Miss Dillon drivers permit 1 December 1918

G.P.18601 A


The undersigned…Miss Dillon L.C.

(description)……. Driver WL MT ASC. No 1 RES DEPOT GROVE PARK


being employed on Active Service, is hereby authorised by the Secretary of State for War to drive a motor car, lorry or bicycle, when on Government duty.


  1. Maude

Secretary of the War Office

  1. Dillon

Signature of Holder



Available from 1-12-18 to 31-12-18


On reverse


Randall 2nd Lt

  1. i/c Transport Section.

For O.C. Transport & Workshop Coy.


Honours & Awards for month of November 1918 9th Canadian Field Arty



HONOURS & AWARDS. For month of NOVEMBER 1918




Unit                             Regtl No.           Rank & Name                          Action for which recommended


33rd Battery CFA                                Lieut E. PHILPOTT                        For bravery and determination under heavy enemy shell fire on September 2nd. 1918 in the Operations S.E. of ARRAS.

On above date this officer was acting as F.O.O. and was in charge of a party of Signallers who were to lay a line to the first objective. The party came under very heavy shell fire soon after our barrage started and Lieut. Philpott was wounded in the back.  He refused to go back and after having the wound dressed, he pushed forward.


He was again wounded this time seriously and had to be taken to a dressing station, but not before he had established communication with Brigade H.Q. and an O.P.


33rd Battery CFA                                   Lieut. L. McGILLIVRAY            For courage, resource and devotion to duty in the Offensive S.E. of AMIENS during the period August 8th – 12th 1918.

This officer was in charge of a party of 30 N.C.O.s and men detailed by the 9th Brigade C.F.A. to man guns which might be captured in the advance East of AMIENS.  He went forward with the first wave of Infantry, and with his party, who were all armed with rifles, assisting in capturing 3 -15c.m. howitzers.  These he immediately put into action against the enemy.


36th Battery CFA                           Lieut.  F.J. LONGWORTH                  For conspicuous gallantry in the AMIENS Offensive during the period August 8th to August 15th in the supply of ammunition to the guns when in charge of the 36th Battery wagon lines.



HONOURS & AWARDS. For month of NOVEMBER 1918


Unit                                  Regtl No.              Rank & Name                        Action for which recommended





36th. Battery CFA            314172        Gnr.   C.B. CLIMO He went over the top with the F.O.O. during the attack on the DROCOURT-QUEANT Switch Line.  On September 2nd 1918, when the F.O.O. was wounded and the telephone smashed he secured a German telephone and carried on.




31st. Battery CFA           308638        Bdr.  O. REED   (M.M)             On October 18th 1918, on the SENSEE CANAL vicinity of WASNES-AU-BAC, he assisted in putting out a fire amongst the ammunition in a gun pit, by means of mud and his great coat at great personal danger.




31st. Battery CFA     91576          Sgt.  F.J. BROOK                        On September 29th 1918 at BOURLON, while acting S.M. in charge of the wagon lines, he rallied the Drivers, replaced casualties and extricated the wounded in a severe bombing raid.



31st. Battery CFA      29916           Sgt. R. KEWLEY         On September 27th 1918, at QUARY WOOD, he replaced the casualties to his gun team, attended the wounded and rallied his men under very heavy and continuous shell fire from 15cm Hows.




HONOURS & AWARDS. For month of NOVEMBER 1918



Unit                            Regtl No.              Rank & Name                          Action for which recommended




31st. Battery CFA        91667           SGT F. CULLIMORE On night 28th/29th September at BOURLON.  During a heavy bombing raid on the horse lines, assisted the wounded, replaced casualties in gun and wagon teams, which was the means of enabling the Batty to advance its guns that night for an attack.


31st. Battery CFA    308628         Cpl.  WJ McKEEN         On September 27th 1918 at INCHY, when in charge of pack animals taking ammunition to Battery position, a heavy enemy bombardment opened up.  He guided his men and kept the Battery well supplied with ammunition.


36th Battery CFA      301147         Cpl G. WYLD                  On night September 27th:28th 1918 near BOURLON, while in charge of Sub-section returning from Gun position they were heavily shelled.  Although wounded, he rendered First Aid ***** (text missing) and got them away from the shelled*** (text missing)


45th. Battery CFA     304515         Bdr. H. NEWLOVE          At BOURLON while in charge of a Sub-section, the gun positions were heavily shelled, and his neighbouring detachment became casualties.  He cleared the wounded, and personally laid, loaded and fired his own gun.


HONOURS & AWARDS. For month of NOVEMBER 1918



Unit                           Regtl No.              Rank & Name                          Action for which recommended





36th Battery CFA      337814         A/Bdr.  G. SHRU

36th Battery CFA      301306         Bdr. M. McLEAN

36th Battery CFA      301318         A/Bdr. J.R. McDOUGALL At ST. OLLE on the night October 7th 1918 while placing guns in position they were subjected to a heavy concentrated shoot which caused many casualties.  Only one gun team was left and all guns had to be moved between intervals and while ammunition was exploding, they assisted the wounded and consistently endeavoured to salve equipment.  By their perseverance they managed to get all the guns except one, in action for the next operation.



