APRIL 1916

                   APRIL 1916



The spring of 1916 brought to an end the dominance of the Eindecker, and with it, the “Fokker Scourge”. The arrival of the French Nieuport II, the Airco DH2 and the Royal Aircraft Factory FE2 was an equal match for the German Eindecker.



On the 21st April 1916, a German submarine transported Sir Roger Casement to them *********************************************************************

volunteered to join the British army. Over 50,000 young Irishmen died in the trenches.


On the 23rd April 1916, Vera Brittain volunteered for overseas as a VAD (Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse). She had joined the VAD at the outbreak of war in 1914 in order to understand the privations suffered by her brother Edward and his three great friends. At the start of the war, Vera Brittain was studying at Oxford University, along with her four male colleagues.

The four men joined had left Oxford University, joined the army, and were commissioned as officer, and unwillingly and unable to endure Oxford on the side-lines, she joined the VAD as a nurse. In August 1915, she became engaged to Roland Leighton, one of her brother’s three great friends. Tragically, he was killed in France by a German sniper in December 1915. She went through a period of mourning by returning to her hospital duties in London. She had reached the end of contract and eventually offered her services with the VAD by serving overseas. 



The “Easter Uprising” commenced at noon on the Monday 24th April 1916 in *********************************************************************        

called for military style manoeuvres in a defensive war against the British.     .




Four German Battlecruisers opened fire on Lowestoft at daybreak of the 25th April *********************************************************************

British vessels anchored at Lowestoft.



The Sykes-Picot Agreement became official on the 26th April 1916 with an exchange *********************************************************************

secretary, to Paul Gambon, the French ambassador to London on the 23rd May 1916.



By the 29th April 1916, the “Easter Uprising” was over. The British army, taken by ********************************************************************* Irish leader’s decision to surrender in order to avoid further civilian deaths.



At the Battle of St.Eloi in April 1916, British troops wore the Brodie Helmet for the *********************************************************************

replaced the traditional Pickelhaube with the steel “Stahlhelm” helmet.




The Balkans


On the 3rd April 1916, two hundred and fifty thousand Serbian troops were evacuated from Albania. Allied warships had transported the Serbs to Corfu by the largest naval evacuation to date.


Appointed on the 4th April 1916, General Alexei Brusilov was to command the Russian southern front.


On the 14th April 1916, the Russian offensive at Lake Naroch ended, as German counter attacks had eliminated the gains the Russians had made. Requested by the French, the offensive was an attempt to help divert German forces from Verdun. The Russians sustained 120,000 casualties for very little gain.


On the 14th April 1916, the newly appointed commander of the Russian southern front, General Brusilov, proposed an offensive over an extended front. This offensive was to differ from the ill-feted Lake Naroch debacle having a revised bombardment strategy


On 22nd April 1916, Flora Sandes, the only English woman to have fought in the *********************************************************************

letter was written and signed by the Commander of the Company, Janachko Jovitch. 



After declaring war on Serbia in October 1915, the Bulgarian army soon opposed to ********************************************************************* the Bulgarian offensive but had finally withdrawn their objections.





The Caucasus and Middle East Campaign


On the 15th April 1916, the British received dropped food supplies at Kut-el-Amara. This was one of four attempts to relieve Kut. The five months siege by the Turks had left the British troops exhausted and starving.


During the Caucasus Campaign, on the 18th April 1916 the Turks abandoned Trebizond leaving the Russians in occupation until the Russian Revolution of 1917.


On the 26th April 1916, agreement between the British, French and Russian diplomats discussed the future partition of the Ottoman Empire. The British commitments were to conflict with later promises made to the Arabs.


29th April 1916. The British forces surrender to the Turks ending the five month long *********************************************************************

Ottoman soldiers and prestige for the Ottoman army in the Middle East.

The British Government was forced to pour more resources into Mesopotamia.






On the 2nd April 1916, the French counter-attacked the eastern sector of the Meuse River regaining part of ruined village of Vaux. The village was to change hands thirteen times throughout April.


On the 9th April 1916, the Germans launched, across a 32km (20 mile) front,**************************************************************** Douaumont and Vaux, throughout April.

The German Fifth Army had lost some 120,000 men by the end of April.




NOTE !! Italics represent the text already submitted, and the remainder is required as an insert.


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