29TH DIVISIONAL ARTILLERY. 20 September 1917



Two phone lines to each Group and one sounder circuit to each Group are working at present. No change will be made.

2. GROUPS TO BATTERIES. (Ref. Attached diagram.)
(a) Right Group with H.Q. at MARIE JEAN FARM, will establish a forward exchange at B.12.c.5.3. (present H.Q. 5th Army Field Bde.).
Three Trunk lines, of which two will be ringing and one buzzer call, will be connected from Group H.Q. to this forward Exchange. These lines will be in the buried system as far as B.12.d.80.85.
Lines to Batteries will be laid overground from the Forward Exchange. Most of these lines already exist, and the general scheme should be similar to that shown on the diagram.

(b) Left Group with H.Q. at MARGUERITE FARM will establish a forward exchange at B.6.c.3.3. (present H.Q. of 75th Bde R.F.A.).
Three trunk lines (two ringing and one buzzer call) will be connected from Group H.Q. to this forward exchange. These lines will be in the buried system as far as L.H. test point B.12.a.2.6.
Lines to Batteries will be laid overground on the principle shown on attached diagram. Some of these lines already exist.

(c) In each case, the buzzer line from Group to Forward Exchange will be used for transmission of messages by Fullerphone.
Any message containing information which might be useful to the enemy will be sent on from Forward Exchange to Batteries by runner.

Communication between Group H.Q. and any battery in the group may be established, but orders applying to several, or all the batteries in the group should be sent to the Officer i/c Forward Exchange for transmission. This applies to S.O.S. originating at Group H.Q.

All connections in the buried system and maintenance between Group H.Q. and their Forward Exchanges will be taken charge of by D.A. Signals.
Each group must arrange to provide telephonists for the Group H.Q. Exchange and their Forward Exchange. A sufficient number of linesmen must be posted at the Forward Exchange to maintain lines to batteries.

A regular system of cyclist orderlies working between Group H.Q. and Forward Exchanges must be arranged. Between the forward exchanges and batteries, sealed packets will be carried by runner. A sufficient number of orderlies for this purpose will be required at each Forward Exchange.
For Motor Cyclist Despatch Rider runs, see attached list, which is subject to revision.
Each Group will have a direct line to the Infantry Exchange C.B. (B.12.d.80.85) through which direct communication with SAULES FARM Infantry Bde H.Q. can be obtained.

Right Group Artillery will have a direct ringing phone line to Left Group. Right Divnl Artillery Communication will be arranged between the Left Group and the French Artillery on their flank.

Liaison between Artillery and Infantry will be carried out by the Brigade Commander stationed at LAPIN FARM. The Infantry Brigade at SAULES FARM will lay a direct line to LAPIN FARM, but the artillery signallers will assist in the maintenance.

Hugh O. Holmes
Major R.A.
For Brigade Major, 29th Divisional Arty.
20th Sept. 1917.



Leaves D.A. Arrives Group H.Q. Arrives Fwd. Exch. Arrives D.A.

9 a.m. 9-30 a.m. 10 a.m. 10-45 a.m.
1 p.m. 1-30 p.m. 2 p.m. 2-45 p.m.
6 p.m. 6-30 p.m. 7 p.m. 7-45 p.m.

For special runs at other times than those stated above, the Motor Cyclist will deliver to Group H.Q. only and Groups will be responsible for sending forward by Cyclist Orderly or Runner.

Groups must not detain the Motor Cyclist Despatch Rider and must have their packets for delivery to Forward Exchange ready upon his arrival.

20TH (LIGHT) DIVISION ORDER NO. 280. 20 September 1917

SECRET. Copy No. 1
20th Sept 1917


Reference Maps: BROEMBEEK 1/10,000 (Edition 2)
LANGEMARCK 1/10,000 (Edition 2).

1. Our line runs approximately as follows:- U.24.c.68.15 – 60.17. – U.23.d.85.70. – U.23.b.40.10. – 34.37. – 80.80. -65.97. – U.17.d.45.15. – 00.15.
51st Div. on our right have reached the line ROSE HOUSE – U.24.d.20.20.

2. The attack will recommence at an hour to be notified later, when the situation has been definitely cleared. The Artillery programme will include a barrage which will open 150 yards in front of the present position of the most advanced infantry, including EAGLE TRENCH between U.23.d.85.70.and U.23.b.59.34. The above barrage will keep 150 yards N.W. of the boundary between the 20th and 51st Divs.
The lifts and pauses will be 50yards in three minutes, except the 1st lift which will be 100x in 6mins and the barrage will remain on its first line for 15 minutes. Apart from these variations the artillery programme will be a repetition of the one carried out this morning.
Smoke shells will be fired into EAGLE TRENCH, just West of the Cemetery.
The 51st Div. have been asked to place a smoke barrage from U.24.d.47.70. to U.24.d.10.10. in the initial stages of the advance. The tail of this barrage will lift as the infantry go forward.

3. The attack will be carried out by the 60th and 59th Inf. Bdes., the final objective being the GREEN Line noted RED Line.

The Inter-brigade Boundary remains the same.

B.Gs.C. 60th and 59th Inf. Bdes. Have arranged to carry out the attack with their Support Bns., their place being taken by the Bns. In Bde. Reserve.
Every endeavour will be made by the 60th Inf. Bde. to obtain touch with the left flank of the 51st Div.

4. The B.G.C. 60th Inf. Bde. will arrange to push out a proportion of his machine-guns towards U.24.d.00.30. to fire towards RED HOUSE and KANGAROO TRENCH. These guns are covered by the presence of the 51st Div. at RED House and just West of it.

5. The machine-guns allotted for barrages will open fire at Zero under orders of the D.M.G.O. and fire for 1 hour 30 minutes on the same barrage lines as this morning.


J. McD Haskard
Lieut. Colonel,
General Staff, 20th Division.
Issued to Signals at 1.30 p.m.
Distribution overleaf.
Copies to –
No 1. A.D.C. for G.O.C.
2. G.S.
3. A. A. & Q.M.G.
4. Div. R.A.
5. Div.R.E..
6. Div. Signals.
7. 59th Inf. Bde.
8. 60th Inf. Bde.
9. 61st Inf. Bde.
10. Div. Pioneers.
11. Div. M.G. Coy.
12. A.D.M.S.
13. A.P.M.
14. D.M.G.O.
15. XIV Corps
16. XIV Corps R.A.
17. XIV Corps. H.A.
18. Guards Div.
19. 4th Div.
20. 51st Div.
21. Right Bombardment Group.
22. No 9 Squadron R.F.C.
23. “Z” Special Coy. R.E.
24. War Diary
25/28. Retained.

Field Service Post Card to Dick-Cunyngham’s wife dated 20 Sept 1914

Field Service Post Card to Dick-Cunyngham’s wife dated 20 Sept 1914

I am quite well

I have been admitted to hospital sick wounded and am going on well.

I am being sent down to the base.

I have received your 10 letters dated telegram 2 parcels

Letter follows at first opportunity.

I have received no letter from you lately for a long time.

Signature only: J.K. Dick Cunyngham

Date Sep 20th.

Addressed to Mrs Dick Cunyngham, Mount View, Crownhill S.O., S. Devon. England. Postmarked ARMY POST OFFICE 42 dated SP 20 14