31st Battery CFA       308632        Dvr.  F. MATHIEU

31st. Battery CFA      308653        Dvr.  D. THEBERGE         For conspicuous dash and gallantry at INCHY on September 27th 1918.  While the Battery was advancing to take up a position a heavy barrage was laid on the route followed.  Several casualties to gun teams occurred.  They took in their own gun and volunteered to assist the other gun teams.  They took in the two remaining guns and the Battery was able to assist in the Barrage the following morning.




45th Battery CFA      348535       A/Bdr. W. McDOWELL   At INCHY, on September 27th 1918, he acted as No I.  During the advance through the heavy barraged Village, it was essential that all guns be taken with all possible speed.  He selected his route with unerring judgement and guided the vehicles through the terrific shelling.


HONOURS & AWARDS. For month of NOVEMBER 1918



Unit                           Regtl No.              Rank & Name                          Action for which recommended




45th Battery CFA      1250596      Gnr. A. WOOD                 On the morning of 29th September he went forward with the F.O.O. but owing to the intense Artillery and machine gun fire it was impossible to keep up telephone communication.  He went forward and ascertained the situation from the Infantry and returned with valuable information.  He afterwards laid lines to Infantry and Brigade O.P. which he patrolled for a period of 24 consecutive hours, under heavy artillery fire.


33rd Battery CFA      348986        Gunner. W. BALDWIN   On the morning of October 2nd. 1918 near ST. OLLE, he went forward with the F.O.O. who established an O.P.  Almost as soon as the telephone line was laid it was blown out by shell fire.  All the breaks were found to be where the line crossed a sunken road, which was the place heavily shelled.  He worked continuously all day mending breaks and putting in new line under heavy shell fire.


45th Battery CFA     348465                Sgt.  W.H. GLEED From February to September 1918, this N.C.O. acted as Battery Sergt-Major at the guns.  During the operations throughout this period, he showed exceptional energy and devotion to duty.  His coolness and good judgment under heavy shell fire has been most commendable.


31st. Battery CFA       424674                 Sgt. B. HOWARTH

(Croix de Guerre)                                  On October 18th 1918 on the SENSEE CANAL, vicinity of WASNES-AU-BAC, he assisted in putting out a fire amongst the ammunition in a gun pit, by means of mud and   his great coat, at great personal danger.


9th. Canadian Artillery Brigade Appendix to War Diary November 1918

APPENDIX                                         WAR DIARY                    NOVEMBER 1918








Cause                                                       Officers                                   Other Ranks


Killed in action                                            1

Wounded                                                                                                           3

Transferred to CARD                                  1

Hospital over 7 days                                                                                       31

Transferred                                                                                                       2

Posted out                                                     2

_______                                              _____

Total                       4                                                 36






Officers                           Other Ranks

Reinforcements                                                2                                  9 (CCRC)

2 (CCBD)

Transferred                                                                                          1

Posted                                                             4 (from T.M)              57 (from T.Ms)

_____                          ___

Total                                                                 6                                 69




Officers                       Other Ranks


EFFECTIVE STRENGTH November 1st       33                                        748


Decrease                                                            4                                          36

____                               _______

Total                                                               29                                     712


Reinforcements                                                 6                                       69

____                               _____

35                                    781



EFFECTIVE STRENGTH November 30th   35                                      781





Regarding Operations of 45th Battery C.F.A while detached from 9th Brigade C.F.A. and attached to the 1st C.M.R. Battalion and 5th H.L.I. Battalion of the 52nd Division.  From 6.11.18 to 9.11.18



Place       Date    Hour                                              Summary of Events and Information


6-11-18                        In the morning of 6-11-18 the 45th Battery was in action at Q.23.d.40.30. (sheet 44) and under orders of C.O. 1st C.M.R. Battalion.

At 09.00 hours a forward section occupied a position at W.5.b.20.80. and registered upon the following points:- FORT MAZY R.14.d.20.30.  Lone house R.20.b.45.70.  Three twins R.20.d.25.80.  Railway track R.21.c.20.40.

On night of 7-11-18 battery came under orders of 5th H.L.I. Battalion of the 52nd Division, who had relieved the 1st C.M.Rs. Battalion in the line. Battery fired 250 rounds upon registered targets in R.14. R.20. and R.21.


8-11-18                        At 11.00 hours 8-11-18 H.L.I. occupied FORT MAZY and surrounding area which had been evacuated by the enemy.


9-11-18                        At 06.30 Battery moved forward to THULIN  where it rejoined 9th Brigade C.F.A. at 11.45 hours.






Covering Operations of 31st Battery C.F.A. while detached from 9th Brigade C.F.A. and attached to 49th Canadian Battalion, from November 8th to November 11th 1918.



