Officers with 17th F.A. Brigade Feb 1916

WAR DIARY

 

Of

 

17th F.A. Brigade

29th Divisional Artillery

 

February 1916

 

 

Place       Date    Hour                                                Summary of Events and Information

 

LIST of OFFICERS serving with 17th F.A. Brigade on 29-2-16

Headquarters

Lieut A.E.G. Leadbetter a/Adjutant

Captain H. Harris R.A.M.C.

Captain Magill A.V.C.

 

26th Battery                                                                             92nd Battery                                         13th Battery

Captain D. Daly (Commanding)                                             Lieutenant J.E. Mocatta                      Captain R.S. Leach

2/Lieut H.R. Remmington                                                      Lieut R. Marx                                     Lieut H.T. Clare

2/Lieut R. Chalkley                                                                 2/Lieut M. Sleilt                                  2/Lieut D.M. Ely

2/Lieut J.H.S. Faixley                                                             2/Lieut R.M. Dale                               2/Lieut W. Dalziel

2/Lieut. T.C. Ratsey

 

17th Bde Amm Column

Major T. Hagan

2/Lieut A.J. King

2/Lieut A.W. Pewtress

2/Lieut R.W. Williams

 

On leave to ENGLAND Colonel W.P. Monkhouse C.M.G., M.V.O. (Commanding)

  • Major R.C. Williams 92nd Battery

 

Officers who left 17th Brigade during February 1916

 

CAPTAIN T.S. MALCOMSON R.F.A. sick to hospital, SUEZ.

2/Lieut H.R. Emery R.F.A. to 460th (How) Battery.

 

Officers who joined 17th Brigade during February 1916

 

2/Lieut R.M. Dale from “B” Battery R.H.A. (15th Bde)

Captain Magill A.V.C. joined 23-2-16 vice **** last seen when he left C.HELLES.

2/Lieut A.T. King, 17th BAC from hospital 26-2-16

 

A.E.G. Leadbetter

Lt. R.F.A.

Adjutant 17 Bde R.F.A.

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17 Field Artillery Brigade War Diary Feb 1916

WAR DIARY

 

Of

 

17th F.A. Brigade

29th Divisional Artillery

 

February 1916

 

 

Place       Date    Hour                                                Summary of Events and Information

 

SUEZ           1st onwards          The 26th Battery equipped with 42nd D.A. horses was at AYUM MUSA, on the E. side of SUEZ CANAL.  At the extreme limit of the Canal defences.  It is about 5 miles from EL SHATT, which is opposite PORT TEWFIK, but only 2 miles from the sea.  (Gulf of SUEZ).  Communications by water from PORT TEWFIK to QUARINTINE STATION **** are within 2 miles of AYUN MUSA.  AYUN MUSA is constructed into a fort with carefully sited trenches.  10th Battery R.G.A. was also there (147th Bde).  The camp also consisted of 3 Battalions of INDIAN TROOPS of the 20th Garhwal Brigade, 10th Indian Division.  Headquarters of the Division were at EL SHATT and AYUN MUSA formed the right hand fort a detached fort.  On the right of AYUN MUSA the Navy was allotted most of the ground for defence.  Water arrangements at AYUN MUSA were good.

The rest of the Brigade remained encamped at SUEZ, awaiting the arrival of equipment of all sorts and also horses.

We were partially made up by drafts from General Base Depot SIDI BISHIR, and about 70 draft horses also arrived, some of which had been sent away from the Brigade from HELLES in November 1915. 12 new guns for the Division arrived, of which the Brigade got 2.  Certain amount of harness was also issued.

21st                        13th Battery R.F.A. relieved the 10th Battery at AYUN MUSA.

22nd                        It was decided to send the whole of the Brigade to AYUN MUSA.  The whole of the 15th Brigade to EL SHATT, and the scheme was to have 147 Bde at EL KUBRI.   All the D.A. on the East of the Canal.

25th                        The rest of the Brigade (Headquarters, 92nd Battery, & 17th Bde. A.C.) went to AYUN MUSA.

