Motor Permit 1 February 1919

Motor Permit 1 February 1919

 

G.P.18913 A

WAR OFFICE

The undersigned…Miss Dillon L.

(description)…MOTOR DRIVER GROVE PARK TRANSPORT & WORKSHOPS COMPANY

 

being employed on Active Service, is hereby authorised by the Secretary of State for War to drive a motor car, lorry or bicycle, when on Government duty.

 

  1. Maude

Secretary of the War Office

Blank

Signature of Holder

 

 

Available from 1-2-19 to 31-2-19

 

On reverse

 

J.W. Linford 2nd Lt

  1. i/c Transport Section.

For O.C. Transport & Workshop Coy.

 

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Honours & Awards 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade January 1919

Honours & Awards 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade January 1919

 

APPENDIX TO WAR DIARY….. MONTH OF JANUARY 1919

 

HONOURS & AWARDS. For month of JANUARY 1919

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER

 

No                             Rank.                 Name                 Unit                                                 Action for which recommended

 

Major            THOMPSON E.V.    33rd Battery CFA                 For courage and devotion to duty.  As a Battery Commander, this Officer has constantly exhibited the greatest courage and resource on many occasions and under heavy shell fire, inspiring all ranks under his Command with the utmost confidence in his judgements and decisions.

During the Battles of AMIENS and ARRAS he exhibited the highest qualities throughout for coolness and accurate judgement under the most trying conditions.  His untiring energy and splendid example being at all times of the greatest value to the Service.

 

 

No                             Rank.                  Name                   Unit                                                    Action for which recommended

 

 

 

DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL

 

301289                Gunner.      McDONALD  J.A.  36th. Battery CFA          For bravery and devotion to duty near VIS-EN-ARTOIS.

Gunner McDONALD J.A. was a Member of “C” Gun Detachment engaged in cutting wire on the DROCOURT-QUEANT Switch on 1st. September preparatory to the battle of September 2nd.  His Section Commander and No 1 were killed and one of his gun crew mortally wounded.  He helped carry the dying and wounded men to a sheltered spot and then went back to his gun and continued running it alone until assistance was detailed to him.  Though continually shaken up he continued at his work.  His fearlessness and devotion to duty set an example to all his comrades and on this occasion was the means of keeping them steady and the guns firing regularly until the task was completed.

 

 

 

No                             Rank.                   Name                   Unit                                                   Action for which recommended

 

 

 

MERITORORIOUS SERVICE MEDAL

 

91432                     B.Q.M.S.       DOBSON  H.T.   31st. Battery CFA        For consistent good work and devotion to duty.  During the Amiens Battle he was frequently in charge of the Rear Wagon Lines besides carrying out his duties as Q.M.S.  During the ARRAS Battle he always personally escorted the rations to the guns, thereby rendering great assistance to the Officers.

 

 

BELGIUM CROIX DE GUERRE

 

 

300618                Bdr.                       LOMAX O.T. 33rd. Battery CFA       For conspicuous gallantry and disregard of personal danger in the vicinity of INCHY on September 27th 1918.  During the advance on the morning of September 27th 1918, the Battery came under intense shell fire on a road leading into INCHY, and a Gunner was severely wounded.  Bdr Lomax volunteered to stay with the wounded man.  After dressing his wounds he carried him to a place of safety and went in search of assistance.  During the whole of this time he was under the most intense shell fire but he succeeded in getting the wounded man to a Dressing Station.

After getting the wounded man to a Dressing Station Gnr Lomax reported back to the gun and carried on.  His utter disregard of danger and prompt action undoubtedly saved the man’s life.

War Diary of 9th CANADIAN ARTILLERY BRIGADE January 1919

WAR DIARY Of 9th CANADIAN ARTILLERY BRIGADE

 

From JANUARY 1919 – To JANUARY 31st 1919

 

 

DENDERWINDEKE 1.1.19            Brigade continued the march to the LILLE – TOURNAI Area from VELSENBEEK to DENDERWINDEKE arriving at the latter place at 1230 hours.

 

NEDERBRACKEL     2.1.19           Brigade resumed its march to the entraining Area and arrived at NEDERBRACKEL at 1300 hours.

 

RENAIX                       3.1.19           The Brigade continued the march and reached RENAIX at 11.30 hours.

 

KAIN LA TOMBE    4.1.19              In accordance with orders received Brigade marched to KAIN LA TOMBE Area.  H.Q. and the 33rd. and 45th. Batteries were billeted in LA TOMBE, and 31st. and 36th. Batteries were billeted in KAIN.

