RIGHT GROUP (Left Artillery) Instructions No. 2. 9th July 1917.

War Diary
Copy No. 21
Secret.
RIGHT GROUP (Left Artillery) Instructions No. 2. 9th July 1917.
Communications.
1. Supervision. The whole of the communication system of the Right Group (Left Artillery) is under the supervision of Captain GREEN i/c Signals 29th Divisional Artillery.
2. System. A diagram of the communication system is attached hereto. This system provides for the following communications:-
(a) From RIGHT GROUP (29th D.A.H.Q.) to LEFT ARTILLERY (Guards D.A.H.Q).
One line in buried system for use as direct phone line with sounder set superimposed for message transmission. One alternative phone line over ground (lines completed).
(b) RIGHT GROUP to Brigades. Two lines to each of 15th R.H.A. and 17th R.F.A. Brigades in buried system. One of these will be for use as a direct phone line and the other for message transmission by Fullerphone. (Lines completed).
Two lines to 84th Army Brigade R.F.A. over-ground, one as direct phone line and one for messages by Fullerphone. (Lines still to be laid).
(c) RIGHT GROUP to Infantry Brigades and to RIGHT ATRILLERY. All connections will be established over direct phone line in buried system to “M” Group Exchange. (Line completed).
(d) Artillery Brigade to Batteries. From each Brigade there will be one direct line over ground to each Battery and two alternative routes each common to 2 batteries. Laterals will be run between the batteries within each brigade. The lines referred to above are shewn in red on the attached diagram. (Lines still to be laid).
(e) Batteries to O.P’s.
(i) Certain Corps O.P’s will be allotted to Brigades for laying and maintenance of a line from O.P. to O.P. “O”. Exchange at LUNEVILLE FARM via the nearest ‘test point’.
A sketch shewing the position of test points is attached. (Not attached)
The Artillery Brigade Signal Officer or Orderly Officer will be responsible that the batteries to whom these O.P’s are sub-allotted run the lines to the correct places, and will inform Signal Officer 29th D.A. of all his requirements before the work is carried out; he will also be responsible that these lines, once laid, are continuously maintained even when no observing officer from the Brigade is making use of the O.P’s.
Notification will be sent to this office as each of these O.P’s is joined up to the buried system. THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT.
The O.P. Exchange (“O” in diagram) is now complete. All test boxes and exchanges on the buried system will be completed by midday 13th July.
The above mentioned lines will provide communication from O.P’s to Brigade Headquarters (vide para (f)) from where the lines may be plugged through to batteries as required.
(ii) In addition, batteries will lay and maintain a direct line from the battery to the O.P. in use at the time.
(f) Brigade to O.P. Exchange “O”. one line from each of the 15th R.H.A. and 17th R.F.A. Brigades to the O.P. Exchange “O” has been provided in the buried system. (Lines completed).
One line from the 84th Brigade R.F.A. will be laid to the O.P. Exchange “O”. Part of this line will be in the buried system. (Line still to be laid). The above lines will provide for communication with F.O.O’s, regarding which, further instructions will be issued later.
3. Work required. In order to complete the system of communications outlined above, the following steps will be taken:-
(a) By Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. Sufficient personnel will be sent on night July 10th/11th to stay at MARIE JEAN FARM to –
(i) Complete the communication system from Right Group Headquarters (MARIE JEAN FARM) back to Left Artillery Headquarters and forward to Headquarters “A” (15 R.H.A.), “B” (84th Army F.A.) and “C” (17 R.F.A.) Brigades.
(ii) Lay the line from “B” Brigade H.Q. to O.P. Exchange. This line must be maintained by 84th Brigade from midnight 14th/15th July.
(b) By 15th Brigade R.H.A.
(i) The Brigade Orderly Officer with one experienced signaller (lineman) will be sent on night July 10th/11th to stay at EMILE FARM. Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. will send a party of 1 N.C.O. and 3 linesmen to join him on the morning of July 11th.
This party will lay all lines from Brigade H.Q. to batteries and the laterals between batteries, and will maintain them during the whole of the operations. The Signal Service N.C.O. of this party has been shewn the ground by Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A.
As soon as the allotment of Corps O.P’s to Brigades has been made, the Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. will issue instructions to the Orderly Officer as regards the laying of lines from these O.P’s to the O.P. Exchange.
(ii) Direct lines from O.P’s to batteries will be laid and maintained by battery signallers as required.
(c) By 17th Brigade R.F.A.
(I) The Brigade Orderly Officer with one experienced signaller will be sent on night July 10th/11th to stay at EMILE FARM. Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. will send a party of 1 N.C.O. and 3 linesmen to join him on the morning of July 11th.
This party will lay all lines from Brigade H.Q. to batteries, and will maintain them during the whole of the operations.
As soon as the allotment of Corps O.P’s to Brigades has been made, the Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. will issue instructions to the Orderly Officer as regards the laying of lines from these O.P’s to the O.P. Exchange.
(II) Direct lines from O.P’s to batteries will be laid and maintained by battery signallers as required.
(d) By 84th Army Brigade R.F.A.
(i) Two experienced signallers from Brigade H.Q. will report to Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. at “J” Camp (Sheet 28 A.8.b.) at 6p.m. July 10th. They will stay at 29th D.A.H.Q. until proficient in Fullerphone operating, when they will be sent to “B” Brigade H.Q. (B.15.d.4.8.). They should bring with them rations for 11th July inclusive. No horses can be accommodated by 29th D.A.

