XV Corps message 17 June 1916

XV Corps message 17 June 1916

Messages and Signals form.

21st DIVL ARTILLERY

CA 46 17th

Please forward as early as possible total number of batteries (a) 18 pr (b) 4.5 How that in the event of assistance being required from either the 13th or 3rd CORPS during forthcoming operations could be brought to bear on these CORPS areas

15 CORPS ARTILLERY
3.30 p.m.

J.M.R. Harrison Major

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XV Corps message 17 June 1916

XV Corps message 17 June 1916

Messages and Signals form

G.359 17th

Ref 21 Div O.O. 55 page three line seven. AAA. For X.22.c.65.71. read X.22.b.65.71.AAA

Added 34th Div DRAW, DASH, DIAL DEAL & Signals.

D.A.R.E.
10 p.m.
A.P. Lt. Col.

XV Corps Instruction 17 June 1916

XV Corps Instruction 17 June 1916
SECRET
15 CA/10/42.

USE OF LACHRYMATORY AND GAS SHELLS
U to Z Days
***********
Reference 15/CA/10/23 and 10/32 of 12th and 14th instants.
———————————————————————–

1. Lachrymatory and Gas shells can be most usefully employed for counter-battery work, interrupting communications, especially blocking communication trenches, and against billets, woods, villages and hollows.
2. The effect of the shells is very local, and a large number are required in one place to be of any real use.

3. 4.5” Howitzers.
(a) The bulk of the rounds should be kept for Z day, but there is no objection to a small proportion being used for special objects on the other days.

(b) The 4.5” Howitzers belonging to Divisional Artilleries and the Battery attached to the Heavy Artillery can fire –

on U to Y days, 800 yards from our line in any wind:
300 yards if the wind is blowing from our lines.,

on Z day, the same as regards distances and wind, but not later than 30 minutes before Zero on ground short of the final objective.

(c) The battery attached to the Heavy Artillery should use these shells chiefly for counter-battery work and to a less extent for barraging distant points.

4. The French 77 mm should be used freely on all days:-

On U to Y days, under same conditions of wind as for 4.5” Howitzers.

On Z day, beyond the final objective. As the Infantry advance near to this, the distance beyond the final objective must be increased.

5. A third of these shells for the 4.5” Howitzers should be retained for further operations.

E.W. Alexander
Brigadier General., R.A., XV Corps
17th June 1916.

R.A. forwarded AP

21 Divisional Artillery Instruction 17 June 1916

21 Divisional Artillery Instruction 17 June 1916
SECRET.
21 Div.
G.330

62nd Inf. Bde.
63rd : :
64th : :
Div. Art.
Div. Eng.
14 N.F. (Pioneers)
Signals
“Q”
A.D.M.S.
A.P.M.
C. Comdt.
D.A.D.O.S.
7th Div.
34th Div.
17th Div.
50th Bde.
—————–
Attached is forwarded for information.
5,000 Flares are being issued to the Division.

They will be allotted as under:-
62nd Inf. Bde. – 1,000
63rd : : – 2,000
64th : : – 2,000

A. T. Paley
Lieut-Colonel,
General Staff,
21st Division
17/6/16

APPENDIX N.

COMMUNICATION WITH CONTACT AEROPLANES.
————————————————————————-

1. On day Z flares will be lit by infantry as follows:-
(a). On reaching the first objective.
(b). On reaching the second objective.
(c). During the third phase on reaching the East edge of FRICOURT VILLAGE and ROSE TRENCH (F.4.c.35.60 – F.4.d.06.02)
(d) All along the line of the most forward infantry at the following hours:-
9 a.m.
1 p.m.
5 p.m.
9 p.m.

2. (a) 3 aeroplanes will be detailed for contact work – Type Morane parasol – Special markings – a broad black band under left hand plane. One contact aeroplane at a time will be in the air.
(b) Information obtained and messages received will be transmitted at once by the aeroplanes by wireless to Corps Headquarters.
(c) Contact aeroplanes will drop messages at Corps H.Q. shewing the situation as known to them:-
(i) At half time during their tour of duty.
(ii) On the return journey after completing their tour of duty.