THULIN        8-11-18            The Battery was in action at THULIN N.27.a.15.50. on evening of 8-11-18.




  • At 07.00 hours Major Ryerson the Battery Commander was ordered forward to reconnoitre a position in BOUSSU and this was done with great difficulty owing to the civilian crowds, and the coffee, kissing and handshaking barrage which was encountered. The people insisted on marking up every house as a billet, and nothing pleased them more than to have 31st Battery C.F.A. chalked up on their doors.

In the meantime battery was ordered to support the 49th Canadian Battalion which was to cross the CONDE-MONS canal at N.8.b.30.30. and work up to GHLIN and JEMAPPES along the North side of the canal to protect the left flank of the Canadian Corps which was in the air.

The 49th Battalion pushed a company across the Conde Mons canal at N.8.b.30.30. with difficulty as bridge had been destroyed be enemy.

At 12.00 hours the right section under Lieut Inch came into action at SARDON N.14.b.10.20. and supported this company.  When the company had crossed canal Lt. Inch brought sections across the HAINE River and came into action on south bank of canal at N.8.b.60.00.

At 15.00 hours the main battery came into action at N.8.b.60.00.  Bridge across the CONDE MONS   CANAL at N.8.b.30.30. was not at this time repaired but engineers were working on it.   Major Ryerson went forward to VILLE POMMEROEUL and reported to the C.O. 49th Battalion receiving orders to cross the canal as soon as bridge was in suitable repair for artillery passage.



At 13.00 hours Lieut Jones as F.O.O. was reconnoitring the area East of VILLE POMMEROEUL H.33. and H.34. in search of the enemy and was received by the belgium people as the first British soldier they had seen since the retreat from MONS in 1914.

At 15.00 hours Lieut Jones was taken prisoner by a patrol of the H.L.I. of the 52nd Div. but after making satisfactory explanation was released.

At 17.30 hours bridge over Canal at N.8.b.30.30. was considered fit for passage and Battery proceeded to VILLE POMMEROEUL where they through out outposts and came into action for the night.


GHLIN 10-11-18.                  At 06.00 hours the battery with some 3rd Can Div M.Grs. as escorts formed the main guard and advanced to HAUTRAGE following the vanguard which consisted of one company of 49th Battalion and a troop of the 5th lancers.

The battery advanced through HAUTRAGE, TERTRE, BAUDOUR and approached GHLIN, and were welcomed by the civilians who bedecked the guns and horses with hundreds of flowers.

At 1030 hours when half a mile West of GHLIN the Battery was ambushed from the Woods on the North of the BAUDOUR-GHLIN ROAD by 2 machine guns, a battery of 4.77 c.m. guns and a section of 15 c.m. Hows, all firing from close range.  As these guns could not be seen Major Ryerson decided to retire immediately and by fast manoeuvring succeeded in extricating the battery from a very dangerous situation.  The enemy guns quickly obtained a bracket on the battery and went into Battery fire, but the B.C. manoeuvred from column of route into line and galloped the battery South through the fields keeping just ahead of the enemy shells.  He then gave section control deploy, rendezvous at JEMAPPES, to the section commanders, Lts. Inch, Harris and Knight and they immediately wheeled their sections in different directions.  This manoeuvre confused the enemy artillery and the shooting became erratic although direction had to be changed several times by the section commanders, before they passed out of observation.  In these few minutes the enemy artillery fired 60 rounds 77 c.m. and 30 rounds 15 c.m.

At 10.40 hours when the Right Section were proceeding through the Southern outskirts of GHLIN a group of boys and girls gathered at a corner to welcome them, just as section came up a 15 c.m. shell pitched among them killing eight.


The Battery was assisted in escaping the M.G. fire by a troop of 5th Lancers who immediately charged the M.Gs but were driven back


The B.C. brought the battery into action as quickly as possible North of the CONDE-MONS canal at P.7.b.20.80 and successfully engaged these machine guns with a sweeping and searching fire compelling them to withdraw at 13.00 hours.


CUESMES  11-11-18             At 07.30 hours the battery was ordered to take up a position at CUESMES in P.23.  This was done at 08.30 hours and at 09.30 hours battery was ordered to report to C.O. 49th Battalion in the Grand Place in MONS.  The battery entered MONS at 10.30 hours but was unable to get to Grand Place owing to the crowds of civilians.  The B.C. then brought the battery into action in the Rue de Bertiamont Q.13.d.10.40. at 10.45 hours.



All map locations from Sheet No 45 1/40,000 BELGIUM and Part of FRANCE

War Diary of 9th Canadian Artillery Brigade November 1918




NOVEMBER 1st – To NOVEMBER 30th. 1918




1-11-18               8th C.I.B. still in line with 1st C.M.R. on right and 2nd C.M.R. on left.  Enemy alert and somewhat nervous due to our attack South of Malenciennes.  Forward sections engaged MGs and TMs and did night Harassing fire.  In view of the shelling it was decided to move Brigade Headquarters to house at FONTAINE BOUILLON at P.30.a.60.60. and the move was made at 1600 hours.  C.R.A. inspected the wagon lines all except 45th Battery being very satisfactory.  Captain J.H. McLaren of 31st. Battery took command of 45th Battery.