(ii) The Brigade Orderly Officer 1 N.C.O, and 4 linesmen (1 N.C.O.
and 4 men) will be sent on night July 10th/11th to stay at “B” Brigade H.Q. (B.15.d.4.8.). They will lay and maintain all lines from Brigade H.Q. to batteries and the laterals between batteries. Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. will meet this party at “B” Brigade H.Q. at 10.30 a.m. on July 11th.
As soon as the Corps allotment of O.P’s to Brigades has been made, the Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. will issue instructions to the Orderly Officer as regards the laying of lines from these O.P’s to the O.P. Exchange.
Direct lines from O.P’s to batteries will be laid and maintained by battery signallers as required.

4. Cables & Stores. Cable, stores, etc will be issued as available from Right Group Headquarters, all demands being made to Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. Brigades will report to this office by 12 noon 11th July the quantity of mobile cable now held by Brigade H.Q. and Batteries.
5. General Instructions.
(a) Attention is again directed to “Instructions regarding communication by buzzer or telephone in the dangerous zone”.
(b) All lines must be truly metallic.
(c) All lines above the ground will be labelled every 50 yards. In the case of Groups, Brigades and Batteries their Station Calls will be inscribed on the labels, and in the case of O.P’s the Corps O.P. Numbers, which will be shewn in the O.P. distribution list which will be issued later.
(d) Lines once joined up must be tested at least twice daily.
(e) A list of Station Calls and Code Names will be issued shortly.
(f) All wires running into the buried system will be joined up at the test boxes etc. by the Signal Service and not by Batteries. Great care must be taken that the correct O.P. Number is given when the end of an O.P cable is handed over to the Signal Service for joining up. (This applies to connections from O.P’s to O.P. Exchange).
6. Officer i/c Signals. Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A. is at present located at “J” Camp (A.8.b.). He will visit each Brigade H.Q. (forward) once every day from July 11th to July 15th from which latter date inclusive he will be located at RIGHT GROUP HEADQUARTERS (MARIE JEAN FARM).
7. ACKNOWLEDGE.
Signature unreadable.
Captain R.A.
Brigade Major 29th Divisional Artillery
Copy No. 1 – 5 15th Brigade R.H.A.
6 – 10 17th Brigade R.F.A.
11 – 15 84th Army Bde. R.F.A
16 – 17 Officer i/c Signals 29th D.A.
18 – 22 File
(23 – 29th Division G
(24 Offr i/c Signals 29th Division.
For information (25 – 26 Guards Divl Artillery.
(27 Capt Hon R.E. Eden.

