Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service October 1940.

Air Raid Damage Reports Brentwood Division Essex Fire Service October 1940.

Date                Time   Location         Damage

01/10/1940    23.45  Canvey          21 – H.Es 14 exploded and 1 unexploded in fields

Island             at Leeches Farm between Canvey Road and “Snaresbrook” Church Parade (house demolished) 5 exploded in the Winter Gardens District, 2 at “Kingsclare” Champion Avenue, 1 at “Elmsholme” Central Avenue, 1 in Cooks Field, 1 near “Oakleigh” Burwell Avenue and 1 unexploded 20 feet in front of “Currie” Burwell Avenue.  (Unexploded dealt with by B.D.S 15.1.41)  No casualties.

01/10/1940    Night  Billericay        1 – H.E. unexploded 100 yards South of Sudburys

                                                            Farm House.  No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    00.30  Canvey          3 – H.E. unexploded in the River Thames near

                                    Island             Scars Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    00.35  South             I.Bs (a number) 7 in vicinity of Police houses and

Benfleet         Police Station and a large number in Kimberly Road South View Road Tyrill Road and in fields off Clifton Road.   No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    00.40  Great Warley 17 – H.Es 16 exploded and 1 unexploded in fields

between Boyles Court and Coombe Lodge.  1 near Coombe Lodge Cottages, Coombe Green (greenhouses and brick wall damaged) 1 at side of Warley Road 200 yards South of Post Office (gas main fired, S.L.T. road open 15.10.40) 1 unexploded H.E. 250 yards to rear of Coombe Lodge copse.  No casualties.

02/10/1940    00.45  Thundersley I.Bs (a number) burnt out at “Abbycraig”

                                                            Grassmere Road.  No damage or casualties.

02/10/1940    01.20  Wickford        2 – Parachute mines exploded, 1 at rear of

“Stoketeign” Swan Lane (house demolished) extensive damage to surrounding property and 1 150 yards to rear of Swan Hotel Broadway.  3 persons killed (Arthur Gertrude and Molly Pratt) 25 houses badly damaged, 90 persons rendered homeless (accommodated with friends) Nos 1 and 2 Police houses damaged.

02/10/1940    16.00  East                1 – A.A. unexploded Shell 350 yards North of

Horndon        Dunton West Signal Box.  No damage or casualties.

03/10/1940    01.20  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded near “Chiney Cottage” Perry

Street Stock Road.  10 houses slightly damaged, 1 uninhabitable.  No casualties.

03/10/1940    01.20  Downham     1 – H.E. unexploded 300 yards South of

“Fenndales” Little Abbotts.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S 4.2.41

03/10/1940    05.30  Doddinghurst            2 – H.Es exploded in fields off Stock Road,

near junction with Blackmore Road.  No damage or casualties.

03/10/1940                Mountnessing          1 – H.E unexploded in a field at Chainbridge

300 yards East of St Anns Lane.  No damage or casualties.

03/10/1940    16.40  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded in a Swede field in Nags

Head Lane near Keepers Cottage.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940                Foulness       Body of a German Airman found on the foreshore

Island             between Asplin Head and Rugwood Head.  In water about 7 days.  Moved to Southend Municipal Hospital Rochford (Johannes Island     Nolte 24 years Rank UFFZ)

04/10/1940    00.30  Wickford        3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded and 4 oil

I.Bs failed to ignite 50 yards South of Barn Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    00.45  Shotgate        3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded in a field

150 yards to West of Begells Avenue.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 4.3.41

04/10/1940                Little Warley  1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in Walker’s meadow

White Horse Farm South of Greyhound P.H.  No damage or casualties.  B.D.S. 18.10.41

 04/10/1940   01.20  Downham     1 – Oil I.B. burnt out 1/4 mile East of junction of

Hawksword Road and De Beauvoir Lane.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    13.00  Basildon        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in orchard 600 yards

East of Lower Dunton Road and 300 yards West of Dunton Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    14.55  Great              2 – H.Es 1 unexploded in garden of 5 St Johns

Wakering       Cottage New Town (St Johns Road closed this exploded the 11th, slight damage to property St Johns Road open) 1 exploded in a field 100 yards East of Church and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in St Johns meadow,  Slight damage to property.  3 slight casualties, 2 male and 1 female.

04/10/1940                Crays Hill       Parachute mine which fell 24.9.40 was exploded

By B.D.S. 70 yards East of Westerns Stores.  Extensive damage to property.  Telephone wires down, 50 houses slightly and 7 badly damaged.  Road A.129 closed, 1 female and 2 male casualties.

04/10/1940    16.00  Paglesham    1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field between

“Cupola” and the Plough P.H.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    17.25 East Horndon           1 – H.E. unexploded in South East corner of

Misery field, Clay Gate Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    21.00  Langdon Hills           2 – H.Es exploded at Grays Farm, haystack

fired.  Dry Street blocked from junction of B.1007 to One Tree Hill.  No casualties.  S.L.T. 5th.

04/10/1940    21.00  Crays Hill       1 – H.E. unexploded near the Shepherd & Dog

P.H.  No damage or casualties.  P.H. closed.  (Exploded 18.12.40 road A.129 open)

 04/10/1940   21.00  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded near “The Kennels” Kennel

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    21.15  South Weald 2 – H.Es exploded and about 200 I.Bs burnt out in

fields at “Hou Hatch”, 1 slight casualty  No damage.

04/10/1940    21.30  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded in a field 200 yards at rear of

“Bedlams” at rear and East of cricket field.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    21.30  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded 100 yards North of A.129 and

400 yards West of junction Mountnessing Road and A.129.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    22.30  Rochford       2 – H.Es and a large number of I.Bs on Haven

                                                            Gore Island.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    22.30  Foulness       I.Bs (a number) in a field between Great Wakering

Island             Stairs and Small Gains Farm.  No damage or casualties.

04/10/1940    23.40  Brentwood     10 – H.Es at Railway Station.  1 exploded and 1

unexploded amongst houses and old wreckage at Myrtle Road.  1 house demolished and several slightly damaged and 1 partly demolished, 2 serious casualties, 1 Margaret Allen of Stratford.  Myrtle Road blocked.  4 exploded near Nos. 2 and 3 platforms.  (Two trains derailed, three lines blocked.  Only 1 line open).  1 H.E. unexploded on North side embankment 40 yards from line opposite water filler No 4 and 3 exploded in gardens of “Greenways”, “Gatehouse” and “Withies” at Cornslands.

05/10/1940    01.30  Crays Hill       Barrage Balloon grounded at “Aveley” Crays Hill

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940                Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded on 6th Tee Thorndon Park

Golf Course (exploded night of 5th inst).  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    14.43  Downham     Barrage Balloon grounded near “Frimnells”

Overhead Electric Cables down at Wick Lane.  (Taken by RAF 6th inst)  No casualties.

05/10/1940    19.45  Canvey          4 – H.Es exploded near “Next-Wych” and Winter

Island             Gardens and a number of I.Bs at Northwick and near No 8 Gun Site of 167 Battery, 59th Heavy RA.   No casualties or damage.

05/10/1940    20.45  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in private drive of “Merrymead”

                                                            Sawyers Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    21.10  Doddinghurst            1 – H.E. exploded in garden of Council

                                                            Houses Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    21.45  Basildon        1 – H.E. and 50 I.Bs in fields West and South of

junction Dunton & Rectory Roads to Calvers Farm.  Up track of A.127 blocked at Basildon.  No casualties.

05/10/1940    23.30  Little Warley  1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a field

1/4 mile West of Warley Lodge.  North of Childerditch to Clapgate Farm Road.   No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    23.40  Thundersley 2 – H.Es exploded in a field 200 yards Arterial

Road side of Oakwood Reservoir Daws Heath and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in garden of “Oakwood” Bramble Lane.  Roof and windows damaged at “Oakwood”, “Hazledene” and “Glagsons Farm”.  No casualties.

05/10/1940    23.40  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in a field 400 yards West of

Balwood Garden Daws Heath.  No damage or casualties.

05/10/1940    23.40  Hutton            6 – H.Es unexploded in a field 200 yards East of

Hanging Hill Lane.  In fields behind Beers Cottage and 100 yards South of Sewells Cottages.  No damage or casualties.

06/10/1940    01.30  Paglesham    3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded in a field

West Hall Meadow, Glebe Lane, opposite the Rectory.  Slight damage to Rectory and Farm house.   The unexploded is 174 yards North of Rectory and 60 yards North of Church End Road.  No casualties.  B.D.S. 18.11.40.

06/10/1940                Downham     1 – H.E. exploded 600 yards East of junction of

Hawkeswood Road and DeBeavoir Lane.  No damage or casualties.

06/10/1940    02.40  Shenfield       2 – H.Es exploded, 1 near Wynbarn Farm and 1

near Searchlight Post, Palmers Farm, between Hall Lane and Chelmsford Road.  No damage or casualties.

06/10/1940    02.45  Doddinghurst            1 – Oil I.B. at Howes Farm, opposite Rose

                                                            Cottage Clover stack burnt out.  No casualties.

06/10/1940    03.03  Brentwood     8 – H.Es 6 exploded and 2 unexploded in Railway

Lines L.N.E.R. Goods Yard, West of Railway Station, Carriages fired opposite gas holder.  Extensive damage to Goods sheds.  Local up and down track blocked.  All trains stopped for examination.  1 unexploded 100 yards West of Railway Station exploded at 06.25, 1 H.E. unexploded 50 yards West of Railway Station.  Some carriages and 3 trains demolished Coal Wharfe fired.  Telephone wires down.  Damage to gas main.  Gas holder punctured by shrapnel.  Much damage to surrounding property.  Roofs damaged and windows broken.  1 casualty R.237. Popey.  Slight shock, sent off duty.

06/10/1940    07.45  Thundersley Barrage Balloon grounded 1/2 mile West of

Church.  Electric cables damaged.  Current restored 08.20.  No casualties.

06/10/1940    10.20  Brentwood     Damage at Brentwood and Hutton by drifting

Barrage Balloon.  Telephone and electric cables down.  Windows broken at “Freshfield” Priests Lane.  Gas Lamp Standard in Western Road and roof of house in Weald Road.  No casualties.

06/10/1940    12.45  Little Warley  1 – H.E. unexploded in Misery Field, Clay Gate

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

07/10/1940    04.00  Thundersley Damage to property by drifting Barrage Balloon. 

                                                            Also at Rayleigh and Hadleigh.  No casualties.

07/10/1940    05.50  Hockley          4 – H.Es exploded, 2 at North side of Hullbridge

Stores at Pooles Lane corner, 1 200 yards West of Ferry Road and 1 at River View Gardens.  Damage to property and gas main.  No casualties.

07/10/1940    06.00  Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded near house of Wards Nurseries

“The Drive” Eastwood.  End of house partly demolished.  No casualties.