2-11-18              The day passed very quietly with very little enemy fire.

Orders were received in the evening that the 8th Imperial Division would sideslip South and take over the northern part of our front between R.15.a.2.8. and Q.5.d.7.5 and that out S.O.S. line would be shifted accordingly.

Valenciennes was reported to be entirely in our hands at 1000 hours.


3-11-18                8th Imperial Division took over the 2nd C.M.R. front on the left as described above.  0600 hours and the Brigade S.O.S. line now ran from R.31.c.50.00. along canal to R.20.d.20.80. thence R.14.b.80.60. at 1200 hours was extended south to an E. and W. line through W.6.d.00.50 at 1600 hours our patrols were reported working forward and across the canal in W.12 & X.1. and S.O.S. was lifted from these squares.

C.O. and Lieutenant McAdams of 7th C.I.B. visited Valenciennes reconnoitring routed forward as it was believed bridges north of the city would not be built by the time the Brigade would have to cross the canal.

4-11-18                Major L.V.M. Cosgrave proceeded on 14 days leave to Paris and Major D.A. McKinnon of the 36th Battery took command of the Brigade, Capt. A.L. Anderson taking the Battery.

Our Infantry (4th C.M.R. Battalion) worked North East in the early morning to road X.8.d. & a. and to railway in X.1.A. & b. & X.2. central but were held up by Machine Guns on Railway in X.3.c & X.9.a and the 45th forward fired on them but did not dispose of all of them as machine gun fire still came from this vicinity.  At noon the C.R.A. phoned and orders Batteries to move forward to the vicinity of ESCAUTPONT.  By 1800 hours Bde. H.Q. had moved to Q.29.b.50.65.  31st Battery to Q.29.c.20.80.  33rd. Battery to Q.29.c.20.00.  45th Battery to Q.23.d.60.30. and 4 Hows. of 36th to Q.29.b.45.85. with a detached section of this Battery still at Q.24.a.05.20.  1st C.M.R. had crossed canal at PONT DES ARAIS but were held up by stray M.G. Posts at R.25.d.70.10 in Ry. Embankment which 45th engaged but did not put out of action.

At 2200 hours our line ran from X.15.b.7.7 to X.2. Central along Railway to R.31.b.0.0. thence as before and S.O.S. line was laid accordingly from right boundary between X.2. & X.8. to left divisional boundary at R.14.b.9.6. Enemy artillery inactive on Bde front.

Lieutenant CHRISTOPHERSON reported to Brigade and was posted to 33rd Battery.


ESCAYTPONT         5-11-18              At 0530 hours the 33rd Battery fired a barrage of 68 minutes duration rolling from X.11.b & X12.a.  At 0800 hours the Brigade O.P. was established in W.6.b. and Lieut. Knight had reported as L.O. with the 4th C.M.Rs at their H.Qrs. at W.19.b. and shortly after had wire through to Brigade.  At 1100 hours he reported 4th C.M.R. patrols on Ry. to north of VICQ and opposition not heavy.  36th Battery established O.P. at Q.30.d.9.9. and Lieutenant A.B. Manning fired 80 rounds during the day on M.G. post at R.25.d.7.1. effectually putting it out of action it was captured by 1st C.M.R. in the evening.  Orders received in the afternoon that Brigade would take up position in vicinity of ONNAING on the 6th and C.O. & Battery Commanders reconnoitered roads and bridges.  At 2200 hours our line ran QUAROUBLE inclusive to Railway in X.5.a. along Ry. to canal at R.25.d.7.1. thence no change to north boundary & the Brigade S.O.S. line extended from R.35.c.5.2. along this line to the Mons Conde Canal.


QUAROUBLE    6-11-18                 Operation order 209 & 209-1 received at 0500 hours ordering three Batteries of Brigade to take up positions within 6000 yards of road in M.22-23-29-36 sheet 45.  C.O. & O.Cs 31st, 33rd & 36th Batteries started forward at 0800 and Headquarters and Batteries followed 0830 & 0900.  The 45th Battery remained in the ESCAYTPONT areas attached to the 1st C.M.R. Battalion which was ordered to take the enemy bridgehead south of CONDE in R.14. and the Railway in R.26. & 21.  The three batteries moved via BRUAY, ST SAULVE, QUAROUBLE and were in position at 1630 at following locations: – Headquarters in QUAROUBLE Sheet 44 X.17.a.1.5. 31st X.11.d.2.8. 33rd X.16.b.3.8. and by 1730 headquarters were in communication with the 8th C.I.B. 3rd C.D.A. and with Batteries.  Wagon lines were in ONNAING.  The batteries dumped at the guns 250 rounds per 18 Pdr. & 200 Rounds per 4.5” How.  The 1st Section 3rd C.D.A.C. came under orders of this Headquarters and moved to ONNAING and dumped ammunition for Batteries there. At 0700 hours 4th C.M.R. had reached QUIEVRAIN, east of Grand Konelle river which it had been thought the enemy would strongly defend.