 

5.1.19           Parades of all the Batteries were addressed by Brig-General STEWART, DSO, C.R.A., prior to his leaving for CANADA.  Lieut-Col COGHLAN and Capt. FLEET returned from Corps Headquarters in GERMANY.  Col Coghlan proceeded on leave to U.K. and Capt Fleet was attached to the Brigade.

 

6.1.19            Batteries busy settling down, fixing up billets and wagon lines.

 

7.1.19            Bath Parades for all Batteries, the baths being located in TOURNAI.

 

8.1.19            The regular routine of training was carried on.  Lieut INCH, 31st. Battery CFA proceeded on leave to U.K.

 

9.1.19            A Field General Courts Martial was held at 3rd. C.D.A.C. H.Q.,  A meeting of the Sports Committee was held and Field selected for Football Games.  Orders were received that the 3rd. C.D.A. would probably move back to RENAIX on account of the difficulty of obtaining billets for all the 3rd. C.D.A.

 

RENAIX                      10.1.19         3rd. C.D.A. moved from KAIN LA TOMBE Area to RENAIX.

 

  • Batteries were occupied in arranging billets and Horse lines.

 

RENAIX                       12.1.19         Church Parades were held for Protestants at 0915 hours and for R.C.s at 1000 hours in the Church RENAIX. Meeting of Sports Committee was held at Bde. H.Q. and schedule for week drawn up.

 

13.1.19                    Lieut KINGSTON proceeded on leave to PARIS.  Football match between 33rd. and 36th. Batteries which resulted in a win for 36th. Battery by 6 – 0.

 

14.1.19                    Bath Parade for all Batteries during the morning.  The C.R.A. inspected the wagon Lines between 0900 and 1000 hours.

 

15.1.19                    Batteries carried on with the regular routine. Physical Training, Exercise Rides, Harness Cleaning etc.  Dentist who was to be attached to the Brigade reported, and began inspection of men’s teeth.

 

16.1.19                    The G.O.C. 3rd. Canadian Division addressed the Officers of the 3rd. C.D.A. during the morning.  A Football Team selected from the 9th Brigade played the Labour Corps, the latter loosing by 3 – 1.

 

17.1.19                    Medical Board arrived at Noon and about 150 men of the different Batteries were examined during the afternoon.  31st. Battery won the Championship of the Brigade Football League, defeating the 36th. Battery by 1 – 0.

 

18.1.19                    The C.R.A. inspected the wagon lines of the Batteries. The proposed inspection by the Corps Commander was Cancelled. Medical Inspection of all ranks was carried on.  Lieut-Col Coghlan returned from U.K. leave and Major Durkee reported back to the 10th. Brigade.

 

19.1.19                    Church Parades for some of the Batteries. Medical Examination was carried on.

 

20.1.19                    Usual Routine. Educational Classes were recommenced.  The following Supernumerary Officers left the Brigade to proceed to CANADA. – Lieut A.B. MANNING, Lieut A.E.C. KNIGHT, Lieut M.H.NEVILLE, Lieut W.E.CRASSIE, Lieut H.E.PEPLER.

 

21.1.19                    The regular routine, Harness cleaning, Exercise Rides & P.T. etc, was carried on.

 

22.1.19                    The 9th. Brigade C.F.A. defeated the 10th. Brigade C.F.A. in a game of football by a score of 5 – 0.  Educational Classes were discontinued owing to the difficulty of obtaining coal for Class rooms.

 

23.1.19                    Capt. R. Fleet who had been attached to the 36th. Battery reported to the 38th. Battery Nothing of importance outside the regular routine.

 

 

RENAIX                       24.1.19        The ”Dumbells” Concert Party arrived in Town and at night put on the first of the intended three performances.  36th. Battery held a Dance in one of the School Rooms.

 

25.1.19                    During the morning all the horses and mules of the Brigade were inoculated by the A.D.V.S. for Glanders.  Lieut. C.D. ROWE M.C, proceeded to report to the 48th. Battery, 1st. C.D.A. to take up duties of Captain.  Staff Captain ”Q”, 3rd. C.D.A. held a conference with all the Battery Commanders and Adjutant, for the purpose of discussing the handing over of equipment and stores.  The ”Dumbells” Concert Party gave another performance.

 

26.1.19                    Church Parade for ”Other Denominations” at 0915 hours in the Harmonie Hall and for R.C.s in the Stone Church at 1000 hours.  In accordance with the Demobilization Scheme, the first party, to return to CANADA with their families, proceeded to ENGLAND on 14 days leave at the expiration of which they will report to C.A.R.D WITLEY.

 

27.1.19                    Captain MacKINNON of the Canadian Chaplain Service delivered a lecture in the morning on ”SAFEGUARDS OF CIVILIZATION”.  The Dumbells Concert Party gave another performance in the Evening.