07/10/1940    06.00  Raweth          6 – H.Es, 3 exploded 400 yards East of

Battlesbridge Mills and 600 yards North East of Highlands Farm, 2 unexploded 200 yards North of Beeches Road and 1/4 mile from junction of Chelmsford Road and 1 unexploded 300 yards North East of Highlands Farm.  (All exploded by B.D.S. 28.12.40)  No damage or casualties.

 07/10/1940   07.20  Foulness       10 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

Island             on Hall and Lodge Farms South East of Church End. No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940     02.00  Mountnessing          3 – Oil I.Bs, 2 burnt out in fields South of

A.12 and 1 unburnt on cottage opposite The George and Dragon P.H.  2 slight casualties.  Damage to property (unburnt bomb removed 9th)

08/10/1940    02.00  Mountnessing          1 – H.E. exploded near Rose Cottage

                                                            Church Lane.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    02.30  Billericay        3 – H.Es exploded on Railway Embankment 1 1/2

miles East of Billericay Railway Station.  Slight damage to embankment telephone wires down.  No casualties.

08/10/1940    02.30  Hockley          2 – H.Es, 1 exploded and 1 unexploded and 1 Oil

I.B. burnt out in fields adjoining Lower Road between the Clubhouse and Roscillian Drive.  No damage or casualties.  (removed 11.10.40)

08/10/1940    02.30  Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of

“Redbourne” highlands Avenue (removed 11.10.40 B.D.S.)

08/10/1940    04.00  Wickford        1 – I.B. burnt out in a field at Wick Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    19.00  Wickford        I.Bs (a number) 1 failed to ignite in Cedar Avenue. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    20.15  Little Burstead          3 – H.Es, 2 exploded in a field at St

Margarettes Farm.  1000 yards North of Calvers Farm and 1 unexploded in a spinney on Broom Hill Estate 1/2 mile West of Dunton Road.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    20.30  Crays Hill       I.Bs (about 50) burnt out at Crays Hill District.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

08/10/1940                Vange             3 – H.Es exploded near “Trolage” Collingwood

Road “Oakland” Bull Road and opposite “St Ives” Rushleigh Drive.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    21.30  Laindon         4 – H.Es exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out at

                                                            Mundells Farm.  No damage or casualties.

08/10/1940    21.30  Great              3 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out South

Burstead        East of Barleylands Farm.  Telephone wires down on A.129 and 1 unexploded in a field at Sudburys Farm.  No casualties.  (Disposed of by B.D.S. 14.11.40)

09/10/1940    00.45  Foulness       1 – Oil I.B. failed to ignite in a field West of “Thorpe

Island             House”, South Church.  Slight damage to potato crop.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    01.00  Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 100 yards to

rear of “Davanport” Lillie Avenue (safe 9.10.40) by B.D.S.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    02.15  Little                19 – H.Es , exploded at Little Wakering Wick. 

Wakering       Some covered by tide on Saltings, some at Bolwins Farm, Wick Farm and Little Wakering Hall.  Private water pipe at Baldwins Farm and sea wall damaged.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    03.15  Ingrave           8 – H.Es exploded, 4 at Ingrave Hall Farm, 2

in a wood and 2 in fields at Salmons Farm.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    03.15  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded near Beers Cottage, Hanging

Hill Lane.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 28.10.40 by B.D.S.)

09/10/1940                Brentwood     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of 88 Costead

                                                            Manor Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    03.30  Nevendon     9 – H.Es, 8 exploded and 1 unexploded 300 yards

North of Cranes Farm and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out, all between Timber Lane and Cranes Farm.  Telephone wires down.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.  B.D.S. 6.3.41.

 09/10/1940   09.20  Hullbridge     I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field 20 yards from

                                                            Lower Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    09.20  Hawkwell       I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Railway End, 2 at

Clements Hall Nurseries and 1 on Railway embankment.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    09.20  Ashingdon    I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field 20 yards to rear

                                                            of The Oxford Club.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    10.00  Hockley          I.Bs (a number) burnt out at entrance of

“Seabreeze” St Peters Road.  No damage or casualties.

 09/10/1940   10.00  Raweth          I.Bs (a number) in a field 300 yards North West of

                                                            Tucks Mousery.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    19.45  Great              1 – H.E. exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out 200

Stambridge    yards North West of Hampdon Barn Farm House.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    19.50  Ingrave           I.Bs (about 50) burnt out in fields between

entrance to Thorndon Park Brimans Corner and Ingrave Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    20.04  Shenfield       1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Hillcrest” Park

Lane.  2 serious casualties (Mr & Mrs Soundy) considerable damage to the house also to “Penny-Bryn” and “The Bungalow”.

09/10/1940    20.30  South Weald 4 – H.Es exploded, 2 in fields 200 and 300 yards

West of Searchlight Post near “Hou Hatch” 1 near “Hou Hatch Lodge” and 1 150 yards South East of Frieze Hall.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    20.40  Thundersley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell near The Blackbird

Café, 120 yards South of London Road.  No damage or casualties.

09/10/1940    20.50  Langdon Hills           1 – H.E. exploded on Nos 5 and 6 Council

Houses, Lee Chapel Lane, 2 casualties (Mrs O’Connor 78 years, died in hospital, A.J. O’Connor 71 years died 10th) Both houses demolished.  Telephone wires down.

09/10/1940    20.50  South             1 – H.E. exploded near “Rowlands” Fernlea

                                    Benfleet         Road.  Overhead electric cables damaged.  No

                                                            casualties.

09/10/1940    21.00  Langdon        1 – H.E. exploded at rear of Jacksons Farm at Lee

Hills                Chapel.  Chickens and Foulhouses destroyed.

09/10/1940    21.00  Ingrave           2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in Thorndon Park garden and

1 at Hanleys Dairy Farm.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    21.18  Brentwood     4 – Oil I.Bs burnt out at “Long Marshells”,

“Mansands” School playing field, Doddinghurst Road and 1 in a field opposite Kimpton Road  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

09/10/1940    21.45  Laindon         1 Oil I.B. burnt out at junction of Victoria Avenue

and Melton Avenue.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 09/10/1940   22.00  South             1 – H.E .exploded in a field next to “Fernlea”

Benfleet         Fernlea Road.  Slight damage to property.  No

                        casualties.

10/10/1940    03.30  Foulness       Junkers 88 German Bomber crashed and

Island             completely smashed on the Saltings on South bank of River Roach, between Horseshoe Corner and Potton Point.  Crew of 4 taken prisoner.

10/10/1940    05.30  Hadleigh        11 – H.Es exploded on Hadleigh Marshes, 300

yards West of Hadleigh Castle, in line in a South Easterly direction to within 100 yards of sea wall.  One 30 yards South and one 50 yards North of LMS Railway Lines.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

10/10/1940    07.15  Great              Found in a cabbage field at Oldbury Farm.  A Mica

Wakering       front of a German Aeroplane with three machine guns and a magazine of ammunition.

10/10/1940    13.00  Mountnessing          Barrage Balloon grounded and tied to a tree

                                                            250 yards North of Beckwys Farm.

10/10/1940    15.40  Canvey          3 – H.Es exploded 25 yards the river side of sea

                                    Island             wall in mud.  No damage or casualties.

10/10/1940    20.30  Wickford        3 – H.Es exploded, 1 30 yards East of Crow Farm,

1 100 yards East of Calvers Farm and 1 300 South West of the other two.  No damage or casualties.

10/10/1940    20.40  Hutton             11 – H.Es, 10 exploded and 1 unexploded, 1

exploded in Maltings, Rayleigh Road, remainder in line in fields South to Cresseys Farm.  The unexploded is 150 yards East of “Coppice” Church Lane.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

11/10/1940    16.45  Laindon         2 – H.Es exploded in fields.  1 200 yards North

                                                            West of Calvers Farm.  No damage or casualties.

 11/10/1940   20.00  Foulness       1 – Oil I.B. failed to ignite at 12 Acres Marsh Lane

                                    Island             East Wick.  No damage or casualties.

11/10/1940     22.25    Great              1 – H.E. exploded on cricket pitch near the Church. 

                                    Wakering       No damage or casualties.

11/10/1940    22.25  Little Warley  5 – H.Es exploded in fields on South side of Bird

Lane, 1/2 mile East of Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

11/10/1940                Coxtie Green 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field opposite the

Post Office in Bluebell field.  Coxtie Farm Coxtie Green Road.  No damage or casualties.

12/10/1940    11.25  Hutton            Damage to roofs and glass at “Woodlands”,

“Sudbury”, “Kingsgate”, “Merryvale”, “Oakmere” and “Greengates” Shenfield Gardens.  Due to bomb exploded by B.D.S. at Hutton Residential Schools.  No casualties.

12/10/1940    20.45  South             2 – H.Es exploded in fields between the Vicarage

Benfleet         and Reeds Hill, opposite “Four Winds”.  Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

12/10/1940    20.45  Ingrave           1 – H.E. unexploded 300 yards East of

                                                            Bloomfield’s House Dunning Lane, Childerditch

Open 22.11.40).  No damage or casualties.  Hole 4ft 6 ins. Dia. Over 25 feet deep.  Bomb exploded B.D.S.

12/10/1940    21.15  Hadleigh        Damage to ceilings and glass at “Maryville” Linton

Road and greenhouse by concussion and shrapnel from A.A. gun fire.  No casualties.

13/10/1940                Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field South of

Arterial Road 50 yards South of Telegraph pole 174.  No damage or casualties.

 13/10/1940   22.45  Great              11 – H.Es exploded in fields North East of

Burstead        Barleylands Farm, in line towards Granits Chase.  No damage or casualties.

13/10/1940    Night  Bowers           1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in back garden of Little

Gifford            Chalvedon Hall Pound Lane.  No damage or casualties.  (removed 16.12.40 by B.D.S.).

14/10/1940                Thundersley Damage by shrapnel to roof and Conservatory at

                                                            “Merrylands” Kenneth Road.  No casualties.

14/10/1940    19.53  Pilgrims Hatch          2 – H.Es exploded in a field 300 yards West

of Sandpit Lane on Hutchins Farm.  No damage or casualties.

14/10/1940                Vange            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 35 yards from South

side of level crossing at bottom of Whyte Water Avenue.  No damage or casualties. (removed 16.12.40 by B.D.S.)

14/10/1940    20.15  Barling           3 – H.Es, 2 exploded and 1 unexploded on Marsh

Lane, 500 yards West of Barling Hall Farm & 50 yards South of concrete sluice at sea wall.  No damage or casualties.  (unexploded H.E. exploded 6.12.40 by B.D.S.).

14/10/1940                Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field on right over Hutton

Wash. 40 yards North of Wash. 20 yards from river and 80 yards from the road.  No damage or casualties.

15/10/1940     20.20  Shenfield       A British Courier Plane landed at Palmers Farm,

near the 311 Searchlight Battery.  Plane and Pilot safe.  Pilot Officer Moss an Air Transport Auxiliary from White Waltham Aerodrome Maidenhead landed due to bad light.  Taking off on the 16th inst.