  • Orders for the barrage were received by phone at 0500 hours. Zero hour 0850. The Brigade fired in enfilade opening on the line, sheet 45 M.35.b.20.70 – M.30.c.60.10. and advancing in 100 yard lifts northwards to the final line M.22.b.60.80. – M.17.d.00.20.  Harris of the 31st Battery laid a wire and reported to 4th C.M.R. at S.8.b.8.8. in the early morning.  Lieut Manning of the 36th Battery went as F.O.O. with the same Battalion.  Both these Officers got back useful information during the day regarding the advance of the Infantry but in the morning owing to distance, communications were difficult to maintain.  At 1000 hours orders were received for C.O. & B.Cs to go forward to reconnoitre and that Batteries would move on their return.  Positions were selected as follows in Quievrain Sheet 45 H.Qrs S.5.c.3.6. 31st S.5.O.9.7. 33rd S.5.b.8.2. 36th S.5.c.8.9.  Batteries moved between 1200 & 1400 along MONS Road but owing to crowded traffic and mine craters on road, batteries were not in position until 1630 hours.  The 33rd Battery had sent forward a section under Lieut Mason & Christopherson at 1000 hours.  It took up a position in S.6.b but had to withdraw to S.5.b when the mist cleared in the afternoon.  Observation was difficult and they were unable to do much shooting.  Our Infantry had gone forward with the barrage and exploited beyond it and in the evening held a line north of HENSIES & MONTROEUL-SUR-HAINE and east of the latter place & St. CROIX.  The Brigade S.O.S. was laid from N.21.d.0.0. to N.19.b.8.0. to N.14.d.5.3.

Lieutenant DePencier reported to Brigade and was posted to 36th Battery.

O.O. No 211 was received at 2300 hours ordering brigade to fire a barrage at 0700 beginning on N.26.d.1.9. – N.26.a.2.7. & finishing on N.22.d.3.5. – N.22.a.0.5.



8-11-18               O.O. 211 was cancelled at 0200 as our patrols had gone through THULIN and well beyond it without meeting any opposition.  The 7 C.I.B. had relieved the 8th C.I.B. during the night and the 33rd Battery went forward with the P.P.C.L.I.   The forward section took up a position in N.27.c from which they were able to do good shooting on two nests of enemy M.Gs in N.24.c. killing some men and forcing the remainder to evacuate the position.  The main battery took a position in N.26.d.  The C.O. & B.Cs reconnoitered positions in morning and between 1100 & 1300 the Brigade moved and 1500 were in action with Hqrs at N.27.a.4.5. the 33rd moved later to N.26.b.9.5. all in the village of THULIN.  This village had never been shelled and except for two or three mine craters in the road was undamaged and the inhabitants still had many of their cattle & horses and were very nervous of gun fire.  It was reported by Lieut Stearns L.O. with P.P.C.L.I. at 2100 that their patrols were through BOUSSU and our S.O.S. line was laid on N. & S. line through O.9.c.0.0. from MONS road to CONDE canal.


  • Enemy fell back during the night and at 08.00 our patrols were on outskirts of JEMAPPE and meeting with no opposition.  At 09.00 C.O. and B.Cs went forward to reconnoitre positions in P.7. & 13.  The 49th Battalion had pushed across the canal in N.8. & N.9. during the night and C.E. were repairing bridge in N.8.a. and a section of the 31st Battery was ordered to go with them.  At 11.30 the complete 31st Battery received orders to proceed with the 49th  At 12.00 hours Brigade were ordered to move forward to P.15 & P.9.  All were on the road by 13.00 B.Cs going ahead.  By 17.00 hours brigade was in position as follows: – Hqrs P.9.c.7.3., 33rd P.14.b.9.6., 45th P.14.d.9.6., 36th P.15.a.4.4. just south of JEMAPPES.  Our line ran from Q.13.d. to the canal in P.9.b. along the canal to the west.  At 22.00 a shoot by three guns each of 33rd & 36th Btys was put on M.G. Posts on road in P.12.c. and lasted for 15 minutes.  No reports of the result of the following attack was received.  This village is not damaged at all and the difference in the treatment of places in France and in Belgium is very noticeable, factories are working here and many horses and cattle are still on the farms.

Major E.V. Thompson reported back from hospital and Lieut Harrison & Lieut O’Grady from Leave.

45th Bty reported back to Brigade to-day.

Lieut A.B. Manning established O.P. by D Coy R.C.R. hqrs at 22.00 hrs in P.9. and later moved up to J.34.d.5.5.