27th                        13th Battery moved out to the PLATEAO to be ready to occupy a position about 1 ½ miles North of AYUN MUSA.  Orders were received from D.A. H.Q. at EL SHATT to move back to SUEZ next day.  Orders also said that we were now under orders for FRANCE.

28th 29th                 H.Q. B.AC & 92nd Batteries returned to SUEZ CAMP.

The Brigade handed over its old guns to 42nd D.A. and we got new ones in exchange, also we were made up with new wagons from 42nd D.A.  It seems that they were issued to them in error as they had only had them a few days.  We drew most of our harness and made most things to establishment as far as Ordinance could supply.  A few riders & mules were drawn from 29th Train.

 

 

This diary compiled by me

AEG Leadbetter

Lieut. R.F.A.

Adjutant 17th F.A. Bde.

For Lt. Colonel Commanding

 

1/3/16

55th West Lancs War Diary Feb 1916

WAR DIARY

 

Of

 

Headquarters 55th West Lancashire Divisional Artillery

 

1st February 1916 – 29th February 1916

 

 

HALLENCOURT 2nd           Orders for move into area vacated by 36th Division.

Visit by Lord Derby – 3rd W.L.F.A. Bde – paraded 2.30 p.m. N.E. of YANVILLE.  Appendix I

4th – 7th                     Moves carried out in accordance with Appendix II.

FRANSU 9th                           B/85th Bde joined from 18th Div attached to 4th W.L.F.A. (How) Bde with section B.A.C. and 4 wagons for D.A.C.

Div Operation order No 2. Received.

11th                           Moves in accordance with Appendix III.

12th                           2nd & 4th N.M. Bdes – joined 55th Division from 46th Division.                                 Appendix IV

12-24th                      Occupation of positions.                                                                                             Appendix V

24/25th                      Reallotment of Div front – moves in accordance with Appendix VI.

25/26th

25th                           Moves of B.A.C.s and D.A.C. in accordance with Appendix VII

27th                           Moves of Wagon Lines in accordance with Appendix VIII.

 

MARCH 1916

MARCH 1916

The Western Front

 

 

The German Imperial Navy begins its extended Submarine campaign on the 1st March 1916. Permission was granted to attack armed merchant ships during February 1916.

 

On the 5th March 1916 the Allies began their advance on Kilimanjaro in German East Africa. The Allied Commander, South Africa’s General Jan Smuts, was un-able to entrap the highly mobile German forces under the command of General Lettow-Vorbeck. The Germans used these guerrilla tactics in Africa until the end of the war in 1918.

 

On the 6th March 1916 the Women’s Land Service Corporation was formed in Britain. In addition to aiding agricultural production, it enabled more men to be conscripted for military service.

 

On the 9th March 1916, Germany declared war on Portugal, who had joined the allies in part to defend and to extend its African empire.

 

A military conference was held by the allies on the 12th March 1916, at Chantilly in France (The Chantilly Conference) to discuss a summer offensive to counter the German attack on Verdun.

 

Chief of Staff of Navy High Command, Admiral von Tirpitz resigns on the 14th March 1916. Kaiser Wilhelm was unwilling to allow the full use of German sea power, von Tirpitz protested and finally resigned his command.

 

Austria/Hungary declared war against Portugal on 15th March 1916 following Germany’s declaration of war against Portugal.

 

On 21st March 1916, allied action of Kahe (East Africa) brings the Kilimanjaro operations to an end, with the German forces retreating.

 

On the 24th March 1916, the British passenger liner S.S. Sussex was torpedoed by submarine UB-29 in the English Channel. The Sussex manged to limp onwards and be towed into Boulogne. There were 25 American civilian casualties on board, out of a total of 80 casualties, of whom there were 50 fatalities.