15/10/1940                Barling           1 – Cannon Shell unexploded at Mucking Hall

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

15/10/1940    21.10  Rayleigh        11 – Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields at Tollys Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

15/10/1940    21.32  Dunton          4 – H.Es exploded, 1 at “Airtight Cottage”, Lower

Avenue, 1 at “Jack Myn”, Victoria Road, 1 in orchard of L.C.L Colony and 1 in garden of unnamed bungalow Victoria Road.  Extensive damage to property, 3 slight casualties.

15/10/1940    21.40  Pilgrims Hatch          2 – H.Es exploded, 1 at “Cicel House”

Bentley corner and 1 at side Church Lane.  Lane partly blocked by debris and crater.  Shed demolished.  Brickwall, Lodge, Stable car and garage, greenhouse and two frames damaged.  Telephone wires down.  No casualties.

15/10/1940    22.15  South Weald I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Homesteads Estate

South Weald Road.  Chimney stack of “Newstead” damaged.  No casualties.

16/10/1940                 Ingrave           4 – H.Es, 3 exploded and one unexploded in a field

off Blind Lane Botany Hill at junction of Sudburys Lane Ingrave, 1/4 mile North West of Lapwater Hall.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    02.15  Hutton            German Heinkel 111 crashed and burnt out at

Cresseys Farm 1/2 mile South of Hutton Halle at East end of South Hove Wood.  Occupants 2 prisoners and 2 dead.  One body found in ditch near the plane at 16-20 the 21.11.40.  Unter Offizier Konrad Glaser No 62728/17

16/10/1940    13.15  Great Warley 1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 1/4 mile East of

Dickins Farm Warley Street.  No damage or casualties.

 16/10/1940               Pilgrims          I.Bs (a number) in fields and Woods.  Fire at “Cicel

Hatch             House” Bentley Corner.  Haystack off Mill Road

and straw stack fired at Ashwells Farm near Bentley School. No casualties.

16/10/1940    19.20  Rayleigh        2 – H.Es exploded 1 1/4 mile West of Weir

Crossroads A.127 blocked for 1/4 mile.  Electric cables across the road.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    19.27  Pilgrims Hatch          4 – H.Es, 2 exploded in the gardens of Nos

13 and 14 Council Houses Green Lane.  Backs of houses demolished.  Unexploded in the hedge of “Comards” in Crow Green Lane at top of Green Lane and 1 exploded opposite side of road to unexploded H.E. gas main damaged.  Also 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at Moat House Farm.  Haystack destroyed and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a ditch in Osborne’s Orchard (damage to poultry house at Moat Farm).  No casualties.

16/10/1940    19.30  Billericay        10 – H.Es exploded in fields 400 yards East of

Wardropers Farm Mountnessing Road.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    19.40  Wickford        3 – H.Es exploded near Castledon Road Railway

Bridge 1 200 yards North East of the bridge and 2 250 yards East of No 1.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    19.40  Ramsden       I.Bs (a number) both sides of Chelmsford Road,

Bell House    near the Fox and Hounds P.H.  No damage or

casualties.

16/10/1940                Wickford        2 – Parachute mines exploded near “Sunnyside”

                                                            Wick ????.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    19.50  South             1 – Oil I.B. burnt out at junction of Hatley Gardens

Benfleet         and London Road at Great Tarpots.  No damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    21.30  Nevendon     2 – Parachute mines exploded in a field near

A.127, 150 yards East of Pipps Hill Corner, 39 houses, 11 glass houses and 4 outhouses damaged.  Telephone wires down.  A.127 blocked by debris.  3 slight casualties.  (A.127 open 17.10.40).

16/10/1940    21.40  Runwell         2 – Parachute mines exploded, 1st 50 yards from

Runwell Road, 2nd in field at rear of Dr Strom Olsems residence (one is in the Chelmsford Division).  Several slight casualties.  Extensive damage to property.

16/10/1940    21.45  Nevendon     2 Parachute mines exploded near Rectory.  The

Rectory fired and damaged.  Surrounding property damaged.  Slight damage to Nevendon Police Houses.  No casualties.

16/10/1940                Pitsea             Nose cap of A.A. Shell through roof and water tank

                                                            at “Riverview” Pitsea Estate.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.00  Little Warley  1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in garden of “Foxborrows”

                                                            Front Lane  2 windows broken.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.00  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) Damage at Oxford Café, Ongar

Road.  No 65 Western Road, No 3 Westward Avenue, Cramphorns, High Street, Moors Timber Yard, High Street, No 1 Westwood Avenue, 39 High Street, Nos 7 and 62 Kings Chase, Supt.’s House, Police Garage, Sergt Grafton’s garden shed.  Also a number without doing damage at Kavanaghs Road, London Road, Ashford Road, Tower hill, Gardens in Kings Chase, in school field Doddinghurst Road, in grounds of Mental Hospital and Hospital grounds at Shenfield and grounds of La Plata Grove.

16/10/1940    22.15  Barling           2 – Parachute mines, 1 exploded in a creek 20

yards from sea wall.  Damage to houses over a wide area, large cracks in sea wall.  No casualties and 1 unexploded 1/2 mile North of exploded mine.  Exploded B.D.S. 7.4.41 Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.15  South Weald 1 I.B. burnt out at “Brean Dawn” Hill Road,

Homestead Estate.  Glass broken in conservatory.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.15  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in vicinity of No 53 Westwood

Avenue and No 8 Manor Way  Damage to property.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    22.20  Hockley          2 – Parachute mines, 1 unexploded 1/2 mile West

of Lovedowns Farm House, Lower Road, 300 yards North of Lower Road (burnt by Military 19.10.40) and 1 exploded 100 yards West of Lovedowns Farm.  Lower Road completely blocked.  Farm house uninhabitable other houses badly damaged.  3 slight casualties at “Lym Cottage” which was completely wrecked.

16/10/1940    22.20  Thundersley Plate glass window at No 7 Victoria Parade Kiln

                                                            Road blown in by blast.  No casualties.

16/10/1940    23.15  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded near Mount Farm.  No damage

                                    Hatch             or casualties.

16/10/1940    Night  Canvey          1 – H.E. unexploded opposite 66 The Drive.  No

                                    Island             damage or casualties.

16/10/1940    Night  Doddinghurst            1 – H.E. exploded in a field near Wacketts

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.00  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at

Norsey Wood.  Damage to 1 bungalow.  No casualties.

 17/10/1940   19.40  Hockley          2 – H.Es, 1 exploded in drive of “Bullwood House”

chase, 100 yards from Hockley Road.  Overhead electric cables and telephone cables down and 1 is unexploded 100 yards West of “Bullwood House” gate.  No casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Ashingdon    1 – H.E. exploded on Marshes off Stambridge

                                                            Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Ashingdon    1 – I.B. burnt out in a field off Moon Farm, 250

yards North of Canewdon Road.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940                Doddinghurst   1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a Linseed field of

                                                            Elmslands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded in garden of “Hillcrest” Park

Avenue and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at junction of Shelly Road and Hall Green Lane.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    19.45  Ashingdon    2 – H.Es exploded and 1 unexploded in a field on

South side of Canewdon Road 1/2 mile East of Ashingdon School.  No damage or casualties.

17/10/1940    20.42  Hockley          1 – H.E exploded in drive at entrance of “Turret

House” Drovers Hill.  Approach closed.  Telephone wires down, water and gas mains damaged.  No casualties.

17/10/1940    21.30  Great Warley 1 – Parachute mine unexploded in a wood 40 yards

from crossroads at Crossway Kennels, near Devils Head.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940     01.15  Hutton            1 – Parachute mine exploded in The Mount, 100

yards from Hanging Post Lane.  Road blocked from “Hillwood”, “C” 3*** Key Post, “The Homestead” damaged by blast.  “Dalhousie” and the gas main damaged at Hanging Hill Lane.  “Dameshole Cottages” demolished at Hanging Hill Lane.  “Hambury! and “Hillwood” at Hutton Mount, “Denfold” and other houses in Rayleigh Road, Young’s house and others at Hutton Wash.  Post Office and Butchers shop all damaged.  No casualties.

18/10/1940    01.15  Shenfield       1 – Parachute mine exploded at junction of A.12

and Middleton Road.  A.12 blocked from Tabours Corner to Wilsons Corner.  Fire at “Glendale”, 4 houses demolished and many others damaged., 5 serious casualties.  Gas and water mains damaged.  Telephone wires down.  Windows broken from Tabor’s Corner to Co-operative Stores, High Street.  Telephone cables damaged.

18/10/1940    01.50  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded in a field 200 yards East

Gifford            of Ilfracombe Avenue and 200 yards North of London Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    01.55  Bowers           1 – H.E. exploded in the drive at the Rectory,

Gifford            London Road.  Overhead electric cables and

telephone wires down.  Extensive damage to The Gun P.H. Infants School and houses in the vicinity.  No casualties.

18/10/1940    02.20  Mountnessing          2 Parachute mines exploded, 1 at The

Terrace Chain Bridge.  Farm house and buildings wrecked, 50 to 60 houses, 8 shops and a P.H. damaged.  3 slight casualties.  Telephone wire down, 1 at Thoby Poultry Farm, St Anns Lane.  Several fouls killed and injured.  Many poultry houses wrecked.  Damage to surrounding houses.

18/10/1940    19.20  Ramsden       1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 200 yards North East

                                    Heath             of Lodge Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    19.25  Great              1 – Oil I.B. burnt out South of Barleylands Farm

                                    Burstead        house.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    19.40  Ramsden       1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 1/4 mile North of

                                    Heath             Hunts Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    19.40  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

                                                            behind Hall Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    20.10  Laindon         I.Bs (about 200) burnt out in fields surrounding

Southways Estate, Hasletts Farm and Northlands Farm.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    20.10  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded in a field near the junction of

Jacksons and Outward Common Road.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    20.15  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded in a field 300 yards North of “The

                                                            Kennels” Kennel Lane.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    21.30  Canewdon    2 – H.Es exploded in a field near “Pudseys Hall”. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    22.40  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded  100 yards North and 1 – H.E.

unexploded 200 yards East of “Heron Hall” Herongate.  No damage or casualties.

18/10/1940    22.45  Rayleigh        3 – Oil I.Bs, 2 burnt out in a field 400 yards North

East of Fishers Farm, Bull Lane and 1 burnt out on road at junction of Albert and Victoria Roads.  Water main damaged.  No casualties.

19/10/1940     00.50  Sutton            5 – H.Es, 3 exploded in fields near Beauchamps 9

acres.  300 yards West of Clay Hill Farm and 2 unexploded near the same location.  Electric cables damaged.  No casualties. (Dealt with 6.12.40 by B.D.S.)

