TABLE FROM -65’ TO 3.15. 23 June 1916


TABLE FROM -65’ TO 3.15.




TIME              Rds. per           Total.               Line                 Rds. per           Total.

gun per                                                            How per

minute.                                                                        minute.


-65’ to -10’      ½                     27                    Front               ½                     27

-10’ to -01       3                      30                    Front               1                      10

0.00 to 0.03     3                      9                    Blue                 2                      6

0.03 to 0.05     3                      20                    Pink                 2                      4

0.05 to 0.25     1                      20                    Green              1                      20

0.25 to 0.48     1                      23                    Brown             ½                     12

0.48 to 1.17     1                      30                    Mauve             ½                     15

1.17 to 1.25     1                      8                    Orange                        1                      8

1.25 to 2.15     1                      50                    Lt. Blue           ½                     25

2.15 to 3.15     1                      60                    Crimson           ½                     30

———————–                                           ———————–

Total per gun            263                                Total per How          157

———————–                                           ————————



  • Batteries firing on ‘Crimson’ at excessive elevation, will fire H.E.
  • E. only will be fired at the portions where the coloured line markings Barrage is under 200 yards from the previous barrage line.



C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Bde Major 8th Div Artillery








DAY               TIME                                      18 pdrs                                    4.5 Hows.


V                     10.0 – 10.40 a.m.                    (20                                           0

(12                                           0

4.15 – 5.15 p.m.                      30                                          30

GAS   0.03 – 0.04                                 4                                           0

1.27 – 1.31                              16                                           0

Night firing                                         40                                           40


W                    9.00 – 10.20 a.m.                    60                                            50

Night firing                                         40                                            40


X                     4.30 to 5.50 a.m.                     60                                            50

6.30 to 7.00 p.m.                     30                                            20

7.30 to 8.10 p.m.                     40                                            20

Night firing                             40                                            40


Y                     6.00 to 7.20 a.m.                     40                                            40

4.05 to 5.15 p.m.                     30                                            20

Night firing                             40                                            40


Totals  per gun            502                  per How        390


For Raid on ‘V’ day, or as ordered.


2.00 to 2.15                             200 rds per)                             100 rds)

Battery 30% H.E.)                  per Bty.)


2.16 to 2.20                             50 rds per)                               32 rds)

Bty H.E. only on)                               per Bty)

front line)


2.21 to 2.45                 300 rds per)                                         100 rds)

Bty 30% H.E.)                                                per Bty)


2.46 to 2.55                 40 rds per)                                           20 rds)

Bty 30% H.E.)                                                per Bty)





C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Brigade Major 8th Div Artillery




SECRET                                                                                            APPENDIX ‘B’





12 cylinders, White Star, and 8 cylinders, Red Star, per emplacement will be installed.


Gas will be discharged as follows:-

0-0.4.       4 cylinders (White Star) simultaneously per bay.

0.4 – 1.20. 1 cylinder (Red Star) per bay every 10 minutes.

1.20 All remaining cylinders to be turned on.


  1. The following Rocket Signals will be fired from OVILLERS and DONNET POSTS commencing at 1.28.


Three pairs of Red Rockets from each post at 30 secs. Interval between pairs.


The G.O’s C. 23rd and 25th Bdes will arrange for the firing of these rockets.


The rockets will only be fired provided the discharge of gas has taken place.









8th D.A. No 0/57. 23 June 1916

SECRET.                                                                                             8th D.A. No 0/57.


8th Divisional Artillery Instructions

for forthcoming Operations, dated 22nd June.



  1. Para 10. add

Should a re-bombardment be required, it will in every case last for 30         minutes, the last five minutes to be intense.


  1. Appendix “A” para 1.25 to 2.15.

The barrage will move back slowly from ORANGE so as to be        established on LIGHT BLUE at 2.0


On the extreme left the lift from ORANGE will be directed on to   CRIMSON, LT BLUE between the points R.34.c.9.8. to R.34.a.0.9. at 1.25.