 

Edward Noel Mellish was a 33-year-old assistant curate at St. Paul’s church in Deptford. Offering his services as a Chaplin, he became Captain the Reverend Mellish, Army Chaplains Department. In 1916 Reverend Mellish was attached to the 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, serving in the Ypres Salient. On the 27th March 1916, Mellish was involved in the attack at the St. Eloi craters. Several enormous mines had been exploded under the German trenches and the British attacked and secured the position. During heavy fighting, Mellish repeatedly went backwards and forwards between the British and captured German trenches, to tend and rescue wounded men. He brought to safety ten badly wounded men from ground swept by machine-gun fire. The 4th Battalion was relieved on the second day of the battle, but Mellish again went into no-mans land and brought in twelve more wounded men. On the third night he led a party of volunteers into the trenches and rescued the remaining wounded men. For this action Mellish was awarded the Victoria Cross and was the first clergyman to be awarded the V.C. in the Great War.

 

On the 30th March 1916, The Russian Hospital Ship Portugal was struck by a torpedo from the German U-boat U33. The Portugal was a French built ship and requisitioned by the Russians for a hospital ship in the Black Sea. The Portugal was towing a string of small flat-bottomed boats to ferry wounded troops from the shore to the ship. Off Rizeh, on the Turkish coast of the Black Sea, she had stopped as one of the small boats was sinking and repairs needed to be made. The ship was not carrying any wounded personnel at the time, but had a staff of Red Cross physicians and nurses on board, as well as her normal crew.

The ship’s crew saw a periscope approaching the vessel but as the ship was a hospital ship and protected by The Hague conventions no evasive action was taken. Without warning the submarine fired a torpedo which missed. The U-boat came round again and fired a torpedo from a distance of 30 feet, which hit near the engine room, breaking the ship in half.

 

On the 31st March 1915, German Zeppelin L15 commanded by Kapitanleutnent Joachim Breithaupt, was hit by anti-aircraft guns from Purfleet ranges in the Thames estuary. Although high enough to avoid fighter attacks the Zeppelin was vulnerable to anti-aircraft fire. L15 had four of its gas filled cells destroyed and gradually lost height before crashing into the sea near Margate in Kent. One crew member died and the remainder survived the crash. Presumably the survivors were taken prisoners of war.

 

America had protested strongly that German U-boat attacks on allied shipping had caused American civilian deaths. The German foreign minister, Dr. Arthur Zimmermann, vowed that should America enter the war, Germany would encourage Mexico to reconquer her lost territories of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Germany would offer Mexico generous financial terms.

A message was forwarded to the German minister in Mexico, but was intercepted by the British Admiralty intelligence, deciphered and passed on to the American President Woodrow Wilson.

On the 31st March 1916, General John J. Pershing, future US commander in Europe, defeated the Mexican troops of General Pancho Villa. Pershing retaliated after a raid by Villa into New Mexico, during which 18 Americans were killed.

 

—————————————————————-

 

Verdun

 

On 6th March 1916, the Germans renewed their Verdun offensive, this time attacking along the west bank of the Meuse River. Their target was two strategic hills northwest of Verdun that formed the main French position. However, by the end of March, the heavily defended hills were still only partially in the German hands.

 

The devastated village of Vaux was taken by the Germans on the 31st March 1916. The village had changed hands 13 times during the month of March.

 

—————————————————————–

 

The Eastern Front

 

On the 18th March 1916, the Lake Naroch Offensive (128km/80miles NW of Minsk in the present day Republic of Belarus) was launched at the request of the French in an attempt to relieve the pressure on Verdun. It was hoped the Germans would transfer more units to the East to counter the Russian offensive. Czar Nicholas II agreed to the French request, and chose Lake Naroch as the Imperial Russian Army had a significant superiority over the German forces, commanded by General Hermann von Eichhorn. The initial Russian artillery bombardment lasted two days but was inaccurate, leaving the German artillery intact. When the attacks were conducted the Russians made the mistake of crossing no-man’s land in groups rather than in scattered advance giving the German machine guns easy targets. The Russians greatly outnumbered the German forces and gained 10 kilometres but did not inflict any serious damage to the well organised and fortified German defences. The territory gained by the Russians was lost to subsequent German counterattack.

 

On the 21st March 1916, a secondary attack near Riga (Russian/Polish border) had no better luck than the Lake Naroch Offensive.