19/10/1940    04.25  South Weald I.Bs (a number) burnt out in fields at rear of Hillside

                                                            Walk.  No damage or casualties.

19/10/1940                Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded in a field adjoining Smith’s

Allotments Alexander Road.  No damage or casualties.

 19/10/1940   20.30  Little Warley  1 – H.E. exploded in a field at Codhams Hall Farm,

200 yards South of Codhams Hall and 500 yards West of Warley Street.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

19/10/1940    21.40  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) covering area Ramsden Hall to

Railway lines, including Stock Road.  Slight damage to a few houses, 1 slight casualty (H.C. Baker of 4 Norsey Manor cottages, burnt face and sprained leg.)

20/10/1940    00.15  Brentwood     2 – H.Es exploded in the back gardens of 37 and

                                                            39 Park Road.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    01.55  Pilgrims          I.Bs (a number) in grounds of “Millfields”

Hatch              and Hammond’s Orchard.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    02.00  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in grounds of Mental Hospital and

in Plantation behind “Ogden” Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.

 20/10/1940               Canewdon    1 – H.E. exploded on Marsh Lane 1/2 mile East of

                                                            Lower Raypits.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    14.35  Pitsea             1 – H.E. exploded 250 yards North East of The

Land Reclaimation Works Ltd.  No damage or casualties.

 20/10/1940   14.40  Canvey          1 Oil I.B. burnt out on “Honeydue” Green Avenue. 

Island             Unoccupied bungalow gutted.  Gas main fired.  Most of furniture salvaged.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    21.00  Great Warley 1 – H.E. exploded on Tennis Court of Dr Gibbs

residence Mental Hospital.  End of house damaged.  Windows broken Warley Road from The Barracks to Albert Road.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    21.15  Rayleigh        Heifer, property of E Smith of Walfords Farm

                                                            struck by shrapnel and had to be destroyed.

 20/10/1940   21.30  Ingrave           2 – H.Es exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in fields

 1/2 mile South of Mount Thrift Farm house, Herongate.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    21.35  Pilgrims          1 – H.E. exploded between Hatch Road and

Hatch             Bishops Hall Estate.  Damage to greenhouses and

                        windows of house.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    21.55  South Weald 1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field near Nags Head P.H.

                                                            Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    21.55  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) surrounding Blunts Wall Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded on “Mill House” Brook Street. 

House demolished, 3 casualties (1 female killed, 1 slight and S.C. 179 White slight shock)

 20/10/1940   22.00  Great Warley 1 – Oil I.B. burnt out on farm buildings at Mental

                                                            Hospital.  Extensive damage.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  South Weald 1 – H.E. unexploded within 1/4 mile of Mascalls

                                                            Cottages.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  Ramsden       I.Bs (about 100) surrounding Ramsden Park.  No

                                    Heath             damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.00  South Weald 3 – H.Es exploded, 2 at rear of Birdcage field, St

Vincents Hamlet.  Window broken at “Wealdside” and 1 exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out near cottage on Romford Road.  Nos 8, 9, 12 and 13 extensively damaged and uninhabitable.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.10  Crays Hill       5 – H.Es exploded in fields off Church Lane.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.        

20/10/1940    22.15  Brentwood     1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in a field

off St Faiths Hospital at rear of 26 Tower Hill.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.20  Shenfield       I.Bs (a number) at the Grammar School.  Sports

                                                            Pavilion damaged by fire.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.25  Great Warley 22 – H.Es at Mount Crescent (Nos 29, 67 and 69

demolished.  Gas main damaged) Warley Mount, Myrtle Road, Warley Hill and Crescent Road.  Extensive damage to property, 8 killed and 10 injured.

20/10/1940    22.30  Brentwood     5 – H.Es, 1 exploded on embankment and 1

unexploded on down local line.  West of Brentwood Station opposite Westwood Avenue (damage to nearby property) and 3 exploded, 1 in garden between Nos 52 and 54 Western Avenue, 1 in garden of 7 Western Road and 1 on garden path between Nos 118 and 120 Western Road (extensive damage to property)  Casualties 1 killed and 1 seriously injured.

20/10/1940    22.30  Pilgrims          5 – H.Es exploded in vicinity of Weald Estate

Hatch             Cottages, Coxtie Green Farm and Red Lion Farm. 

                        Extensive damage to property, 1 slight casualty.

20/10/1940    22.30  Little Warley  2 – H.Es exploded in a field 300 yards East of Hall

Lane and 400 yards South of Arterial Road.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    22.30  Billericay        1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out South of

                                                            Outward Farm House.  No damage or casualties.

 20/10/1940   22.30  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded in a field 500 yards from

Hanging Hill Lane and 100 yards South of footpath to Hutton Church.  No damage or casualties.  (exploded 28.10.40)

20/10/1940    22.35  Brentwood     1 – I.B. burnt out at “Park House” Cornslands. 

                                                            Slight damage by fire.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.45  Shenfield       8 – H.Es exploded and several Oil I.Bs burnt out in

area of Three Arch Bridge.  The Chase blocked at Seven Arch Bridge end.  Damage to property.  Bullock killed in a field behind the Fountain P.H.

20/10/1940    22.45  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded in yard of Wades Cottages at

corner of Hanging Hill Lane, 1 rendered uninhabitable, others badly damaged.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    22.45  Brentwood     I.Bs (a number) in vicinity of Ongar Road, Costead

Manor Road and Highwood Hospital.  Also at “Oakdene” 9 St Charles Road ( damage to property).  No casualties.

20/10/1940    23.00  Shenfield       2 – H.Es 1 exploded on footpath between Hall

Lane and Sawyers Hall Lane.  Damage to property.  Water course and a tree left in dangerous condition and 1 unexploded and

2 Oil I.Bs failed to ignite behind Hall Farm, Hall Lane between Hall Lane and Canterbury Tye.  No casualties.

20/10/1940    23.15  Downham     6 – H.Es exploded, 3 in fields North of “Downham

House” and 3, 300 yards North West of Crews Heath Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    23.30  Billericay        3 – H.Es exploded in a field North of Little Blunts

                                                            Farm.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    23.30  South Weald 1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

at Halfway House Farm and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in Kings field at Corner of Spital Lane.  No damage or casualties.

20/10/1940    23.35  Brentwood     2 – H.Es 1 exploded and 1 unexploded at side of

A.12 near Police Station (Sapper Walker killed and 2 slight casualties)  Water and gas mains, sewer, telephone and electric cables damaged.  The unexploded H.E. exploded at 04.00 the 21st.  Considerable damage to property for 60 yards.  Road closed (open 22.11.40)

20/10/1940                Herongate     1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field on Park Farm. 

50 yards East of Brentwood Road.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    00.10  Brentwood     8 – H.Es exploded and 4 Oil I.Bs burnt out, 3 H.Es

and Oil I.Bs in the vicinity of Victoria Arms and Castle P.H. and 5 in the vicinity of swimming bath, Western Road and extensive damage to property, 1 slight casualty.

21/10/1940    00.15  Brentwood     2 – H.Es exploded 1 50 yards East of “Hermitage”

and at “Sifton Villas”, 3 houses uninhabitable, 3 slight casualties.  Sewer fractured.

 21/10/1940   00.45  Shenfield       9 – H.Es exploded in a field near Heard Farm.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    01.00  Doddinghurst             1 – H.E. exploded in a field opposite the

Council Houses Church Lane.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

21/10/1940    01.17  Canvey          5 – H.Es exploded in the River Thames, 100 yards

Island             South of Scars Elbow Fort.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    01.45  Mountnessing          9 – H.Es 7 exploded and 2 unexploded in

fields of Bellmans Farm.  The 2 unexploded are between Bellmans Farm and Keepers Cottage.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    02.20  Hutton            1 – H.E. unexploded near Wades Cottages,

Hanging Hill Lane.  No damage or casualties.  (exploded 28.10.40 by B.D.S.)

21/10/1940    04.00  Hutton            Electric light failed.

21/10/1940    12.35  Pitsea             6 – H.Es exploded, 4 on Marshes and 2 in a Creek,

100 yards South East of The Land Reclaimation Works Ltd. In line 100 yards West.  No damage or casualties.

21/10/1940    20.00  Shenfield       1 – H.E. exploded in the road in Shenfield

Crescent.  Slight damage to property, 1 slight casualty.  (Mr. Fleurey).

22/10/1940    03.10  Foulness       2 – H.Es exploded in fields near Marsh Farm. 

                                    Island             Damage to barn and shed.  No casualties.

22/10/1940                East                1 – A.A. Shell exploded in centre of Arterial Road

Horndon        200 yards East of East Horndon crossroads.  Slight damage to road A.127.  No casualties.

22/10/1940                Billericay        1 – Oil I.B. failed to ignite in a wood, 600 yards off

Outwood Common Railway Bridge and 100 yards from Railway lines.  No damage or casualties.

22/10/1940                Hadleigh        Damage by blast or shrapnel at “Mayfield” Eaton

                                                            Nurseries.  No casualties.

22/10/1940                Pitsea             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell, 100 yards East of

Shipwrights Drive and 200 yards South of new school.  No damage or casualties.

22/10/1940    15.05  Shenfield       British Hurricane made a forced landing near the

Searchlight Station, Fritzwalters Farm, Hall Lane.  No GNE-V 6566.  Slight damage to machine.  Pilot Officer Thompson from North Weald safe.  Not the result of enemy action.

22/10/1940    18.10  Hockley          British Miles Magester made a forced landing in a

field adjoining Lower Road.  Machine and Pilot safe.  Not the result of enemy action.

22/10/1940    19.30  Dunton          3 – H.Es, 2 exploded in a field at Southfield Farm

and 1 unexploded 150 yards South West of Shoulder Hall Mountnessing.  Also 1 Oil I.B. burnt out at Southfield Farm.  No damage or casualties.

22/10/1940    20.00  Barling           5 – H.Es unexploded on Saltings and in a Creek at

rear of Barling Hall.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 6.12.40 by B.D.S.)

22/10/1940    23.20  Hockley          I.Bs (a number) in fields at West of The Bull P.H.

and off the Southend main road.  Damage to property.  No casualties.

23/10/1940     18.50  Ashingdon    1 – H.E. exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

near Ashingdon School.  Damage to property.  Electric cables damaged.  2 slight casualties.

23/10/1940    20.30  Canvey          2 – H.Es exploded in garden of “Alice Rook” Appos

Island             Road, 1 bungalow demolished, other property damaged, 2 slight casualties.

23/10/1940                Hutton            1 – A.A. unexploded Shell on greensward on West

side of Hanging Hill Lane between Mount Avenue and Hall Green Lane.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 28.10.40).

23/10/1940    21.40  Billericay        2 – H.Es exploded 100 yards West of Outwood

Common Road and 150 yards South of Railway.  Gas main and several houses damaged.  2 slight casualties.  Also 2 Oil I.Bs on embankment of Railway and in garden 40 yards East of Railway embankment.