  1. Appendix “E” is amended as follows:-
  1. If the wind permits, smoke will be discharged on “W”, “X”, and “Y” days.
  2. It will be discharged along the lines at the following times:-

“W” day 10.10 a.m. to 10.20. a.m.

“X” day 5.40 a.m. to 5.50 a.m.

“Y” day 7.10 a.m. to 7.20 a.m.



C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Brigade Major 8th Divnl. Artillery.


8th Divisional Artillery Instructions No. 3 23 June 1916

SECRET                     8th Divisional Artillery Instructions No. 3                  Copy No

Instructions for Artillery during

Advance of Brigades R.H & R.F.A.


  1. The 89th Brigade R.F.A., on getting into action, will cover POZIERES, but must husband as much ammunition as possible to deal with any counter attacks which may be launched by the enemy.


  1. When the 33rd Brigade R.F.A. advances, the front of 23rd Infantry Brigade will be supported by 86th Brigade R.F.A., that of 25th Infantry Brigade, by 5th Brigade R.H.A., that of 70th Infantry Brigade by 45th Brigade R.F.A.


  1. When the 33rd Brigade R.F.A. is in action in its advanced position, it will again support 23rd Infantry Brigade.

25th Infantry Brigade will be supported by 86th Bde R.F.A.

70th Infantry Brigade will be supported by 5th Brigade R.H.A. and 45th Brigade    R.F.A.


  1. When the 5th Brigade R.H.A. advances, the 70th Infantry Brigade will be supported by the 45th Brigade R.F.A.

The 23rd and 25th Infantry Bdes. Supported as in para 3.


  1. When the 45th Brigade R.F.A. advances, the 5th Brigade R.H.A. will support the 70th Infantry Brigade.

The 23rd and 25th Infantry Bdes supported as in para. 3.


  1. When the 86th Brigade R.F.A. advances, the

23rd Infantry Brigade will be supported by 33rd Bde R.F.A.

25th     “              “        “    “        “          “   5th Bde. R.H.A.

70th     “              “        “    “        “          “  45th Bde. R.F.A.


  1. When 86th Brigade R.F.A. is in action, para 13, ”Instructions for forthcoming Operations” issued on 22.6.16 will be carried out.


NOTE. – During the advance of 33rd and 45th Brigades R.F.A., one 18 pdr Battery per         Brigade will remain in action in present position until the other two have        arrived at the new positions, and will continue to support the Infantry                         Brigades according to previous orders.

C.R. Gover Major R.A.

23.6.16.                                                                              Brigade Major 8th Div. Arty.

Copies.            1 8th Div.

2 C.R.A.

3 5th Bde R.H.A.

4 33rd Bde R.F.A.

5 45th   “       “

6 86th   “       “

7 89th   “       “

8 23rd Infy Bde.

9 25th   “      “

10 70th “     “


SECRET.                                                                                                 APPENDIX C.





  1. If the wind permits, smoke will be discharged during the last10 minutes of all the concentrated bombardments which are to be carried out on ‘V’ ‘W’ “X” and ‘Y’ days.


  1. It will be discharged all along the line at the following times:-

‘V’ Day           5.10 p.m. to 5.20 p.m.

‘W’  “              10.10 a.m. to 10.20 a.m.

‘X’  “               (5.40 a.m. to 5.50 a.m.

(6.50 p.m. to 7.0 p.m.

‘Y’  “               (7.10 a.m. to 7.20 a.m.

(5.10 p.m. to 5.20 p.m.








8th D.A. O/57 23 June 1916

SECRET.                                                                                                   8th D.A. O/57



Reference 8th Divisional Artillery Instructions for forthcoming Operations “AMENDMENT” dated 23-6-16.






At 2.15   CRIMSON LINE 18 pdr (52) X.5.d.3.8. to R.34.d.5.8. to R.34.a.9.9.




At 2.15 CRIMSON LINE 18 pdr (52) X.5.d.3.8. to R.34.d.5.8. to R.34.a.9.1. to                                                                                       R.28.c.8.1.






C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Brigade Major 8th Divnl. Artillery.


SECRET                                            B.M./164/2                             Copy No 17





23rd June 1916.



