12th Divisional Artillery Order No. 54. 17 July 1917

Covering note to 23rd Bde R.F.A. Please comply with attached Order

C.C.S. **** B.M. 4DA 17/7.17.

SECRET. Copy No. 9.

12th Divisional Artillery Order No. 54.

Map, 1/10,000 17th July 1917.

1. The 37th Infantry Brigade is attacking the German block in S.E. corner of LONG Trench this evening. The 35th Infantry Bde. is pushing posts out N. of GREEN LANE; which with the posts already established by the 37th Brigade, will act as a covering party, whilst the new trench 100 yards West of LONG Trench is consolidated and wired.

2. Zero hour will be 9.45 p.m., when the infantry will move East and South from posts already held along LONG Trench.

3. At 9.55 p.m. a protective barrage will be formed, principally to keep down M.G. fire and prevent hostile reinforcements moving up.

4. Tasks will be as follows –
62nd Brigade. 18 prs. One B’ty. STRAP Tr. from O.8.d.55.85. to
Two B’tys Line from O.8.b.85.15. to O.9.a.20.35., to
4.5” Hows B’ty O.9.a.4.0. to 45.60.
63rd Brigade. 18 prs. Three B’tys O.9.a.30.60. – O.3.c.30.00. – O.3.c.30.25. –
to MOUND (O.2.d.95.55.)
4.5” How. B’ty O.9.a.45.60. to O.3.c.45.00.
48th Brigade. 18 prs. Three B’tys MOUND (O.2.d.95.55.) – O.2.d.80.90. –
O.2.b.50.15. – O.2.b.20.50.
4.5” How B’ty. O.3.c.45.00. to O.3.c.35.30.
2 inch T.Ms. East face of MOUND.

5. The 4th and 50th D.A. will be engaging the same targets as this morning.
The Heavy Artillery XVIII Corps, will be co-operating as follows –
2 – 6” and 1 – 8” How. B’tys. On BOIS du VERT.
1 – 6” How. B’ty STIRRUP Trench.
1 – 6” How. B’ty. DOG Trench from O.3.c.3.9. to PUPPY Tr.
60 pounders. Search 0.3.c. East of DOG and PUPPY Trenches,
and O.9.c.
6. Rates of fire – 18 prs. 4.5” Hows.
9.55 to 10.15 pm 3 rds P.G.P.M. 2 rds P.G.P.M.
10.15 to 10.30 pm. 2 rds 2 1 rd “
10.30 onwards. Bursts of fire under Group control according to situation.

7. Watches will be synchronised at 8.30 p.m. from 12th D.A. H.Q.

C.A. Clowes Major,
Brigade Major, 12th D.A.
Copies to –
62nd, 63rd and 48th Brigades; D.T.M.O., 12th Divn. (G); 4th D.A., 50th D.A., R.A. & H.A., XVII Corps.

Letter to Miss Dillon 17 July 1919

Letter to Miss Dillon 17 July 1919

On embossed Government Notepaper
Intelligence Corps
Army of the Black Sea
17th July 1919

My dearest Lillie,
I wish I were in London for the Peace Celebrations! What fun you will have! “What would I not give to be with you in the old town to-night!”
Write and tell me all about it. It will be on Anna’s birthday, won’t it? What a memorable birthday it will be for her. I have not found it possible to send the wedding presents yet. If they do not arrive in time she must not mind. I will be able to present them in person in November if not before.
I have been playing tennis the last two evenings, and I find I can play quite well. When my service comes off, people find it very difficult to return. This Camp is only a few minutes walk from the tennis courts. The subscription is 5/- a fortnight.
The youth I travelled out with from London has turned up at a camp quite close, after a period in Russia. He is going to get me a horse and we can go for rides together.
You may have noticed him. He sat beside me in the train at Charing Cross.
I had a letter from Chapman yesterday, dated 5th June, from Cape Town. He was missing London very much.
Saturday is being observed as an official holiday here to celebrate peace.
I am taking advantage of it to go to the aerodrome at San Stefano to try and get a pal I met on the journey out to take me to Bucharest.
It is rather problematical if it can be done, as there is very little flying at present. The train journey takes nearly two days, whereas it is only a couple of hours by air.
I want to see the General at the mission at Bucharest, as I feel sure I could settle it then.
Have you seen the Wilocksons recently? I wonder if you have left Grove Park now? I hope you are satisfied with your new place and that it is near London.
I met a Transilvanian the other day and it was the first chance I had of airing my Roumanian. I get Roumanian papers here. They get through quicker than any other papers in a civilised language, but there is not much news in them. We get some wonderful nights here. To-night there is a wonderful halo round Venus.
Will write again soon.
Best love to you & Anna
from Willie