24/10/1940    02.30  Hullbridge     5 – H.Es exploded, 1 in Cracknells Farmyard.  2 in

field at Sheepcotes Farm and 2 in fields at Barlons Farm between Mayfields Avenue and East of the border of Barlons Farm.  No damage or casualties.

 24/10/1940    02.30  Hullbridge     1 – H.E. exploded off Mayfield Avenue.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

24/10/1940    02.45  Hockley          2 – H.Es exploded, 1 in a field opposite Lovedowns

Farm and 1 at rear of “Riverside Guest House” Lower Road.  No damage or casualties.

24/10/1940    19.30  Langdon        2 – H.Es exploded East of “Towong” The Chase. 

Hills                No damage or casualties.

24/10/1940    19.52  Pitsea             5 – H.Es, 3 exploded and 2 unexploded on the

Saltings 500 yards from sea wall.  North East of Waterside Farm.  No damage or casualties.

 24/10/1940   20.30  Langdon        2 – H.Es exploded in the garden of “Silver Birch”

Hills                Victoria Avenue.  Extensive damage to property.  No casualties.

25/10/1940    19.20   Hullbridge        I.Bs (a number) in fields 300 yards West of Kingsmans

                                                            Farm Pools Lane.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    19.45  Vange            I.Bs (a number) burnt out in a field at Nicholsons Farm. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    19.45  Canewdon    I.Bs (a number) at Canewdon Hall.  Slight damage

                                                            to property.  No casualties.

25/10/1940    20.00  Hockley          17 – H.Es exploded between Collys Farm,

Hullbridge Road and Murrells Lane near the footpath to Railway.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 25/10/1940   20.00   Hockley           1 – H.E. exploded 250 yards West of Railway

Bridge over Chelmsford Road at bottom of Railway Bank.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    20.00  Langdon        I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Partridges Farm Dry

                                    Hills                Street.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    20.15  East                1 – H.E. exploded in a field near Cockridden Farm,

Horndon        200 yards East of Brentwood-Tilbury Road.  No damage or casualties.

25/10/1940    20.15  Ingrave           1 – H.E. exploded on a shed at rear of Childerditch

Hall Cottages.  Extensive damage to property, 8 casualties, 1 fatal (Mr Dickens) 3 serious, 4 slight, 9 people rendered homeless.  Housed at The Lodge Childerditch Hall..

26/10/1940    05.40  Rayleigh        3 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out in fields

between Railway and Arterial Road at Great Wheatleys Farm.  Overhead electric cables damaged.  No casualties.

 26/10/1940                Doddinghurst             1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in Metsons field,

Mountnessing Road opposite Pettite Farm.  150 yards from road.  No damage or casualties. (B.D.S. 14.5.41)

26/10/1940    17.10  Wickford        3 – Oil I.Bs failed to ignite in a field 50 yards to rear

of “Silverdale” Runwell Road.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

 26/10/1940   18.00  Potton            1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 200 yards East

Island             of Farm house and 10 yards North of cattle shed.  No damage or casualties. (dealt with 6.12.40 by B.D.S.).

26/10/1940    18.15  Doddinghurst             1 – I.B. burnt out at side of “Adelaide”

Cottage Swallows Cross.  Slight damage to property.  No casualties.

26/10/1940    18.55  Foulness       2 – H.Es exploded in a field at Rugwood Farm.  No

                                    Island             damage or casualties.

26/10/1940    19.08  Shenfield       3 – H.Es 2 exploded and 1 unexploded near the

Searchlight Station in Hall Lane.  The unexploded is 250 yards West of Hall Lane.  No damage or casualties. (exploded 13.12.40 by B.D.S.)

26/10/1940    19.15  Doddinghurst             1 – H.E. exploded and 2 Oil I.Bs burnt out in

fields adjoining “Adelaide” Cottage, Swallows Cross Road.  Damage to property. And 3 tame rabbits killed.

26/10/1940    23.20  North              2 – H.Es exploded in fields 400 yards and 600

Benfleet         yards South East of Bonvilles Farm.  Damage to property and 1 heifer killed.

26/10/1940    23.35  South             I.Bs (a number) burnt out at Jotmans Lane. 

Benfleet         Damage to “Elmview” London Road, “Jotmans Hall” and 35 Jotmans Lane.  No casualties.

27/10/1940                 Brentwood     1 – H.E. unexploded in centre of down track 150

yards West of Railway Station.  Down main line closed. No casualties. (removed 29.10.40 by B.D.S.)

27/10/1940                Runwell         2 – H.Es unexploded in a field 130 yards East of

                                                            “Algars” Runwell Road.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940                Mountnessing          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in Smith’s field

opposite Arnolds Lane, 100 yards from gate.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940                Laindon         1 – A.A. Shell exploded in garden of “Jubilee” 50

yards West of Fyfield Road and 200 yards South of Borne Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940    21.00  Hadleigh        1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in garden of “Crawley”

                                                            The Avenue.  No damage or casualties.

27/10/1940    21.50  Doddinghurst            I.Bs (a number) burnt out in wood opposite

                                                            Elphicks Ongar Road.  No damage or casualties.

28/10/1940    16.45  Canvey          2 – H.Es exploded on Odells Dump, Northwick. 

                                    Island             Sea wall damaged.  No casualties.

28/10/1940    16.50  Canvey          1 – H.E. exploded in River Thames off Hole Haven

                                    Island             Jetty.  No damage or casualties.

28/10/1940    21.55  Rochford       1 – H.E. exploded in Websters field 200 yards

North of Eastwood Road.  No damage or casualties.

28/10/1940    22.00  Rayleigh        1 – H.E. exploded at rear of Barringtons High

Street.  Extensive damage to property.  One casualty (slight).

28/10/1940    22.00  Hadleigh        1 – H.E. exploded on a Bird Sanctuary at

“Breakwood”.  Extensive damage to property in Poor Lane.  No casualties.

29/10/1940    01.45  Bowers           4 – H.Es exploded, 1 at Smoky Farm, 2 at Slateys

Gifford            Farm and 1 at South Staines Farm.  No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    04.30  Pitsea             Roof damaged by shrapnel at “Adelfi” Railway

                                                            Terrace.  No casualties.

29/10/1940    19.17  Billericay        I.Bs (a number) in fields at Ninges Farm Tye

                                                            Common Road.  No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    19.30  Hadleigh        I.Bs (a number) at rear of “Jensford” Hall Crescent. 

                                                            No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    19.30  Hutton            I.Bs (a number) in fields opposite “Sandhurst Hall”

                                                            Green Lane.  No damage or casualties.

29/10/1940    19.30  Great              10 –  H.Es unexploded, 1 150 yards at rear of

Burstead        “Alva”, 1 150 yards at rear of “Rodways”, 1 200 yards at rear of “The Elms”, 1 15 yards at rear of “Redways” 1 150 yards at rear of “Horrace House” at Noak Hill.  1, 100 yards , 1, 25 yards at rear of “King-Tor” 1, 100 yards to rear of “Outfield” 1, at rear of “Horndon House”, Church Street, 1 at side of Church Street 80 yards East of B.1007.  Church Street closed from B.1007 to Kennel Lane.  People evacuated.  No damage or casualties. (dealt with 17.12.40 by B.D.S)

30/10/1940    01.20  Great              1 – H.E. exploded at Star Lane opposite Melton

                                    Wakering       Hall Brickfields.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    15.35  Wickford        1 – H.E. exploded North of Goods Yard.  No

                                                            damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    19.00  Canewdon    3 – H.Es exploded on Marshes at Norpits Farm. 

                                                            Damage to property.  No casualties.

 30/10/1940   19.20  Foulness       4 – H.Es exploded, 2 on riverside of sea wall,2 on

                                    Island             Rugwood Marshes.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    19.30  South Weald 7 – H.Es exploded in 11 acres field between

Putwell Bridge and Railway lines, Brook Street.  No damage or casualties.

 30/10/1940   19.30  Wallasea        4 – H.Es, 3 exploded and 1 unexploded 500 yards

Island

Island             East of Tile Barn near the sea wall.  Sea wall damaged.  No casualties.

30/10/1940    19.40  Little                1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field 400 yards South East

Burstead        of St. Margarettes Farm.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    19.50  Hutton            1 – H.E. exploded in Paddock field, 1 slight

casualty.  10 houses damaged, 5 of them seriously.  Residence (residents) of 5 badly damaged houses evacuated.

30/10/1940    20.00  Mountnessing          1 – Oil I.B. burnt out in a field near “Adelaide

” Cottage, Swallows Cross, 100 yards from Swallows Cross Road.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    21.10  South             1 – H.E. exploded in a field 20 yards to rear of the

                                    Stambridge    Church.  No damage or casualties.

30/10/1940    21.20  South Weald 2 – H.Es, 1 exploded near “Mascalls House”. 

Poultry and dog killed.  Damage to property at “Mascalls” and Mascalls Cottages.  Telephone wires down and 1 unexploded 250 yards from Mascalls Lane between Railway lines and Brook Street.

30/10/1940    21.30  Laindon         2 – H.Es exploded and 1 Oil I.B. burnt out. 

“Hillview”, Elizabeth Drive damaged by Oil I.B.  H.Es at “Burleigh” Ravenscourt Drive and “Dawn” Le Chaple.  Both houses and surrounding property damaged.  20 people homeless.  No casualties.

30/10/1940    21.30  Pilgrims          2 – H.Es, 1 exploded in a fields near Newlands

Hatch                         bungalow Orchard Farm and 1 unexploded nearby.  Damage to property.  No casualties.  (unexploded dealt with by B.D.S. 14.12.40)

30/10/1940    21.40  Little                2 – H.Es exploded in a field at St. Margarettes

                                    Burstead        Farm.  1 cow killed.

30/10/1940    22.15  Vange            1 – H.E. exploded at top of Clay Hill.  Road

blocked.  Maple Lodge and “The Maples” badly damaged, 1 serious casualty.  (S.C. 1647 Taylor).

31/10/1940    11.00  Hadleigh        Damage to ceilings at “Linton Villa” by Gun fire. 

                                                            No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.30  Pitsea             I.Bs (a number)  Damage to property at “The White

Bungalow”, Rectory Road, 12 Victoria Avenue.  Remainder in fields East and West of Rectory Road and Staceys Farm, Timber Log Lane.  No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.35  North              2 – H.Es and 2 Oil I.Bs, 1 H.E and 1 Oil I.B.130

Benfleet         yards West and 1 H.E. and 1Oil I.B. 130 yards East of Harrows P.H. Arterial Road.  Down track of A.127 blocked and S.L.T. on up track.  Gas main fired.  Overhead electric cables down.  No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.35  Rayleigh        5 – H.Es exploded between Stephens Farm, Bull

Lane and “Turrett House”.  Considerable damage to property.  No casualties.

