploded 200 yards South East

of Shoulder Hall.  Slight damage to Shoulder Hall.  No casualties.

27/12/1940    21.13  Billericay        1 Parachute mine exploded 50 yards North of

“Stricklands” Buckwyns Estate.  Damage to 8 houses.  No casualties.

27/12/1940    Night  South             1 – Parachute mine unexploded in garden of

Fambridge     “Greenways” Fambridge Road.  Tail cap found 1/2 mile from River.  Fambridge Road closed.  (Rendered safe by Admiralty 29.12.40)  Road open ( Rest of entry missing on original).

27/12/1940    21.40  Canewdon    1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 30 yards West

                                                            of Lion House.  No damage or casualties.

27/12/1940                Ashingdon    1 – Parachute mine unexploded on Marshes 400

yards South of Ashingdon School (Rendered harmless by Admiralty 29.12.40).

28/12/1940                Coxtie Green Harley Cottage in lane nr Eagle Inn.  Roof serious

and 12 panes of glass broken from blast and debris from H.E. exploded by B.D.S. during afternoon.

29/12/1940    18.30  Pitsea             2 – H.Es, 1 exploded in garden of “The Sheilings”

Rectory Road.  Slight damage to property and 1 unexploded in a field 40 yards from Rectory Road.  B.1011 closed (H.E. exploded 3.1.41 road open.  Damage to 12 houses and shops.)  No casualties.

29/12/1940    19.30  Brentwood     1 – A.A. Shell exploded on Ingrave Road opposite

“Rannock” 200 yards South of 3 Arch Bridge.  Slight damage to property and road.  No casualties.