someone has just started playing “Keep the Home Fires burning” and they are singing it again & again. It brings back memories of the worst part of the war and it gives me the creeps.

With cover Please Forward O.A.S. to Miss de C. Dillon, M.T. RASC., No 1 Reserve Depot, Grove Park, Lee. London S.E. 12.

Postmarked ARMY POST OFFICE Y dated 18 JY 19 and stamped PASSED BY CENSOR 490. Signed W. Dillon Lieut.

22nd Corps ‘G’ 17 July 1918

22nd Corps ‘G’

1. It would appear that the Corps may shortly be engaged in operations of the nature of open warfare.
2. The following scheme is submitted for approval for more efficient aerial co-operation than has formerly been possible.
3. The system does not entail the use of any apparatus beyond the Popham panneau and ground strips already provided.
4. It is anticipated that should the scheme be adopted and the units on the ground be able to carry out their part. The Squadron would have no difficulty whatever in (a) keeping Corps informed of exact positions of units down to Brigades, and dropping messages to these formations; (b) in receiving messages from formations for transmission to Corps (thence to Divisions if required).
5. The scheme is easily capable of elaboration to include units down to Battalions, but it is considered that owing to the very short notice which it will be possible to give, it would probably be inadvisable to attempt to deal with smaller formations than Brigades.


1. Corps dropping station indicated in any suitable ****** – say “XII”
2. Divisional H.Q. to be indicated by Popham panneau with one of the letters W X Y or Z placed at 9 o’clock to the panneau. Divisional calls would thus simply W X Y or Z.
3. Brigade H.Q. will be indicated by popham panneau together with a call letter placed opposite one of the four corners “W X Y or Z” position. Calls of Brigades of W Division to be WW WX WY WZ and for ‘X’ Division XW XX XY XZ and so on.

1. A unit seeing a contact ‘plane in its neighbourhood and wishing to report its position, will merely expose its popham panneau and call letter in an approximate position. Machine will acknowledge, for example “XWRT”. If the unit wishes to communicate with a machine, it will open popham panneau in the normal manner and procedure will be as usual.
2. Corps wishing to communicate with a unit will forward message to Squadron giving as far as possible approximate location. The ‘plane will fly in direction of unit required sounding call letter on klaxon. Unit will expose panneau and call letters and machine will drop message.
3. In the event of a unit losing its popham panneau, or the situation preventing its being exposed, the call letter in ground strips will be sufficient indication.
4. In extreme cases when neither panneau nor strips can be exposed, it is suggested that units should fire four Very’s lights in rapid succession as a signal that it is the unit to which the plane is calling.


1. The procedure above outlined presents no difficulty whatever from the air point of view at least and will enable higher command (a) to locate its units at any time; (b) to communicate with the unit; (c) to receive messages from the unit.
2. Code calls are reduced to one or two letters only which are all made with straight ground strips.
3. The scheme is systematic in that units belonging to the same formation have the same initial letter in their call.
4. In the event of a particular unit being undiscoverable there should be little difficulty in locating a neighbouring unit and communicating with it instead.
5. Owing to the message having no “addressed to” but only a call letter address, little information is given to the enemy should they fall into wrong hands.
“Addressed to” will not be required. Normally all messages received from the ground will be dropped at Corps. “Addressed from” not required; call letters give sufficient indication.

J.M. S***
Commanding, No 82 Squadron,
Royal Air Force.
In the Field.
17th July 1918.