10-11-18          The infantry have succeeded in pushing forward somewhat during the night and at 09.00 held points in GHLIN J.28.a. & d. 8.2 & 3.4 which the 49th battalion was holding.  The R.C.R. were in the centre in P.18 & Q.13.  Enemy M.Gs and field Guns were very active on forward areas and a good deal of firing was done by the Brigade on M.G. nests.  Beginning at 09.45 three guns from 33rd and 3 Hows from 36th fired for 10 minutes on P.12.d. & b. and at 12.10 for 10 minutes on P.12.d & P.6.d.  At 13.25 the 45th & 36th fired for 15 minutes on Q.14.a. and at 15.30 the brigade fired for 20 minutes, on canal from Q.13.a.4.6. to Q.13.b.4.4.  Lieut Manning reported M.G. on slag heap in J.24.d. holding up our advance and he got a line in and observed shooting on it. At 19.10 & 19.45 the 33rd & 45th put bursts of fire on railway in K.31.b. & d. & at 20.30 orders came back for no more firing into K.19. or 25. at 22.00 hours our line was reported on road in K.19., K.26.a. & c. K.32.a. & c and Q.2 central and apparently the infantry had not had very heavy opposition.  Lieut Neville relieved Lieut Manning at O.P. J.34.d.5.5. in the afternoon.

At 15.40 a shell burst on the 36th Battery position wounding Lieut F.J. Longworth very badly and he died a short while later at the dressing station.  Three men were also wounded but not dangerously.

Lieut Christopherson went to D.A.C. in exchange for Lieut De Pencier.


11-11-18          At 09.00 Brigade moved forward to positions reconnoitered on the 10th Nov and went into action in the vicinity of the village of CUESMES at the following locations H.Qrs P.17.c.80.35., 33rd P.17.d.30.50. 45th P.17.c.70.00. 36th P.17.c.70.30.  The 31st Bty rejoined the brigade and at 12.00 hours took up a position of observation at Q.13.d.10.90.

Rumours of an armistice were heard in the early morning and at 09.00 orders were received that hostilities would cease at 11.00 hours to-day.  At 11.30 Brig. General Clark reviewed detachments of the 7th C.I.B. battalions, some Engineers and a section from 10th Brigade C.F.A. & 8th Army Brigade C.F.A.  At 15.30 Lieut. General Currie reviewed detachments from all 3rd Div. troops at the same place in MONS.   Amidst great enthusiasm of the civilians.  At 15.00 orders were received for Bde to reconnoitre positions in K.26. & K.32. to cover the left half of the divisional front which extended from K.20.c.2.2. along road through L.19. K.18, K.12., to K.11.a.8.8. and officers were sent forward at once.  Orders to move however were received at 23.00.  Brigade was ordered to cover the resistance line canal du centre from K.22.d.0.0. to K.19.d.7.8. and S.O.S. line was placed in advance of this.  The 9th C.I.B. had in the early morning relieved the 7th C.I.B. in the line.  The 58th Bn taking over from the P.P.C.L.I. on the right and the 116th from the R.C.R. on left.



12-11-18        At 08.00 the brigade moved through MONS to NIMY about a mile north of the city & batteries took up positions of observation at the following locations: Hqrs K.32.a.7.8., 31st Bty K.26.d.3.7., 33rd Bty K.26.d.2.9., 45th Bty K.26.d.1.5., 36th Bty K.26.a.3.2. to cover the divisional front which ran from L.20.c.2.2. along road to K.11.a.8.8. thence south westerly along road to K.19.d.8.8. and the Brigade covered from K.18.d.5.6. to K.11.a.8.8. S.O.S. lines were laid out for this front and Lieutenant Harrison of the 33rd Bty established an O.P. at K.15.c.5.3. C.R.A. visited Brigade and reported that Corps was to march to Germany in easy stages after five days to rest & clean up and refit.  No signs of any enemy on the front.


13-11-18         C.O. & B.Cs attended a conference at 3rd Division regarding preparations for the march to Germany.  All surplus and unnecessary equipment is to be turned in and smartness and discipline are insisted upon.  Divisional front was modified somewhat and now runs L20.d.2.1., L.20.b.2.2., L.13.a.1.1., K.1.1.a.8.8., K.15. central where it joins up with 8th division front which now runs to K.8.central.  Brigade zone runs from L.13.a.1.1. to K.11.a.8.8.  SOS lines were altered accordingly.  There is no evidence of any enemy force in the country in front of us.  Capt R. MacDougall joined the brigade as Paymaster.

Lieutenant Jones 31st Battery manned brigade O.P.


14-11-18       Battery busy cleaning and painting.  The “DUMBELLS” the divisional concert party played an excellent performance of Pinafore in the theatre at MONS, proceeded by a Divisional tea.

Lieutenant Case at O.P.