 

General Alexei Evert, the Russian Commander, called a halt to the attack on the 30th March 1916. The Lake Naroch Offensive had turned out to be an utter failure. Fading Russian morale, due to continuous waves of troops attacking over the same ground with the same catastrophic results and had not been of any assistance to the French at Verdun. Also the warm weather and abundant rains had turned much of the area into swamps.

 

 

——————————————————————

 

The Caucasus and the Middle East

 

 

On the 18th March 1916, Russia launched an offensive against the Germans East of Vilna (Russian/Polish border). The attempt to recapture the important railhead and major road networks was at the request of the French to divert German troops away from Verdun. Limited gains were attained at the cost of heavy casualties.

 

On the 19th March 1916, General Sir Archibald Murray was appointed commander of Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) in Egypt. With additional resources of men and equipment and by stages, the mission of the EEF evolved from a defensive position of Egypt to an invasion of Palestine

First, the Sinai Desert, with its sand storms and searing temperatures, had to be crossed, a test of endurance as well as of engineering for the troops involved. Access to water dictated what could be achieved. Tens of thousands of camels and drivers were required to supply the thirsty soldiers, while a pipeline for water and the railway system were extended to the borders of Palestine.

 

 

———————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE GREAT WAR – MARCH 1916

THE GREAT WAR – MARCH 1916

The Western Front

 

1st March                 Germany extends submarine campaign

5th March                 Allies advance on Kilimanjaro

6th March               Britain forms Women’s Land Service Corps

9th March               Germany declares war on Portugal

12th March               Allied Military conference

14th March               Admiral von Tirpitz resigns as Minister of Marine High Command

15th March               Austria/Hungary declare war on Portugal

21st March             German forces withdraw from Kilimanjaro

24th March             British Passenger ferry torpedoed

27th March              Edward Mellish VC – gallent curate

30th March             Germans sink Russian hospital ship Portugal

31st March              German Zeppelin shot down near Thames estuary

31st March               Pershing (USA) defeats Mexican troops

————————————————————————————————–

Verdun

 

6th March                 New German offensive on Verdun

31st March               Germans take the Village of Vaux

———————————————————

The Eastern Front

18th March                Russia launches the Lake Naroch offensive

21st March               Russian secondary attack near Riga

30th March                Russia calls a halt to the Lake Naroch Offensive

——————————————————————–

The Caucasus and the Middle East

18th March                Russian offensive at Vilna begins

19th March                Commander of British forces in Egypt replaced

————————————————————————

 

 

 

 

2 Lt Street diary Feb 1916

WAR DIARY

OF 2/Lt. Alfred Benjamin STREET

48 SIEGE BATTERY RGA

 

1st Feb. Tuesday.  Took the gun escort down to the Quay and accompanied guns and Caterpillars up to the Camp.  Parked guns in afternoon.  Met Carey who was with me at Pembroke Dock.  Mail in.  Fine sunny day.

 

2nd Feb. Wednesday.  Weather same. Camp Orderly Off: Mail came in & out.  No 1 gun was put up and Harvey put down beams.

 

3rd Feb. Thursday. Weather same.  Went out on a bike for latter half of morning to see Signallers.  Paraded at 7.0p.m. to put down my gun.  Did not get line laid out till 9 p.m.  Beams went in fairly well, Bed wanted a little coaxing, Cradle went down very well at front end but there was bad delay at the rear end owing to the pins through the lifting screws having got bent in travelling and there was great difficulty in getting them out, Gun went in well.  Left hand door of earth box would not shut, filled the box with earth without difficulty.  Finished at 4.0 am.

 

4th Feb. Friday.  Went with Q.M.S. in side car to get the pay and to settle some bills, paid out at 12.0.  Battery Drill in afternoon.  Weather same.

 

5th Feb. Sat.  Dull.  Rain all afternoon.  Went out with Signallers in the m’ning along the shore.  Dined out with the Major at the Kednical in the evening.

 

6th Feb. Sunday.  Fine and sunny again.  Took Church Parade, open air service.  Hill and I went to the English Church in the evening 6.15 and afterwards dined at Larene’s.