31/10/1940    19.35  Wickford        5 – H.Es, 4 exploded at “Larksmead”, “The Chase”,

“Fairmead” and at junction of The Chase and Crossways Cranfield Park and 1 unexploded in a ditch at side of Pound Lane, 120 yards South of Harrow P.H.  Damage to road gas and water mains and sewer.  Damage to property.  The Chase and Crossways blocked.  No casualties.

31/10/1940                Little                4- H.Es exploded in fields 400 yards South of St.

                                    Burstead        Margarettes Farm.   No damage or casualties.

31/10/1940                Canvey          1 – A.A. unexploded Shell in a field 25 yards North

                                    Island             West of Fleece Farm.  No damage or casualties.

Coronavirus Museum Closure

Coronavirus Museum Closure

It is with sadness that the Curators of The Bay Museum feel they must follow the Government’s advice which is now very specific and close the Museum until the coronavirus situation improves.

Notification of reopening will be given as soon as the Curators feel it will be safe for them and the public will be given on this web site.  In the meanwhile should you wish to contact the Museum please telephone 07899 674630.

THE BAY MUSEUM

 

THE BAY MUSEUM

 

The Bay Museum opened on the 19th June 2010 and we had been looking forward to organising some form of event to celebrate our 10th Anniversary. However, since the outbreak of the present pandemic, we have had to postpone this event. Once this current crisis is ended we will once more open to the public and organise some form of belated celebration. We would like to take this opportunity to thank everybody for their support shown to us over the past 10 years.

TACTICAL PROGRESS REPORT. 22 November 1916

ARMY BOOK 152
CORRESPONDENCE BOOK
(FIELD SERVICE)
Opened on Nov. 1st 1916.
Started Intelligence Nov 21st 1916.
Norman Richardson
2nd Lieut S.O.
SIGNAL SECTION.
DECK.
TACTICAL PROGRESS REPORT.
From 2 pm, 21st 11/16 till 6 am, 22nd/11/16
Operations.
1. Enemy Artillery. 4.45 pm – 6 pm: Hostile Artillery was active on our front line, chiefly on the centre and left, and on YOUNG ST and YUSSIF. “R” line also received some attention near YULE ST.
It was mostly 77 mm H.E. fired from PUISIEUX direction together with a few rounds of 5.9 and 4.2 Howitzer.
Fairly quiet during night.
2. Own Artillery. Active all night with occasional bursts. Most of the firing seemed to be on our right.
3. Enemy Trench Mortars. 5.35 pm – 6.0 pm: Somewhat active on our front line.
A Medium T.M. appeared to be firing in the direction of YUSSIF.
Aerial Torpedoes ? Reported falling near advanced post, K.3.d.30.25.
4. Machine Guns. One M.G. was active from about 11.0 pm till 1.30 am traversing ‘R’ line in the vicinity of YOUNG ST. K.3.d.50.20.
INTELLIGENCE.
Enemy movements: At 3.30 pm one of our posts saw a party of about 12 Germans leave their trench about K.4.b.40.20.
They came forward towards their wire. The post fired and they dropped down.
About 30 mins later, one man was seen to double back to the trench.
Observations: During the night a M.G. somewhere about K.11.a.central was sweeping the parapet of ’C’ line.
Our Lewis Guns replied with no apparent result.
N. Richardson
2nd Lt.
I.O.
DECK
8.0 am.
——————————
22/11/16
DECK.
TACTICAL PROGRESS REPORT.
From 6.0 am, to 6 pm.
Enemy Artillery: Occasional rounds were fired about midday into HEBUTERNE, mostly 77 mm.
Enemy fired about ten 77 m.m. shells on “R” line at the junction of YORKE. No damage was done.
Trench Mortars: Between 1.30 pm and 2.15 pm a few L.T.M. Bombs fell on the front line. These appeared to be fired from about K.4.c.80.65.
Machine Guns: Enemy machine guns slightly active during early morning.
INTELLIGENCE.
Enemy Aeroplanes: 11.35 am, an enemy plane over our lines.
2.15 pm, another attempted to cross our lines.
3.30 pm, aircraft active on both sides. Two enemy aeroplanes appeared to bring down one of our fighters just south of HEBUTERNE.
Sniping: After having made a careful reconnaissance of our sector, it was found that there were no sniping posts, but good positions have been chosen.
Posts are under construction at two points:-
1. K.10.a.80.60. Field of fire over K.4.c.& d; nearest point of enemy lines, 350 yds.
2. At junction of Calvarie, Thorpe & Yus Trenches. Field of fire & frontage for observation will be given later. [K.3.d.5.4.]
There has been no sniping today on either side.
The light has been very bad.
N. Richardson
2nd Lt.
I.O.
DECK

War Diary of AA Laporte Payne November 1917

War Diary of AA Laporte Payne

EXTRACTED FROM.

Brigade Diary, Personal Diary, Operation Orders, Note Books, Memoranda
Correspondence
—————–

November 1917

NOVEMBER THE FIRST, 1917.
Brigade Headquarters.
I have been reading the Times Literary Supplement and Gilbert Frankau’s “Woman of the Horizon”, but the latter was not a book I think worth while.

We have been shelled out of our Headquarters and have had to move. It was getting a bit too hot, especially at night. We are trying to settle down in our new quarters, a barn; but it is very cold. No fires are allowed at all, as the smoke would certainly be seen. However the Adjutant returns in a day or two, and I go back to my battery’s gun-line. I think it is about time, as I am tired of indoor work.

The Colonel is in a very bad temper to-day. He was late for an appointment with the General.

The Boche seems to be having it all his own way in Italy. I suppose we shall have to stop the rot. I wonder what soldiering would be like in Italy.

R.P. November 11, 1917.
Queen’s Hotel,
Westcliff-on-Sea.
The above is my address. I arrived here this afternoon and am sharing a room with the Colonel.

We are here on a Senior Officers’ Course.

November 11, 1917.
Queen’s Hotel
Westcliff-on-Sea.
The above is my address! I arrived safely this evening and am sharing a room with the Colonel!!

SECRET.
175th (Army) Brigade, R.F.A. S/1085.
1. The Brigade (Less C Battery) will be withdrawn to their Wagon Lines on the night 15/16th inst., when they will come under the orders of G.O.C.R.A., XVth Corps.
2. The responsibility for the Artillery Defence of the Front at present covered by E Group will be taken over at 4.30 p.m. on the 15th inst by O.C. B Group.
3. The necessary adjustments of S.O.S. Lines are given in the 42nd D.A. Instructions No. 29, attached hereto.
4. Move to Wagon Lines at GHYVELDE will be commenced directly darkness sets in.
5. Acknowledge.

14/11/17
Captain,
Adjutant, 175th Bde. R.F.A.

(The Brigade left the 42nd Division and their zones were covered by spreading the zones covered by Sykes Group and the remainder of E Group (400th Battery and B/210 Battery, and E Group came under the command of O.C. B. Group)

R.P. November 16, 1917.
B.E.F.

Yesterday I arrived safe and sound, but completely disgruntled, and found everything as I expected. The Major is still away sick, and being in command I shall be responsible for the move. You can guess where to.

Things are in a great mess, but no doubt they will straighten out in time.

On the boat coming over I met Sidney Swann and Ted Collins and also two of our subalterns returning, having been recalled also. I met Reg at the Officers’ Club in Boulogne, and dined with him and Swann and Collins. I saw him again the next morning.

I managed to get a car to take me all the way to the wagon lines, so I was very lucky.

That night we had a Brigade dinner and I was vice chairman, and had to make a speech.

I am so sorry I had to leave so early. Thank you for getting up to see me off. I hope you were not very tired.

The course served me well as I was able to see you all before I go far away where no leave can be expected for a long while.

November 16, 1917.
Yesterday I arrived quite safely here, and found everything in a great commotion, as I expected. The import of the wire which brought the Colonel and myself back here was as I thought. So now you know where we are bound. Everything is upside down. The course at Shoeburyness which should have given us six weeks at home, just enabled up to get two days in England. Well! The best laid plans of mice and men…. And we are but mice now.

I had two hours in Folkestone. On board I met Sidney Swann, the Cambridge, now a chaplain, and Ted Collins, a very old friend from Bath, who is in the Cavalry, also two of our subalterns in the same plight as the Colonel and myself.

At Boulogne I met Reg, at the Club, and he, and Swann, Collins and I had dinner together. That night I stayed in Boulogne, and in the morning got a lift in a car with our two subalterns to the wagon lines. That night we had a Brigade dinner. I had to make a speech! Jock Amour toasted the ladies. Very appropriate, wasn’t it?

As the Major seems to be permanently sick, and is still away, I am again in command of the Battery, and short-handed. It involves a great deal of work when we have a long move. Having had a pleasant stay in Blighty snatched away in that fashion, I am a bit disgruntled, not unnaturally.

You will have to procure some very different maps now if you still take an interest in our movements. The Colonel is very pleased with the move and himself. He thinks he is going to win “great honour and glory” where we are going. I doubt it. we shall probably find ourselves in a horrible mess.

Well! Well! Au Revoir.

SECRET.
175th ARMY BRIGADE R.F.A. ORDER No 1.
1. The Brigade will entrain at LOON-PLAGE for MODANE.
3. Units will be at the entraining station 3 hours prior to the time fixed for departure.
7. Distance to LOON-PLAGE from here is 15 miles.
8. SUPPLIES. 14 days supplies will be in lorries at LOON-PLAGE on the morning of the 18th inst. Units will send one officer, one N.C.O., and a small party to meet the Adjutant at that hour and that place for the purpose of dividing the supplies.
10. Headquarters will leave the wagon line at GHYVELDE at 4 p.m. on the 17th inst.

16.11.17.
BRIGADE ORDERS.
POSTING Captain W.V. Greetham, 15th Hussars, is posted to the 175th Brigade, R.F.A. as Advisor in Horsemastership with effect from todays date.
2/Lieut. H. Griffiths C/175 Bde. R.F.A. is posted to B/175, Bde. R.F.A. with effect from todays date.

A, Battery 175th Brigade, R.F.A.

ENTRAINING STATE.

Two Sections One Section TOTALS
Train No Train No
232 235

Officers… 4. 2. 6.
Other Ranks… 121. 64. 185.
Horses..
Light draught.. )113. 57. 123.
Riders ) 47.
Heavy Draught 4. 2. 6.

TOTAL HORSES.. 176.

Guns 18pdr. Q.F.
with Limbers 4. 2. 6.
Ammunition Wagons 8. 4. 12.
Wagons G.S…. 3. 1. 4.
Water Cart 1. -. 1.
Mess Cart 1. 1.
Total Vehicles 24.

17, November 1917

SECRET

MOVE OF THE 175th BRIGADE ARMY FIELD ARTILLERY, R.F.A.
Entraining Station, Loon-Plage.