Reference Map FRANCE Sheet 57 D S.E. Edition 2 B.  1/20,000

FRANCE Sheet 57 C S.E. Edition 2 B. 1/20,000


INFORMATION 1 (a) Offensive Operations by the 4th Army will commence on ’Z’                                 Day (time and date to be notified later)

(b) The IIIrd Corps will Assault and capture the line

S.5. Central to M.26.c.1.7.

(c)  The 8th Division will assault and capture the line

X.5.c.0.5. to R.28.c.2.0.

(d) The 34th Division operates on our Right.

(e) The 32nd Division, X Corps operates on our left.

(f) The 19th Division is in Corps Reserve.


  1. The 2nd and 3rd Phases as previously detailed will be undertaken by    the 19th and 12th Divisions, supported by Artillery as in 1st Phase.


ARTILLERY 3. The Infantry will be supported by Artillery in accordance with instructions already issued.


BOUNDARIES 4. Boundaries for Groups, during the 2nd phase support of 12th Division will be


RIGHT GROUP (89th and 33rd Bdes R.F.A.)

Right Boundary X.5.d. Central, S.2. Central, M.33.b. central.


LEFT Boundary Road X.5.b.3.5. – M.27.c.5.2.


CENTRE GROUP (86th Brigade R.F.A.)

Right Boundary Road X.5.b.3.5. to M.27.c.5.2.

Left Boundary R.35.5c.8.1. to M.27.c.4.5.


LEFT GROUP (5th Brigade R.H.A. 45th Bde R.F.A.)

Right Boundary R.35.c.8.1. to M.27.c.4.5.

Left Boundary R.34.Central to M.26.c.2.9.


MISCELLANEOUS 5.          Orders for Divisional Ammunition Column,

Royal Engineer Services,

Dressing Stations,

Mobile Veterinary Section,


have already been forwarded.

HEADQUARTERS 6. Divisional Artillery Headquarters will, from the moment of Assault, be at the CHATEAU HENENCOURT until further orders.


C.R. Gover Major R.A.

Brigade Major 8th Div Arty.

Issued at 11.30 a.m.



Copy No         1. 8th Division.

  1. 23rd Infy Bde.

3 25th   do.

4 70th   do.

5 5th Bde R.H.A.

6 33rd Bde R.F.A.

7 44th   do.

8 86th   do.

9 89th   do.

10 8th D.A.C.

11 19th D.A.C.

12 8th Signal Coy.

13 T.M. Officer.

14 A.D.C. for C.R.A.

15 Staff Captain.

16&17 War Diary.

18 to 20 Spare.







Pte. A.A. Smith letter 23 June 1916

Y.M.C.A headed notepaper

Pte. A.A. Smith

No 27521

Reply to “C” Company 12th Bat. Essex Regt

Stationed at Dovercourt


June 23rd 1916


Dear Father


Many thanks for your letter.  I am glad to hear you are all well; pleased to say I am A.1. again now.

We shall be leaving here on Tuesday but I don’t think it will be Romford I think it will be further away instead of nearer.  I believe it is France this time; they called up those that have been in the army since 17th March first, but there was not sufficient to make up the number so we clicked for it; there is about 150 all together.  I thought I might as well tell you now but don’t you go worrying about it.  I don’t mind going at all I have plenty of Pals to keep me company.  The reason for sending us so quickly is to make room for all the married men they are bringing up; we are bound to be at the base for sometime to complete our training as we have plenty to learn yet.  I reckon it will be a holiday to what it is here now they are working us all day.

I have not very much else to tell you now.  You can bet I should like to have your parcel but it is no use to send one at present I will write to you again as soon as possible.  I should be pleased to have a few lines from you before Tuesday if you have time.

We are booked at present for Tuesday but of course one never knows whether we shall go as soon as that; the army often alter things at the last moment.

Please remember me to Jess & Ethel & all enquiring friends. Don’t forget to keep smiling we are all merry & bright.  You ought to be in camp at night we have all the latest songs before lights out.

I really think I must finish now

With much love

Your devoted




P.S. What do you think of the war news.  The Russians are doing jolly well.  I don’t think it will last very long now.