 

7th Feb. Monday.  Weather same.  Route march from 8.0 to 12.15 rather hot and trying.  Mail came in.  Walked into the Town with Harvey after tea.

 

8th Feb. Tuesday.  Weather same.  Took Breech Mechanism to pieces with Harvey in m’ning and ditto to hand receiver and microphone of D3 ‘phone with Cpl. Sandwell in afternoon.  Harvey and White each put down a gun at night.

 

9th Feb. Wednesday.  Rained a lot up to 7.0.a.m. and flooded several of the tents out, spent the m’ning draining.  Batty drill in afternoon.  I did B. C.  Camp & B. Ord Off.  Shifted to a separate tent.

 

10th Feb. Thursday.  Lovely fine sunny day rather warmer.  Light Element: with Harvey in m’ning.  Cleaning gun in afternoon.  Hill and I went to tea in the Town

 

11th Feb. Friday.  Weather same. Battery drill in m’ning, sorting stores in afternoon.  Harvey and I dined in Mahomet Ali Club.

12th Feb. Saturday. Weather same.  Went out with Signallers in m’ning to Hadra Lake.  Rifle inspection at 2.0p.m.

 

13th Feb. Sunday.  Dull sultry day.  Church at 7.0a.m. and at 6.15 with Hill and afterwards at Larene’s.  Mail in.

 

14th Feb. Monday.  Fine sunny warm day.  Route march from 8.0to 12 under Capt Hart, the Major being at a Court Martial.  Mail in.  Wrote letters in the afternoon.

 

15th Feb. Tuesday.  Weather same.  In m’ning went with the Major to Nazha Gdns near Hadra Lake.  Signallers laying line from Water Wks Hill to Hadra Lake out with them in afternoon.

 

16th Feb. Wednesday. Weather same.  Camp and Battery Ord. Off: in Camp all day.  Wrote some letters.  Telegram came in asking us for strength etc. and whether ready to move.

 

17th Feb. Thursday.  Squally m’ning fine later. Battery drill in m’ning.  Reconnoitring phone line between Water Wks Hill and Battery in afternoon.  After dinner went with Longford, Hutchings and Hill to the American Cosmograph, very good pictures.

 

18th Feb. Friday.  Fine sunny day.  Out with Signallers all day, laying line from Water Wks Hill to battery.  Walked with the Major into the Town after tea.

 

19th Feb. Saturday. Fine sunny day rather windy.  Checking stores in the m’ning and saw to the finishing of the line started yesterday.  Rest of the Battery was employed in digging Cartridge recesses and stacking the shell which we had drawn on Thursday and Friday.  We now have our full supply of ammunition, 320 rounds, except the 5% spare tubes.  Walked into Town after tea with the Major and Meade King.

 

20th Feb. Sunday.  Dull early fairly fine day.  Church at 7am and 6.15 dined afterwards (alone) at Larene’s.

 

21st Feb. Monday. Fine sunny day.  Route march for 4 ¾ hours, all very “fed up” out to Sidi Bashr.  2Lieut. W.R.O. Melvlle joined the Battery, came out on the Olympic with the others.  Walked into Town before tea to cash a cheque at Cox’s.

 

22nd Feb. Tuesday.  Fine fairly sunny day.  Camp and Battery Ord. Off.  In Camp all morning.  Went out in afternoon to find fault in line between Water Wks Hill & Hadra Lake.  Returned at 5pm.  Mail out.

 

23rd Feb. Wednesday.  Fine sunny day. Battery drill in the m’ning, afternoon put Signallers on to marking their stores.  Rt half did night Battery Drill.

 

24th Feb. Thursday.  Rather dull but fine.  Battery Drill in morning.  With signallers in afternoon.  Went with Hill and Harvey to American Cosmograph after dinner.

25th Feb. Friday.  Fine sunny day. Battery drill in morning, did B.C. up on Water Wks Hill.  Had orders to move to Hadra Camp on Wed. 1st Mch.  Tried soldering ‘phone wires in afternoon.  Mail in.