  • A composite Battery made up of guns and wagons from 33rd Battery and teams from 31st & 45th Batteries under command of Major A.C. Ryerson took part in the review by Lieutenant General Horne in MONS at 10.30 hours.


  • A party of 90 O.Rs under Lieutenant Mason of 33rd Battery attended thanksgiving service in MONS theatre at 11.00 hours. 3rdD.T.M.B. was disbanded and 57 O.R. posted to this Bde.  A/Capt Loy was posted to this Headquarters.   Lieut Pepler to 45th Lieut P. Sandhurst to 36th Battery Lieut P.B. Griey to 33rd Battery.

Lieutenant Inch 31st Battery at O.P.


17-11-18         Corps church parade at 10.30 hours attended by Capt Loy & 10 O.Rs from Bde. H.Qrs. Div. Artillery church parade attended by 100 men per Battery and all Officers, was held at 14.30 hrs. in MONS theatre. Major McKinnon in charge of parade.

Lieut Mason 33rd Battery at O.P.



18-11-18          Lieutenant Pepler manned Brigade O.P. for the last time.

14.00 hours C.R.A. and A.D.V.S. visited Brigade Headquarters and spoke to a meeting of the brigade Officers regarding march to the RHINE.

17.00 hours received orders from 3rd C.D.A. H.Qrs to withdraw our F.O.O. and cease to be in action.

17.30 hours Brigade party of 350 O.Rs in charge of Captain Scott attended ”DUMBELLS” concert in MONS theatre.


19-11-18                      Batteries busy painting vehicles, grooming , exercising horses and harness cleaning.  Lieutenant Sharp relieved Lieutenant Pryde as Brigade Signalling Officer owing to latter proceeding on leave.


20-11-18          Major L.V.M. Cosgrave D.S.O. returned from PARIS leave and resumed duties as C.O.

15.00 hours to 17.00 hours Brigade H.Q. mess intertained their Belgian lady friends to Tea.  C.R.A. attended and a very pleasant time was had by all.  Conversation was in our best table-manner French, assisted by forty year old Burgundy and Scottish wine of the 1918 vintage.


  • Major D.A. McKinnon D.S.O. proceeded to Canada.

Lieutenant H. Pryde proceeded to England on Leave.

15.00 hours the C.O. and one Officer and 2 O.Rs per Battery reconnoitered route for assembling for prospective Divisional march past in MONS.


  • 30 hours Major A.C. Ryerson 31st Battery proceeded to BRUSSELS to represent 9th Bde C.F.A. in an official entry to the City.

Lieutenant Harrison 33rd Battery suffering from arthritis, was evacuated to 9th Canadian Field Ambulance.


23-11-18         Brigade H.Q. and Batteries busy harness cleaning polishing, grooming and exercising horses.

Capt. J.A. Loy M.C. posted to 36th Battery.


24-11-18            0900 hours Church Parade of Battery Officers and 300 O.Rs marched to MONS theatre, but the service was cancelled.  R.C. Parade at 1000 hours and NIMY Parish Church.  1400 hours Anti-typhoid parade held by Capt. Adams.


25-11-18            1130 hours, a conference of Brigade and Battery Commanders was held at Bde H.Q. 10th Bde C.F.A. for the purpose of discussing Athletic and other arrangements for the welfare of the men during this period of the Armistice.


26-11-18            0700 hours, 7 Officers and 7 N.C.Os from Brigade proceeded to BRUSSELS by bus to see the city returning at 2200 hours.  1730 hours a conference was held at 3rd C.D.A. Hqrs to discuss Educational schemes for the men while awaiting demobilization. Major L.V.M. Cosgrave DSO attended.


27-11-18            A detail of 35 O.Rs under Command of Lieut Neville 45th Battery was furnished by the Brigade at 1000 hours and 1400 hours to line streets of MONS for reception of King Albert of BELGIUM.


28-11-18            0700 hours 7 Officers and 21 O.Rs from Brigade proceeded to BRUSSELS returning at 2200 hours.  0830 hours 9th  Brigade proceeded to Drill Ground N.E. of ASIERES where Battery and Brigade manoeuvres were to be carried out during the morning.  1730 hours 10 Officers of the 9th Bde entertained 10 officers of the 4th C.F.A. Bde 4th Canadian Division at a Theatre party, followed by dinner at the Brigade and Battery Mess.


29-11-18            0700 hours 7 N.C.Os from Brigade proceeded to BRUSSELS returning 2200 hours.  0830 to 1200 hours, Brigade and Battery manoeuvres were held at drill grounds MASIERES.  1600 hours, a conference of Brigade and Battery Commanders was held at Brigade H.Q. to discuss the Educational scheme.


30-11-18            Batteries busy polishing harness and cleaning vehicles in preparation for review by G.O.C. on December 2nd.