TRAIN Serial Nos. UNIT. Time of Date.
No. Departure.
1. B.40. Headquarters
B.43a. 1/3 How. Battery 11-45 18th Nov.
2. B.43. 2/3 How. Battery 17-45 do
3. B.41. 2/3 A. Battery 23-45 do
4. B41a. 1/3 AB 5-45 19th Nov
B42a. 1/3 BB
5. B42. 2/3 BB 11-45 do
6. ½ Brigade Amm. Col. 17-45 do
7. do 23-45 do

Acting Traffic Officer
COAST AREA
TRAFFIC OFFICE
MALO
16th Nov. 1917

(The whole Brigade want via VINTIMILLE with the exception of Train No. 3 2/3, A. Battery.)

Region Esercito Italiano

COMANDO MILITARE ITALIANO
Modane.

Foglio di viaggio per servizio.
Il Cpitano dell’Esercito Inglese A.A.L. Payne, con 4 Ufficiali e 121 soldati deve viaggiare il giorno 21-11-17, da Modane a Piacenza.

Modane, li 21-11-17

Il Capitano
Comandante Militare di Stazione

(Ufficio Carabinieri Reali Modane.)

ROUTE TO ITALY.

Train No. 232.
Marche A.N. 24.

LOON-PLAGE Entrained. Night 18/19th November 1917 via Calais.
HAZEBROUCK
AMIENS
LONGEAU Halte Repas
CHATEAU THIERRY
EPERNAY
CHALONS-SUR-MARNE at 7.30, p.m.
VITRY-LE-FRANCOIS (Along the valley of the Marne.)
CHAUMONT
GRAY
BOURG.
AMBERIEU.
CHAMBERY.
SAINT PIERRE d’ALBIGNY (Ascend the valley of the Isere.)
MODANE Mont Cenis Tunnel (Eight miles long nearly.)
South end of tunnel, Bardonnecchia, the first Italian Station.
Best views on the left.

ROUTE in ITALY.

Down the valley of the Dora Riparia
Chiomonte. Through the wild and narrow Le Gorgie.
Susa on left the town of Susa with Roman Arch.
BUSSOLENO Junction for Susa.
Borgone. Pass over the Dora.
Condove.
S. Ambrogio
TURIN
PIACENZA.
MANTOVA
ISOLA DELLA SCALA. Arrived on the evening of the 22nd November 1917.

Nov 24th 1917 rode into Verona lunched and bought a Baedeker visited the Arena of Diocletian.

R.P. Post cards.

F.S.P.C. 21, 11, 17
do 21,11,17, Post mark “Louhans a Dijon” 21,11,17
P.P.C. Torino. 21,11,17
P.P.C. Mantova Dated Nov. 22, 1917. Post mark, “Comando del Presidio di Mantova”

FIELD SERVICE POST CARDS.
Nov. 20, 1917. Postmark “LOUHANS A DIJON
Nov. 21, 1917. DO “MODANE GARE”

P.C. from Turin.
P.C. from Mantova

R.P. November 25, 1917.
No letters from home have yet reached us yet, and are not likely to do so yet. I hear there are forty bags of mail for us somewhere.

It has been all very interesting, in spite of a rather wearisome journey of some days out here. I want to give you some news, but I do not know how this letter is going as we are not allowed to post in civilian post boxes and the Field Service Post has not been established yet.

I have already visited Verona, which was most interesting, and hope to see many more such places before we return to England.

It is very cold here, and the last two days have been of the typical English November weather, dull cold and foggy.

November 25, 1917.
B.E.F. ITALY.
It seems years and years since I left England, and I don’t suppose we shall get any post for a long time. I hear that there are forty mail bags for us somewhere, but they have not turned up yet. I do not know how this letter is going as the Field Service Post has not been established here for us yet, and we are not allowed to use the civilian post. Everything has to be very secret.

We had a most interesting journey, especially in the Alps. It is cold, and we have had several dull and misty days, but the others have been beautiful.

Our battery’s horses travelled exceptionally well, I am glad to say. My mare is quote alright.

I am still in command of the battery. The men have been splendid and we have had no trouble. We lost very little on the way.

MARCH.

From Isola della Scala.

Villafontana.
Oppeano
ALBAREDO d’ADIGE (The 7th Div. at Cologna.)
ARCOLE 26th November 1917 to December 2nd 1917.
The scene of the battles of 15/17th Nov. 1796 between the Austrians and the French under Bonaparte.
Visited the village of Soave in the hills, a medieval fortified town in excellent preservation.
Veronella
Cologna Veneta.

An appreciation of the situation from point of view affecting 64th Inf. Bde

Loose in p 56.

SECRET

B.M. 577

 

AN APPRECIATION OF THE SITUATION FROM POINT OF VIEW AFFECTING 64TH INF. BDE.

 

  1. The two recent successes during September drove the enemy back from elaborately prepared positions running approximately North and South through HOOGE and GLENCORSE Wood respectively. The German line now rests on the main PASCHENDAAL ridge. For the defence of their previous positions the Germans were able to assemble troops for the attack in a comparatively safe area east of the PASCHENDAAL ridge. This assembly place still exists for them (so far as this brigade is concerned it is to northwards of BECELAERE), but it is no longer a safe position.       The eastern slope of the ridge where counter-attacking troops would have to form up will be within our standing barrage when we have occupied our second objective, and will be in view of our advanced posts.

 

  1. The morale of the German troops cannot be otherwise than badly affected by their recent adverses. They have seen themselves driven back on both occasions when we attacked and they have seen their counter-attacks smashed and the limited successes which have occasionally attended these counter-attacks have been invariably nullified shortly afterwards.       Troops coming up to replace shattered divisions have heard their comrades’ stories, and recent voluntary surrenders have shown the effect of these on newly arrived regiments.

 

  1. The objective of the Brigade is the extreme left (Southend) of the high ground of the German position. From the starting off point, the ground falls till it reaches POLYGONE BEEK. The ground on either side of this is marshy and churned up by shells.       The beek is narrow but has water in it. Unless however, there is heavy rain the ground is passable at a slow rate.       The fact that Germans have been able to counter-attack across this ground proves this. On the right boundary of the **** advance, the road which crosses the beek will probably assist matters. On the east of the beek, the ground rises fairly steeply up to the top of the ridge which is reached on the first objective.

The advance to the second objective is on the top of the ridge. The chief obstacle to this advance are the village of REUTEL and the line of block-houses running northwards from east end of village.

As this is the left of the German line on the ridge top, we must expect that its defences will have been carefully and strongly prepared, and success will, to a great extent, depend upon the assaulting troops keeping right up to the tail of the barrage.

The strong points in the POEZELHOEK Valley are likely to be well equipped with machine guns, which may harass our advance from the right flank.  Special artillery arrangements have been made to deal with this matter.

 

  1. As regards counter-attacks.

The troops which capture the first objective may expect immediate counter-attacks by local reserves from REUTEL unless these have been shattered by our barrage fire. The supporting companies should be able to deal easily with such attacks if the front line has failed to do so.

The troops on the first objective must also be prepared to deal with a larger counter-attack coming from direct east. This attack should however, be completely broken up by our barrage fire.

On the second objective troops must be prepared for immediate counter-attacks on a large scale. The German main reserves are probably dug in on the slopes North of BECELAERE and in position to advance at once.  Our advanced posts should be able to give due warning of such an attack, which must be dealt with by rifles and machine guns.  The standing artillery barrage will also in this case help to break up the attack.

Later on – possibly at dawn on day after our attack – organised counter-attacks on a large scale must be expected. By this time our positions will have been further consolidated and troops re-organised and readier to beat off attacks.

 

  1. The plan for the attack is based on an attack in depth. The narrow front (250 yards) allotted to the Brigade permits of this. One battalion attacks and occupies first objective, and a second battalion assisted by one company of support battalion attacks and consolidates second objective. Two more companies of the support battalion move up to positions of readiness east of POLYGONE BEEK and the remaining company holds our original front line. The reserve battalion remains in position behind.

The battalions have been detailed for their special jobs but each battalion must be prepared to carry out any of the allotted tasks. The difficulties of communications make it more than ever essential that commanders on the spot must act on their own initiative to meet any situation which may arise.  This applies to platoon, company and battalions commanders equally.  Whenever any unit moves and acts contrary to its ordered actions, the commander must take care to pass back information of what he has done to his immediate superior and other commanders affected by the change in dispositions.

 

  1. The Brigade enters the battle at a late stage and is faced with the difficulties necessarily attendant to such conditions as regards preparation of trenches and dumps etc., and forming up for the attack. But such difficulties are far from being insuperable and in no way tend to mar success. The morale of all ranks is high. We go into the battle with the will to win. On either flank we have first class divisions. The Germans in front are fully conscious of, and affected by their constant reverses and retirements.

There is therefore, every reason for all ranks to feel confident and determined to add one more chapter to the great record of our Brigade and Division.

 

H.R. Headlam

Brigadier General

Commanding 64th Inf. Bde.

1.10.17

18 Da

APPENDIX “C”

 

APPROXIMATE allotment of ammunition for various tasks.

 

N.B. This table is worked out for one gun of a wire cutting battery.

——————————————————————————————————-

DAY            TASK                                              18-prs         4.5”             T.M.

Hows             2”   240 mm

——————————————————————————————————

 

“U” day     Wire cutting 18-prs at rate                200

Of 200 rounds per gun.

&

U/V Night   Approaches & Communications

at night, about 2 Batts: per

Group, to consist of about               100              50

12 salvoes per hour.

N.B. Night from 8 PM to 5 AM.

 

18-prs preventing repair of wire.        20

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL          320           50

——————————————————————————————————-

Wire cutting.                                    200                                  100

 

O.Ps, Machine Gun

emplacements,                                                  100

Communication trenches.

“V” Day

&          Concentration of fire,

V/W Night   Right Group                                    10                10

 

Approaches & communications

at night.                                            100               50

 

Gas barrage if required.                      50              30

 

Preventing repair of wire

and trenches.                                      20

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL                380             190               100

——————————————————————————————————-

 

 

——————————————————————————————————-

DAY           TASK                                              18-prs         4.5”                T.M.

Hows             2”   240 mm

——————————————————————————————————

 

Wire cutting.                                   200                                  100

 

O.Ps, Machine Guns

Communication trenches.                                100                              30

“W” Day

&          Concentration of fire,

W/X Night   Left Group                                         10                10

 

Approaches & communications

at night.                                            100               50

 

Preventing repair of wire

and trenches.                                       30                10

 

Gas barrage if not fired on

Previous night.

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL                340             170               100           30

——————————————————————————————————-

 

 

Wire cutting.                                     200                                  40

 

O.Ps, Machine guns,

Trenches, etc.                                                    100                 40           30

“X” Day

&          Concentration of fire,

X/Y Night   one battery per Group                        10                10

 

Approaches & communications

at night.                                             100               50

 

Preventing repair of wire

and trenches.                                       30                10

 

Gas barrage if not fired on

Previous night.