 

26th Feb. Saturday.  Fine sunny day.  With the Signallers in the m’ning doing test messages.  Kit inspection in afternoon.  Received orders to move to Suez probably at end of next week.  At 7pm all officers and men ordered to return to Camp due to report that the Austrian fleet was out and also that the Arabs might rise.  Guards increased and supplied with ammunition.  Mail in.

 

27th Feb. Sunday.  Dullish day with nasty wind which carried lots of sand.  Took Church Parade as Orderly Officer.  Scare of yesterday over and we resumed our usual state of affairs.  Went to Church at 6.15 and dined at Larene’s.

 

28th Feb. Monday.  Fine sunny day.  With Signallers in the morning reeling in the Hadra Lake – Water Wks Hill line.  No afternoon parade.  Went into the Town after tea with Meade King. Battery drill 8.30 pm to 10.

 

29th Feb. Tuesday.  Rather dull but fine.  Route march from 8 – 12, very fed up.  Went into the Town after tea, met Harvey there.

H.E. WITTY Feb 16

H.E. WITTY Feb 16

18th SIEGE BATTERY R.G.A.

  1. Section

 

1st February 1916.  Tuesday.  On telephone exchange – very clear & frosty intensely cold – German aeroplanes over battery – heavily shelled and engaged by British craft – Shrapnel shells & bullets fall in vicinity of camp – Letter from R.  ANS.

 

2nd February 1916.  Wednesday.  OFF DUTY.  Kit inspection to discover the theft of revolver & binoculars stolen from Canadian Police.  Bottrill’s bad news.  Letter N.T. JB (O.H.).  ANS.  Sent R’s letter.

 

3rd February 1916. Thursday.  On No 2 Gun.  Nothing doing – Lovely weather – Arrival of Schoolchildren’s gift.  Letter from F. Crommins.  ANS.  Wrote Norman.

 

4th February 1916.  Friday.  Wet and stormy – Repairing line in the morning.  Letter from Scott.  ANS. Shippens return (3days overdue – 14 days NO. 2 and 3 days Royal Warrant).  Botrill went on leave this am.  New cap issued.

 

5th February 1916. Saturday.  At O.P. Le Bizet – Abnormally clear day – rather cold.  Excellent for observation. – Turned out 5.30 am and was at L.B. a little after 7 am. Saw my first German – a party working in a corner of a field being plainly visible.  Late in afternoon G. transports became numerous on the road leading into Frelinghann – Canadian 60 pounder opened fire on the road with disastrous results to the transports – Flying men plainly visible – broken transports – minus wheels etc left in road.  Jolly good shooting.  Had a close look at Brasserie – utterly demolished.  Interview with “Madame” whose husband was in Salonica – many air duels owing to clearness of observation.  Arrived back about 6 pm.  Read greater part of 2nd volume of Three Musketeers – Had a letter from Miss Road – Answered 6th.  Discovery of Mr. Mallin’s coat (Burberry).

 

6th February 1916.  Sunday.  On telephone exchange – bath in the morning – pcl from N.S. letters Hilda & Gladys – ANS.  Johnson’s leave comes at 11.45 pm – had to rouse him and the cooks out.  Very fine in day but rainy and stormy in evening.  On night duty.

 

7th February 1916. Monday.  OFF Duty.  No 1 Gun stands by for aeroplane.  Knight returns – stormy but sun shiny.  NO MAIL.  Wrote”the streak”.

 

8th February 1916. Tuesday.  New Era in Signalling – advent of gun drill class – for one hour daily – commonly Known as ”Harry Tate’s Gun Crew” very wet and stormy in the morning but gradually clearing off – cold – Return of Kelly.  Letters – Mrs. Underwood and Doris.

 

9th February 1916. Wednesday.  Gloriously fine day – very warm – laying lines to Petit Pont Farm joining up to the 52nd Bde lines using 52nd bty O.P. tomorrow for the great shoot.  Returned for dinner 2.30 pm.  ”Hot times” for Plug Street, especially the Church.  Letters R., N.T., Kathie.  ANS.