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GQG instruction 10 July 1918

GRAND QUATIER GENERAL
—————————————– 10 Juillet 1918.
Aéronautique & D.C.A.
——————————-
No 12.927.
L’AIDE-MAJOR GENERAL
Chef du Service Aéronautique
au Commandant de l’Aéronautique du G.A.C.
au Commandant du C.I.A.C.B., FERME de PERTHE.

Le Commandant de l’Aéronautique du G.A.C. assurera l’organisation d’un réseau de signalisation dans la zone du G.A.C.

Cette organisation, destiné à faciliter et à intensifier le travail de nos avions de bombardement et de reconnaissance de nuit comprendra :
– 1o) le repérage des Itinéris,
– 2o) la signalisation des terrains d’atterrissage de nuit,
– 3o) le balisage des chenaux de sécurité.

Elle sera établio :
– 1o) Suivant les besoins des Commandants d’Escadres de Bombardement de nuit et
des Commandants d’Aéronautique d’Armée ayant des Unités faisant vol de nuit, qui fourniront toutes les indications utiles.

– 2o) D’accord avec les Commandants de la D.A.C. des Armees intéressées, en ce qui concerne la décence contre les avions ennemis.

Pour réaliser cette organisation, le Commandant de l’Aéronautique du G.A.C. disposera, comme moyens matériels :

– 1o) de la Section de Phares No 1, attache a l’Escadre 11, et qui pourra être
éventuellement renforcée.
– 2o) de projecteurs qui seront demandes au G.Q.G. si la nécessite de leur
emploi est reconnue.
– 3o) de moyens de signalisation spéciaux employés a titre exceptionnel
(Voitures Photographiques), mis provisoirement a sa disposition par les
Unites de Bombardement ou par le G.Q.G. dans la mesure des
disponibilités.

D’autre part, le Lieutenant de Vaisseau BABIN, du C.I.A.C.B. est mis a la disposition du Commandant de l’Aéronautique du G.A.C., pour la réalisation du réseau de signalisation demande.

P.O. Signe : PUJO.
GROUPE D’ARMEES DU CENTRE.
————————————————
Etat-Major Q.G., le 18 Juillet 1918.
——
Aéronautique.
————–
LE CHEF DE BATTAILLON ORTHIEB
charge de l’Aéronautique au G.A.C.

aux Commandantes de l’Aéronautique des 4o – 5o – 6o –
9o Armees, aux Commandants des Escadres, Groupes et
Escadrilles de Bombardement du nuit.

En exécution des prescriptions de la Lettre No 12.927 de l’Aide-Major General Chef du Service Aéronautique au G.Q.G., en date du 10 Juillet 1918 :

Le Lieutenant de vaisseau BABIN, mis a la disposition du Commandant de l’Aéronautique du G.A.C. par le G.Q.G. sera charge, a dater d’aujourd’hui, de tout qui concerne la signalisation lumineuse de nuit dans la zone du G.A.C.
La S.P.G.P.1. (Section de Phares a grand puissance No 1), personnel et matériel, actuellement stationnée au Parc Aéronautique de NUISEMENT sera placée sous ses ordres, ainsi que la S.P.G.P. No 2 des que celle-ci sera constitue.
Les Commandants d’Escadres ou de Groupes de Bombardement de Nuit lui adresseront directement leurs desiderata en ce qui concerne les améliorations à apporter au Réseau de Signalisation de Nuit. Il aura seul qualité pour faire allumer, éteindre ou changer de place les feux.
De son cote, le Lieutenant de Vaisseau BABIN tiendra les Groupes de Bombardement de Nuit et les D.C.A. d’Armée au courant de toutes modifications survenues dans la signalisation de nuit.

Signe : ORTHLIEB

Vo Armée Au Q.G.A. le 20 Juillet 1918.
———-
Commandement
de
L’Aéronautique
———–
No 5386

Copie confirme notifiée a :
Aéronautique de C.A.
Toutes Escadrilles et
Compagnies d’Aérostiers.
G.C. 11, G.C. 12
Le Chef de Bataillon Commandant l’Aéronautique.
GUILLEMENEY