 

28.1.19                    Brigades turned in all Special Stores which were taken to the Base. Another lecture was given by Capt MacKINNON in the morning and also one in the afternoon.  The ”Dumbells Concert party gave their last performance in RENAIX.  In the evening the Officers of 3rd. C.D.A. held a dance in Harmonie Hall.

29.1.19                    Auditors visited Brigade and inspected all Books, Accounts etc of the Batteries. Orders were received that the Brigade would turn in all Stores, vehicles, Equipment etc on the morrow consequently Batteries were busy packing Stores equipment etc.  Elementary Classes recommenced in the morning.

30.1.19                    At about 0900 hours Batteries marched independently to KAIN Area where they were billeted for the night.  Lieut Kingston returned from “On Leave”.

 

31.1.19                    Batteries continued their march to BAISIEUX, where they will turn in all Equipment, Stores, Vehicles etc, after which they return to KAIN area for the night.  Boxing bouts took place in the recreation room next to the baths.

 

Fred T. Coghlan Lieut-Colonel

Commanding 9th. Canadian Artillery Brigade

Strength of 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade January 1919

Strength of 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade January 1919

 

APPENDIX                                         WAR DIARY                     JANUARY 1919

 

9th. CANADIAN ARTILLERY BRIGADE

 

 

STRENGTH DECREASE

 

 

Cause                                                        Officers                                   O. Rs

 

 

Invalided Sick to ENGLAND

(Lieut H.H. STERNS)                                         1

Transferred

(Lt. CD CROWE (MC) to 1st CDA)                    1                                            2

To CANADA                                                       5                                          10

Lieut AB MANNING

Lieut AEG KNIGHT

Lieut J A LOY

Lieut WE GRASSIE

Lieut H NEVILLE

To ENGLAND                                                                                                16

Died of Sickness                                                                                                 1

To C A R D BORDEN Eng                                                                              3

To C C R C                                                                                                         2

Hospital over 7 days                                                                                         39

 

Total                              7                                             73

 

 

 

STRENGTH INCREASE

 

Transferred                                                                                                         2

C C R C                                                                                                            22

 

Total                                                                                                            24

 

 

Officers                        Other Ranks

 

EFFECTIVE STRENGTH DECEMBER 31st       35                                         840

 

Decrease                                                                    7                                          73

 

28                                       767

 

Reinforcements etc                                                 –                                          24

 

EFFECTIVE STRENGTH JANUARY 31st              28                                        791

Honours & Awards 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade January 1919

Honours & Awards 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade January 1919

 

APPENDIX TO WAR DIARY—- MONTH OF JANUARY 1919

 

9th CANADIAN ARTILLERY BRIGADE

 

NOMINAL ROLL

 

HONOURS & AWARDS

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER

 

 

(M)ajor               E.V. THOMPSON                 33rd  BATTERY C.F.A.

 

 

 

DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL

 

301289         Gunner  J.A. McDONALD                  36th Battery C.F.A.

 

 

MERITORIOUS SERVICE MEDAL

 

91432         B.Q.M.S    H.T. DOBSON                          31st. Battery C.F.A.

 

BELGIUM CROIX DE GUERRE

 

300618        Bdr.           O.T. LOMAX                       33rd Battery C.F.A.

1919 – TIMETABLE AFTER THE GREAT WAR

1919 – TIMETABLE AFTER THE GREAT WAR

10th Jan                          Fakhri Pasha surrenders at Medina

………………

18th Jan                          Peace Conference for the Treaty of Versailles opened in Paris

25th Jan                           Proposals to create the League of Nations accepted

28th June                        Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

8th July                            Germany ratifies the Treaty of Versailles

21st July                          The United Kingdom ratifies the Treaty of Versailles

………………

21st June                        The German fleet scuttled at Scappa Flow

………………

10th to 11th Nov           Banquet and the first Armistice Day

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1919 – AFTER THE GREAT WAR

 

1919 – AFTER THE GREAT WAR

Medina was the last city of the Turkish Empire to fall to the Allies and the Arab states in the Great War. Fakhri Pasha was the commander of the Turkish army and Governor of Medina from 1916 to 1919. From 1916, Medina had been besieged by the Arab armies, who had previously been a part of the Turkish Empire and had revolted against the Turkish Sultan. Pasha had been ordered to defend the holy city of Medina and to protect the single-track narrow gauge Hejaz Railway on which his entire logistics depended. The railway was constantly subjected to sabotage attacks by Arabs led by Lawrence of Arabia (T.E.Lawrence). When the Turkish Empire withdrew from the Great War on the 30th October 1918, it was expected Pasha would also surrender. He refused to do so and simply refused to accept the Armistice of Mudros. He is reputed to have had a vision, in a dream, from the Prophet Mohammed who had ordered him not to submit. He refused the direct order, from the Turkish Minister of war, to hand over his sword. The Turkish Government was upset by his behaviour and he was dismissed from his post, but he again refused to obey the decision. He kept the flag of the Turkish Sultan high in Medina until 72 days after the end of the war between Turkey and the Allies. Eventually Pasha and his men were faced with starvation and the remaining garrison surrendered on the 10th January 1919. Abdullah I of Jordan and his troops entered Medina on the 13th January 1919.