 

10th February 1916. Thursday.  Weather continues to keep fine.  Repairing line from No 1 Gun to Billet.  In action in afternoon.  Fired my rounds on FACTORY FARM – Major observing.  In different shoot.  Letters from Housham and Bottrill and F. Pcl from home.  ANS.

Arrival of leave passes for Monery and myself.

 

11th February 1916. Friday.  Left N.E. 3 am – Steenwerk 5.31 am.  Arrived BOULOGNE 10.30 am – left B 12.30 pm.  Stormy crossing – vile seasickness – arrived Victoria 5.30 am.  Visited Walter and Edith.  Left Kings X 11.45 pm.  Arrived home 7 am Saturday.

 

12th February 1916. Saturday.  Went to N.B. in morning in sidecar – then to Bridlington for money and licence.  Tea with R. at Taylor’s – Travelled to Filey saw Nell and 21.  Returned 9 pm.  Had an excellent night’s rest.  Wedding unable to be celebrated on Monday or Tuesday owing to necessity of ministers being present at York on those days.

 

13th February 1916. Sunday.  The “day of days”.  Arose 9 am – went to Parker’s to see about car – visited School Hs. and Mrs. P. also Mr. Simpson.  Left F. at 1.15 pm.  Wedding at 2 pm.  A.1. Left N.B. at 4.20 arriving at Scarboro’ via Fairview at 6.30.  Caught 6.45 arriving York 8.25.  Found digs and settled down.

 

14th February 1916. Monday.  Breakfast 9. am.  Sat in front of fire most of morning – visited Mr. Underwood’s – did a little shopping – dined at Terry’s.  Wrote letters in afternoon – tea at Underwood’s and finished up with “BETTY”.

 

15th February 1916. Tuesday.  Turned out at 9.15 am – spent morning in writing etc.  Dinned at Terry’s – shopping and visited COLLEGE.  Only 40 students resident.  Interviewed TAGGY MOORHOUSE and old caretakers, spent evening in room reading.

 

16th February 1916. Wednesday.  Very stormy – stayed indoors in morning.  Left for Leeds 12.20 pm – wired Harry & sent pcs to Westfield.  F. & W.B.  Visited Leeds Picture Ho.  Returned 6.43 – stayed indoors.

 

17th February 1916. Thursday.  Visited Underwood’s – Mrs. U’s present – Left York 12 arrived H. 3 pm.  Visited Sch.  Tea at F. Mrs C. takes us to N.B.

 

18th February 1916. Friday.  Had brecker in bed – arose 11 am.  Stayed till 7 pm – Had Wilson – arrived home 7.45.  Left 9.0 pm.  Arrived Hull 11 pm.

 

19th February 1916. Saturday.  Arrived Selby 12.20 – King’s X 6.0 am.  Walked across London to Victoria.  Left V. 9.45 am.  Folkestone 12.30.  Arrived Boulogne 3 pm and marched to Rest Camp.

 

20th February 1916. Sunday.  Birthday – spent in Rest Camp.  Reading ”Way of an Eagle”.  Left 5.30 pm and arrived Steenwerck 12.30 am (Sat).

 

21st February 1916. Monday.  Arrived N. Eglise 1.30 am.  Found R.X. gone.  Slept with Bottrill.  Spent day doing nothing.

22nd February 1916. Tuesday.  On telephone duty – Left 5.30 pm for to join R.X.  Arrived Poperinghe 11 pm.  Stayed there the night.

 

23rd February 1916.  Wednesday.  Unpacked at crossing and moved stores to camp between Poperinghe & Elverdinge by motor lorry – rotten camp

 

24th February 1916.  Thursday.  On telephone duty with Knowles.

 

25th February 1916.  Friday.  Off duty.

 

26th February 1916.  Saturday. Laying lines to New Gun position.

 

27th February 1916.  Sunday.  Examining lines – very snowy weather & cold.

 

28th February 1916.  Monday.  On the line again to Gun No 2 preparing position digging holdfasts etc in a blizzard.

 

29th February 1916.  Tuesday.  At O.P. motored – visited 3 gth & 4th passed through Elverdinge & Brielen to neighbourhood of YPRES.

Crossed Yser – very hot. Recommended for DCM