3. The Battalion and Brigade Call letters for signalling to aeroplanes and No 3 Kite Balloon Section, are those issued with XV Corps N0. 88 G. dated 15th June 1916.
Signals to aeroplanes will be sent by Infantry Brigade and Battalion H.Q.
Signals to No 3 Section Kite Balloon will be sent normally by Infantry Brigade H.Q. only, but in case of emergency Battalion H.Q. and O.P. “C” in PERONNE AVENUE can also call up the Kite Balloon. In signalling to the Kite Balloon, helio will be used by day, and lamp by night.
The Corps Balloon (No 3 Kite Balloon Section) will, at all times, fly its distinguishing pennant, which is black with white vertical strips 3’ broad alternately, commencing with black.
When the balloon is called up by any unit, the observer, on seeing the call, will haul the pennant up to the basket and as soon as he is ready to read will lower it again.
The message will be sent “DD – DD” and repeated until it is acknowledged by the pennant being hauled up and down three times in succession. By night, the Balloon will answer “R D” (received) or “I.M.I.” (repeat)
In signalling to the Kite Balloon, the same code will be used as is used for signalling to the contact aeroplane, vide XV Corps 133. G dated 31/5/16.

4. The following are the distinctive marks of Balloons attached to XV Corps and the neighbouring Corps:-

BY DAY. BY NIGHT.
Pennant hung 30’
below basket,

XIII Corps. Plain red. Succession of dots, every 10 minutes.
XV Corps. Black & White Succession of dashes every 10 minutes.
vertical stripes
3’ broad.
III Corps. Plain White. Succession of dots and dashes every 10 minutes.

5. When back communication from Brigades and Battalions by wire is cut, and a contact aeroplane is noticed flying very low, Brigade and Battalion H.Q. must be on the look-out to pick up any message intended for them which may be dropped by the aeroplane.

6. In addition to No 3 Kite Balloon Section, No 4 Army Kite Balloon will be attached to XV Corps and will be located near MORLANCOURT. This balloon will not be available for either Artillery work or Liaison with Infantry, but will be used for observation purposes only.
It will work on the fronts of the XIII and XV Corps from the BRIQUETERIE at MONTAUBAN to CONTALMAISON (exclusive).
Reports from this balloon will be forwarded to Corps H.Q.

General answering Pennant of:-
No 3 K.B. Section R.F.C. – XV Corps Balloon.
Flown when willing to accept messages

See illustration

21st Divisional Artillery Instruction 17 June 1916

21st Divisional Artillery Instruction 17 June 1916

Copy of XV Corps 15/C.R. 10/41 dated 16th June 1916.

ARM BANDS FOR ARTILLERY OFFICERS.
————————————————————–

1. Green arm bands, to be worn on the right arm below the elbow, will be issued to the Divisional and Heavy Artilleries by “Q” XV Corps.
2. During operations they are to be worn by,
(a) All Battery Commanders.
(b) All Artillery Officers who are acting as F.O.O’s or who go forward to reconnoitre.
(c) All R.A. liaison officers with the Infantry.
3. The object of the above is to enable Artillery Officers to be easily recognised in case the advanced Infantry wish for assistance or information from the Artillery.
The meaning of the band should be made known to all ranks of the Infantry.
4. The issue will be made on the scale of.,
Brigade or Group Commanders – 2 Bands.
Battery – 2 Bands.

————————————————

SECRET
21 Div
G.335.

For information.

A.T. Paley
Lieut. Colonel.
General Staff.
21st Division.

17.6.16.

DISTRIBUTION. copies
62 Inf. Bde. … 5
63 “ “ … 5
64 “ “ … 5
Div. Eng. … 4
Pioneers … 1
Bde. M.G. Coys. … 1
T.M. Batts. … 2
Div. Art. … 1

XV Corps memo to 21Div 17 June 1916

XV Corps memo to 21Div 17 June 1916

21st Div. Art.

Herewith 7 copies of Appendix I to my No 15 CA/10.23 dated 12.6.16. for distribution to Groups.
J.M.R.Harrison
Major
S.O. R.A. XV Corps
17.6.16

SECRET

Each Bde

Herewith a list of strong points etc. Batteries must pay special attention to such of these points as are included in the areas allotted for special tasks.