L.V.M. Cosgrave


WAR DIARY of 20 Siege Battery for November 1918


WAR DIARY of 20 Siege Battery for November 1918


Place       Date    Hour                                                Summary of Events and Information

Officers of the Battery

Lt. (A/Major) J.C. THOMPSON M.C. (SR)


Lt. H.L. PAUL (TF) absent on Staff Leaders Course



Lt. R.G. PERCIVAL (SR) attd XV Div as Liaison Officer

Lt. F.W. DAVIS (SR) absent at Base to draw 8” Mk VII Hows for rearmament


Lt. W.F. FOX (SR) Asst Staff Capt H.A. I Corps



2/Lt. E.O. DAVIES (SR)



2 guns in position near BASSE RUE (Sheet 44)

1 gun parked at BERCU (Sheet 44)

3 guns & Bty H.Q. at RUPILLY CHATEAU near CAPPELLE (Sheet 44A)

Nov 3                                75 rds fired on C.B. aeroplane shoot.

Nov 4th                              3rd gun put in position near BASSE RUE.

3 GUNS FROM RUPILLY CHATEAU put into action near WEZ- VELVAIN (Sheet 44)

Nov 7th                              100 rds shoot on buildings near BRUYELLES observed by Lt. C.H. BATEMAN.  Heavy shelling on village & Battery areas.  Enemy moved back guns during night 8th – 9th preparing to leave line of SCHELDT.

Nov 9th                              Enemy left ANTOING retiring rapidly for SCHELDT all guns pulled out ready for advance.

Nov 11th                            Armistice declared 11 A.M. (French time)





The Iconic Towns of Ypres and Verdun

Ypres was the British Symbol of sacrifice as Verdun was to the French. The Menin Road being the British equivalent of the French Voie Sacree (The Sacred Way) at Verdun. Hill 60 and Passchendaele were enshrined as a symbol of resolute resistance and valour as were forts Vaux and Douaumont at Verdun for the French.

Winston Churchill said “I should like to acquire the whole of the ruins of Ypres – a more sacred way for the British does not exist”. He wanted to purchase the town after the 1918 Armistice as a lasting memorial to the sacrifice at Ypres. The Belgian government and the Ypres population argued it would make a far better memorial if the town was returned to its former glory.

The Ypres Salient was a 20 mile and 35 mile deep bulge in the Western Front and incorporated the town. Over the four years of war the Salient fluctuated from 2 to 8 miles from the centre of Ypres. The British were the main defenders of the town, and although it may have been strategically more beneficial to retreat, the politicians agreed to make a stand to defend and hold Ypres. The Germans never occupied Ypres during the Great War. In 1918 the town was almost completely destroyed, a pile of rubble, where it was stated a man on a horse could see an uninterrupted view from one end to the other. Reconstruction began in 1920, after temporary accommodation had been provided for the returning population. Within five years much of the rebuilding work for private housing and most public buildings and utilities had been finished. St. Martin’s Cathedral was rebuilt from its ruins under the leadership of the city architect Jules Coomans. Pre-1914 the spire had been a square tower, but during the reconstruction Coomans had plans to change the spire to a pointed one. When the new ”gothic” cathedral was finished in 1934 it had been built with a pointed spire. The cloisters and monastery gate to St. Martin’s Cathedral was one of the few structures which was not completely demolished by the end of the war. It was still standing while everything around it in the immediate vicinity was reduced to piles of rubble. It was restored in 1938. Work on the rebuilding of the Cloth Hall started in 1928 and the western wing and belfry tower were completed in 1934. The Menin Gate Memorial to the Missing was designed by British architect Sir Reginald Bloomfield in 1921. It was built and is maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and was unveiled on the 27th July 1927 to honour the missing who have no known graves. An arbitrary cut-off date of the 15th August 1917 was chosen  for the inclusion of names on the walls of the Menin Gate Memorial, and from that date onwards the missing were inscribed on the Tynecott Memorial to the Missing.


The “Last Post Ceremony”

A number of prominent citizens of Ypres decided that some way should be found to express the gratitude of the Belgian nation to those who died for its freedom and independence. The playing of ”The Last Post” is the traditional salute to the fallen warrior and originally local farmers, labourer’s etc. performed the “Last Post Ceremony”. They would meet up, arriving on bicycles, unstrap their bugles, play “The Last Post” and then go home. In 1928 the “Last Post Association” was founded and began performing the “Last Post Ceremony” at the newly completed Menin Gate. Traditionally, the buglers of the association are members of Ypres Voluntary Fire Brigade and they wear their uniform while performing the “Last Post Ceremony”. It is the aim of the “Last Post Association” to maintain this ceremony in perpetuity. The “Last Post Ceremony” is performed at 8.00 pm every evening, every day of the year. The local police close the road through the Menin Gate, and reopen the road upon completion of the ceremony. The only interruption to this ceremony was during the German occupation in the Second World War. The ceremony is also performed at 11.00 a.m. on Armistice Day, the 11th November, and is a tribute from the residents of Ypres to honour the fallen for the four years of sacrifice from 1914 – 1918, the war to end wars  :–