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL                340             170               80           30

——————————————————————————————————-

 

——————————————————————————————————-

DAY           TASK                                              18-prs        4.5”                T.M.

Hows            2”   240 mm

——————————————————————————————————

Wire cutting.                                     200                                30

 

O.Ps, Machine Guns

trenches etc.                                                    100               30           30

“Y” Day

&          Concentration of fire,

Y/Z Night   Centre Group                                    10                10

 

Approaches & communications

at night.                                            100               50

 

Preventing repair of wire

and trenches.                                       40                20              30

 

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL                350             180               90           30

——————————————————————————————————-

 

 

“Z” Day       65 minute bombardment

up to             (at about 3 rounds per

assault           gun per minute (18-pr))                  200             125               30          10

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL                200             125                30           10

 

 

TOTALS per Gun previous to Assault.

 

 

18-prs         4.5”                T.M.

Hows                2”   240 mm

——————————————————————————————————

 

“U” Day &U /V Night                                          320                 50

“V” Day & V/W Night                                         380                190            100

”W” Day & W/X Night                                        340                170            100         30

”X” Day & X/Y Night                                          340                170              80         30

”Y” Day & Y/Z Night                                          350                180              90         30

”Z” up to assault                                                  200              125              30         10

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL               1930                 885           400       100

 

Rough estimate of expenditure from 0.00 to 2.30 and remainder of “Z” day and night.

 

During assault at rate of approximately

3 rounds per gun per minute 18-pr and                 500                  250

2 rounds per gun in minute for 4.5”

How:

 

For barrages, special undertakings etc.                 500                 250

——————————————————————————————————-

TOTAL                                                                 1000               500

Total up to 0.00 time.                                            2000             1000             430      100

——————————————————————————————————-

GRAND TOTAL                                                 3000              1500            430      100

=============================================================

 

(8) The above alterations will affect Appendix “C” slightly, Group Commanders should consequently consider these slight alterations:-

“V”. Concentration of Right Group should now be considered under “X” day expenditure, whereas the expenditure allowed for concentration on “X” day may now be cancelled.

 

An additional expenditure of 15 rounds of 18-pr and 10 rounds of 4.5” per gun should be added to “W”, “X” and “Y” days for intense bombardment in support of discharge of gas.

First Battle of the Marne

 

 

 

The retreat from Mons, by both the French Army and the British Expeditionary Force ended at the River Marne, approximately 30 miles from Paris.   Faced with a counter-attack along the Marne, the Germans slowed down their advance. The French Military Governor of Paris, General Joseph Gallieni, secured overall command of the B.E.F., after consulting with Lord Kitchener. Gallieni had six thousand French reserve infantry troops transported to the battle by approximately six hundred Paris taxicabs.                 Battle commenced at noon on the 5th September, when the French 6th Army stumbled on the advance guard of the German 1st Army.

 

The British avoided joining the battle until the commander of the German 1st Army, General Alexander von Kluck, made a tactical error on the 9th September 1914. Von Kluck ordered his forces to pursue and over-run the French 6th Army, retreating to the Marne. A 50km gap opened up between the German 1st and 2nd Armies, and the Allied forces quickly attacked the open flanks of both German armies. The combined French 5th Army and the B.E.F. exploited this tactical error.

 

Upon learning about this error, the German Chief of General Staff Helmuth von Moltke suffered a nervous breakdown. His subordinates assumed command of the 1st and 2nd Armies, ordering them to withdraw to the Aisne River.

 

The German retreat, between the 9th to 13th September, effectively caused the abandonment of the Schlieffen Plan. The Schlieffen Plan was designed to by-pass the Allied armies and enter Paris, ensuring France would sue for peace, allowing the German army to concentrate on the Eastern War with Russia. The aftermath of the battle, despite all the enormous efforts by the German forces, had come to nothing.

 

.The Allies were now pursuing the retreating Germans, and forced both sides to dig trenches on the banks of the river Aisne, which was to be the next major engagement

 

 

—————————————————————–.

 

 

                                                                  EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE GREAT WAR

The Franco-Prussian War, of 1871, ended with the defeat of France, who was forced to hand over her Eastern provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. This war was the prelude to a period of hostility in Europe that was to last until the end of the Second World War in 1945. In the European summer of 1914, two great European alliances found themselves in a state of fury against each other. The initial main protagonists were Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire on the one side, and France, the British Empire and Russia on the other. Against the backdrop of plumed and helmeted Emperors and Generals, both sides possessed, by way of machine guns and high explosive artillery, weapons of terrible destruction. The origins of this war lay in the complicated cocktail of greed, fears, prejudices and misunderstandings of the early 1900’s. In 1914, Europe was still widely perceived as the financial, cultural and political centre of the world. The major European powers, however, were engaged in an arms race. Each was trying to acquire colonial possessions in the under-developed world.

In the late 19th Century, Bismarck had forged modern Germany out of a collection of smaller nation states and in doing so had upset the balance of power in Europe. Using her strengthening industrial power, she had built up both an army and navy of formidable size and capability. The two former players, France and Russia, concerned at Germany’s intentions formed a defensive alliance in 1894. Great Britain, alarmed at the German navy’s potential threat to the British domination of the world’s shipping routes aligned herself with France, whose fear of German aggression was nourished by her yearning for the return of the lost provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. Russia, with its population of 125 million had a vast resource of manpower and massive landmasses, but she lacked the technological skills and an industrialised state. In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary had signed the dual alliance to help each other should the other be attacked.

Within this background of alliances stood two faltering empires, the glories of the Turkish Empire, now widely recognised as the sick man of Europe, were already only a memory. The Austro-Hungarian Empire consisted of a ramshackle collection of states in the South of Europe. Austria-Hungary was particularly suspicious of the independent country of Serbia, who she saw as the effective leader of an international Slav terrorist movement. This was fermenting unrest between the 23 million Serbs living in the Empires’ territory. By 1914, the tensions in Europe had reached a dangerous level and, the very alliances, formed to protect the peace, now sucked the great nations of Europe into war.

Now we must turn to the Balkans. The Turkish Empire was disintegrating, and Russia confronted Austria-Hungary, the ally of Germany, the other power seeking to move into her area of interest. Here in this cauldron, with their different nationalities, religions, and languages, an incident in a city called Sarajevo set alight the tinderbox and the world went to war. The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the nephew and heir of Emperor Franz Joseph who had ruled the Austro-Hungarian Empire since 1848. Ferdinand had chosen the 28th June 1914 to visit Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, and a part of his uncles’ empire. In Sarajevo that day, several young revolutionaries had come for assassinating the Archduke. One of these, a 19-year-old tuberculoid student called Gavrillo Principp was sitting in a café when the Archdukes’ car took a wrong turning and had to reverse back past him. Principp, seizing this historic opportunity fired two shots at 5 yards range, killing both the Archduke and his wife Sophie. These two fatal shots were the opening salvo of the Great War.

                                                 THE EVE OF WAR 

In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary had signed a dual alliance to help each other should either be attacked. In 1894 France, Russia and Great Britain signed the triple alliance in the event of war with Germany.

On the 28th June, Gavrilo Princip assassinated the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in the city of Sarajevo.

All the combatant powers saw military action as the natural extension of diplomacy. With the exception of Great Britain, all the major European powers had large conscripted armies. A spirit of fierce nationalism and xenophobia was abroad. Events now took on a momentum of their own. Austria-Hungary took the pretext to punish Serbia for her assumed prediction to terrorism. She obtained Germany’s assurance that she would support her if attacked by Russia, whose inclination was to come to the aid of any fellow Slav country that was threatened. On the 23rd July, Austria-Hungary delivered a ten-point ultimatum to Serbia, whom she assumed would find unacceptable. Serbia was given only two days to reply and much to general surprise accepted eight of the points and asked the remaining two to be referred to the Court Of The Haig for arbitration.

In Britain, Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey suggested that the issue could be resolved at the conference table, but his mediation proposals were only given halfhearted support by Berlin and not taken up by Vienna. France and Russia, as well as Germany and Austria-Hungary, now tried to convince Grey to declare Britain’s position if a European war were to result from the crisis. Both sides hoped their hand would be strengthened with a clear declaration that it would either fight on the side of the Entente or remain neutral. However, Britain, preoccupied with the Irish question, refused until the very end of July to commit to its allies. In the crucial last days of July, Britain’s decision makers were torn between the fear of either Germany or Russia winning a war on the continent. It would have had grave consequences for Britain if Russia had managed to win without Britain’s support. However, if Germany had won, Britain would have faced a Germany-dominated Europe. Grey was placed in a quandary until Serbia had responded to the ultimatum.

This conciliatory reply, by Serbia, found no favour with Austria-Hungary, who began to mobilise her armies. On the 28th July Austria- Hungary declared war on Serbia and started to shell Belgrade. On 31st July, Russia began to mobilise, on the same day, Germany, desperate to act before the full effect of Russian involvement became operational, demanded that Russia recall her troops. At the same time, Germany asked France what she would do in the event of a German/Russian war. Frances’ reply was to mobilise her reservists on the 1st August. The German fighting machine had already begun to move. On the 2nd August, she over-ran Luxemburg. The Kaiser had asked the Belgian King for permission to send his troops through Belgium into France. The king refused. Ignoring this Royal refusal, German troops crossed the frontier into Belgium on the 4th August, and on the same day Great Britain, who had guaranteed Belgium neutrality, declared war on Germany. The general expectation on both sides was the war would be over by Christmas. There were, however, to be very nearly five Christmas Days before these Christian nations were to end their mutual slaughter.

The Germans, fearful of having to fight a war on both her Eastern and Western fronts had   planned to deliver a massive right hook through Belgium into the heart of France to Paris, and knock France out of the war before Russia could mobilise her forces. The way would then be clear for Germany to turn her full attention to the Eastern Front with Russia. The French also had a plan, just the one that Germany had hoped they would make. It involved a predictable advance into Alsace and Lorraine, where the Germans intended to hold the French while they encircled them from the North.

The British Expeditionary Force had landed and concentrated in France by the 13th August. It numbered a mere 100,000 men, a fraction of the 1.5 million troops launched into France by the Germans, and the 2 million French soldiers who the British fought alongside. British troops numbered less than the 117,000 troops in the Belgian army.

At the time the British, alone among the great European powers had no conscripted armies. Although she had the most powerful navy in the world, her regular army numbered less than 250,000 men plus about 480,000 reservists and territorials. As the war developed, she had to undertake the Herculean task of expanding the army, the weapons and supplies to meet the vast military commitment of the Great War.

                                           

Welcome to the New Bay Museum Website

 

 

The old website, http://www.the-bay-museum.co.uk, is soon to be replaced by this new site which will feature regular updates and new content, from past and upcoming events, to pictures and videos, and even historical information. As soon as the old website is taken offline, this current one at thebaymuseum.wordpress.com will take on the previous http://www.the-bay-museum.co.uk web address.