15 CA/10/23
Appendix 1
21st DIVISIONAL AREA.
2.
(a) Front Line System.

Front and Support Trenches F.9.b.02.75. – 3.c.69.36.
(WICKED CORNER – WING CORNER)
German TAMBOUR
Salient F.3.a.44
F.3.a.60.67.
X.27.b.66.
Salients X.26.d.78 and 98.
Trenches about X.27.c.39.
Salient X.26.b.82.
X.27.a.29.
Salient X.20.d.72, both faces.
X.21.c.32.
X.21.c.64.

(b) Second System.

ROSE COTTAGE.
S.W. edge FRICOURT WOOD
F.3.b.53.41
RED COTTAGE and trenches round.
Trench F.3.a.68 – b.18.
FRICOURT FARM
FRICOURT WOOD: re-entrant on N side and E end.
Trenches due E of POODLES
LOZENGE WOOD
Trenches X.27. central
SHELTER WOOD (including dug-outs on E and NE edge).
BIRCH TREE WOOD
ROUND WOOD
THE DINGLE
ROUND WOOD ALLEY.

(c) Points and trenches further back.

Trenches and Wood round X.29 central.
Corner of valley X.29.b.56
BOTTOM WOOD
QUADRANGLE SUPPORT
X.23.d.47.

16th June 1916.

15 CA/10/23 Appendix 1.

MACHINE GUN EMPLACEMENTS

21st DIVISION AREA

F.4.c.03.98
F.3.c.70.35.
93
91
X.27.c.40.15.
X.27.b.06.73.
X.26.b.85
72
X.21.d.43

16th June 1916.

15 CA 10/23
Appendix 1

OBSERVATION POSTS REPORTED (from May 8th 1916).
*************************************************

15-6-16 X.15.b.80.00.
26-5-16 X.8.c.03.82. Telescope seen being used.
26-5-16 X.8.c.35.85.
10-5-16 X.14.c.50.75 & 75.60. Photo. 3.c9 shows dug-outs
12-6-16 X.14.d.85.98. Slot in bank, either M.G. or O.P.
9-6-16 X.16.b.85.20. (CONTALMAISON CHATEAU) is used as an O.P., and has two apertures in tower, one above the other.
20-5-16. X.21.c.6.3. Suspected
10-6-16. X.21.c.1.4.
8-5-16 X.21.d.5.6. In daily use.
(12-5-16 82.62 Loophole (suspected O.P) Now screened
(22-5-16 83.58 with bushes & brushwood.
12-6-16 7.6.
26-5-16 X.27.a.35.90. Periscope seen.
(23-5-16 X.27.a.47.75. Telescope in use W. of WILLOW PATCH.
(10-6-16 “ -“-
(12-6-16 X.27.a.40.80. -“-
6-6-16 X.27.b.25. Smoke seen.
8-5-16 X.27.b.45.95.
17.54. In Daily use (smoke seen issuing on 6-6- 16)
3.8 Screened with bushes & brushwood.
17-5-16 F.3.c.52.72.
30-5-16. F.3.d.02.68. House in FRICOURT. Telescope seen in hole in the roof.
2-6-16 F.5.d.8.8. Suspected O.P.
8-6-16 F.6.c.90.05.
10-6-16 35.40
17-5-16 F.9.b.8.6. Officer seen observing.
88.82.
12-5-16 F.9.b.92.48. Observer seen with periscope.
25-5-16 60.30.
6-6-16 5.4. (SUNKEN ROAD TRENCH) Artillery Officer seen observing.
14-6-16 F.11.a.1.4. Sniper’s post or O.P. There is a slot 18” long and the place appears to be very strong.
8-5-16 F.3.d.9.7. O.P. suspected in FRICORT 2O left of Church. House with good roof; hole under roof.
18-5-16 S.14.d.6.5.
26-5-16 S.19.b.45.12. Men seen in tree, apparently observing with periscope.
4-6-16 S.25.b.5.3.
7-6-16 S.27.c.90.35. Telescopes used in roof of house in MONTAUBAN.
26-5-16 R.32.c.95.20.
12-6-16 A.1.d.05.50.
17-5-16 BAZENTIN LE PETIT CH Again in use.
19-5-16 FRICOURT CH TOWER
20-5-16 House immediately S of POZIERES Church.
25-5-16 CONTALMAISON Inside roof, close to Chimney
VILLA stack in S.W. end of House.

********************************

16th June 1916.