……………

The Peace Conference opened on the 18th January 1919 in Paris. Initially delegates from twenty seven nations participated in the negotiations but Germany, Austria, and Hungary were excluded. Russia was also excluded as they had negotiated a separate peace with Germany in 1918 when they signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The conference eventually comprised delegates from Britain, France, the United States and Italy. The four main negotiators of the “big four” were: – David Lloyd George of Britain, Georges Clemenceau of France, Woodrow Wilson of the United States and Vittorio Orlando of Italy. Negotiations between the “big four” did not go smoothly. Wilson believed the fourteen point plan he had proposed would bring stability to Europe and Germany expected a treaty based on these fourteen points. The French wanted the defeated nations to be severely punished and believed Wilson’s plan too lenient. The British public also wanted Germany to be severely punished although Lloyd George had similar views to Wilson. An agreement was finally reached after prolonged discussions but it was a compromise that left nobody happy with the outcome. One of proposals was to create the League of Nations, which was accepted on the 25th January 1919. When Germany complained about the severity of the Treaty of Versailles, they were reminded of the harshness of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk they imposed on the Russians in March 1918.  Germany tried to have a number of articles withdrawn in June 1919 but they received a reply that they would have to accept the treaty within twenty four hours, or face an invasion of Allied armies across the Rhine. Germany reluctantly agreed to sign the treaty.

The Germans were summoned to Versailles to sign the treaty (Treaty of Versailles) on 28th June 1919, which was officially the end of the Great War.  The signing date was significant as it was five years to the day that Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated in June 1914. During the war, John Pershing, the American commander, continued his American offensive against the Germans on the 11th November 1918 until the 11.00 am ceasefire. He was convinced that unless Germany unconditionally surrendered on German soil they would not accept they had lost the war. With this in mind he argued that within twenty years Germany would become a warring nation again and the war would have to be fought a second time. After the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, Winston Churchill came to a similar conclusion but for a different reason. He argued Germany would end up bankrupt if the financial reparation terms were implemented, another regime would rise up to take Germany to war again. Both arguments were ignored and the treaty conditions were imposed. Indirectly, the signing of the Treaty of Versailles was the beginning of the Second World War although hostilities did not begin until September 1939.  The final treaty bore little resemblance to Wilson’s fourteen points.

Germany ratified the Treaty of Versailles on the 8th July 1919 and the United Kingdom ratified the Treaty on the 21st July 1919. However, as later events were to establish Germany was neither pacified nor conciliated, and the subsequent political events would lead to the Second World War.

…………………….

On the 21st June 1919, the scuttling of the German fleet took place at the Royal Navy’s base at Scappa Flow in Scotland, after the Great War. The German High Seas Fleet was interned there under the terms of the armistice whilst negotiations took place over the fate of the ships. The German High Seas Fleet had surrendered and been escorted into the Firth of Forth on the 21st November 1918 and moved to Scappa Flow between the 25th to the 27th November 1918. During the negotiations over the fate of the ships and fearing the ships would be seized and divided amongst the Allied powers, German commander, Admiral Ludwig von Reuter, decided to scuttle the fleet. When the scuttling was carried out on the 21st June 1919, intervening British guard ships were able to beach a number of the ships, but 52 of the 74 interred vessels sank. Many of the vessels were salvaged over the next two decades and were towed away for scrapping.

………………….

A Banquet in Honour of The President of the French Republic was hosted by King George V and held at Buckingham Palace during the evening of the 10th November 1919. The very first Armistice Day was held in the Grounds of Buckingham Palace on the morning of the 11th November 1919. This set the trend for a day of Remembrance or Remembrance Day for decades to follow. However, a wood and plaster temporary Cenotaph was erected in Whitehall, London, following an outbreak of national sentiment in 1919. It was replaced by a Portland Stone structure and built between 1919 and 1920 as the United Kingdom’s national war memorial. The Remembrance Day ceremony, to commemorate the Armistice, is conducted on the Sunday closest to the 11th November each year.

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